Nonmedical Use of Stimulants Is Associated With Riskier Sexual Practices and Other Forms of Impulsivity

Conclusions: Nonmedical use of prescription stimulants is common in young adults and has profound public health associations including with a profundity of other drug use (licit and illicit), certain mental health diagnoses (especially gambling, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder ), worse scholastic performance, and riskier sexual practices. The majority of people with nonmedical use of prescription stimulants do not have ADHD, and its link with current ADHD symptoms was less marked than for certain other disorders. Clinicians should screen for the misuse of prescription stimulants as they may be associated with a range of problematic behaviors. Risk of diversion (which may be higher for those living in shared accommodation and those with substance use disorder history) merits careful assessment before prescribing stimulant medication.
Source: Journal of Addiction Medicine - Category: Addiction Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

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Conclusion. Anxiety and mood are potentially modifiable risk factors that have the greatest impact on pre- and postoperative pain. These results can be used to identify higher-risk patients and develop preoperative therapeutic protocols to improve postoperative outcomes. Level of Evidence: 3
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: DEFORMITY Source Type: research
This article first discusses the general requirements for conducting board certification examinations as laid down in the specialty training regulations of the German State Chambers of Physicians. Concrete suggestions are made for training assistants concerning selection of the specialist literature to be processed and allocation of the time in which the material to be covered can be learned. Aspiring medical specialists are provided with suggestions regarding their surroundings and a favorable atmosphere in the final hours before the examination. Furthermore, desirable but also undesirable behaviors of the examinee during...
Source: HNO - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research
Objective: To examine the association between hearing impairment and cognitive decline and to identify possible risk factors for presbycusis. Study Design: Cross-sectional survey in prospective cohort study. Setting: University hospital. Patients: A total of 322 participants aged>60 years, for whom all the below data were available, were enrolled in the study. There were 168 females and 154 males with a median age of 71 years (range: 60–89 yrs). Interventions: PROST (Project in Sado for Total Health), a medical database in Sado island Japan, was analyzed. Main Outcome Measures: Data on pure-tone a...
Source: Otology and Neurotology - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: SENSORINEURAL HEARING LOSS AND TINNITUS Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 November 2019Source: Journal of Pharmacological SciencesAuthor(s): Mitsuhisa Koga, Yuki Kanaoka, Mana Okamoto, Yuki Nakao, Koshun Inada, Saki Takayama, Yasufumi Kataoka, Atsushi YamauchiAbstractVarenicline is a widely used and effective drug for smoking cessation. We previously reported that varenicline aggravates atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E knockout (ApoE KO) mice. However, it remains unknown whether varenicline affects cardiovascular events in patients with nicotine addiction. Here, we examined the effect of varenicline on atherosclerotic plaque formation in nicotine-pretreat...
Source: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
This article describes the prevalence, identification, and treatment of common comorbid psychological disorders.
Source: Heart Failure Clinics - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
In this report we present the 2019 update. We track progress on health and climate change in Australia across the same five broad domains and many of the same indicators as in 2018. A number of new indicators are introduced this year, including one focused on wildfire exposure, and another on engagement in health and climate change in the corporate sector. Several of the previously reported indicators are not included this year, either due to their discontinuation by the parent project, the Lancet Countdown, or because insufficient new data were available for us to meaningfully provide an update to the indicator. In a year...
Source: Medical Journal of Australia - Category: General Medicine Tags: Med J Aust Source Type: research
The home-based pilot program will see 20 children each receive a take-home kit that includes Neeuro ’s brainwave-reading SenzeBand and a Samsung tablet with the preloaded CogoLand game.
Source: mobihealthnews - Category: Information Technology Source Type: news
Authors: Sohn WM, Na BK Abstract We are going to describe the female soboliphymid nematodes, which were recovered from the stomach of a Asian badger, Meles leucurus (Mammalia: Mustelidae), in Geochang-gun, Gyeongsangnam-do, Korea. In February 1998, we found 2 peculiar nematodes with a cup-like organ in the anterior end from the stomach of badger. Recovered worms were fixed with 10% formalin, cleared in glycerin-alcohol solution and observed under a light microscope with a micrometer. They were 34.46 (33.43-35.50) mm long by 2.13 mm at maximum width. Cephalic sucker cup-like, 3.34 (3.13-3.55) mm wide, 2.40 (2.25-2.5...
Source: Korean Journal of Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Tags: Korean J Parasitol Source Type: research
Conclusions:Among US youth, no sexual orientation disparities were found except for snoring/stop breathing and daytime sleepiness among females. Sexual orientation disparities in these aspects of sleep are partially due to worse mental and physical health among sexual minority females, highlighting depressive symptoms and overweight problems as potential intervention targets.Clinical Trial; Title: Health Behavior in School-Aged Children: NEXT Longitudinal Study 2009-2016; Identifier: NCT01031160Citation:Luk JW, Sita KR, Lewin D, Simons-Morton BG, Haynie DL. Sexual orientation and sl...
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusion The SCIP is reliable and valid diagnostic interview, is compatible with experimental psychopathology and personalized psychiatry research, and is in line with the NIMH RDoC framework. The SCIP Instruction Manual is also available for download by visiting Acknowledgment Dr. Aboraya had full access to all the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analyses. References 1.     Stone M. Healing the Mind: A History of Psychiatry from Antiquity to the Present. In: ...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Assessment Tools Current Issue Evaluations Psychiatry Reliability of Diagnoses Review Scales Trial Methodology descriptive psychopathology diagnostic criteria dimensional scores Psychiatric interview SCIP Standard for Cliniciansâ Source Type: research
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