Helping Patients With ESRD and Earlier Stages of CKD to Quit Smoking

Publication date: Available online 13 April 2018 Source:American Journal of Kidney Diseases Author(s): Perry Formanek, Elizabeth Salisbury-Afshar, Majid Afshar Among the many adverse effects of tobacco exposure is the increased risk for progression of kidney disease. Individuals with chronic kidney disease (CKD), who already face increased cardiovascular event rates compared to the general population, are at even greater risk if they smoke. Despite these risks and the increased focus on smoking cessation in the general population in recent years, national guidelines have not specifically targeted individuals with CKD. There are similarly sparse data specific to individuals with CKD regarding the safety and efficacy of evidence-based smoking cessation modalities. This review aims to identify the risks of nicotine dependence in individuals with CKD and the potential benefits of smoking cessation; discuss current strategies for smoking cessation, including behavioral and pharmacologic therapies such as varenicline; and extrapolate these interventions to the unique challenges of this population. Much of the data presented stem from evidence for the general population but are described with additional consideration in dosing of nicotine replacement therapy, as well as non-nicotine pharmacotherapy and treatment modality for individuals with CKD.
Source: American Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 13 December 2018Source: The Lancet HIVAuthor(s): Joseph J Eron, Jean-Daniel Lelievre, Robert Kalayjian, Jihad Slim, Anson K Wurapa, Jeffrey L Stephens, Cheryl McDonald, Eric Cua, Aimee Wilkin, Brigitte Schmied, Mehri McKellar, Stephanie Cox, Sophia R Majeed, Shuping Jiang, Andrew Cheng, Moupali Das, Devi SenGuptaSummaryBackgroundCurrent treatment for HIV-infected individuals with renal failure on haemodialysis frequently requires complex regimens with multiple pills. A daily single-tablet regimen of coformulated elvitegravir, cobicistat, emtricitabine, and tenofovir alafenamide is approve...
Source: The Lancet HIV - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Authors: Zhang Y, Wang Y, Tao XJ, Li Q, Li FF, Lee KO, Li DM, Ma JH Abstract Purpose: To determine if the TSH is related to estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in T2D patients without overt thyroid dysfunction. Methods: A cohort study of 5936 T2D patients was assessed for thyroid and kidney functions, in whom 248 with subclinical hyperthyroidism and 362 with subclinical hypothyroidism. Serum creatinine and 24-hour urine albumin excretion (UAE) were collected. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) was defined as eGFR 
Source: International Journal of Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Int J Endocrinol Source Type: research
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Conclusions: Walking speed can be used to accurately screen for frailty in CKD populations. If it is not practical to perform a physical assessment to screen for frailty, the Clinical Frailty Scale is a useful alternative.Nephron
Source: Nephron - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ConclusionsDiabetes carries a significant health burden, and results vary across states. Efforts to prevent or delay diabetes or to improve diabetes management could reduce the health burden because of diabetes.
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Vitamin D supplementation was a protective factor against infections of all causes. PMID: 30540058 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Rev Bras Enferm Source Type: research
Conclusions: This single-center study showed that the proportion and composition of NDRD differ among different age groups. Consistent with pathological features, some clinical indices such as hematuria and proteinuria showed different features among different age groups. PMID: 30539908 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Chinese Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Chin Med J (Engl) Source Type: research
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Source: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research
In this study, we evaluated the changes of skin microvascular perfusion over the extremity with AVF maturation using the laser Doppler fluximetry (LDF). A total of 45 patients with chronic kidney disease, Stages IV–V, were included; they had undergone AVF creation from July 2014 to June 2016 at our institute. The measurement of skin microvascular perfusion was accomplished proximal and distal to the fistula anastomosis site: pre- and post-operative day 1, week 2, week 6, and week 12. Thirty-two patients with mean age of 55.6 had achieved AVF maturation. There were 40.6% radial-based and 59.4% brachial-based A...
Source: Indian Journal of Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: WCE is a highly prevalent and underdiagnosed entity in patients with CKD. Automated machine is a useful and time-saving tool in detection of WCE in patients with CKD attending the outpatient clinic and guide management.
Source: Indian Journal of Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Source Type: research
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