Low lean tissue mass can be a predictor of one-year survival in hemodialysis patients.

CONCLUSIONS: Sarcopenia defined as decreased LTI, is a relatively common condition among patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis, it can also be associated with a lower one-year survival rate. Decreased lean tissue mass can be associated with old age, lower IGF-1 levels and higher IL-6 levels. Body composition assessment may provide prognostic data for hemodialysis patients. PMID: 29620449 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Renal Failure - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Ren Fail Source Type: research

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Conclusion: FD is not such as rare a disease and its prevalence is greater in this high-risk male population. Clinicians need to be aware that FD should be included in the differential diagnosis in CKD with unknown etiology.Kidney Blood Press Res 2018;43:1636 –1645
Source: Kidney and Blood Pressure Research - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
AbstractPatients with chronic renal failure are more susceptible to infections due to acquired immunodeficiency caused by uremia. Parasitic infections are one of the significant causes of morbidity and mortality in those patients, So we aimed to assess the prevalence ofCryptosporidium spp. and other protozoan infections in patients undergoing hemodialysis in Qena Governorate, Upper Egypt. The present study took place in Qena University Hospitals, Egypt. Participants were 150 Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)  patients undergoing hemodialysis, and 50 healthy individuals. After questionnaire, three consecutive stool samples ...
Source: Journal of Parasitic Diseases - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Hemodialysis procedure contributes to inflammation and oxidative stress. PMID: 30277113 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Renal Failure - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Ren Fail Source Type: research
This study aimed to evaluate the frequencies of 174G/C IL-6 gene promoter polymorphism in Iraqi hemodialysis (HD) patient and to examine the association between the allelic variations and serum erythropoietin (EPO) and hemoglobin (Hb) levels. The frequencies of IL-6 gene polymorphism were studied in 70 chronic renal failure patients on maintenance HD (patients group) and in 20 healthy participants (control group). Genotyping of IL-6 gene was performed by conventional polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. The distribution of IL-6 genotypes between groups was similar, and GG genotype is the most...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research
Lifestyle transitions are making chronic conditions such as chronic kidney disease increasingly common in low- and middle-income countries, including India. According to the 2016 Global Burden of Disease Study, chronic kidney disease was the ninth leading cause of death in India, having risen from 15th rank in 2005 (http://www.healthdata.org/india). In a recent analysis of deaths in 1.1 million Indian households, renal failure was responsible for 2.9% of all deaths among 15 –69-year-olds in 2010–2013, an increase of 50% from 2001–2003.
Source: Kidney International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Nephrologists Sans Fronti ères Source Type: research
ABSTRACT Objective: Chronic kidney disease is characterized by progressive and irreversible loss of kidney function. The impact of this disease on oral health also presents controversial results. The aim of the study was to determine oral health conditions and oral symptoms of patients with Chronic kidney disease undergoing hemodialysis. Methods: A cross-sectional study on a population with chronic renal failure was performed. Anamnesis and oral examination, decayed, miss and filled teeth (DMFT) index, community periodontal index, simplified oral hygiene index (OHI-S) and gingival index were conducted. Data were processed ...
Source: RGO - Revista Gaucha de Odontologia - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
Publication date: May–June 2018Source: Indian Heart Journal, Volume 70, Issue 3Author(s): A.J. Ashwal, R. Padmakumar, U.K. Abdul Razak, G.S. Naveen ChandraAbstractBackgroundArteriovenous (AV) fistula thrombosis is a serious complication in patients undergoing hemodialysis, often presenting with symptoms of venous hypertension, failure to dialysis and uremic symptoms. Treatment is aimed to provide symptomatic relief and to maintain hemodialysis access site patency.AimTo describe our initial experience in the endovascular treatment of lower limb AV dialysis access (AV fistula) thrombosis and/or obstruction in patients ...
Source: Indian Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Aim: The Renal Association best practice guidelines state that 60% of all incident patients with established end stage renal disease (ESRD) commencing planed haemodialysis (HD) should receive dialysis via a functioning arteriovenous fistula (AVF) or graft (AVG) and 80% of all prevalent long term dialysis patients should receive dialysis treatment via definitive access: AVF or AVG or Tenckhoff catheter. We aimed to review our practice against this recommendation and assess the pathway from diagnosis of chronic kidney disease (CKD) to haemodialysis in these patients.
Source: International Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractThe aim of this study was to compare left ventricular (LV) functions by speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients in various stages and under different renal replacement treatments in order to evaluate possible differences between them. This prospective study included 150 patients with CKD. Renal transplantation patients with glomerular filtration rate greater than 60  ml/min/1.73 m2, patients receiving hemodialysis three times a week, and patients in the predialysis stage with glomerular filtration rate less than 30  ml/dk/1.73 m2 were assigned into Group ...
Source: The International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Intestinal fatty acid –binding protein (I-FABP), a biomarker of enterocyte injury, has been reported to be a diagnostic marker of intestinal ischemia and a prognostic marker in critically ill patients. However, the kinetics of I-FABP in renal failure patients is unknown. We sought to identify I-FABP levels in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) on hemodialysis (HD) and to identify the manner in which the I-FABP levels change.
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Shock/Sepsis/Trauma/Critical Care Source Type: research
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