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A case of radiation induced osteosarcoma of the skull presenting as a cutaneous epidermotropic tumour with a short latent period

We report a case of a 34 year‐old female who developed an osteosarcoma of the scalp, over a previous craniotomy scar, three years after excision of a frontal anaplastic oligodendroglioma which had been followed by a course of 6 weeks radiotherapy (58 Gy) and 6 cycles of Temozolomide. The histological features were those of a high‐grade osteosarcoma with epidermotropism of tumor cells. Lymph nodes were partially replaced by high‐grade metastatic osteosarcoma with extra‐nodal lymphatic tumor thrombi. To our knowledge the only other case report of post‐radiation osteosarcoma with a short latency period was a case of osteosarcoma in the craniofacial bone three years after radiotherapy for maxillary squamous cell carcinoma. The histological finding of prominent replacement of the epidermis by osteosarcoma has not been reported before.
Source: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research

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Authors: Dong J, Ren Y, Zhang T, Wang Z, Ling CC, Li GC, He F, Wang C, Wen B Abstract The DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK) complex plays a pivotal role in non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ) repair. We investigated the mechanism of NU7441, a highly selective DNA-PK inhibitor, in NHEJ-competent mouse embryonic fibroblast (MEF) cells and NHEJ-deficient cells and explored the feasibility of its application in radiosensitizing nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) cells. We generated wild-type and DNA-PKcs-/- MEF cells. Clonogenic survival assays, flow cytometry, and immunoblotting were performed to study the effect o...
Source: Oncology Reports - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Rep Source Type: research
Authors: Li B, Ding CM, Li YX, Peng JC, Geng N, Qin WW Abstract The present study determined the anticancer activity and its mechanism of microRNA‑133b on cell proliferation of cisplatin-induced non-small cell lung cancer cells. The expression of microRNA-133b cisplatin‑induced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tissue was lower than that of para-carcinoma tissue in patients. Overall survival of higher expression in cisplatin-induced NSCLC patients was higher than that of lower expression in cisplatin‑induced NSCLC patients. Over-regulation of microRNA-133b inhibited cell proliferation and LDH activity, induc...
Source: Oncology Reports - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Rep Source Type: research
Garcinone C exerts antitumor activity by modulating the expression of ATR/Stat3/4E‑BP1 in nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells. Oncol Rep. 2018 Jan 16;: Authors: Xia Y, Liu X, Zou C, Feng S, Guo H, Yang Y, Lei Y, Zhang J, Lu Y Abstract Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is one of the most common head and neck malignancies and is typically treated with radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Garcinone C, a natural compound isolated from Garcinia oblongifolia Champ., is a xanthone derivative with potential cytotoxic effects on certain cancers. However, there are limited studies regarding its effects on NPC cell...
Source: Oncology Reports - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Rep Source Type: research
Authors: Duan J, Li X, Huang S, Zeng Y, He Y, Liu H, Lin D, Lu D, Zheng M Abstract Various studies have previously demonstrated that Golgi protein-73 (GOLPH2) is overexpressed in tumorigenesis, which has been observed in hepatocellular carcinoma and prostate cancer. However, the expression levels and specific functions of GOLPH2 in the progression of pancreatic cancer remain to be elucidated. The present study aimed to investigate the expression of GOLPH2 in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) tissues and examined the effects of GOLPH2 on the growth and migration of pancreatic cancer cells. In the present study...
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research
In conclusion, these results suggested that tunicamycin may inhibit growth and aggressiveness of colon cancer via the ERK‑JNK‑mediated AKT/mTOR signaling pathway, and suggested that tunicamycin may be a potential anti‑cancer agent for colon carcinoma therapy. PMID: 29344654 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research
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Source: Pancreas - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Online Articles - Letters to the Editor Source Type: research
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a lethal disease with a devastating 5-year overall survival of only approximately 7%. Although just 4% of all malignant diseases are accounted to PDAC, it will become the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths before 2030. Immunotherapy has proven to be a promising therapeutic option in various malignancies such as melanoma, non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), microsatellite instability-high gastrointestinal cancer, urinary tract cancer, kidney cancer, and others. In this review, we summarize recent findings about immunological aspects of PDAC with the focus on the pr...
Source: Pancreas - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Reviews Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: In 2017, immunotherapy combined with other treatments is likely to lead to a paradigm shift in the clinical management of patients. The combination of nivolumab and ipilimumab in the first line will revolutionize the therapeutic management of patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma. PMID: 29339141 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Progres en Urologie - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Prog Urol Source Type: research
Conclusion: OMMs constitute a significant health burden in our region. Thus, adequate resources should be allocated toward improving awareness among the populace. Policy shifts and regular dental visits which may increase the likelihood of early intervention should be instituted.
Source: Journal of Orofacial Sciences - Category: Dentistry Authors: Source Type: research
Source: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research
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