Previous influenza virus exposures enhance susceptibility in another influenza pandemic

(McMaster University) New data analysis suggests that people born at the time of the 1957 H2N2 or Asian Flu pandemic were at a higher risk of dying during the 2009 H1N1 Swine Flu pandemic as well as the resurgent H1N1 outbreak in 2013-2014. And it is not the first time this has happened.
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

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China's agriculture ministry said in a document released on Friday it is studying a temporary subsidy policy for breeding farms and large-scale farms designed at stabilizing hog production capacity in the wake of a major disease epidemic.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news
Joseph Marotta got the flu shot in 2009, but it didn't prevent that year's deadly H1N1 strain. He died at age five. His mother is nonetheless a tireless flu shot advocate, but gets trolled by anti-vaxxers.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Health authorities in Democratic Republic of Congo have confirmed a case of Ebola in another city of close to 1 million people, the health ministry said on Wednesday.Reuters Health Information
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Infectious Diseases News Source Type: news
Abstract Background: In the past two decades, a new epidemiological profile of Chagas ’ disease (CD) has been registered in the Brazilian Amazon where oral transmission has been indicated as responsible for the increase of acute cases. In the Amazonas state, five outbreaks of acute CD have been registered since 2004. The cardiac manifestations in these cases may be characterized by diffuse myocarditis, with alteration in the electrocardiogram (ECG) and transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE). Objective: To perform a cardiac evaluation in autochthonous patients in the acute phase and at least one year after submitted to tr...
Source: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Abstract Background: In the past two decades, a new epidemiological profile of Chagas ’ disease (CD) has been registered in the Brazilian Amazon where oral transmission has been indicated as responsible for the increase of acute cases. In the Amazonas state, five outbreaks of acute CD have been registered since 2004. The cardiac manifestations in these cases may be characterized by diffuse myocarditis, with alteration in the electrocardiogram (ECG) and transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE). Objective: To perform a cardiac evaluation in autochthonous patients in the acute phase and at least one year after submitted to tr...
Source: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Taylor Arthritogenic alphaviruses are a group of medically important arboviruses that cause inflammatory musculoskeletal disease in humans with debilitating symptoms, such as arthralgia, arthritis, and myalgia. The arthritogenic, or Old World, alphaviruses are capable of causing explosive outbreaks, with some viruses of major global concern. At present, there are no specific therapeutics or commercially available vaccines available to prevent alphaviral disease. Infected patients are typically treated with analgesics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to provide often inadequate symptomatic relief. Studies to d...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
In this study, aqueous suspensions of various active ingredients (A.I.s) were utilized to generate Engineered Water Nanostructures (EWNS) nano-sanitizers, containing the A.I. utilized to produced them (termed iEWNS). These iEWNS had nanoscale size, were loaded with ROS and contained the A.I. utilized to produce them. They were challenged with Influenza H1N1/PR/8 and Acinetobacter baumannii on surfaces and in air. The results indicate that a nanogram dose of A.I. is effective in producing significant inactivation in Influenza H1N1/PR/8 and Acinetobacter baumannii.
Source: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine - Category: Nanotechnology Source Type: research
In this study, we performed the risk assessment of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in raw oysters in Taiwan under the seasonal variations, time horizons, and climate scenarios. Sixty-four scenarios with 100,000 iterations were performed with Monte Carlo simulation. The results showed the estimated risk of eating oysters under the baseline to be 2.2 × 10−5, 4.5 × 10−5, 9.4 × 10−5, and 6.2 × 10−5 per serving in winter, spring, summer, and fall, respectively. The risk in that baseline in this study was found to be intensified by 23%, 35%, 37%, and 65% by RCP2.6, RCP4.5, ...
Source: Food Control - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 March 2019Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): L. Pezzi, C.B. Reusken, S.C. Weaver, J.F. Drexler, M. Busch, A.D. LaBeaud, M.S. Diamond, N. Vasilakis, M.A. Drebot, A.M. Siqueira, G.S. Ribeiro, A. Kohl, M. Lecuit, L.F.P. Ng, P. Gallian, X. de Lamballerie, GloPID-R Chikungunya, O'nyong-nyong and Mayaro virus Working Group, S. Boyer, P. Brasil, M. Diallo, A.B. FaillouxAbstractThe GloPID-R (Global Research Collaboration for Infectious Disease Preparedness) Chikungunya (CHIKV), O'nyong-nyong (ONNV) and Mayaro virus (MAYV) Working Group is investigating the natural history, epidemiology and m...
Source: Antiviral Therapy - Category: Virology Source Type: research
Publication date: April 2019Source: Current Opinion in Virology, Volume 35Author(s): Rosemary Morgan, Sabra L KleinMales/men and females/women differ in the outcome of influenza A virus (IAV) infections, vaccination, and antiviral treatments. Both sex (i.e. biological factors) and gender (i.e. sociocultural factors) can impact exposure and severity of IAV infections as well as responses and outcomes of treatments for IAV. Greater consideration of the combined effects of sex and gender in epidemiological, clinical, and animal studies of influenza pathogenesis is needed.Graphical abstract
Source: Current Opinion in Virology - Category: Virology Source Type: research
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