Prevention of Insulin Resistance by Dietary Intervention among Pregnant Mothers: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Conclusions:The current intervention was effective to decrease pregnancy ‑induced insulin increases and IR. Considering study results on FPG levels and incidence of GDM, we suggest repeat of study design in a larger sample.Keywords:Diet modifcation, insulin resistance, intervention studies, Iran, pregnancy
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

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Authors: Ericksen K, Fogel J, Verma RP Abstract Background: The etiopathogenesis of late preterm birth is undetermined. Placental histopathology (PH) reflects adverse intrauterine environment and is documented to be associated with preterm labor and neonatal morbidities. The placental histopathology has not been studied in late preterm infants. Purpose: We investigated placental pathological lesion as markers of adverse intrauterine environment during late preterm labor. Methods: In a retrospective case control study following placental histopathological and clinical variables were compared between late pre...
Source: Korean Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Tags: Korean J Pediatr Source Type: research
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) has been consistently associated with subsequent gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Women with PCOS showed a high prevalence of obesity, which raises the question regarding t...
Source: Diabetology and Metabolic Syndrome - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Membrane Transporters and Receptors in Pregnancy Metabolic Complications edited by Luis Sobrevia.Graphical abstract
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Molecular Basis of Disease - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
In this study, we aimed to investigate whether GDF15 levels are related to GDM in Chinese subjects.
Source: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 August 2019Source: Pathology - Research and PracticeAuthor(s): Hui Wang, Rani KanthanAbstractAmoebiasis, caused by the intestinal protozoan Entamoeba histolytica, though a relatively common parasitic disease in the tropical and subtropical regions, is uncommon in the developed countries. In these countries, as amoebic colitis shares similar clinical symptoms and endoscopic features with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), these cases can be easily unrecognized and misdiagnosed.In this case report, we discuss the case of an adult patient with invasive intestinal amoebiasis, who was initia...
Source: Pathology Research and Practice - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
Conclusion Among pregnant women with T2DM managed with either basal or NPH insulin regimen, the rates of composite neonatal morbidity and maternal complications were similar. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: American Journal of Perinatology - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Tags: SMFM 2019 Source Type: research
; P, Krejčí H, Mráz M, Pařízek A, Haluzík M, Kršek M Abstract The insulin-like growth factor (IGF) is involved in the regulation of growth and metabolism. The aim of this study was to determine selected parameters of IGF system at systemic and local levels [subcutaneous (SAT) and visceral adipose tissue (VAT)] to assess its possible role in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). 37 pregnant women (21 with GDM and 16 without GDM) and 15 age-matched non-pregnant females were included in the study. Blood samples were taken in 28-32 and 36-38 weeks of gestation and 6-12 months after ...
Source: Physiological Research - Category: Physiology Authors: Tags: Physiol Res Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS The metabolic profile of human milk is dynamic throughout the first months of lactation. High levels of amino acids in colostrum and high levels of saturated fatty acids and unsaturated fatty acids in mature milk, which may be critical for neonatal development in the first month of life, were features of both normal and GDM pregnancies. PMID: 31418429 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
ConclusionsAs disparities in maternal and infant outcomes were present, nutritional intervention(s) need to be targeted toward prevention of adverse pregnancy outcomes, prioritization of higher-risk groups and adaptation of the program to a multiethnic low-income population.RésuméObjectifLa présente étude a pour objectif principal de caractériser le taux d'issues de grossesse indésirables dans un groupe multiculturel composé de femmes à faible revenu.MéthodesLes données extraites entre juin 2013 et décembre 2015 provenaient de la base de donn&eacu...
Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Amer J Perinatol DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1694727 Objective To identify characteristics of women at risk of undiagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) that fail to receive early pregnancy screening. Study Design This was a retrospective case–control study of at-risk women who initiated care at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill at
Source: American Journal of Perinatology - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
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