Septic arthritis of the pediatric hip: update on diagnosis and treatment

Purpose of review To review the clinical diagnosis, management and natural history of septic arthritis of the hip (SAH) in the pediatric patient, and to highlight new information that may improve the management of these patients. Recent findings The basics of management of possible pediatric SAH have remained largely unchanged for generations. New questions have been raised regarding the role and timing of advanced imaging (MRI) in the evaluation of patients with possible SAH. Published criteria have been derived to guide the need for MRI studies in these patients. Validation of these guidelines continues. Recent reviews have highlighted the possibility of Lyme disease as a potential cause of monoarticular pediatric hip pain. The role of PCR technology in the diagnosis and management of SAH remains unclear at this time. Summary The child with a limp remains a common and urgent clinical concern. There may be expanded roles for MRI and PCR to better diagnose and treat the involved joint itself, as well as any associated nonarticular area of infection. Lyme disease should remain on the list of possible differential diagnoses in this population, particularly in geographic areas where the disease vector is known to be endemic.
Source: Current Opinion in Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Tags: ORTHOPEDICS: Edited by Daniel W. Green Source Type: research

Related Links:

CANCER symptoms vary depending on which part of the body is affected by a tumour. You may be at risk of a deadly tumour if you have this painful sign in your chest. Should you see a doctor?
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Conclusion: Patients receiving lornoxicam-ketamine attained greater reduction in pain scores and less side effects with better functional state and also are less likely to require further analgesia than those administered pethidine to control acute renal colic pain. PMID: 31001434 [PubMed]
Source: Pain Research and Treatment - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Pain Res Treat Source Type: research
ConclusionOral administration of XSLJZT (3.0 g) for 28 days lowered the mean diarrhea score in patients with IBS, indicating that the patients in the TG had greater diarrhea improvement than those in the CG. The present study used 10% XSLJZT as a comparator, and the different items of the Gastrointestinal System Rating Scale–IBS, IBS-QOL, and World Health Organization Quality of Life–Brief were scored separately. Therefore, the selection of an appropriate comparator or placebo and score assessment are crucial issues for future study.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Abstract Aim: To determine the cardiovascular risk and the concordance between the different scores in people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA). Methods: Observational descriptive study of prevalence. Performed in the Rheumatology Service and the Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics Unit of the University Hospital Complex of A Coruña (Spain). Patients diagnosed with RA or PsA, older than 18 years of age were included. Measurements: sociodemographic, anthropometric variables of the disease, comorbidity, cardiovascular risk, and therapeutic management. Results: 1...
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our results provide support for the preliminary validity of the English CPMS to measure knowledge, beliefs, and attitudes towards CP among emergency nurses in the United States. PMID: 31001368 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Pain Research and Management - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Pain Res Manag Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis report demonstrates that using cryo-treated tumor-bearing tissue in a patient with metastatic renal cell carcinoma stimulated an antitumor cryoimmunological response.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 April 2019Source: Journal of Molecular StructureAuthor(s): Peter Nattaniel NelsonAbstractThe hydration behaviour of calcium pyrophosphate (CPP) was investigated via Density Functional Quantum mechanical calculations (DFT), carried out on isolated monomeric CPP-water complexes. Formation free energies for the first hydration shell shows that hydrates from the di- to octa-hydrate are formed spontaneously whereas the higher hydrates are unstable when hydration occurs via a concerted mechanism (instantaneous hydration). For mechanism, the most stable hydrate consist of four water molecules...
Source: Journal of Molecular Structure - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
We report the case notes of a rare presentation of contralateral ureteric colic or “mirror pain” secondary to a ureteric calculus. A comprehensive literature review was also conducted.“Mirror pain” or contralateral ureteric colic is rare. Urologists should be aware of this unusual clinical presentation and appreciate that upper urinary tract calculi can cause pain on the contralateral side.
Source: Urology Case Reports - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Background: Lyme arthritis (LA) of the hip can present similarly to septic arthritis (SA) and transient synovitis (TS). The primary purpose of this study was to determine clinical and laboratory parameters differentiating LA of the hip from SA or TS among children who had undergone hip aspiration during the evaluation of hip pain. Methods: This was a retrospective review of all patients who underwent hip aspiration for the evaluation of hip pain at a tertiary care children’s hospital in a Lyme endemic area. Clinical and laboratory data were reviewed and comparative analyses were performed between those diagnosed wit...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Selected Topics Source Type: research
Conclusions: Although septic arthritis of the knee and Lyme monoarthritis share common features that can make them difficult to distinguish clinically, the presence of pain with short arc motion, C-reactive protein of>4.0 mg/L, patient-reported history of fever, and age younger than 2 years were independent predictive factors of septic arthritis in pediatric patients. The more factors that are present, the higher the risk of having septic arthritis. Level of Evidence: Diagnostic Level III. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.
Source: JBJS - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Infection, Pediatrics Scientific Articles Source Type: research
More News: Arthritis | Children | Endemics | Lyme Disease | Orthopaedics | Pain | Pain Management | Pediatrics | Rheumatology | Septic Arthritis | Study