Mother, 19, who was diagnosed with untreatable brain cancer months before giving birth dies

Dana Scatton, of Pennsylvania, was seven months pregnant in December 2017 when a brain scan revealed she had diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG).
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Conclusions: Mechanical ventilation leads to down-regulation of R-spondin1. R-spondin1 may enhance the interaction of leucine-rich repeat containing G-protein coupled receptor 5 and apoptosis-stimulating protein of p53 2, thus inactivating p53-mediated proapoptotic pathway in cyclic stretched mouse lung vascular endothelial cells. R-spondin1 may have clinical benefit in alleviating mechanical ventilator-induced lung injury.
Source: Critical Care Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Online Laboratory Investigation Source Type: research
Conclusion: The process of establishing and undertaking community groups in itself appeared to have a positive perceived impact on the community. However, sustained behaviour change, power dynamics and financial incentives need to be carefully considered during implementation and sustaining the community groups. PMID: 31190635 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Global Health Action - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research
Conclusions: The present study demonstrates that hyperpolarized 13C MRS potentially can be used to identify and characterize gliomas that are 18F-FDG negative. The Lac/Bic imaging marker is interesting because it reports on the ratio between increased glycolysis (Warburg effect) and the more ATP favorable oxidative phosphorylation inside the cells3. Further histological analysis will be performed to get better understanding how the metabolic differences correlate with the proliferative state of the tumor. Acknowledgements NIH grants R01CA176836, R01EB019018, P41EB01589, S10OD012283, S10OD018130-01 GE HealthcareLucas Founda...
Source: Journal of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Authors: Tags: Novel Multimodality and Nonradioactive Probes Posters Source Type: research
Yong Zhao1, Peijuan Liu1, Zhiqian Xin1, Changhong Shi1, Yinlan Bai2, Xiuxuan Sun3, Ya Zhao1, Xiaoya Wang1,4, Li Liu1,5, Xuan Zhao1,4, Zhinan Chen3* and Hai Zhang1,6* 1Laboratory Animal Center, Air Force Medical University, Xi’an, China 2Department of Microbiology, Air Force Medical University, Xi’an, China 3Department of Cell Biology, National Translational Science Center for Molecular Medicine, Air Force Medical University, Xi’an, China 4College of Veterinary Medicine, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, China 5Key Laboratory for Space Bioscience and Biotechnology, School of Life Sciences, Nor...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Conclusion The expression of the components of the PTN-MK-RPTPβ/ζ axis in immune cells and in inflammatory diseases suggests important roles for this axis in inflammation. Pleiotrophin has been recently identified as a limiting factor of metainflammation, a chronic pathological state that contributes to neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration. Pleiotrophin also seems to potentiate acute neuroinflammation independently of the inflammatory stimulus while MK seems to play different -even opposite- roles in acute neuroinflammation depending on the stimulus. Which are the functions of MK and PTN in chronic neuroinfla...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
This study was designed to test the (null) hypothesis that cell phone radiation at non-thermal exposure intensities could not cause adverse health effects, and to provide dose-response data for any detected toxic or carcinogenic effects. Partial findings released from that study showed significantly increased incidences and/or trends for gliomas and glial cell hyperplasias in the brain and schwannomas and Schwann cell hyperplasias in the heart of exposed male rats. These results, as well as the findings of significantly increased DNA damage (strand breaks) in the brains of exposed rats and mice, reduced pup birth weights w...
Source: Environmental Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research
Left-handedness, as a relatively uncommon phenomenon, never fails to fascinate people. There is a common perception that left-handed people are more talented and artistic. To what extent these assumptions are correct, and what your preferred use of right or left hand can tell you about your brain structure? Handedness represents the better performance or preference of using one hand, i.e., the dominant hand. Right-handedness is the most common type observed in 70–95% of the world population, followed by left-handedness, and then a very rare type of mixed handedness and ambidexterity. Although this is an important ph...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Brain and Behavior Brain Blogger Publishers Brain Structure Handedness left-handed right-handed Source Type: blogs
Conclusion This is an interesting piece of research that shows how knowledge in one field of medicine can sometimes be applied to another field with surprising results. But it's important to be realistic about the stage of research. This is very much a "proof of concept" study, and tests on cells, tissues and mice don't necessarily translate into a safe and effective treatment for humans. The study has several limitations, but the fact the treatment so far hasn't been tested on humans is the most important. For one thing, Zika virus doesn't naturally infect mice, so researchers had to use a specially engineered v...
Source: NHS News Feed - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Cancer Source Type: news
AbstractInhibitory activity of a decoction of meadowsweet, given postnatally, was studied in rats at risk for neurogenic and renal tumors initiated by transplacental exposure to ethylnitrosourea (ENU). Chemical analysis of ethanol and aqueous extracts of meadowsweet has shown high content of biologically active flavonoids and tannins. Pregnant rats of LIO strain were given a single i.v. injection of ENU, 75  mg/kg, оn the 21st day of gestation. After weaning at 3 weeks after birth, the offspring were divided into two groups: the first was a positive control (ENU), while rats in the second group (ENU + m...
Source: Journal of Neuro-Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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Source: International Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Short Report Source Type: research
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