Clustering Patterns of Physical Fitness, Physical Activity, Sedentary, and Dietary Behavior among School Children.
Authors: López-Gil JF, Brazo-Sayavera J, García-Hermoso A, Camargo EM, Yuste Lucas JL Abstract Background: Some healthy lifestyle behaviors may have a greater impact on childhood obesity in combination, compared to the independent effects of those behaviors in an isolated manner. The present study aimed to identify the different healthy lifestyle patterns of children according to their physical fitness, physical activity (PA) patterns, screen time, and adherence to the Mediterranean Diet, as well as to examine the association between anthropometric indicators and the membership to a certain cluster. M...
Source: Childhood Obesity - October 15, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Randomized Controlled Trial of Healthy Harlem's Get Fit Program: An After-School Intervention for Childhood Overweight and Obesity in the Harlem Children's Zone.
Conclusions: Get Fit improved middle- and high-school students' BMI outcomes and weight status. Schools continue to face pressure to allocate time for physical education and activity while meeting their academic demands, underscoring the importance of after-school student-level interventions like Get Fit. PMID: 33030989 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - October 9, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Disparities in Nutrition Counseling at Pediatric Wellness Visits in South Carolina.
Conclusions: Nutrition counseling was rarely documented in a large sample of electronic medical record (EMR) data from pediatric wellness visits in South Carolina-a state heavily burdened by childhood obesity. Children's BMIs were infrequently recorded, which may be a barrier to tracking BMI over time. Sociodemographic and geographic differences in nutrition counseling may exacerbate disparities in childhood obesity. PMID: 32960095 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - September 23, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Retraction of: Aceves-Martins M, Llaurad ó E, Tarro L, et al: A School-Based, Peer-Led, Social Marketing Intervention to Engage Spanish Adolescents in a Healthy Lifestyle (''We Are Cool''-Som la Pera Study): A Parallel Cluster Randomized Controlled Study [Child Obes 2017;13:300-313; doi: 10.1089/chi.2016.0216].
Retraction of: Aceves-Martins M, Llauradó E, Tarro L, et al: A School-Based, Peer-Led, Social Marketing Intervention to Engage Spanish Adolescents in a Healthy Lifestyle (''We Are Cool''-Som la Pera Study): A Parallel Cluster Randomized Controlled Study [Child Obes 2017;13:300-313; doi: 10.1089/chi.2016.0216]. Child Obes. 2020 Sep 15;: Authors: PMID: 32931320 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - September 18, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Childhood Obesity Evidence Base Project: A Rationale for Taxonomic versus Conventional Meta-Analysis.
Conclusion: Taxonomic meta-analysis can be a powerful tool for summarizing the evidence that exists and for generating hypotheses that are worthy of more rigorous testing. PMID: 32936036 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - September 18, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Learning More from What We Already Know About Childhood Obesity Prevention.
Authors: Kumanyika SK PMID: 32936037 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - September 18, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Childhood Obesity Evidence Base Project: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of a New Taxonomy of Intervention Components to Improve Weight Status in Children 2-5 Years of Age, 2005-2019.
Conclusions: Early childhood obesity interventions are effective in reducing BMI in preschool children. Our findings suggest that facilitating caregiver education about the importance of screen time reduction may be an important strategy in reducing early childhood obesity. PMID: 32936038 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - September 18, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Childhood Obesity Evidence Base Project: Methods for Taxonomy Development for Application in Taxonomic Meta-Analysis.
This article describes the process used for a novel taxonomic meta-analysis of childhood obesity prevention studies between the years 2010 and 2019. This method can be applied to other areas of research, including obesity prevention in additional populations. PMID: 32936039 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - September 18, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Preventing Obesity in 2-5-Year Olds: A Pathway to Advancing Intervention Research.
Authors: Economos CD, Haire-Joshu D PMID: 32936040 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - September 18, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Childhood Obesity Evidence Base Project: Building Translational Capacity through Meta-Analytic Methods.
Conclusions: Taxonomies generated through this process can be used for meta-analysis, serving to generate topic-specific questions associated with intervention approaches and outcomes in context, which is adjunctive to traditional meta-analytic methods and can inform public health approaches. PMID: 32936041 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - September 18, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Longitudinal Assessment of Childhood Dietary Patterns: Associations with Body Mass Index z-Score among Children in the Samoan Ola Tuputupua'e (Growing Up) Cohort.
Conclusion: A neotraditional dietary pattern, comprising local produce, should be encouraged as a possible childhood obesity prevention strategy in Samoa. PMID: 32907355 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - September 12, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Relationship between Obesity and Iron Deficiency in Healthy Adolescents.
Authors: Ortíz Pérez M, Vázquez López MA, Ibáñez Alcalde M, Galera Martínez R, Martín González M, Lendínez Molinos F, Bonillo Perales A Abstract The relationship between overweight/obesity (excess of weight [EW]) and iron deficiency (ID) is not well defined. Objective: To analyze the relationship between EW and ID in healthy adolescents, assessing the contribution of new diagnostic measures of iron status and erythropoietic activity. Method: A cross-sectional study was made of 405 healthy adolescents, 12-16 years of age. A total of 289 were norma...
Source: Childhood Obesity - September 3, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

