The Impact of Adiposity and Puberty on Thyroid Function in Children and Adolescents.
In this study we analyze the thyroid function with respect to BMI, pubertal status, and sex in children with obesity and discuss our results on an integrative context with the existent data from the literature. Methods: In this case-control study, we compared 389 children and adolescents with obesity to 158 controls. Age, sex, thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), triiodothyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4), BMI standard deviation score, and pubertal status were recorded. One factor-analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used with p 
Source: Childhood Obesity - June 8, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Changes in Body Composition and Physical Fitness in Adolescents with Down Syndrome: The UP & DOWN Longitudinal Study.
Changes in Body Composition and Physical Fitness in Adolescents with Down Syndrome: The UP&DOWN Longitudinal Study. Child Obes. 2019 Jun 06;: Authors: Suarez-Villadat B, Veiga OL, Villagra A, Izquierdo-Gomez R, UP&DOWN Study Group Abstract Background: Adolescents with Down syndrome (DS) demonstrate higher values of body composition and lower levels of physical fitness when compared with their peers with typically developing (TD) or their peers with intellectual disability but without DS. Objective: To examine, during a 2-year period, changes in indicators of body composition and physical fi...
Source: Childhood Obesity - June 8, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Nutritional Status Trends in Brazilian Preschoolers: A Cohort Study.
Conclusions: Prevalence of overweight among preschoolers was the same at 2 and 5 years of age, with no tendency to grow. Despite this, 2-year-old preschoolers with overweight present a twofold higher relative risk for excessive weight at 5 years of age. These changes of nutritional status at preschool age evince the great flexibility of their nutritional condition during this period of life. PMID: 31162946 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - June 5, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Rethinking Behavioral Approaches to Compliment Biological Advances to Understand the Etiology, Prevention, and Treatment of Childhood Obesity.
Authors: Beets MW, Brazendale K, Weaver RG, Armstrong B PMID: 31140855 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - May 31, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Associations between Sleep Pattern and Quality and Cardiovascular Risk Factors among Macao School Students.
Authors: Lo K, Keung V, Cheung C, Tam W, Lee A Abstract Background: Despite accumulating evidence showing that sleep duration and cardiometabolic health are correlated, the association of sleep regularity and quality with cardiovascular risk factors in children and adolescents remains inconclusive. Therefore, we examined the relationship between sleep regularity/quality and cardiovascular risk factors in children and adolescents in Macao, China. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study among primary and secondary school students (age range: 9-18 years) in Macao, China. Body weight, height, waist circumference ...
Source: Childhood Obesity - May 31, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Access to Multidisciplinary Care for Pediatric Weight Management: Exploring Perspectives of the Health Care Team within Canada and the United States.
Conclusions: Health care providers from Canada and the United States reported multiple societal, organizational, service, and family-level barriers to accessing multidisciplinary pediatric weight management care. Proposed solutions suggest that service providers can play a key role alongside families to improve access to appropriate care. Further research is needed to demonstrate the feasibility and effectiveness of proposed solutions. PMID: 31099587 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - May 19, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Relationships among Child Eating Behaviors and Household Food Insecurity in Youth with Obesity.
Conclusions: Youth from FI households have higher BMIs even among a population with obesity. DD is positively associated with household food insecurity and may contribute to obesity in this population. Results suggest that providers treating pediatric patients with obesity should consider regularly screening for household food insecurity and associated eating behaviors as part of their medical management of obesity. PMID: 31090441 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - May 16, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Cardiorespiratory Fitness as a Mediator of the Association between Physical Activity and Overweight and Obesity in Adolescent Girls.
The objective of this study was to examine whether CRF mediates the relationship between PA and OW/OB in adolescent girls. Methods: Moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA), CRF, BMI, and percentage body fat (% BF) were measured in adolescent girls (N = 1519), aged 10-14 years, from 24 urban middle schools located in the Midwestern United States. Structural equation modeling was used to determine whether CRF is a mediator of the association between MVPA and OW/OB (measured as both BMI and % BF). Multigroup analyses were used to determine whether race, puberty, or socioeconomic status moderate the mediation models. Resu...
