Primary tumors of the posterior pituitary: A systematic review
In conclusion, PPT are rare tumors and have been misdiagnosed mainly as non-functioning pituitary adenomas. Different types of PPT share similar epidemiology, clinical manifestations and surgical outcomes. Surgery is the only curative option but complic ations and subtotal resection are common.
Publication date: Available online 24 April 2019Source: The Lancet Diabetes &EndocrinologyAuthor(s): Stuart W Flint
Publication date: Available online 24 April 2019Source: The Lancet Diabetes &EndocrinologyAuthor(s): Peter H Bennett
ConclusionSGLT2 inhibitors have relatively safe profiles and can efficiently decrease HbA1c as well as fasting and postprandial glucose levels. Furthermore, SGLT2 inhibitors administrations are not associated with significant hypoglycemic episodes or weight gain. Thus, combination of SGLT2 inhibitors and other less harmful anti-diabetic medicines could be considered if there is no any contraindication.
ConclusionDiabetes was correlated significantly with dyslipidemia and atherogenic risk in parallel with an increase in IFN-γ production and hematological inflammatory biomarkers; leukocytes, neutrophil/lymphocyte and platelet/lymphocyte ratios, MPV and PDW values. The amelioration in inflammatory biomarkers was associated with improvement in glycemic control.
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between serum adiponectin and resistin with MetS criteria among Temiar subtribe in Kuala Betis.Materials and methodsThis cross sectional study involved 123 subjects from Temiar subtribe in Kuala Betis, Gua Musang, Kelantan. MetS criteria were measured according to standard protocol by modified National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP ATP III) guideline. Anthropometric and biochemical measurements were performed including serum adiponectin and resistin for every study subjects.ResultsSerum adiponectin was significantly lower in MetS subjects (7.9...
Conclusion: Osmotic symptoms and ketosis were more common in young age type 1 DM. Family history of DM was more common in parents of type 2 DM.
DiabetesMine hosts Chicago actress and model Anita Nicole Brown, telling her story of sharing diabetes boldly online and in the movies she acts in.
This study demonstrates that treatment with anti-PD-1 antibodies may impair glucose metabolism, as measured by increasing HbA1c levels.
Inhibitory pain modulation has been reported to be deficient in adults across different types of chronic pain, including migraine. To determine whether a similar phenomenon occurs in youth, we performed a quantitative sensory testing investigation in adolescents with migraine (N = 19). These patients were compared to healthy adolescents with (Fam-His; N = 20) or without (Healthy; N = 29) a family history of migraine (eg, first-degree relative with migraine). Subjects were first familiarized with the stimuli and visual analogue rating scales using graded noxious stimuli (0°C, 43-49°C range). These data were used to ...
Post-traumatic headache (PTH) is one of the most common, debilitating, and difficult symptoms to manage after a traumatic head injury. Although the mechanisms underlying PTH remain elusive, recent studies in rodent models suggest the potential involvement of calcitonin gene–related peptide (CGRP), a mediator of neurogenic inflammation, and the ensuing activation of meningeal mast cells (MCs), proalgesic resident immune cells that can lead to the activation of the headache pain pathway. Here, we investigated the relative contribution of MCs to the development of PTH-like pain behaviors in a model of mild closed-head i...