Immunohistochemistry and morphometric analysis of pelviureteric junction complexes in children with hydronephrosis.

Conclusions: Circular enhanced musculature may cause a sphincter-like activity with holding up of urine. The higher density of neuronal expression in PUJ might be responsible for causing constant contraction and intrinsic obstruction. PMID: 30706859 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Indian J Pathol Microbiol Source Type: research

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Mar 30, 2020. . Sponsored by National Indian Health Board
Source: Rural events via the Rural Assistance Center - Category: Rural Health Source Type: events
Publication date: 1 June 2020Source: Carbohydrate Polymers, Volume 237Author(s): Pritha Biswas, Mohan Das, Somanath Boral, Gargi Mukherjee, Koel Chaudhury, Rintu Banerjee
Source: Carbohydrate Polymers - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
ABSTRACT Vesicoureteral reflux, the retrograde flow of urine from the bladder into the upper urinary tract, is one of the most common urologic diagnoses in the pediatric population. Once detected, therapeutic options for urinary reflux are diverse, ranging from observation with or without continuous low-dose prophylactic antibiotics to a variety of operative interventions. While a standardized algorithm is lacking, it is generally accepted that management be tailored to individual patients based on various factors including age, likelihood of spontaneous resolution, risk of subsequent urinary tract infections with renal pa...
Source: International Braz J Urol - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ABSTRACT Robotic surgery has been slow to be fully accepted in the world of pediatric urology largely because of its initial application directed towards adult use and because of the inherent high cost associated with it. However, as previously shown, it has now become the gold standard for adolescent pyeloplasty in The United States. As the adoption of robotic surgery in children has become more widespread, its use has been applied to a broader spectrum of procedures with similar success rates to standard laparoscopy. These procedures include nephrectomy, heminephrectomy, ureteral reimplantation, and ureteroureterostomy. ...
Source: International Braz J Urol - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
This study aims to evaluate the oncological and functional results of open partial nephrectomy (OPN) and laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) at the T1b clinical stage, which constitutes 25% of renal cell carcinomas (RCC) at diagnosis. Materials and Methods: The characteristics of 63 patients with stage T1b solitary tumor who underwent OPN (41) or LPN (22) were compared. The survival analysis was performed using the Kaplan-Meier method. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed to determine the factors affecting disease-free survival. Potential predictive factors, which might affect the postopera...
Source: International Braz J Urol - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
This study aims to evaluate the oncological and functional results of open partial nephrectomy (OPN) and laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) at the T1b clinical stage, which constitutes 25% of renal cell carcinomas (RCC) at diagnosis. Materials and Methods: The characteristics of 63 patients with stage T1b solitary tumor who underwent OPN (41) or LPN (22) were compared. The survival analysis was performed using the Kaplan-Meier method. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed to determine the factors affecting disease-free survival. Potential predictive factors, which might affect the postopera...
Source: International Braz J Urol - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ABSTRACT Purpose: To compare perioperative outcomes, complications and anastomotic stricture rate in a contemporary series of patients who underwent open radical cystectomy (RC) with modified Wallace anastomotic technique versus traditional ileal conduit. Materials and methods: Study enrolled 180 patients, of whom 140 were randomized and underwent RC; seventy were randomized to group I and the seventy to the group II. For the primary objective, we hypothesized that the rate of ureteroenteric strictures would be at least 20 % lower in the second group. Secondary end points included rate of anastomotic leak, surgical time, d...
Source: International Braz J Urol - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ABSTRACT Purpose: To compare perioperative outcomes, complications and anastomotic stricture rate in a contemporary series of patients who underwent open radical cystectomy (RC) with modified Wallace anastomotic technique versus traditional ileal conduit. Materials and methods: Study enrolled 180 patients, of whom 140 were randomized and underwent RC; seventy were randomized to group I and the seventy to the group II. For the primary objective, we hypothesized that the rate of ureteroenteric strictures would be at least 20 % lower in the second group. Secondary end points included rate of anastomotic leak, surgical time, d...
Source: International Braz J Urol - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ABSTRACT Purpose: To compare perioperative outcomes, complications and anastomotic stricture rate in a contemporary series of patients who underwent open radical cystectomy (RC) with modified Wallace anastomotic technique versus traditional ileal conduit. Materials and methods: Study enrolled 180 patients, of whom 140 were randomized and underwent RC; seventy were randomized to group I and the seventy to the group II. For the primary objective, we hypothesized that the rate of ureteroenteric strictures would be at least 20 % lower in the second group. Secondary end points included rate of anastomotic leak, surgical time, d...
Source: International Braz J Urol - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ABSTRACT Purpose: To compare perioperative outcomes, complications and anastomotic stricture rate in a contemporary series of patients who underwent open radical cystectomy (RC) with modified Wallace anastomotic technique versus traditional ileal conduit. Materials and methods: Study enrolled 180 patients, of whom 140 were randomized and underwent RC; seventy were randomized to group I and the seventy to the group II. For the primary objective, we hypothesized that the rate of ureteroenteric strictures would be at least 20 % lower in the second group. Secondary end points included rate of anastomotic leak, surgical time, d...
Source: International Braz J Urol - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
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