A quantitative risk assessment for human Taenia solium exposure from home slaughtered pigs in European countries

Taenia solium, a zoonotic tapeworm, is responsible for about a third of all preventable epilepsy human cases in endemic regions. In Europe, adequate biosecurity of pig housing and meat inspection practices have d...
Source: Parasites and Vectors - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research

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ConclusionHalf of the patients had not perceived clear benefit from VNS, and all but one terminated VNS without worsening of seizures within one year. The true outcome of long-term VNS is difficult to assess in real-world practice. The effect may be overestimated due to confounding factors, particularly the common introduction of novel AEDs and the natural course of the disorder. Patients without perceived benefit from long-term VNS should not routinely remain on treatment and be subject to undue generator re-implantations.
Source: Seizure - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 September 2019Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Muhammad Altaf, Muhammad Ijaz, Awais Ghaffar, Abdul Rehman, Muhammad AvaisAbstractNon-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may exhibit antibacterial activity and have synergistic effects with antibiotics. One way to re-sensitize MRSA to resistant antibiotics is by combining with approved non-antibiotics. The study was intended to explore susceptibility of MRSA to various antibiotics and non-antibiotics (NSAIDs) by micro dilution broth method. MRSA isolates were confirmed by PCR (mecA gene) and in-vitro antibiotic susceptibili...
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
This study aims to evaluate the prevalence of IPI in a cohort of internationally adopted children and to investigate epidemiologic factors and clinical features related to IPIs. Methods: A retrospective study involving internationally adopted children
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research
People who swim in warm freshwater lakes, ponds and hot springs should do their best to avoid getting water up their nose because it could transmit a deadly parasite, a U.S. case report suggests.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 20 September 2019Source: Journal of Cardiology CasesAuthor(s): Josef Finsterer
Source: Journal of Cardiology Cases - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 September 2019Source: Molecular and Biochemical ParasitologyAuthor(s): Alba Cortés, Laura Peachey, Riccardo Scotti, Timothy P Jenkins, Cinzia CantacessiAbstractThe gastrointestinal (GI) tract of vertebrates is inhabited by a vast array of organisms, that is, the microbiota and macrobiota. The former is composed largely of commensal microorganisms, which play vital roles in host nutrition and maintenance of energy balance, in addition to supporting the development and function of the vertebrate immune system. By contrast, the macrobiota includes parasitic helminths, which are mos...
Source: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
In this study, we used PCR-based methods to provide the first evidence of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (s.l.) infections in the three bat-associated tick species collected from ten bat species sampled in Poland and Romania. B. burgdorferi s.l. was detected in 24% (64/266) of tick samples, and 40.3% (60/149) of the bats carried infected chiropterophilic ticks.In Poland, the B. burgdorferi s.l. infection prevelance of I. ariadnae ticks parasitizing Myotis species was four times higher compared to the I. vespertilionis ticks derived from Rhinolophus hipposideros bats (44.4% vs.10%, respectively). The observed differences i...
Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 September 2019Source: Veterinary ParasitologyAuthor(s): Thomas Tzelos, Eric R. Morgan, Stephanie Easton, Jane E. Hodgkinson, Jacqueline B. MatthewsAbstractInterval treatment control programmes used widely in equine helminth control have favoured the development of anthelmintic resistance worldwide. Best practice guidelines have been designed to address resistance and include the requirement for improved pasture hygiene to break helminth transmission cycles, along with anthelmintic application informed by the results of diagnostic tests to reduce selection pressure for resistance. Using...
Source: Veterinary Parasitology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 September 2019Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): Margaret LaFerla Jenni, Peter Woodward, Hayley Yaglom, Craig Levy, Sally Ann Iverson, Melissa Kretschmer, Nicole Jarrett, Elizabeth Dooley, Jigna Narang, Heather VenkatAbstractLeptospirosis, caused by Leptospira spp., is a zoonotic bacterial disease important to both human and animal health. Six pathogenic serovars are currently known to commonly infect and cause disease in dogs in the United States. While canine leptospirosis infection is historically rare in Arizona (≤5 cases reported annually) (ADHS unpublished data) ...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Conclusions/SignificanceGaps identified from examining the wider Taeniidae family models highlighted the potential role of FoI modelling to inform model parameterisation, as well as the need for spatial modelling and suitable structuring of interventions as key areas for futureT.solium model development. We conclude that working with field partners to address data gaps and conducting cross-model validation with baseline and longitudinal data will be critical to building consensus-led and epidemiological setting-appropriate intervention strategies to help fulfil the WHO targets.
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
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