USDA Research Combats Childhood Obesity: A Collection of Projects that Integrate Research, Education, and Extension Targeting Low-Income, Ethnically Diverse Children and Families.
Authors: Townsend MS, Shilts MK, Chester D PMID: 32857608 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - August 30, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Obesity Risk Assessment Tool among 3-5 Year Olds: Validation with Biomarkers of Low-Grade Chronic Inflammation.
Conclusions: Children with less healthful HK scores had an elevated inflammation index indicating a low-grade chronic systemic inflammatory state. Taken together with our previously published findings, the HK tool has potential as a rapid and easy-to-administer assessment of the family environment and the child's obesity risk. HK can be useful for federal nutrition programs for evaluation, risk assessment, goal setting, and/or program planning in clinical and community environments. PMID: 32857609 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - August 30, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Impact of a Gardening and Physical Activity Intervention in Title 1 Schools: The TGEG Study.
Authors: van den Berg A, Warren JL, McIntosh A, Hoelscher D, Ory MG, Jovanovic C, Lopez M, Whittlesey L, Kirk A, Walton C, McKyer L, Ranjit N Abstract Background: The purpose of the Texas!Grow!Eat!Go! (TGEG) study was to assess individual and combined effects of school-based gardening and physical activity (PA) interventions on children's eating and PA behaviors and obesity status. Methods: Using a 2 × 2 design, 28 low-income schools in Texas were randomized to 1 of 4 conditions: (1) School Garden intervention (Learn!Grow!Eat!Go! [LGEG]), (2) PA intervention (Walk Across Texas [WAT!]), (3) both ...
Source: Childhood Obesity - August 30, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Higher Child Body Mass Index Is Associated with Greater School-Based Health Center Utilization.
This study compared SBHC utilization by student body mass index (BMI) category and investigated whether SBHC visit diagnoses varied by BMI category. Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of students (n = 1161) in grades K-8 enrolled in a large SBHC for 2 years. Negative binomial regression models were used to test the independent association between BMI category as defined by BMI percentile [normal/underweight (BMI percentile
Source: Childhood Obesity - August 13, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

What Change in Body Mass Index Is Required to Improve Cardiovascular Outcomes in Childhood and Adolescent Obesity through Lifestyle Interventions: A Meta-Regression.
Authors: El-Medany AYM, Birch L, Hunt LP, Matson RIB, Chong AHW, Beynon R, Hamilton-Shield J, Perry R Abstract Background: Using meta-regression, this article aims at establishing the minimum change in BMI-standard deviation score (SDS) needed to improve lipid profiles and blood pressure in children and adolescents with obesity, to aid future trials and guidelines. Methods: Studies with participants involved in lifestyle interventions, aged 4-19 years, with a diagnosis of obesity according to defined BMI thresholds, were considered for inclusion in a large systematic review. Interventions had to report pre- and pos...
Source: Childhood Obesity - August 13, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Assessing Parents' Communication of Weight and Weight Management from Clinic to Home.
Conclusions: Slightly more than half of parents discuss with family members what their provider said regarding their child's weight. More effort must be placed on aiding parents in relaying information from the provider to other family members in the home to encourage family lifestyle changes and alleviate childhood obesity. PMID: 32744874 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - August 5, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Development of Brief Child Nutrition and Physical Activity Screening Questions for Electronic Health Record Use.
Conclusions: The three-pronged validation methodology produced a brief, 3-item child nutrition and physical activity screener to incorporate in the EHR, where it can inform tailored counseling for well-child care and be used to test associations with population health outcomes. PMID: 32721216 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - July 31, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Maternal Eating Behavior and Problematic Eating Behaviors of Children Undergoing Weight Loss Treatment: A Cluster Analysis.
Conclusions: Distinctive eating behavior profiles of mothers, instead of the presence of single eating behaviors, seem to be associated with specific problematic eating behaviors of children undergoing weight loss treatment. Prospective studies are essential to determine whether these profiles can predict differential weight change trajectories in pediatric obesity treatment. PMID: 32721221 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - July 31, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Changes in the Health-Related Quality of Life and Weight Status of Children with Overweight or Obesity Aged 7 to 13 Years after Participating in a 10-Week Lifestyle Intervention.
Conclusion: This study demonstrated that participation in the intervention LEFF for children with overweight and obesity was associated with improved generic and weight-specific HRQOL and SDS-BMI. PMID: 32706996 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - July 28, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Connections between Friendship Quality, Peer Competence, and Obesity in Early Childhood through Adolescence.
Conclusions: Findings extend previous literature considering peer outcomes and weight by examining associations as early as 3 years old, and indicate the need for early outreach to buffer against detrimental effects on developing peer competencies, especially for girls. PMID: 32678984 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - July 19, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Patterns of Food Parenting Practices Regarding Fruit and Vegetables among Parent-Adolescent Dyads.
Conclusions: Distinct patterns of FV parenting practices exist and are associated with parent and adolescent demographic characteristics, dietary intake, and FV-LPA. PMID: 32673121 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - July 17, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