Source: Childhood Obesity - May 16, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Gender Determines the Pattern of Correlation between Body Mass Index and Major Depressive Disorder among Children and Adolescents: Results from Iranian Children and Adolescents' Psychiatric Disorders Study.
Conclusions: Underweight boys were more likely diagnosed with depression than normal weight and overweight boys. While in girls, the probability of depression increased by increased BMI. PMID: 31070473 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - May 11, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Bullying Perpetration and Victimization among Adolescents with Overweight and Obesity in a Nationally Representative Sample.
Authors: Rupp K, McCoy SM Abstract Background: Adolescents with obesity are more likely to experience bullying in comparison to their healthy weight peers. However, it is unclear whether adolescents with obesity are more likely to perpetuate bullying or be both, a bully perpetrator and a bully victim. The purpose of this analysis was to examine differences in bully perpetration, victimization, and both (perpetration and victimization) by BMI classification in a nationally representative sample of adolescents. Methods: Analyses included 31,770 adolescents, ages 10-17, from the combined 2016-2017 National Survey of C...
Source: Childhood Obesity - May 9, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Transition Patterns of Weight Status and Their Associated Factors among Elementary School Children: A Longitudinal Cohort Study Using Multistate Markov Model.
Conclusions: Children with obesity were more resistant to recovery than those with overweight. Prevention and intervention measures should be adopted early when abnormal weight onset occurs. The multistate Markov model was an advanced tool to analyze dynamic changes in status and identify significant factors for progression and regression and helped to develop prevention and intervention targeting strategies. PMID: 31058538 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - May 8, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Associations of Maternal Psychological Distress during Pregnancy with Childhood General and Organ Fat Measures.
Conclusions: Psychological distress and anxiety, but not depression, during pregnancy were associated with higher child general and organ fat measures. A healthy mental state during pregnancy may be important for preventing child adiposity. PMID: 31058541 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - May 8, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Does Excessive Body Weight Change the Shape of the Spine in Children?
CONCLUSIONS: Excessive body weight was found to increase the risk for developing the lumbar hyperlordosis and cause posterior axial tilt. Therefore, overweight and obese children should participate in gymnastic classes that can help correct faulty posture. Special attention should be paid to correct the position of the lower part of the trunk. PMID: 30977672 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - April 13, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Parental Defensiveness about Multifactorial Genomic and Environmental Causes of Children's Obesity Risk.
CONCLUSIONS: Multifactorial causal information about children's obesity risk elicits unintended consequences among parents whose children are most at-risk for obesity in adulthood. As these messages are most accurate, it is crucial to investigate effective ways to communicate the holistic nature of obesity risk to parents. PMID: 30946599 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - April 6, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

A Look Back at Healthy Lifestyle Behavioral Patterns among School-Age Children: Are We Neglecting Healthy Weight for Overweight Kids?
CONCLUSION: Fewer HW and OB children were participating in recommended HLBs compared with OW children in 2010. Recent health campaigns may have helped providers prioritize the identification and counseling of OW children, yet our data suggest that we may be neglecting the role of HLB counseling in OB and HW children. Continued analysis on the social determinants that impact HLBs in school-age and HW/OB minority children should inform how we can best tailor counseling and messages in the coming decades. PMID: 30920296 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - March 30, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Behavioral Research Agenda in a Multietiological Approach to Child Obesity Prevention.
Authors: Baranowski T, Motil KJ, Moreno JP PMID: 30925082 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - March 30, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Cooking and Gardening Behaviors and Improvements in Dietary Intake in Hispanic/Latino Youth.
