What every spine surgeon should know about transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion surgery for herniated discs

AbstractPurposeThe aim of this study is to report our experiences on managing large lumbar disc herniations with several symptoms by surgery with transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) and to shed light for spine surgeons about TLIF surgery.MethodsWe retrospectively evaluated our database of patients with various lumbar spine pathologies who underwent TLIF surgery from 2014 to 2017. We separated 18 patients who had been operated on for extruded disc herniation, which causes severe pain and radicular symptoms. The pain was quantified by visual analog scores (VAS). The disability status were pre-operatively and post-operatively evaluated by the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI). We evaluated the patients for at least two years. Interbody fusion was detected by routine radiographs at six, 12, and 24  months after surgery.ResultsAn ODI outcomes analysis demonstrated a statistically significant improvement in the six and 24-month mean scores compared with the pre-operative scores on the same scales. Patients ’ mobility improved significantly after surgery, as indicated by the decrease in the Oswestry Disability Index from 72 to 23 over two years (p 
Source: International Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

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Authors: Ewy S, Pham H, Quan K, Su B, Tachdjian R Abstract Bullous pemphigoid (BP) is a rare blistering skin disease that is commonly treated with corticosteroids and immunosuppressive agents. Here, we present a 74-year-old woman with severe BP following a leg fracture who was successfully treated with omalizumab. We started her on a regimen of omalizumab 300 mg subcutaneously every 4 weeks, and within a week she reported significantly decreased pain and faster healing time of lesions. Incidentally, bilateral erythematous, non-blistering dermatitis developed 5 centimeters distal to the injection sites within a week...
Source: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Tags: J Drugs Dermatol Source Type: research
We present a patient with refractory neuropathic pain in a normotrophic spread-scar treated with the injection of BTA. A 47-year-old Caucasian female with a history of invasive melanoma of the left upper arm presented with pain in her excision scar, which she described as a “pins and needles” sensation alternating with a dull, deep ache. She had previously tried topical lidocaine, topical and intralesional steroids, and oral gabapentin without improvement. We treated the patient with 50 U of onabotulinumtoxinA intradermally at 1-1.5 cm intervals within and immediately around the perimeter of the scar. At 1-wee...
Source: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Tags: J Drugs Dermatol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS Arthroscopic superior capsule reconstruction currently appears to be the method of choice in unreconstructed supraspinatus and infraspinatus tear. Our group of patients shows that early clinical outcomes of SCR using xenograft are very promising. A significant pain relief and a considerable improvement in the range of motion of the operated shoulder joint were observed. No complication specifically associated with the use of xenograft has been reported as yet. A longer follow-up period and assessment of a larger group of patients will be necessary to confirm the success of this surgical procedure. Key words: ma...
Source: Acta Orthopaedica - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech Source Type: research
Rosenbaum J Abstract PURPOSE OF THE STUDY Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is a serious and fairly frequent disorder with prevalence increasing with age which often results in a disability. The surgical procedures are often very risky due to the greater age of patients with severe stenosis and their comorbidities. The study aimed to assess the functional outcomes and complications in patients who underwent surgical treatment for LSS at one year postoperatively and to identify the differences in the functional outcomes, if any, in dependence on the number of operated segments. MATERIAL AND METHODS It was a prospective ...
Source: Acta Orthopaedica - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech Source Type: research
aacute;č P Abstract The team of authors presents a case of the patient who suffered an isolated unstable extra-articular distal ulnar fracture, the surgical treatment of which was affected by a postponed management in consequence of inadequate primary treatment. The primary non-operative treatment resulted in a complex malunion ad latus, ad axim and ad peripheriam. The malunion which led to a painful restricted range of motion of the forearm (59%), decreased hand grip strength and significant limitation of activities of daily living was surgically treated by a triplane corrective osteotomy at 11 months after inju...
Source: Acta Orthopaedica - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech Source Type: research
This study compares the outcome of post-lobectomy patients in relation to the analgesic method used: parenteral analgesia (PA) vs. PVB + PA, and provides justification for the routine use of PVB in all patients where CEA is contraindicated. METHODS: We randomized 213 consecutive patients undergoing open lobectomy to benefit from two different protocols of postoperative analgesia: PA vs. PVB +PA. We compared the frequency of cardiac hemodynamic, respiratory, pleural or surgical-related complications. RESULTS: After lobectomy, the PVB patients (72/213) were found to have a significantly lower frequency of congestive ...
Source: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia - Category: Surgery Tags: Ann Ital Chir Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Envenomation by subaquatic species is common and preventable yet the dissemination of the appropriate knowledge is limited. This knowledge summary provides pertinent information aimed at divers in preventing and managing such injuries. PMID: 31523798 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Diving Hyperb Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: We recommend the establishment of comprehensive and detailed wound care registries to rapidly collect prospective data on the use of HBOT for these problem wounds. There is a strong case for appropriately powered, multi-centre randomized trials to establish the true efficacy and cost-effectiveness of HBOT especially for vasculitis ulcers that have not improved following immunosuppressive therapy. PMID: 31523797 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Diving Hyperb Med Source Type: research
Authors: Mitchell SJ Abstract There are few issues that generate as much confusion in diving medicine as the nomenclature of bubble-induced dysbaric disease. Prior to the late 1980s, the diagnosis 'decompression sickness' (DCS) was invoked for symptoms presumed to arise as a consequence of bubble formation from dissolved inert gas during or after decompression. These bubbles were known to form within tissues, and also to appear in the venous blood (presumably after forming in tissue capillaries). A second diagnosis, 'arterial gas embolism' (AGE) was invoked for symptoms presumed to arise when bubbles were introduce...
Source: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Diving Hyperb Med Source Type: research
Source: Journal of Pain Research - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Journal of Pain Research Source Type: research
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