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Cholesterol-lowering drugs may fight infectious disease
(Duke University) Duke scientists found a gene variant that affects cholesterol levels also could increase the risk of contracting typhoid fever. A common cholesterol-lowering drug could protect animal models against Salmonella Typhi, the culprit behind the potentially deadly infection. The findings give insight into the mechanisms that govern human susceptibility to infectious disease and point to possible avenues to protect against pathogens -- like Salmonella or Ebola -- whose entry into host cells is regulated by cholesterol. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 21, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Zika virus stifles pregnant women's weakened immune system to harm baby, USC study finds
(University of Southern California) The Zika virus suppresses a pregnant woman's immune system, enabling the virus to spread and increasing the chances an unborn baby will be harmed, study finds. The study is the first to report that the Zika virus targets specific white blood cells, handicapping a pregnant woman's immune system in a way that almost resembles HIV. Pregnant women are more prone to immune suppression. Zika exploits that weakness to infect and replicate. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 21, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Overcoming the last line of antibiotic resistance against bacterial infections
(Frontiers) A recent study published in Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology   presents a comprehensive overview of S. aureus' remarkable resilience against our body's immune system and how to better protect against deadly infections, with implications for overcoming antibiotic resistance. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 21, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

80 percent of Ebola survivors suffer disabilities one year after discharge
(University of Liverpool) New research, conducted by the University of Liverpool and Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, highlights the need for long-term rehabilitation of Ebola survivors after almost 80 percent of those interviewed were found to have major limitations in mobility, cognition and vision. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 21, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Sugars in human mother's milk are new class of antibacterial agents
(Vanderbilt University) A new study has found that sugars in mother's' milk do not just provide nutrition for babies but also help protect them from bacterial infections, making them a new class of antimicrobial agent. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 20, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Seeking the secret ingredient in the original smallpox vaccine
(Publicase Comunica ç ã o Cient í fica) Thanks to a secret vaccine ingredient as well as a net of worldwide researchers and successful vaccination campaigns, smallpox was finally eradicated in 1977. A new study entitled 'Revisiting Jenner's mysteries, the role of the Beaugency lymph in the evolutionary path of ancient smallpox vaccines' and published in The Lancet Infectious Diseases, provides an in-depth investigation of the mysteries associated with the development of smallpox vaccine and is a rich and interesting account of how the vaccine lymph was spread worldwide. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectiou...
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 18, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Yemen's Saudi-led coalition is responsible for the 'worst cholera outbreak in the world'
(Queen Mary University of London) The cholera outbreak in Yemen is overwhelmingly affecting rebel-controlled areas due to Saudi-led airstrikes and blockades, according to a letter by researchers from Queen Mary University of London, published in The Lancet Global Health. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 18, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Drug resistance in an intestinal parasite of piglets confirmed for the first time
(University of Veterinary Medicine -- Vienna) Cystoisospora suis causes diarrhea especially in newborn piglets and spreads quickly across farms. European farmers preventively use toltrazuril to control parasite development. In contrast to congeneric chicken parasites, no resistance to toltrazuril was described in pig parasites until recently. Researchers of Vetmeduni Vienna now confirmed ineffectivness of toltrazuril against a Dutch isolate. Although the resistance develops slowly, monitoring should be intensified due to the lack of alternative treatment options and hygiene measures should be increased. (Source: EurekAlert...
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 18, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Virus with an eggshell
(Wiley) Avian flu can be transmitted from birds to humans; transmission among humans, however, is limited. The reason may be an eggshell-like mineral layer that the virus acquires due to the high calcium concentration in the intestines of birds. As reported by Chinese researchers in the journal Angewandte Chemie, these mineralized viruses are significantly more infectious and, in addition, more robust and heat stable than the native viruses. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 18, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Top experts meet to advance holistic solutions to superbug infections spread by healthcare surfaces
(BLL Partners, LLC) Top experts in infection prevention and healthcare acquired infections (HAIs) are meeting in Dallas next week at the Healthcare Surfaces Summit 2017 to identify ways to reduce the rising menace from surface-spread healthcare-acquired superbug infections. Interdisciplinary teams representing multiple areas of expertise will collaborate to formulate integrated, actionable solutions from a holistic perspective. An HAI survivor and activist will keynote, illustrating the human and social costs of these devastating, but preventable diseases. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 18, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Tuberculosis drug may work better than others in its class
(PLOS) Treatment of tuberculosis involves a combination of several drugs, sometimes including drugs from a class known as fluoroquinolones. Using computer simulations, scientists have shown that the fluoroquinolone known as moxifloxacin may be superior to two other commonly used fluoroquinolones, according to a new paper in PLOS Computational Biology. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 17, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Hemorrhagic fevers: Countering inflammation to prevent circulatory failure
(University of Basel) Hemorrhagic fevers are severe viral diseases that are often fatal. Researchers from the University of Basel have now identified messenger substances of the immune system, which in infected mice lead to the development of shock. These results, published in the scientific journal Cell Host& Microbe, open up new possibilities for the development of life-saving therapies. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 17, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Slowing dangerous bacteria may be more effective than killing them, researchers report
(University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) A new study suggests it may be possible to slow dangerous infections by manipulating the messages microbes send to one another, allowing the body to defeat an infection without causing the bacteria to develop resistance to the treatment. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 17, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Antibiotics found to weaken body's ability to fight off disease
(University of Virginia Health System) Adding another reason for doctors to avoid the overuse of antibiotics, new research shows that a reduction in the variety of microbes in the gut interferes with the immune system's ability to fight off disease. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 17, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Cardiac ICU patient composition is changing over time
(Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan) A new University of Michigan study finds slightly more than half of heart patients are admitted to the CICU for noncardiac conditions, such as sepsis or renal failure, rather than for a heart condition. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 16, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Pig-to-person spread of flu at fairs a continued concern
(Ohio State University) The spread of influenza among pigs is common at fairs and other gatherings, and protective measures including cutting the length of time pigs and people congregate make good sense for both the animals and humans, say the authors of a new study. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 16, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

