Associations of Maternal Psychological Distress during Pregnancy with Childhood General and Organ Fat Measures.

Conclusions: Psychological distress and anxiety, but not depression, during pregnancy were associated with higher child general and organ fat measures. A healthy mental state during pregnancy may be important for preventing child adiposity. PMID: 31058541 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Childhood Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

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Conclusions The gestational period is an opportunity to promote positive health behaviors that can have both short- and long-term benefits for the mother. Given the low prevalence of physical activity in young women in general, and the high prevalence of obesity and cardiometabolic diseases among the U.S. population, the public health importance of increasing physical activity in women of childbearing age before, during, and after pregnancy is substantial.
Source: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: SPECIAL COMMUNICATIONS Source Type: research
DiscussionIf effective, the Baby Steps programme could be translated into a primary care-based intervention that women with GDM are referred to in the postnatal period. This could help them make lifestyle changes that could reduce their future risk of T2D.Trial registrationISRCTN,ISRCTN17299860. Registered on 5 April 2017.
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Omega-3 fatty acids are found primarily in fish oil and certain marine algae. Because depression appears less common in nations where people eat large amounts of fish, scientists have investigated whether fish oils may prevent and/or treat depression and other mood disorders. Two omega-3 fatty acids — eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) — are thought to have the most potential to benefit people with mood disorders. How might omega-3s improve depression? Different mechanisms of action have been proposed. For example, omega-3s can easily travel through the brain cell membrane and interact w...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Anxiety and Depression Behavioral Health Drugs and Supplements Mental Health Source Type: blogs
Conclusion While psychological factors did not appear to be important direct contributors to PPWR at 12 months, the overall contribution of all variables suggests that such factors may be implicated in a small and incremental way. Exploration of the interactions between variables will help unpack potential mechanisms of the development of PPWR at 12 months post-birth. PMID: 29517343 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: J Reprod Infant Psychol Source Type: research
ConclusionsPrenatal stress was associated with decreased childhood adiposity, whereas cord blood IL6 methylation was associated with increased childhood adiposity in Mexican children. Objective Maternal stress during pregnancy may influence childhood growth and adiposity, possibly through immune/inflammatory programming. We investigated whether exposure to prenatal stress and methylation in inflammation-related genes were associated with childhood adiposity in 424 mother-child pairs in Mexico City, Mexico. Methods A stress index was created based on four prenatally administered stress-related scales (Exposure to Vio...
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
ConclusionPregnancy following bariatric surgery induces high levels of anxiety that are not associated with an inadequate maternal diet.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Abstract This review focuses on recent advances in the field of several frequent maternal complications in pregnancy and asthma and wheezing in childhood, for which large birth cohort studies have recently provided clues. Within the framework of epidemiologic studies, we discuss potential mechanisms, mediators and confounders involved in associations, in an attempt to discern causal pathways. Preeclampsia, a pregnancy-specific multiorgan disease that affects 2-4% of women in developed countries, is characterized by placental dysfunction and is associated with preterm delivery, fetal growth restriction and vascular...
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research
Conclusion: Prenatal urinary BPA concentration was associated with some aspects of child behavior in this cohort, and some associations were stronger among boys. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP984 Received: 18 August 2016 Revised: 09 December 2016 Accepted: 12 December 2016 Published: 16 June 2017 Address correspondence to Joseph M. Braun, Department of Epidemiology, Box G-S121-2, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912 USA. Telephone: (401) 863-5397. E-mail: joseph_braun_1@brown.edu Supplemental Material is available online (https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP984). The authors declare they have no actual or potential competing fi...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Conclusion: The relationship of obesity with anxiety during pregnancy and after delivery should be taken into consideration by heath care providers when managing obese pregnant women; not only to investigate its impacts on mood, but also to control the effects of mood on inappropriate consequences of obesity. Moreover identifying the other risk factors for weight retention after birth to prevent obesity and its sequels on women to better decision making in prenatal care guidelines contents are required.
Source: BMJ Open - Category: Journals (General) Authors: Tags: Open access Poster Source Type: research
A closer look at what happens to your body when you stop breastfeeding Breastfeeding is rich in benefits for both you and your baby. You already know that. Increased immune functioning, higher IQ in late childhood and possibly a lowered risk of adulthood obesity are some of the benefits for your baby, while lowered stress and anxiety, faster weight loss postpartum and increased bonding are some of the many benefits you gain as a nursing mother. But what happens when you stop? Whether your baby self-weans (just stops nursing), or your work schedule makes weaning necessary or you decide it’s simply the right time to st...
Source: Psych Central - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Anxiety Family Parenting Pregnancy Stress Women's Issues Attachment Breastfeeding Diet Hormones Obesity Oxytocin Postpartum Depression Prolactin weaning Weight Gain Source Type: news
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