CONCLUSIONS: Results from this study suggest that school-based interventions should incorporate CG components, despite their potentially costly and time-intensive nature, as these behaviors may be responsible for improvements in dietary intake of high-risk minority youth. PMID: 30907624 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - March 27, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Examining Associations between Perinatal and Postnatal Risk Factors for Childhood Obesity Using Sibling Comparisons.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that unmeasured genetic, environmental, and familial factors are likely confounding associations between breastfeeding, cesarean delivery, prenatal smoking, and GDM with childhood obesity in observational studies. PMID: 30883194 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - March 20, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Handheld Indirect Calorimetry as a Clinical Tool for Measuring Resting Energy Expenditure in Children with and without Obesity.
CONCLUSIONS: Compared to PE, the HHIC provided more accurate REE estimates for children across the age and BMI spectrum, although positive bias was present throughout. Difference in positive bias between the HHIC and the Molnar equation may be clinically significant for youth with overweight/obesity. PMID: 30888207 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - March 20, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Accelerated Summer Weight Gain in a Low-Income, Ethnically Diverse Sample of Elementary School Children in Massachusetts.
This study compares school year and summer weight change in a low-income, ethnically diverse sample of school-age children in Massachusetts and explores differences by race/ethnicity, weight status, and exposure to school year physical activity (PA) programming. Diet and PA are examined as potential mediators of summer weight gain. METHODS: Children participating in a school-based PA program evaluation (in which weight change was not a primary outcome) had their height and weight measured three times between October 2015 and September 2016 to capture a school year and summer interval. Diet and PA patterns were assessed...
Source: Childhood Obesity - March 20, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Analysis of Publication Trends in Childhood Obesity Research in PubMed Since 1945.
CONCLUSIONS: Research on CO has risen markedly in the last two decades, with a higher growth rate than biomedical research overall, as a result of the worldwide obesity epidemic and also due to specific socioeconomic factors. PMID: 30855177 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - March 13, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Sleep Duration and Risk of Obesity by Sex: Nine-Year Follow-Up of the Young Lives Study in Peru.
Authors: Mercado-Gonzales SI, Carpio-Rodríguez AN, Carrillo-Larco RM, Bernabé-Ortiz A Abstract BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate if there is association between hours of sleep and the risk of obesity among children and whether this association differs by sex. METHODS: A secondary data analysis, using information of the Young Lives study, was conducted. The outcome was obesity, based on the BMI for age z-score; the exposure was child's sleep duration (reported by parents) categorized using the National Sleep Foundation guidelines, and as a numerical variable. Baseline and three follow-ups informatio...
Source: Childhood Obesity - March 1, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

How Do Nutrition Guidelines Compare for Industry to Market Food and Beverage Products to Children? World Health Organization Nutrient Profile Standards Versus the US Children's Food and Beverage Advertising Initiative.
CONCLUSIONS: Overall, 85% of the food and beverage items and meals that the CFBAI and its member companies considered to be acceptable to market to children could not be marketed to children under the WHO model. CFBAI should strengthen its nutrition criteria to more effectively reduce unhealthy food marketing to children. PMID: 30785302 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - February 21, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Adverse Childhood Experiences in Infancy and Toddlerhood Predict Obesity and Health Outcomes in Middle Childhood.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings highlight that ACEs experienced very early in development are associated with children whose health is at risk later in childhood. PMID: 30762431 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - February 16, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

The Association between Advanced Maternal Age and Macrosomia: A Meta-Analysis.
Authors: Dai RX, He XJ, Hu CL Abstract PURPOSE: The aim of our meta-analysis was to explore whether advanced maternal age (AMA) is regarded as an important risk factor for predicting macrosomia or not. METHODS: Three databases were systematically reviewed and reference lists of relevant articles were checked. Meta-analysis of published cohort studies was done comparing whether AMA was associated with macrosomia and adjusting for potential confounding factors. Calculations of pooled estimates were conducted in random-effects models. Heterogeneity was tested by using chi-square test and I2 statistics. Publication...
Source: Childhood Obesity - February 9, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Comparison of Two Models of Family-Based Treatment for Childhood Obesity: A Pilot Study.