New test differentiates between Lyme disease, similar illness
(Colorado State University) A team of researchers led by Colorado State University has identified a way to distinguish Lyme disease from similar conditions. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 16, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Zika pandemic study shows health authorities can improve communication and monitoring
(The Hebrew University of Jerusalem) Researchers at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem who studied health monitoring and communication during the recent Zika pandemic have proposed ways for health authorities to better contain future pandemics. Steps such as improving the readability of public health messages and announcing early can help authorities better contain pandemics, improve infection control and reduce public anxiety. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 16, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Grant enables study of mosquito virus as a genetic lab tool, malaria biocontrol
(Penn State) A virus that infects a species of malaria-transmitting mosquito could help scientists gain a better understanding of mosquito biology and eventually could lead to methods for stopping or slowing the spread of the disease, according to a researcher in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 16, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Empowering patients effectively improves physician hand hygiene
(Elsevier) Armed with new tools, patients and parents felt empowered to remind healthcare providers to perform hand hygiene, successfully improving compliance rates, but just over half of physicians felt that patients should be reminding providers, according to a new study published in the August issue of the American Journal of Infection Control, the official journal of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC). (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 15, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Compounds in desert creosote bush could treat giardia and 'brain-eating' amoeba infections
(University of California - San Diego) Researchers at Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences at University of California San Diego and the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus have found that compounds produced by the creosote bush, a desert plant common to the Southwestern United States, exhibit potent anti-parasitic activity against the protozoa responsible for giardia infections and an amoeba that causes an often-lethal form of encephalitis. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 15, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Can previous exposure to west Nile alter the course of Zika?
(Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center El Paso) West Nile virus is no stranger to the US-Mexico border; thousands of people in the region have contracted the mosquito-borne virus in the past. But could this previous exposure affect how intensely Zika sickens someone now? (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 15, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Human intrusion on fruit bat habitats raises exposure risk to Hendra virus in Australia
(University of Sydney) There is a rising risk of human and domestic animal exposure to deadly Hendra virus (HeV) carried by fruit bats in Eastern Australia due to human intrusion into their habitats, human proximity to woodlands and vegetation loss, a new study reveals. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 15, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

An immune signaling pathway for control of Yellow Fever Virus infection
(Princeton University) Princeton University researchers have uncovered a critical role for a new immune signaling pathway in controlling infection by the flavivirus Yellow Fever Virus (YFV). (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 15, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

