Longitudinal association of metabolic syndrome and dietary patterns: A 13-year prospective population-based cohort study

Diet is a potential factor contributing to the development of Metabolic Syndrome (MetS). This longitudinal study with repeated measurements of dietary intake was thus conducted to examine the longitudinal association between major dietary patterns and risk of MetS.
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - Category: Nutrition Authors: Source Type: research

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Publication date: November–December 2019Source: Diabetes &Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research &Reviews, Volume 13, Issue 6Author(s):
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
In conclusion, silybin was shown to have molecular effects on signaling pathways that were previously unknown and potentially protect the hepatocyte. These actions intersect TG metabolism, fat-induced autophagy and AQP9-mediated glycerol transport in hepatocytes.Graphical abstract
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids - Category: Lipidology Source Type: research
ConclusionsAltogether, these findings establish that urinary metabolites of mitochondrial dysfunction, ketosis and oxidative stress can be potential biomarkers of OAB severity and diagnosis.
Source: International Urogynecology Journal - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
This study aimed to determine the efficacy of KH in preventing metabolic changes in rats with MetS induced by high-carbohydrate and high-fat (HCHF) diet. Male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to the control (C), HCHF diet-induced MetS (S), and MetS supplemented with KH (K) groups. The K group was given KH (1 g/kg/day) for eight weeks. Compared to the control, the S group had significant higher omental fat mass, serum triglyceride, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressures, adipocyte area, and adipocyte perimeter (p < 0.05). KH supplementation significantly prevented these MetS-induced changes at week 16 (...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of the ReviewOsteoarthritis (OA) is an aging-associated and injury-induced joint disease characterized by cartilage degradation, bone sclerosis, and persistent low-grade inflammation in the joint. Aging and injury are triggers of joint pathological changes mediated by pro-inflammatory factors, some of which are secreted by white adipose tissue. Adipokines including adiponectin, leptin, resistin, chemerin, IL-6, and TNF- α are major players not only during inflammation but also in metabolic regulation of joint cells including chondrocytes, osteoblasts, osteoclasts as well as mesenchymal stem cells. The...
Source: Current Rheumatology Reports - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
Authors: Chawla R, Jaggi S Abstract The intricate relationship between obesity and T2DM is well recognised, as evidenced by the coining of the term 'diabesity' by Dr Ethan Sims that encompasses the two.Most patients with type 2 diabetes are obese and the global rise in obesity largely explains the epidemic rise in incidence and prevalence of type 2 diabetes(T2DM) over the last few decades. Obesity has been linked to insulin resistance and predisposes to metabolic abnormalities including prediabetes, type diabetes and the metabolic syndrome.Weight reduction is an essential component to prevent progression from predi...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Journal Name: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism Issue: Ahead of print
Source: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 6 December 2019Source: Diabetes &Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research &ReviewsAuthor(s): Biswapriya B. Misra, Anoop MisraAbstractT2DM, variously known as diabetes mellitus type 2, adult-onset diabetes; noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) is a global silent killer, with> 450 million adults affected worldwide. A diverse array of non-modifiable risk factors such as family history, age (>45 yrs), race/ethnicity, and history of gestational diabetes) and modifiable risk factors such as physical inactivity, high body fat or body weight, high blood pressure and high chol...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
In this study, correlations between 18F-NaF PET/computed tomography (CT) findings and cardiovascular risk factors were investigated in patients with suspected coronary artery disease. Patients and methods Forty patients with suspected coronary artery disease underwent 18F-NaF PET/CT. The maximum and overall burden of calcifying activity, and the overall burden of calcium deposition in the descending thoracic aorta (DTA) were measured on 18F-NaF PET/CT and they were compared with cardiovascular risk factors, particularly, with those related to metabolic syndrome. Results The maximum and overall burden of calcifying ac...
Source: Nuclear Medicine Communications - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
We describe how the metabolic effects of O3, including effects within the lungs, are exacerbated in the setting of the metabolic derangements of obesity and we discuss epidemiological data indicating an association between ambient O3 exposure and diabetes. We conclude by describing the role of the gut microbiome in the regulation of metabolism and by discussing data indicating a link between the gut microbiome and pulmonary responses to O3.
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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