Assessing the possible causes of hemolytic anemia associated with lumpy skin disease naturally infected buffaloes

This study concluded that buffaloes show limited susceptibility to LSD, although the presence of hypophos phatemia could exaggerate hemolytic anemia under an oxidant-anti-oxidant imbalance and increased pro-inflammatory cytokines.
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 19 July 2019Source: The American Journal of SurgeryAuthor(s): Tyler Gaines, Nina Harkhani, Hegang Chen, Rena D. MalikAbstractBackgroundThe aim of this study is to evaluate the components of current parental leave policies in surgical practice and evaluate surgeon perceptions of parental leave.MethodsPracticing surgeons were recruited to complete a survey via social media outlets and e-mail. Participants were asked questions regarding existing policies and their perspectives towards parental leave.ResultsThe survey was completed by 431 surgeons, of which 90% were female and 45% in academic...
Source: The American Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Authors: Poonchareon K, Pulsrikarn C, Nuanmuang N, Khamai P Abstract Salmonella enterica Serotype 4,[5],12:i:-, a monophasic variant of S. Typhimurium, with high virulence and multidrug resistance is distributed globally causing pathogenicity to both humans and domesticated animals. BOX-A1R-based repetitive extragenic palindromic-PCR (BOX)-PCR proved to be superior to three other repetitive element-based PCR typing methods, namely, enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus (ERIC)-, poly-trinucleotide (GTG)5-, and repetitive extragenic palindromic (REP)-PCR (carried out under a single optimized amplification c...
Source: International Journal of Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Tags: Int J Microbiol Source Type: research
Background: Microglia (MG), the immunocompetent cells of the CNS, respond to brain injury activating and modifying their morphology. Microglia can exist broadly between two different activation states, namely the classical (M1) and the alternative activated (M2) phenotype. The first one is characterized by the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, in contrast, the latter is characterized by the production of anti-inflammatory cytokines (Kettenmann et al., Neuron. 2013; 77:10 –18). Blueberry is involved in the control of the redox state of the cell, cooperating with antioxidant mechanisms, whereas its anti-inflamm...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - Category: Nutrition Authors: Source Type: research
This study firstly aims the determination of rosmarinic and carnosic acid contents of 14 Anatolian Salvia species by a simple and rapid capillary electrophoresis method. Moreover, the antioxidant activities and total phenolic contents of the Salvia samples were investigated. α-Glucosidase enzyme inhibitory effects of the samples were tested concerning their antidiabetic activities. The rosmarinic acid contents in the samples were well-correlated with the bioactivitiesGraphical abstract
Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: 25 October 2019Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis, Volume 175Author(s): Jia-Xuan Xia, Bin-Bin Zhao, Jun-Feng Zan, Ping Wang, Lin-Lin ChenAbstractA rapid and reliable LC–MS/MS method was developed for the quantitation of major components in Folium Artemisiae Argyi (mugwort), a widely used traditional Chinese herbal medicine. A total of 5 phenolic acids and 17 flavonoids were separated and simultaneously determined by using a Shiseido C18 column (150 × 3.0 mm, 3 μm) and gradient elution of acetonitrile-aqueous formic acid (100:0.1, v/v) at a 0.5 mL min&minus...
Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 July 2019Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical AnalysisAuthor(s): Simona Piccolella, Giuseppina Crescente, Lorenzo Candela, Severina PacificoAbstractNowadays, the research for secondary metabolites with health promoting effects in countering or slowing-down chronic and degenerative diseases (e.g. cancer, cardiovascular, and neurodegenerative diseases) identify phenols and polyphenols, widespread and mostly copious in dietary plant sources, as beneficial for human health. These compounds, as intrinsically antioxidant, are claimed as nutraceuticals with preventive efficacy in ...
Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2019Source: Molecular Immunology, Volume 114Author(s): Jean F. Regal, Jenna M. Lund, Cameron R. Wing, Kate M. Root, Luke McCutcheon, Lynne T. Bemis, Jeffrey S. Gilbert, Sherry D. FlemingAbstractPreeclampsia is characterized by new onset hypertension and fetal growth restriction and is associated with aberrant activation of the innate immune complement system and stressed or ischemic placenta. Previous studies have suggested a role for both endothelin and complement system activation products in new onset hypertension in pregnancy, but inter-relationships of the pathways are unclear. We hypothesize...
Source: Molecular Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Authors: Thulaseedaran NK, Kumar KGS, Kumar J, Geetha P, Jayachandran NV, Kamalasanan CG, Mathew S, Pv S Abstract During May 2018 there occurred an outbreak in Kerala, which started in Soopikkada Village, Changarothu Grama Panchayath in Perambra Taluk, Kozhikode district, of a febrile illness with altered sensorium and ARDS. The diagnosis was made from the second case that it is the dreaded nipah infection. Following that 18 cases tested positive for nipah virus infection of which 2 survived. Also there were four deaths with similar clinical picture but which occurred before the virus was identified. They were cons...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Authors: Shukla A, Saxena P, Yadav A Abstract Objective: To evaluate if serum Glutathione-S Transferase-Alpha (GSTA) can be used as a biomarker of intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (IHCP). Methods: 45 pregnant women with IHCP and 45 age and weight matched pregnant women as controls were enrolled and liver function tests including serum GSTA were measured. All cases and controls were followed for their maternal and foetal outcomes till delivery. Statistical analysis included unpaired t test, Mann-Whitney test and chi square test. Results: IHCP group showed higher mean serum GSTA concentrations compared t...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
In this study, clinical anaplasmosis in dairy cattle in the Thrace region of Turkey was investigated with respect to within-herd prevalence, vertical transmission, and genetic diversity. In March and September 2015, thirty lactating cows showed primary clinical signs of anaplasmosis, including fever, anaemia, decreased milk yield, anorexia, and laboured breathing. Symptoms disappeared in most cows after administration of long-acting oxytetracycline, but nine of them (30%) died. Following diagnosis based on clinical signs, microscopy and molecular findings, blood samples were collected from apparently healthy lactating cows...
Source: Comparative immunology, microbiology and infectious diseases. - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis Source Type: research
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