STDs on the Rise
Recently the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has reported the dramatic increase of sexually transmitted diseases in the U.S. In fact, for the fourth year in a row the numbers have continued to rise. Among the rise, specific sexually transmitted diseases include: gonorrhea has been diagnosed in 555,608 cases in preliminary 2017 data (an increase of 67% from 2013) syphilis has been diagnosed in 30,644 cases (an increase of 76% from 2013) chlamydia was reported with more than 1.7 million cases in 2017 These three diseases can be treated with antibiotics but gonorrhea has become antibiotic resistant over the years with only one antibiotic remaining effective, ceftriaxone. Many cases go undiagnosed or untreated which can lead to even more cases, infertility, stillbirths, and an increase in HIV. Though a number of factors contribute to this increase of STDs , stigma can be a big factor. Sexual issues, especially sexual diseases, often carry the added issues of embarrassment, stigma, and privacy concerns. This is especially true in smaller towns and rural areas where social networks and fewer healthcare options can make confidentiality difficult. An NPR story highlights the difficulty public health officials face in Clackamas County Oregon. Libraries, especially public libraries, can start the conversation by providing information on social media, brochures, and web links. If available, collaborating with local health professionals and public health, a...
In 2017, the US had record-setting rates of syphilis for the fourth year in the row. Certain cities and counties - including several in California - have rates up to 10 times the national average.
ConclusionWGS helped to reveal an outbreak that otherwise might have stayed undetected. Nonetheless, epidemiological investigation is needed to trace the nosocomial transmission. The role of personal communication in infection control cannot be underemphasised.
CONCLUSIONS Our findings suggest that b2/b3 partial deletion or duplication can lead to structural instability in the Y chromosome and be a risk factor of complete deletion of AZFc or more expanded deletion during transmission. PMID: 30226219 [PubMed - in process]
Publication date: Available online 18 September 2018Source: Journal of Microbiological MethodsAuthor(s): Kouhei Sakai, Junji Matsuo, Takanori Watanabe, Torahiko Okubo, Shinji Nakamura, Hiroyuki YamaguchiAbstractWe monitored Chlamydia trachomatis growth in HeLa cells cultured with either DMEM or RPMI medium containing 10% FCS under 2% or 21% O2 conditions for 2 days. Bacterial numbers, host cell numbers, and fibrosis-related gene expression in the host cells were estimated by an inclusion forming unit assay, a cell counting assay, and a PCR array, respectively. In contrast to RPMI, bacterial growth under low oxygen condit...
A small study of teens who were conceived via assisted reproductive technology finds a significant number already have hypertension and premature "age-related changes" in their blood vessels.(Image credit: Steve Debenport/Getty Images)
[Observer] The Liberian Women Empowerment Network (LIWEN) in collaboration with Action Aid Liberia, along with support from Swedish International Development Agency (Sida), over the weekend distributed condoms to 385 persons in Montserrado County, in the fight against the spread of HIV/AIDS, Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) and unwanted pregnancies.
Condition: Infertility Intervention: Other: Doing ICSI I a medium supplemented with Ionomycin and Latrunculin A Sponsors: Ibn Sina Hospital; Banoon IVF Center Not yet recruiting
Condition: Infertility Intervention: Other: Medium Supplemented with Latrunculin B Sponsor: Ibn Sina Hospital Not yet recruiting
Condition: Infertility Intervention: Other: Medium Supplemented with Chaetoglobosin A Sponsor: Ibn Sina Hospital Not yet recruiting
Condition: Infertility Intervention: Other: Latrunculin A supplemented vitrification medium Sponsors: Ibn Sina Hospital; Banoon IVF Center Not yet recruiting