How head-on collisions of DNA protein machines stop replication
(University of Washington Health Sciences/UW Medicine) Head-on collisions between the protein machines that crawl along chromosomes can disrupt DNA replication and boost gene mutation rates. This may be one of the ways bacteria control their evolution by accelerating mutations in key genes when coping with new conditions. Some mutations may help bacteria survive hostile environments, resist antibiotics or fend off immune attacks (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 14, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Viruses up their game in arms race with immune system
(Penn State) Myxoma virus -- introduced to control the rabbit population in Australia in 1950 -- has developed a deadly ability to suppress the immune response in host rabbits. This example of an evolutionary arms race highlights the potential for escalating virus virulence and host resistance to produce more dangerous viruses with implications for agriculture and human vaccination, where resistance to viruses is artificially increased through selective breeding, genetic engineering, and immunization, potentially accelerating the arms race. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 14, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Neurological complications associated with Zika virus in adults in Brazil
(The JAMA Network Journals) A new article published by JAMA Neurology reports on a study of hospitalized adult patients with new-onset neurologic syndromes who were evaluated for Zika virus infection. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 14, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Now showing: Researchers create first 3-D movie of virus in action
(University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee) Imaging the movement of a virus demonstrates that single-particle X- ray scattering has the potential to shed new light on key molecular processes when paired with powerful new algorithms. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 14, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

FDA approves emergency use for multiplex Zika test
(Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health) The Center for Infection and Immunity (CII) at Columbia University's Mailman School today announced that the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has issued an Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) for the CII-ArboViroPlex rRT-PCR Test, the first multiplex assay that simultaneously tests for the presence of Zika virus, all serotypes of dengue virus, chikungunya virus, and West Nile virus, as well as a host gene that ensures the accuracy of results. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 14, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Scientists map sex chromosome evolution in pathogenic fungi
(Duke University) Duke researchers recently mapped the evolutionary turning point that transformed the pathogenic Cryptococcus fungus from an organism with thousands of sexes to only two. They found that during evolution, a reshuffling of DNA known as translocation brought together separate chunks of sex-determining genes onto a single chromosome, essentially mimicking the human X or Y chromosome. Surprisingly, these translocations occurred at the chromosome's centromeres, regions so dense that they were once thought to suppress recombination. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 11, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Chickenpox virus fatal in newly discovered immunodeficiency
(Aarhus University) A new study has identified an immunodeficiency which leads to some people becoming seriously ill from the chickenpox virus. The discovery of the gene mutation may help to improve prevention and treatment of the disease. It also contributes with fundamental new knowledge about the immune system. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 10, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Rotavirus vaccines continue to reduce diarrhea hospitalizations, medical costs in US kids
(Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society) Following the introduction of routine childhood vaccination against rotavirus, a common cause of diarrheal illness, more than 380,000 children avoided hospitalization for diarrhea from 2008 to 2013 in the US, thus saving an estimated $1.2 billion in direct medical costs. The estimates, from a new study published in the Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society, provide additional evidence for the substantial impact of routine rotavirus vaccination. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 10, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Dutch and Canadian researchers detail one of the biggest proteins ever found
(Eindhoven University of Technology) A bacterium living in the icy-cold waters of Antarctica manages to survive by gripping on to the ice surface. The protein used by the bacterium to do this -- a kind of extendable anchor -- has been detailed by a group of researchers from Eindhoven University of Technology, Queen's University (Canada) and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem (Israel). Quite special, because at 600 nanometers, it is one of the biggest proteins for which the structure has ever been identified. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 9, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Review: Cholera vaccines effective for adults, much less so for children
(Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health) A new review of the research literature led by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health shows that cholera vaccines provide substantial protection for adults but provide significantly less protection for children under age 5, a population particularly at risk for dying from this diarrheal disease. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 9, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

