STDs on the Rise

Recently the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has reported the dramatic increase of sexually transmitted diseases in the U.S.  In fact, for the fourth year in a row the numbers have continued to rise. Among the rise, specific sexually transmitted diseases include: gonorrhea has been diagnosed in 555,608 cases in preliminary 2017 data (an increase of 67%  from 2013) syphilis has been diagnosed in 30,644 cases (an increase of 76% from 2013) chlamydia was reported with more than 1.7 million cases in 2017 These three diseases can be treated with antibiotics but gonorrhea has become antibiotic resistant over the years with only one antibiotic remaining effective, ceftriaxone. Many cases go undiagnosed or untreated which can lead to even more cases, infertility, stillbirths, and an increase in HIV. Though a number of factors contribute to this increase of STDs , stigma can be a big factor. Sexual issues, especially sexual diseases, often carry the added issues of embarrassment, stigma, and privacy concerns. This is especially true in smaller towns and rural areas where social networks and fewer healthcare options can make confidentiality difficult. An NPR story highlights the difficulty public health officials face in Clackamas County Oregon. Libraries, especially public libraries, can start the conversation by providing information on social media, brochures, and web links. If available, collaborating with local health professionals and public health, a...
Source: Dragonfly - Category: Databases & Libraries Authors: Tags: Health Literacy/Consumer Health Public Health Public Libraries Source Type: news

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Authors: Saleh R, Assaf H, Abd El Maged WM, Elsuity M, Fawzy M Abstract Objective: To investigate the effects of in vitro myo-inositol (Myo-Ins) supplementation of cryopreserved human semen on the cryo-survival rate (CSR). Methods: Semen samples were obtained from 41 infertile men. Following routine semen analysis, each sample was divided into two equal aliquots (0.5 mL each). One aliquot was treated with 1 mg of Myo-Ins dissolved in 10 µL of sperm preparation medium. The second aliquot was treated with 10 µL of the same medium (control). Both aliquots were incubated for 20 minutes prior to freezing...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine - Category: Reproduction Medicine Tags: Clin Exp Reprod Med Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe current study demonstrates an association between certain trauma exposures, PTSD symptoms, and an increased likelihood of sexual risk outcomes. Clinicians working with individuals with PTSD symptoms, particularly those who have been exposed to interpersonal trauma, should screen for the presence of these sequelae.
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
ConclusionAn understanding of congenital syphilis is imperative for pediatric surgeons. Hepatic and gastrointestinal manifestations may mimic surgical diagnoses in neonates.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Abstract The adult well-male examination should provide evidence-based guidance toward the promotion of optimal health and well-being. The medical history should focus on tobacco and alcohol use, risk of human immunodeficiency virus and other sexually transmitted infections, and diet and exercise habits. The physical examination should include blood pressure screening, and height and weight measurements to calculate body mass index. Lipid screening is performed in men 40 to 75 years of age; there is insufficient evidence for screening younger men. One-time screening ultrasonography for detection of abdominal aorti...
Source: American Family Physician - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Am Fam Physician Source Type: research
Conclusion: Neurosyphilis victimized several notorious composers. It can be argued that neurosyphilis was a major source of inspiration as well, being responsible for the genesis of musical masterpieces.RESUMO Atrav és da história, a neurossífilis vitimou milhares de pessoas, incluindo compositores clássicos, com uma grande gama de manifestações. Métodos: Seis artigos com descrições de compositores com possível neurossífilis foram revisados. Resultados: Neurossífilis é um diagnóstico possível p ara compositores como Bee...
Source: Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2018Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): V. Pintado, R. Pazos, M.E. Jiménez-Mejías, A. Rodríguez-Guardado, B. Díaz-Pollán, C. Cabellos, J.M. García-Lechuz, J. Lora-Tamayo, P. Domingo, E. Muñez, D. Domingo, F. González-Romo, J.A. Lepe-Jiménez, C. Rodríguez-Lucas, A. Gil, I. Pelegrín, F. Chaves, V. Pomar, A. Ramos, T. AlarcónSummaryBackgroundStaphylococcus aureus meningitis is an uncommon nosocomial infection usually associated with neurosurgical procedures, but spontaneous infections ...
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionThe decline in MRSA BSI rates, which was observed in our institution, was associated with changes in the population structure of the organism. This decline may be related to biologic properties of the prevailing MRSA clones.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Among 312 Canadian youth, a majority expressed hypothetical comfort with providing and receiving PDPT for C. trachomatis. Having multiple recent sexual partners significantly increased reported potential receptiveness. Within this sample, PDPT thus has a significant potential to reach youth engaging in higher-risk sexual behavior. Variations in comfort based on symptom status emphasized the importance of tailoring partner management strategies to individual patients and of ongoing patient education. PMID: 30528443 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada : JOGC - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Can Source Type: research
[The Herald] Civic organisations have called for a clear national sexual harassment policy to curb the increase in gender-based violence that has been fuelling the HIV/AIDS prevalence rate in the country over the years.
Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: Women can be reassured that fertility drugs do not appear to significantly increase the risk of invasive ovarian, endometrial, breast or other cancers, while achieving a pregnancy at an earlier age is a significant protective factor. PMID: 30536354 [PubMed - in process]
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
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