CONCLUSIONS: gshFBT is less intensive, more flexible, and may be similarly effective to FBT and could reach a greater proportion of the pediatric overweight population. Further research, including a randomized clinical trial, is needed to confirm these results. PMID: 30720354 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - February 7, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Nutrition-Related Practices of Family Child Care Providers and Differences by Ethnicity.
CONCLUSIONS: While providers engage in some positive nutrition practices, improvement is needed to ensure that all providers actually meet evidence-based guidelines. Ethnic differences in certain practices underscore the need for culturally relevant trainings. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT02452645. PMID: 30707598 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - February 3, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Influence of Sex on the Changes in Regional Fat and Skeletal Muscle Mass in Response to Exercise Training in Adolescents with Obesity.
Authors: Deldin A, Kuk JL, Lee S Abstract BACKGROUND: We retrospectively examined the sex differences in the changes in (1) total fat, total and regional subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT), visceral fat, and intermuscular fat and (2) total and regional skeletal muscle distribution in response to aerobic exercise (AE) or resistance exercise (RE) in adolescents with obesity. METHODS: Twenty-eight boys and 27 girls with obesity (BMI ≥95th percentile, 12-18 years) were randomly assigned to 3-month interventions (180 minutes per week) of AE or RE. Changes in total and regional fat and skeletal muscle distribution ...
Source: Childhood Obesity - January 31, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Biological Rhythm Disruption Associated with Obesity in School Children.
CONCLUSION: Approximately one-quarter of children were obese. This finding was associated with the caregiver characteristics and some difficulties in maintaining the biological rhythm. PMID: 30694701 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - January 31, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Home and Family Environment Related to Development of Obesity: A 21-Year Longitudinal Study.
CONCLUSIONS: Home and family characteristics that reflect an absence of support for children's development were associated with overweight/obesity in young adulthood and accelerated BMI growth. Findings identify several home and family characteristics that can serve as preventive or intervention targets. PMID: 30676769 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - January 25, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Impact of Psychoactive Drug Use on Developing Obesity among Children and Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Diagnosis: A Nested Case-Control Study.
Authors: Croteau C, Ben Amor L, Ilies D, Mottron L, Tarride JE, Dorais M, Perreault S Abstract BACKGROUND: Obesity in children on the autism spectrum (AS) is becoming a significant health concern. The purpose of this study was to identify the predictors of obesity in a cohort of AS youth and to assess the impact of psychoactive medication use while exploring the second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) dose-response curve. STUDY DESIGN: A nested case-control study was conducted using Quebec public administrative databases. Subjects with AS
Source: Childhood Obesity - January 24, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

A Dyadic Analysis on Source Discrepancy and a Mediation Analysis via Self-Efficacy in the Parental Support and Physical Activity Relationship among Black Girls.
This study assesses how moderate/vigorous physical activity (MVPA) relates to caregiver- vs. adolescent-reported parental support and whether the relationship is mediated by self-efficacy. METHODS: MVPA was assessed through accelerometry. Parental support and encouragement on adolescents' PA were reported by caregivers and adolescents with a 10-item Social Support and Exercise Survey. Adolescent-reported self-efficacy related to PA was assessed with an 8-item scale. Structural equation modeling assessed source variation (caregiver vs. adolescent report) in the relationship between parental support and MVPA and mediatio...
Source: Childhood Obesity - January 18, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Do Neighborhoods Matter? A Systematic Review of Modifiable Risk Factors for Obesity among Low Socio-Economic Status, Black and Hispanic Children.
CONCLUSIONS: This review found that the body of evidence relating neighborhood exposures and obesity risk factors among urban, low SES Black (also commonly referred to in the literature as "non-Hispanic Black" or African American) and Hispanic children is limited. Given the high risk of obesity and cardiovascular disease among these populations throughout the life course, research on neighborhood determinants of obesity should specifically include these populations, ensuring adequate power and methodological rigor to detect differences. PMID: 30565954 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - December 21, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

A School-Based Comprehensive Intervention for Childhood Obesity in China: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial.