The effects of increased inflammatory markers during pregnancy
(Charit é - Universit ä tsmedizin Berlin) Researchers from Charit é -- Universit ä tsmedizin Berlin in collaboration with colleagues from the University of California -- Irvine, Oregon Health and Science University and the University of North Carolina in the USA have shown that increased levels of inflammatory markers during pregnancy can lead to changes in fetal brain development. Results from this study have been published in the journal Biological Psychiatry. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 9, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Scientists develop improved, potentially safer Zika vaccine
(Arizona State University) ASU Biodesign Institute scientist Qiang 'Shawn' Chen has led his research team to develop the world's first plant-based Zika vaccine that could be more potent, safer and cheaper to produce than any other efforts to date. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 9, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Merck Fellowship for Global Health and PNRI partner to advance promising antifungal
(Pacific Northwest Research Institute) The Pacific Northwest Research Institute is partnering with three Fellows from the Merck Fellowship for Global Health program to create a comprehensive plan to move a promising antifungal agent from the laboratory to clinical practice. The compound has the potential to reduce the burden of opportunistic infections in people living with HIV in developing countries. PNRI is one of only ten organizations worldwide selected to participate in Merck's prestigious program this year. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 8, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Even bacteria have baggage -- and understanding that is key to fighting superbugs
(PLOS) New research points to treatment strategies for multi-drug antibiotic resistance using currently available drugs. The study, publishing August 8 in the open access journal PLOS Biology by Phillip Yen and Jason Papin at the University of Virginia demonstrates how different adaptation histories of bacterial pathogens to antibiotics leads to distinct evolutionary dynamics of multi-drug resistance. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 8, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Local collaboration key to protecting pollinators while managing ticks, mosquitoes
(Entomological Society of America) Managing mosquito and tick populations and protecting the health of pollinators are growing concerns on a global scale, but success in both requires teamwork on the local level. A coalition of entomologists and other scientists specializing in both disease-vector management and pollinator protection suggest professionals in these disciplines must work closely together in their local communities to ensure that efforts to reduce mosquito and tick populations don't harm bees, butterflies, and other pollinating insects. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 8, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

NIH accelerates the use of genomics in clinical care
(NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute) The National Institutes of Health is awarding $18.9 million towards research that aims to accelerates the use of genome sequencing in clinical care. The new awards will generate innovative approaches and best practices to ensure that the effectiveness of genomic medicine can be applied to all individuals and groups, including diverse and underserved populations, and in healthcare settings that extend beyond academic medical centers. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 8, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Relieving antibiotic resistance: Researchers take steps toward new treatment for E. coli
(Kansas State University) By understanding the functional differences between proteins expressed by two E. coli strains, researchers at Kansas State University are exploring new opportunities to inhibit their impacts to human health. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 8, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

New ultrafast method for determining antibiotic resistance
(Uppsala University) Researchers at Uppsala University have developed a new method for very rapidly determining whether infection-causing bacteria are resistant or susceptible to antibiotics. The findings have now been published in the US journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 8, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

University spin out company addresses new vaccines
(University of Plymouth) The University of Plymouth has launched a new spin out company which will address new vaccines for diseases which spread from animals to humans and for use in infection control. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 8, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Study links malaria rapid diagnostic tests to more antibiotic use and finds ignored results
(Burness) Rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) for malaria are reducing overuse of malaria medications but may also produce a range of unintended results, according to a comprehensive new study published today in the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 7, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Printable tool enables sensitive diagnostic testing
(Duke University) Biomedical engineers at Duke University have created a portable diagnostic tool that can detect telltale markers of disease as accurately as the most sensitive tests on the market, while cutting the wait time for results from hours or even days to 15 minutes. By creating a sensitive, easy-to-use 'lab on a chip,' the researchers plan to bring rapid diagnostic testing to areas that lack access to standard lab-based diagnostic technologies. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 7, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

New antibiotic class found effective against gonorrhea in the laboratory
(Imperial College London) Closthioamide, discovered in 2010, might eventually offer an alternative for current drugs that are becoming less effective against gonorrhoea. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 7, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Scientists discover unknown virus in 'throwaway' DNA
(University of Oxford) A chance discovery has opened up a new method of finding unknown viruses.In research published in the journal Virus Evolution, scientists from Oxford University's Department of Zoology have revealed that Next-Generation Sequencing and its associated online DNA databases could be used in the field of viral discovery. They have developed algorithms that detect DNA from viruses that happen to be in fish blood or tissue samples, and could be used to identify viruses in a range of different species. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 4, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Prior dengue or yellow fever exposure does not worsen zika infection in monkeys
(Walter Reed Army Institute of Research) Rhesus macaques previously infected with dengue or yellow fever viruses appear to be neither more nor less susceptible to severe infection with Zika virus, according to new research published in PLOS Pathogens. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 4, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Countering atopic dermatitis immune reactions
(Hokkaido University) A protein which protects the fetus during pregnancy, HLA-G1, shows high potential for treating atopic dermatitis and other related diseases. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 3, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Natural compound coupled with specific gut microbes may prevent severe flu
(Washington University School of Medicine) Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have found that a particular gut microbe can prevent severe flu infections in mice, likely by breaking down naturally occurring compounds -- called flavonoids -- commonly found in foods such as black tea, red wine and blueberries. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 3, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news