Identification of a therapeutic target using molecular sequencing for treatment of recurrent uterine serous adenocarcinoma

We report a case of a 68-year old woman with recurrent uterine serous adenocarcinoma who underwent molecular testing and genetic sequencing of her tumor. She was found to have focal amplification of ERBB2 confirmed by amplification and overexpression of HER2/neu via fluorescence in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry. Given the identification of this potential target and progression of disease, trastuzumab was added to the patient's chemotherapy regimen with ultimate complete response.
Source: Gynecologic Oncology Reports - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

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Authors: Ashana A, Kay A, Marco RAW Abstract The management of metastatic spine disease has evolved substantially in the past 5 years. Early treatment approaches with more aggressive surgical indications were based on studies that misinterpreted or overemphasized the advantages of the surgical management of metastatic spine disease. However, substantial advantages in radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and biologic agents have led to considerable improvements in patient outcomes and have, in many patients, shifted the paradigm back to nonsurgical or less invasive treatment modalities. Surgeons should be aware of criti...
Source: Instructional Course Lectures - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Instr Course Lect Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 August 2019Source: Seminars in Cancer BiologyAuthor(s): Simona Romano, Martina Tufano, Paolo D’Arrigo, Vincenza Vigorito, Salvatore Russo, Maria Fiammetta RomanoAbstractRecent advances in tumor immunology, fostered by dramatic outcomes with cancer immunotherapy, have opened new scenarios in cancer metastasis. The cancer stemness/mesenchymal phenotype and an excess of immune suppressive signals are emerging as Intertwined aspects of human tumors. This review examines recent studies that explored the mechanistic links between cancer cell stemness and immunoevasion, and the evidence...
Source: Seminars in Cancer Biology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
A new analysis of genetic data suggests that the effect of obesity on cancer risk is much higher than currently estimated from observational studies.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Hematology-Oncology Headlines - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Hematology-Oncology News Source Type: news
Infection and inflammation are a common occurrence with orthopaedic procedures. Anatomical modalities can show the transformation in the disease process; however, these may occur later when compared with functional imaging modalities that are more likely to identify early disease patterns. Various molecular imaging modalities such as three-phase bone scintigraphy, labelled leucocyte scintigraphy, as well as radiolabelled antibiotics and immunoglobulins have been considered and have played key roles in assisting clinical decision-making. While 18F-flurodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/computed tomography (CT) has been relatively well...
Source: Nuclear Medicine Communications - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Discussion PSMA PET-CT imaging may have a substantial impact on clinical management in prostate cancer patients at the time of initial staging or with biochemical failure; yet this modality does not appear useful in the management of patients with known metastatic disease.
Source: Nuclear Medicine Communications - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Discussion Our results demonstrated that Fluciclovine PET/CT detected more bone metastases than bone scan. Importantly, there were no lesions identified by bone scan that was missed by Fluciclovine PET/CT. With the extra capacity of detecting soft tissue metastasis in PET/CT, Fluciclovine PET/CT may render bone scan unnecessary to investigate metastatic prostate cancer.
Source: Nuclear Medicine Communications - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
This study is an important step forward in highlighting C1q as a new prognostic candidate biomarker for a range of carcinomas. Methods Oncomine Database Analysis The expression levels of C1QA, C1QB, and C1QC genes in various carcinomas were analyzed using Oncomine (www.oncomine.org), a cancer microarray database and web-based data mining platform from genome-wide expression analyses (22, 23). We compared the differences in mRNA level between normal tissue and carcinoma. The mRNA expression levels in neoplastic tissues compared to the healthy tissues were obtained as the parameters of p-value 2, and gene ranking in the t...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Li Liu, Jiajing Lin and Hongying He* Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Liuzhou Worker’s Hospital, Fourth Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Liuzhou, China Background and Objective: Endometrial cancer (EC) is a common gynecological malignancy worldwide. Despite advances in the development of strategies for treating EC, prognosis of the disease remains unsatisfactory, especially for advanced EC. The aim of this study was to identify novel genes that can be used as potential biomarkers for identifying the prognosis of EC and to construct a novel risk stratification using these genes. Me...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
In conclusion, osmotic burst of inflated complement-damaged cells may occur, but these bursts are most likely a consequence of metabolic collapse of the cell rather than the cause of cell death. The Complement Cell Death Mediator: A Concerted Action of Toxic Moieties Membrane pores caused by complement were first visualized by electron microscopy on red blood cell membranes as large ring structures (22). Similar lesions were viewed on E. coli cell walls (23). Over the years, ample information on the fine ultrastructure of the MAC that can activate cell death has been gathered (24) and has been recently further examined (...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Uterine epithelial cancers are the most common type of gynecologic cancer in the United States. The American Cancer Society estimated 53,000 new cases of uterine cancers in 2014 with 8,600 deaths from advanced or recurrent cases, 99% of which are endometrial cancer. The 5-year survival rate of low-stage, low-grade endometrioid adenocarcinoma is greater than 90%. In contrast, advanced stage endometrioid adenocarcinomas and Type II (serous and carcinosarcoma) endometrial cancers have a much poorer prognosis, with the 5-year survival rate of advanced stage uterine carcinosarcoma as low as 9%. Together, these endometrial cance...
Source: Current Cancer Therapy Reviews - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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