The Associations between Childhood Obesity, Academic Performance, and Perception of Teachers: From Kindergarten to Fifth Grade.
Conclusions: Obesity during elementary school years is negatively associated with both objective and subjective measures of academic performance. Further studies are needed to understand if the connection is stemming from behavioral issues of children, weight-based bias of teachers, or both. PMID: 32640890 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - July 10, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

User Characteristics and Parenting Practices Associated with Adolescents' Initial Use of a Lifestyle Behavior Modification Intervention.
Conclusions: Both user characteristics and parenting practices were significantly associated with adolescents' initial use of Aim2Be. These findings will help inform future e-health interventions increase user engagement by identifying the characteristics of individuals who are not accessing the intervention, as well as identifying factors of the household environment that support use. PMID: 32598175 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - July 1, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Maternal Chronic Hypertension Elevates the Risk for Long-Term Selected Endocrine and Metabolic Morbidity in the Offspring, Particularly Childhood Obesity.
Authors: Imterat M, Wainstock T, Landau D, Walfisch A, Sheiner E Abstract Background: Maternal hypertensive disorders during pregnancy are known to be associated with high rates of perinatal complications for both mother and child. We aimed at determining whether maternal chronic hypertension impacts long-term pediatric endocrine and metabolic morbidity. Methods: A population-based, retrospective cohort study was performed. Exposure was defined as the presence of maternal chronic hypertension. Hospitalizations of the offspring up to the age of 18 years involving endocrine and metabolic morbidity were evaluated. A K...
Source: Childhood Obesity - June 27, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Association of Trunk/Leg Fat Mass Ratio with Low-Density Lipoproteins-Cholesterol and Triglycerides Concentration in Children and Adolescents: A Cross-Sectional, Retrospective Study.
Authors: Duran I, Martakis K, Alberg E, Jackels M, Ewert KR, Schoenau E Abstract Background: Increased central (or abdominal) fat mass has been associated with cardiometabolic risk factors such as high low-density lipoproteins (LDL)-cholesterol or triglycerides (TG) concentration in children. Objectives: To generate pediatric reference centiles for trunk/leg fat mass ratio (T2L) (assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry [DXA]) and to evaluate the association of LDL-cholesterol and TG concentrations with T2L in children and adolescents. Methods: Data of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1999-...
Source: Childhood Obesity - June 27, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Associations between Bottle-Feeding during Infancy and Obesity at Age 6 Years Are Mediated by Greater Infancy Weight Gain.
Conclusions: Rapid increases in bottle use during the first 6 months postpartum predicted greater risk for obesity at age 6 years via an indirect mediation effect of larger ΔWAZ from birth to later infancy. PMID: 32498550 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - June 7, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Association between Body Mass Index Status and Childhood Asthma Control.
Conclusions: This study shows that BMI status may not be associated with childhood asthma control. Given the inconsistency in current evidence, more studies are needed in the future to investigate this association. PMID: 32484760 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - June 4, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Predictors of Engagement in a Pediatric Weight Management Clinic after Referral.
Conclusions: Child and family characteristics more strongly predicted initial engagement with a PWMC than completion. Future research should examine how targeting these predictors (e.g., referring at younger age) can improve PWMC engagement. PMID: 32484761 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - June 4, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Are There Inter-Individual Differences in Fat Mass and Percent Body Fat as a Result of Aerobic Exercise Training in Overweight and Obese Children and Adolescents? A Meta-Analytic Perspective.
Conclusions: There is a lack of convincing evidence to suggest that true inter-individual response differences exist with respect to aerobic exercise training and changes in fat mass and percent body fat in overweight and obese children and adolescents. PMID: 32486838 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - June 4, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Feasibility of Targeting Hispanic Fathers and Children in an Obesity Intervention: "Pap ás Saludables Niños Saludables".
Conclusions: With oversampling and improvements in the recruitment strategies, Papás Saludables Niños Saludables is feasible for a randomized controlled clinical trial to address whether a father-targeted lifestyle program is efficacious among low-income Hispanic men and their children. PMID: 32466678 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - May 31, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Cross-Site Process Evaluation Results for the Early Childhood Education Center Setting: CORD Study.
Conclusion: The Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration project reached large numbers of children, families, teachers, and ECECs. Maintaining intervention fidelity while reaching large numbers of at-risk individuals proved to be a challenge. PMID: 32471316 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - May 31, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Managing Excessive Weight Gain in Children < 2 Years of Age: Interviews with Primary Care Providers.
Managing Excessive Weight Gain in Children
Source: Childhood Obesity - May 30, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Association between Maternal Depressive Symptoms with Overweight/Obesity among Children Aged 0-5 Years According to the 2016 Demographic and Family Health Survey.
Authors: Echevarría-Castro N, Matayoshi-Pérez A, Alvarado GF Abstract Background: Overweight and obesity among children under the age of 5 have become a public health problem. The worldwide prevalence is 4.9% and 6.0%, whereas in Peru it is 7.4% and 1.9%, respectively. The causes of these problems are multifactorial and must be studied to prevent the multiple consequences on children's health. Methods: Secondary data analysis of the 2016 Demographic and Family Health Survey (DHS). The sample size was 7935 children and their mothers. The dependent variable was childhood overweight/obesity, measured acc...
Source: Childhood Obesity - May 22, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Sedentary Behavior and Obesity in Youth According to Meeting Physical Activity Guidelines: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003-2006.
Authors: Ryu S, Loprinzi P, Kim H, Kang M Abstract Background: The purpose of this study was to examine the association between sedentary time and obesity in youth according to meeting physical activity guidelines. Methods: A total of 1991 youth (10-17 years) from the 2003 to 2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were included in the analysis. Physical activity was categorized into two levels: (1) daily engagement in ≥60 minutes of moderate and vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and (2)
Source: Childhood Obesity - May 22, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

