Nomogram to Predict Cancer-Specific Survival in Patients with Pancreatic Acinar Cell Carcinoma: A Competing Risk Analysis

Conclusion: We evaluated the 1-, 2- and 3-year OS and CSS in patients with ACC for the first time. Our nomograms showed relatively good performance and could be considered as convenient individualized predictive tools for prognosis.
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

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In this study, we found that LRG-1 was overexpressed in rat PDC compared with normal pancreas tissue of the control rats. Serum levels of LRG-1 were also significantly higher in rats bearing PDC than in controls. Importantly, chronic pancreatitis in male Wistar Bonn/Kobori rats, which is a widely accepted as a model of chronic pancreatitis, did not cause serum levels of LRG-1 to become elevated. These results strongly support serum LRG-1 as a candidate biomarker for noninvasive diagnosis of PDC. Our models of pancreas cancer provide a useful strategy for evaluation of candidate markers applicable to human cancer. PMID: 31404387 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Toxicologic Pathology - Category: Toxicology Tags: J Toxicol Pathol Source Type: research
Pancreatic cancer is characterized by extremely high mortality and poor prognosis and is projected to be the leading cause of cancer deaths by 2030. Due to the lack of early symptoms and appropriate methods to detect pancreatic carcinoma at an early stage as well as its aggressive progression, the disease is often quite advanced by the time a definite diagnosis is established. The 5-year relative survival rate for all stages is approximately 8%. Therefore, detection of pancreatic cancer at an early surgically resectable stage is the key to decrease mortality and to improve survival.
Source: Translational Research - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 August 2019Source: Pharmacological ResearchAuthor(s): Christian BaillyAbstractTwenty-five years ago, the cytotoxic drug irinotecan (IRT) was first approved in Japan for the treatment of cancer. For more than two decades, the IRT prodrug has largely contributed to the treatment of solid tumors worldwide. Nowadays, this camptothecin derivative targeting topoisomerase 1 remains largely used in combination regimen, like FOLFIRI and FOLFIRINOX, to treat metastatic or advanced solid tumors, such as colon, gastric and pancreatic cancers and others. This review highlights recent discoveries in...
Source: Pharmacological Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
lo Alberto Zaniboni The association between antibiotic use and risk of cancer development is unclear, and clinical trials are lacking. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies to assess the association between antibiotic use and risk of cancer. PubMed, the Cochrane Library and EMBASE were searched from inception to 24 February 2019 for studies reporting antibiotic use and subsequent risk of cancer. We included observational studies of adult subjects with previous exposure to antibiotics and available information on incident cancer diagnoses. For each of the eligible studies, data we...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Despite histological evidence in various solid tumor entities, available experience with CXCR4-directed diagnostics and endoradiotherapy mainly focuses on hematologic diseases. With the goal of expanding the application of CXCR4 theranostics to solid tumors, we aimed to elucidate the feasibility of CXCR4-targeted imaging in a variety of such neoplasms. Methods: 19 patients with newly diagnosed, treatment-naïve solid tumors including pancreatic adenocarcinoma or neuroendocrine tumor, cholangiocarcinoma, hepatocellular carcinoma, renal cell carcinoma, ovarian cancer, and prostate cancer underwent [68Ga]Pentixafor PET/...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
AbstractGastric outlet obstruction (GOO) occurs when there is mechanical obstruction impending gastric emptying. GOO has both benign and malignant aetiologies. In this paper we want to discuss, clinical presentation and management of malignant GOO. This is a retrospective observational study of 5  years in patients presenting with malignant GOO. Study was conducted in Dr. B. Borooah Cancer Institute, Guwahati, India. Patients with malignant GOO who were operated were included in this study. Chi-square test was used to evaluate association between categorical values. Independentt test and one-way ANOVA (analysis of var...
Source: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Authors: Song Y, Ye M, Zhou J, Wang Z, Zhu X Abstract Digestive system cancers, mainly including gastric cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, pancreatic cancer, and colorectal cancer, are major public health problems and lead to serious cancer-related deaths worldwide. Clinically, treatment strategies of these cancers include surgery, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy. Although successful resection and chemotherapeutic drugs have improved the treatment level, the survival rate of patients with advanced digestive system cancers remains still low primarily due to tumor metastasis. E-cadherin, the prototypical member of th...
Source: American Journal of Translational Research - Category: Research Tags: Am J Transl Res Source Type: research
The objective of this research is to uncover th...
Source: Journal of Experimental and Clinical Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Authors: Yao Z, Zhang Y, Xu D, Zhou X, Peng P, Pan Z, Xiao N, Yao J, Li Z Abstract d_abstr_R Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), a group of non-protein-coding RNAs longer than 200 nucleotides, are involved in multiple biological and pathological processes, such as proliferation, apoptosis, migration, invasion, angiogenesis, and immune escape. Many studies have shown that lncRNAs participate in the complex network of cancer and play vital roles as oncogenes or tumor-suppressor genes in a variety of cancers. Moreover, recent research has shown that abnormal expression of lncRNAs in malignant tumor cells before and after ...
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
Malignant tumors are highly heterogeneous and likely contain a subset of cancer cells termed cancer stem cells (CSCs). CSCs exist in a dynamic equilibrium with their microenvironments and the CSC phenotype is tightly regulated by both cell-intrinsic and cell-extrinsic factors including those derived from their surrounding cells or stroma. Many human solid tumors like breast, lung, colorectal and pancreatic cancers are characterized by a pronounced stromal reaction termed “the desmoplastic response”. Carcinoma-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) derived either from resident fibroblasts or tumor-infiltrating mesenchyma...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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