CONCLUSIONS: The intervention did not mitigate excess weight gain, but did improve children's knowledge and several behaviors related to energy balance. PMID: 30565955 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - December 21, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Exposure to Neighborhood Crime Is Associated with Lower Levels of Physical Activity and Higher Obesity Risk among Adolescent Girls, but Not Boys.
CONCLUSION: Prevention efforts focused on encouraging adolescents to be physically active need to account for gender-specific barriers to exercise outdoors. PMID: 30508407 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - December 8, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Severe Obesity, Obesity, and Cardiometabolic Risk in Children 0 to 6 Years of Age.
CONCLUSION: Young children with a zBMI>3 have significantly higher blood pressure measures and trends toward worse lipid profiles than children at lower zBMIs. PMID: 30418801 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - November 14, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Impact of Child and Maternal Weight on Healthcare Trainee Clinical Assessment Decision Making: A Virtual Human Study.
This study aimed to examine the impact of child and maternal weight and race on clinical decision-making of healthcare trainees in the context of a pediatric pain assessment using standardized virtual pediatric patients and mothers. METHODS: Ninety-two healthcare trainees read a standardized clinical vignette describing a child with chronic pain, which was accompanied by eight virtual human (VH) scenes-each with a child and mother. Scenes varied by the dyad's race, child's weight status, and mother's weight status. For each scene, participants were asked to make six healthcare assessment ratings. RESULTS: Participa...
Source: Childhood Obesity - November 4, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Early Exposure to Cumulative Social Risk and Trajectories of Body Mass Index in Childhood.
CONCLUSIONS: Early exposure to cumulative social risk may have long-term impact on BMIp trajectories among girls, depending on timing of exposure. Understanding the effect of cumulative social risk in different contexts, including sex, chronicity, and timing of exposure, may have practical implications for informing effective intervention to combat childhood obesity. PMID: 30362818 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - October 28, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Criterion Validity and Sensitivity to Change of a Pediatric Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis Scale in Adolescents.
CONCLUSIONS: The Tanita BF-689 demonstrated poor-good agreement with DEXA when measuring %BF, poor-moderate agreement when measuring change in %BF over time, high sensitivity for classification into the healthy category and high specificity for classification into the underfat/overfat/obese categories. Compared to DEXA, the BF-689 is accurate, accessible, and efficient in classifying adolescents based on %BF. PMID: 30351166 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - October 25, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Psychological Factors and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors as Mediators of the Relationship between Overweight/Obesity and Cognitive Function among School Children in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
CONCLUSION: Results highlight the important mediators of the relationship between overweight/obesity and cognitive function. Consequently, future interventions should target to improve psychological well-being and reduce cardiovascular disease risk for the prevention of poorer cognitive performance in overweight/obese children. PMID: 30339034 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - October 20, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

The Effect of Diet-Exercise Trainings Provided to Overweight and Obese Teenagers through Creative Drama on Their Knowledge, Attitude, and Behaviors.
This study was conducted in Turkey as an empirical study in randomized, controlled, and time series design for the purpose of evaluating the effects of the Diet-Exercise trainings with creative drama method provided to overweight/obese teenagers. METHODS: This study was designed to highlight the effect of interactive education provided to slightly overweight/obese teenagers through creative drama on modifiable factors that caused obesity. Seventy-six overweight/obese teenagers studying at sixth and seventh grades of upper primary education were included in the study (38 participants in the Study Group and 38 participan...
Source: Childhood Obesity - October 20, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Prospective Associations between Weekend Catch-Up Sleep, Physical Activity, and Childhood Obesity.
CONCLUSIONS: Weekend catch-up sleep did not ameliorate the risk of childhood obesity, whereas weekend catch-up MVPA did reduce that risk. More research is needed to explore the factors contributing to these obesogenic behavior patterns. PMID: 30280909 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - October 5, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Maternal Prepregnancy Overweight and Obesity Are Associated with Reduced Physical Fitness But Do Not Affect Physical Activity in Childhood: The Amsterdam Born Children and Their Development Study.