COVID-19 and Nutrition: The Need for Initiatives to Promote Healthy Eating and Prevent Obesity in Childhood.
Authors: Ribeiro KDDS, Garcia LRS, Dametto JFDS, Assunção DGF, Maciel BLL PMID: 32429705 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - May 22, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Gut Bacterial Families Are Associated with Body Composition and Metabolic Risk Markers in School-Aged Children in Rural Mexico.
Conclusion: In rural Mexican school-aged children, a low abundance of Bacteroidaceae-Porphyromonadaceae-Prevotellaceae and a high abundance of Lactobacillaceae are associated with obesity and metabolic disturbances. PMID: 32429742 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - May 22, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

A Media Literacy-Based Nutrition Program Fosters Parent-Child Food Marketing Discussions, Improves Home Food Environment, and Youth Consumption of Fruits and Vegetables.
Conclusions: This family-centered approach helped family members practice using media together to make better nutrition decisions without depending on the ability of parents to limit media use. It successfully addressed the often-negative impact of the media on behaviors that increase obesity risk while also cultivating the potential for media to provide useful information that can lead to behaviors that decrease obesity risk. PMID: 32311295 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - April 21, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

The Impact of Parental Diabetes on the Prevalence of Childhood Obesity.
Conclusions: Parental diabetes is associated with an increased risk of overweight among children, independent of parental education. Concomitant parental diabetes and overweight should be particularly alarming criteria when prioritizing preventive interventions at an early age. PMID: 32271617 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - April 11, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

