Epilepsy in Systemic Autoimmune Disorders

Autoimmunity and inflammation have been implicated as causative factors of seizures and epilepsy. Autoimmune disorders can affect the central nervous system as an isolated syndrome or be part of a systemic disease. Examples of systemic autoimmune disorders include systemic lupus erythematosus, antiphospholipid syndrome, rheumatic arthritis, and Sjögren syndrome. Overall, there is a 5-fold increased risk of seizures and epilepsy in children with systemic autoimmune disorders. Various etiologic factors have been implicated in causing the seizures in these patients, including direct inflammation, effect on blood vessels (vasculitis), and production of autoantibodies.
Source: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: The 2019 EULAR/ACR criteria for SLE had comparable performance to the 2012 SLICC criteria regarding diagnostic sensitivity and specificity in Korean population of SLE and other rheumatic diseases. However, the new criteria could not reach higher specificity than the 2012 SLICC criteria. PMID: 32083550 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Male gender, exposure to high cumulative doses of prednisone, family history of early arterial vascular disease and occurrence of previous arterial thrombosis are independent risk predictors of arterial vascular events in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Abnormal ABI may be related to high risk for arterial vascular events. PMID: 32083548 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Testing for autoantibodies against both Ro peptides may aim diagnosis, classify clinical manifestations in disease entities and define prognosis in certain autoimmune disorders. A distinct weight could be given to the isolated anti-Ro specificities in the SS classification criteria. PMID: 32083547 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In this cohort the most frequent damage item was renal and was related to the disease itself. Damage score was higher in patients with more severe disease and treated more aggressively. Our results suggest that more effective treatment options are needed in a subgroup of patients with IgA vasculitis to prevent the damage related with the vasculitis, especially with more severe disease. PMID: 32083544 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that improvement in MMP-3 levels is key to predicting the clinical efficacy of abatacept. Closer attention paid not only to major clinical indices, but also changes in MMP-3 levels, could improve our ability to optimise clinical results when treating bio-switch patients. PMID: 32083543 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: GC treatment has implications in CVR, despite in SSc GC doses administered are lower than in other autoimmune diseases (in our cohort even prednisone ≤10 mg daily was associated with ED). GC may be associated with an early vascular damage in these patients, which could lead to changes in FMD, ED and finally AP. On the other hand, optimum levels of 25(OH)D3 seemed to be beneficial against vascular damage. PMID: 32083542 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research
Authors: Ceccarelli F, Orefice V, Perrone G, Pirone C, Perricone C, Truglia S, Miranda F, Pacucci VA, Spinelli FR, Galoppi P, Alessandri C, Valesini G, Conti F Abstract OBJECTIVES: We evaluated age at natural menopause and the prevalence of premature ovarian failure (POF) in a monocentric Caucasian cohort of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we enrolled women affected by SLE compared with healthy controls (HC) to investigate data about natural menopause (amenorrhoea for at least 12 months at ≥40 years) and POF (amenorrhoea for at least 12 months at
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research
This article intends to verify the association of dysfunctional beliefs of personality disorders with the executive performance in people with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME).MethodsFifty-two patients (35 women, 67.3%) with JME aged 18–50 yrs. (32.3 ± 9.7) were evaluated between May 2017 and April 2018 and compared with controls. All subjects were submitted to the Personality Beliefs Questionnaire (PBQ) (Beck &Beck, 1991; Savoia et al., 2006), Dysexecutive Questionnaire (DQ; Wilson et al., 1996; Macuglia et al., 2016), estimated intelligence quotient (IQ) using Vocabulary and Block Design tests, at...
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Authors: Blankstein M, Lentine B, Nelms NJ Abstract Notable advances in hip arthroplasty implants and techniques over the past 60 years have yielded excellent survivorship of fully cemented, hybrid, and reverse hybrid total hip replacements as demonstrated in joint registries worldwide. Major advances in noncemented implants have reduced the use of cement, particularly in North America. Noncemented implants predominate today based on procedural efficiency, concern related to thromboembolic risk, and a historic belief that cement was the primary cause of osteolysis and implant loosening. With the decline of cemented...
Source: The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Am Acad Orthop Surg Source Type: research
ConclusionsO. rosea produces different phenolic compounds capable of reducing the inflammation and secondary mechanical hyperalgesia produced by K/C administration. They also reduced proinflammatory cytokines and increased anti-inflammatory cytokines. Finally, NF-κB modulation was reduced by the administration of O. rosea. Therefore, O. rosea could be considered of interest in inflammatory and painful diseases.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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