How central is central poststroke pain? The role of afferent input in poststroke neuropathic pain: a prospective, open-label pilot study

Central poststroke pain (CPSP) is a neuropathic pain disorder, the underlying mechanisms of which are not well understood. It has been suggested that stroke-associated loss of inhibitory neurons in the spinothalamic tract causes disinhibition of thalamic neurons, which autonomously generate ectopic nociceptive action potentials responsible for the pain experience. We hypothesized that CPSP is a result of misinterpretation of afferent sensory input by the sensitized neurons within the brain, rather than generated spontaneously by the damaged central nervous system (CNS) neurons. To test this hypothesis, we prospectively recruited 8 patients with definite CPSP affecting at least 1 extremity. In an open-label intervention, an ultrasound-guided peripheral nerve block with lidocaine was performed to block afferent sensory input from a painful extremity. Spontaneous and evoked pain, neuropathic pain descriptors, and lidocaine plasma concentrations were measured. The blockade of peripheral sensory input resulted in complete abolition of pain in 7 of the 8 subjects within 30 minutes (the primary outcome measure of the study), and>50% pain relief in the remaining participant. Median (interquartile range) spontaneous pain intensity changed from 6.5 (4.3-7.0) at baseline to 0 (0-0) after the block (P = 0.008). All mechanical/thermal hypersensitivity was abolished by the nerve block. The results suggest that it is unlikely that CPSP is autonomously generated within the CNS. Rather, th...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

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ConclusionsThe prevalence of AHF protocols is rather high but the contents seem to vary. Difficulty of diagnosing suspected AHF seems to be moderate compared with other pre ‐hospital conditions.
Source: ESC Heart Failure - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research
Hemiplegic shoulder pain (HSP), which occurs in most patients with hemiplegia, causes considerable distress and worsens outcomes in rehabilitation. Although they have received the treatments such as anti-inflammatory drugs or physical therapy, many of the individuals remain suffering from shoulder pain 6 months after acute stroke event. In this retrospective study, we evaluated the effectiveness of ultrasound guided subacromial-subdeltoid (SASD) bursa injections with botulinum toxin type A (BoNT/A) compared to steroids for refractory HSP. The data were collected retrospectively by reviewing the patient's medical records a...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
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This article originally appeared on Medium here.
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Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Conclusion This paper summarizes the current findings regarding the anti-colitis activity of plant-derived alkaloids and shows how these alkaloids exhibit significant and beneficial effects in alleviating colonic inflammation. These natural alkaloids are not only promising agents for IBD treatment but are also components for developing new wonder drugs. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms or toxicological evaluation of most plant-derived alkaloids still require much scientific research, and their actual efficacies for IBD patients have not been verified well in field research. Thus, further clinical trials to elu...
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Source: European Journal of Physiotherapy - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Physiotherapy - Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Tags: P222 Source Type: research
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