The Rise in Pediatric Obesity-Related Conditions and Costs in Public Insurance Programs: Evidence from Alabama.
Authors: Sen B, Sharma P, Blackburn J, Morrisey M, Corvey K, Menachemi N, Caldwell C, Becker D Abstract Background: The increase in pediatric obesity rates is well documented. The extent of corresponding increases in diagnoses of obesity-related conditions (Ob-Cs) and associated medical costs for children in public insurance programs is unknown. Methods: Retrospective claims data linked to enrollees' demographic data for Alabama's Children's Health Insurance Program (ALL Kids) 1999-2015 were used. Multivariate linear probability models were used to estimate the likelihood of having any Ob-C diagnoses. Two-part mode...
Source: Childhood Obesity - March 29, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Tracking of Obesity in Childhood into Adulthood: Effects on Body Mass Index and Fat Mass Index at Age 50.
In this study, links between childhood body size and BMI and body composition at age ∼50 were assessed. Methods: Child Health and Development Studies participants, born between 1960 and 1963 in Alameda County, and still living in California, from whom anthropometric data were collected at age 5, 9-11, and/or 15-17 years were followed-up at age ∼50 for anthropometric outcomes (251 women; 249 men). Linear regression analyses assessed whether overweight (85th to
Source: Childhood Obesity - March 21, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Association between Sleep Duration and Body Composition in Girls Ten to Eighteen Years of Age: A Population-Based Study.
Conclusions: Our results suggest that shorter sleep duration is related to higher FM, but not lean mass, especially in the trunk. PMID: 32181679 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - March 19, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

High Rates of Obesity at Presentation Persist into Survivorship across Childhood Cancer Types.
We examined BMI from oncology diagnosis or presentation, through treatment, and into survivorship across the most common cancer types seen in pediatric oncology. Methods: Patients were categorized into three oncologic diagnoses: leukemia and lymphoma (n = 69), neural tumors (n = 80), and non-neural solid tumors (n = 80) at yearly intervals over the course of 11 years. To allow for comparisons across age groups, BMI percentiles were calculated with
Source: Childhood Obesity - March 18, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Sex Differences in the Association between Household Chaos and Body Mass Index z-Score in Low-Income Toddlers.
Authors: Riley HO, Lo SL, Rosenblum K, Sturza J, Kaciroti N, Lumeng JC, Miller AL Abstract Background: Associations between household chaos and childhood overweight have been identified, but the mechanisms of association are not clearly established in young children, with some studies linking higher chaos to increased obesity risk, whereas other studies link higher chaos to lower obesity risk. Given the lack of consistent findings and early sex differences in vulnerability to chaos, we examined child sex as a moderator of the chaos-child overweight association. We also tested these associations with self-regulation...
Source: Childhood Obesity - March 12, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

The Impact of a Multipronged Intervention to Increase School Lunch Participation among Secondary School Students in an Urban Public School District.
Conclusions: While this intervention demonstrated a modest, but significant relative increase in school lunch participation, the effect was not sufficient to halt large district-wide declines in participation during this study period. Given the significant time, money, and political capital required to implement the intervention, districts should carefully consider similar investments. Broader public policies or other changes to economic conditions that affect eligibility for means-tested benefits-in this case, a strengthening local economy coupled with an increased local minimum wage-may influence school lunch participati...
Source: Childhood Obesity - March 12, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Alarming Trends in Severe Obesity in Chinese Children from 1991 to 2015.
Authors: Fan H, Zhang X Abstract Background: Little information is available on the trends in severe pediatric obesity in China. Therefore, we aimed to examine the trends in overweight, obesity, and severe obesity in Chinese children from 1991 to 2015. Methods: Overall, 17,004 children aged 6-17 years were included in this study, which was based on the China Health and Nutrition Survey 1991-2015. We defined overweight [BMI ≥85th percentile], obesity (BMI ≥95th percentile), and severe obesity (BMI ≥120% of the 95th percentile, or 35 kg/m2) according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevent...
Source: Childhood Obesity - March 11, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

School Gardening Activities Aimed at Obesity Prevention Improve Body Mass Index and Waist Circumference Parameters in School-Aged Children: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
Conclusions: Although more high-quality studies are needed on this topic, along with a greater homogeneity of anthropometric measurements, the results of our article show a modest but positive impact of school gardening projects on anthropometric measures and more generally on children's health. PMID: 32091934 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - February 25, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Response to: Comment About Statistical Analysis of a Cluster-Randomized Trial About Clustering and Nesting (DOI: 10.1089/chi.2019.0142).
Authors: Aceves-Martins M, Llauradó E, Tarro L, Moriña D, Papell-Garcia I, Prades-Tena J, Kettner-Høeberg H, Puiggròs F, Arola L, Davies A, Giralt M, Solà R PMID: 32078371 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - February 23, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research

Incorrect Analyses of Cluster-Randomized Trials that Do Not Take Clustering and Nesting into Account Likely Lead to p-Values that Are Too Small.
Authors: Golzarri-Arroyo L, Oakes JM, Brown AW, Allison DB PMID: 32078372 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Childhood Obesity)
Source: Childhood Obesity - February 23, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research