CD44 targeted delivery of siRNA by using HA-decorated nanotechnologies for KRAS silencing in cancer treatment

In this study we developed ternary nanocomplexes to deliver an anti-KRAS siRNA to colorectal cancer cells, exploiting the interaction of hyaluronic acid (HA) with CD44 as a means to achieve selective targeting of CD44-positive cancer cells. Two different polycations, poly(hexamethylene biguanide) and chitosan, were complexed with siRNA and coated with HA. Physico-chemical properties and stability of nanoparticles were characterized, including size, surface charge, and degree of siRNA protection. We demonstrate nanoparticle internalization (flow cytometry), siRNA cytosolic release (confocal microscopy) and KRAS silencing (RT-qPCR) in CD44+/KRAS+ colorectal cancer cell line, HCT-116. Further we demonstrate that the uptake of HA-decorated nanoparticles in cancer cells is higher when co-cultured with fibroblasts.Graphical abstract
Source: International Journal of Pharmaceutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

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ConclusionMultiple clinical and molecular biological studies have been influential in the support of a stable state in metastatic cancer progression coined ‘oligometastases’. As our understanding of oligometastases in hormone-sensitive prostate cancer develops, we will be able to molecularly define the oligometastatic state and develop clinically available diagnostic tests. In doing so, prostate cancer patients will experience significant clinical benefits and the burden of prostate cancer worldwide will likely be reduced.
Source: World Journal of Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ConclusionTreatment decisions must be individualized, and depend on the presence of systemic disease. Selected patients may benefit from resection of metastases, and PET scan may be useful to identify patients who will benefit from resection.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Source: OncoTargets and Therapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: OncoTargets and Therapy Source Type: research
Conclusion: The diagnostic value and prognostic value of significant DEMIs in cancers of the digestive tract were identified, which may provide a novel direction for treatment and prognosis improvement of cancers of the digestive tract. PMID: 31737678 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
Abstract Apigenin is a flavonoid of low toxicity and multiple beneficial bioactivities. Published reviews all focused on the findings using eukaryotic cells, animal models, or epidemiological studies covering the pharmacokinetics, cancer chemoprevention, and drug interactions of apigenin; however, no review is available on the antimicrobial effects of apigenin. Research proves that dietary apigenin passes through the upper gastrointestinal tract and reaches the colon after consumption. For that reason, it is worthwhile to study the potential interactions between apigenin and human gut microbiota. This review summa...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
This study identified differently expressed messenger RNAs (mRNAs), long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), and small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) between pre-therapeutic biopsies and post-therapeutic resections of locally advanced CRC by analyzing a public dataset, GSE94104. We identified 427 dysregulated mRNAs, 4 dysregulated lncRNAs, and 19 dysregulated snoRNAs between pre- and post-therapeutic locally advanced CRC samples. By constructing a protein–protein interaction network and co-expressing networks, we identified 10 key mRNAs, 4 key lncRNAs, and 7 key snoRNAs. Bioinformatics analysis showed therapy-related mRNAs were asso...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 November 2019Source: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering AspectsAuthor(s): Juan Liao, Siyu Peng, Mei Long, Yaya Zhang, Huaming Yang, Yi Zhang, Jing HuangAbstractNatural halloysite clay nanotubes (halloysite nanotubes, HNTs) are potentially used in colon cancer therapy owing to their excellent physicochemical properties. However, the size-dependent interaction between HNTs and colon cancer cells is still an unresolved challenge. Herein, we analyzed the interfacial interactions between HNTs and colon cancer cells, and evaluated the size-dependent biological effects o...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
ConclusionAnalysis of the quality and scientific content of patient information on MIS for CRC revealed a considerable deficiency in the information provided and sub-standard readability. Several aspects such as pre-op preparation, surgical complications and post-operative quality of life which are of concern to the patient were not discussed in a considerable proportion of articles. As the internet is expanding as a readily available source of information, steps should be taken to ensure the highest quality information.
Source: Health Policy and Technology - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
Condition:   Colorectal Cancer Metastatic Intervention:   Drug: Oxaliplatin Sponsors:   Criterium, Inc.;   Amgen Not yet recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
MALAT1 inhibits the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway in colon cancer cells and affects cell proliferation and apoptosis. Bosn J Basic Med Sci. 2019 Nov 15;: Authors: Zhang J, Li Q, Xue B, He R Abstract Metastasis associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1) is a highly conserved long noncoding RNA, which has been related to various pathological processes, including cancer. The role and mechanism of MALAT1 in colon cancer are not clear. We investigated MALAT1 expression in colon cancer tissues, the effect of MALAT1 on proliferation and apoptosis of SW480 cells, and the signaling pathway invo...
Source: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences - Category: General Medicine Tags: Bosn J Basic Med Sci Source Type: research
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