CONCLUSIONS: Maternal prepregnancy overweight/obesity was associated with reduced childhood CRF, but not with muscular strength, PA, or SB. Birthweight and FM at age 5 years did not mediate this association. Reduced CRF may partly explain the increased CVD risk in children of overweight/obese women. PMID: 30280927 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - October 5, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Electronic Gaming Characteristics Associated with Class 3 Severe Obesity in Youth Who Attend the Pediatric Weight Management Programs of the COMPASS Network.
Authors: Phan TT, Tucker JM, Siegel R, Christison AL, Stratbucker W, Werk LN, Hossain J, Datto G, Gentile DA, Stubblefield S Abstract BACKGROUND: The prevalence of severe obesity and electronic game use among youth has increased over time. METHODS: We administered a survey assessing gaming and psycho-demographic characteristics to youth aged 11-17 attending five weight management programs. We conducted chi-square and logistic regression analyses to describe the association between class 3 severe obesity and gaming characteristics. RESULTS: Four hundred twelve youth (51% female, 26% Black, 25% Hispanic, 43% ...
Source: Childhood Obesity - October 3, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Beverage Policy Implementation by Child and Adult Care Food Program Participation and Program Type: A Statewide Examination in Georgia.
Authors: Cotwright CJ, Bradley H, Celestin N, Drake S, Love K, Birch L Abstract BACKGROUND: The child care setting is a promising venue to establish healthy habits and promote obesity prevention. One major contributor to weight gain among young children is high intake of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs). Increasing access to water and other healthy beverages is a viable strategy to reduce childhood obesity. The goal of our study was to investigate implementation of the beverage policies in child care programs in Georgia (GA) by Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP) participation and program type. METHODS: T...
Source: Childhood Obesity - September 29, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

The Association of Grandparent Care with Childhood Overweight and Obesity in Chinese American Families.
CONCLUSIONS: Grandparental care is associated with the weight of school-age children and adolescents. Targeted education on appropriate nutrition for the child's age is needed for grandparents who take care of children. PMID: 30256661 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - September 28, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

The Young Child with Severe Obesity: Commentary on the Characteristics of a Vulnerable Population and a Framework for Treatment.
Authors: Woolford SJ, Hassink S, Eneli I PMID: 30240287 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - September 23, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Impact of the Coordinated Approach to Child Health Early Childhood Program for Obesity Prevention among Preschool Children: The Texas Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration Study.
This study presents the impact of a 2-year implementation of Coordinated Approach to Child Health Early Childhood (CATCH EC), a preschool-based healthy nutrition and physical activity program, on child BMI z-scores, BMI percentiles, diet, physical activity, and sedentary behaviors among 3- to 5-year old children across Head Start centers in Houston and Austin, Texas. METHODS: We used a quasi-experimental study design with serial cross-sectional data collection (Intervention catchment area: n = 12 centers, 353 parent-child dyads in Year 1; n = 12 centers, 365 parent-child dyads; Comparison ca...
Source: Childhood Obesity - September 19, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Associations between Childhood Weight Status and Timing of First Sex in an Ethnically Diverse Sample.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings document associations between childhood weight status and subsequent onset of first sexual intercourse, especially among Hispanic females and males and white males. Together, results highlight respondent sex and race/ethnicity as potential moderators and also unique risk for Hispanic females who were overweight as children, and who may benefit from early screening and education to delay sexual initiation to reduce risk of early unplanned pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections. PMID: 30226993 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - September 19, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Perceived Body Discrimination and Intentional Self-Harm and Suicidal Behavior in Adolescence.
CONCLUSIONS: Weight discrimination has been associated consistently with poor outcomes in adulthood. The present research indicates these associations extend to adolescence and an extremely consequential outcome: the social experience of weight increases risk of intentional self-harm and suicidal behavior. PMID: 30226995 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - September 19, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research