HealthWatch: More Children Having Trouble Seeing; Factors That Affect Lifespan
BOSTON (CBS) — A growing number of young children are having trouble seeing. A recent study finds that more than 174,000 preschoolers have vision problems that may go unnoticed, like blurriness, strabismus, and lazy eye. Eye specialists say kids need to be screened early and often to avoid problems down the road. A child’s vision is still developing and the brain relies heavily on clear and equal signals from both eyes to develop healthy vision. If they don’t, they may develop permanent vision loss. Kids should have their eyes examined from birth by a health professional trained to screen for vision problems. That could be your pediatrician, but some experts are now urging parents to have their children get a comprehensive eye exam by age three. And if at any age, you notice that your child is squinting or sitting too close to the TV or if you find that an eye is turning in or out or if your child is rubbing their eyes frequently, you should have their vision formally checked. Which Lifestyle Factors Determine How Long We Live? It’s anybody’s guess how long we will live, but researchers continue to try to unravel the mystery–and in a large new study looking at genetic information from more than 600,000 people, researchers in Scotland identified several lifestyle factors that can have an impact on survival. For example, they found that smoking, weight, and education were among the most influential. Smoking a pack of cigarettes a ...
To report the long-term strabismus rate in salvaged retinoblastoma (Rb) patients and investigate possible risk factors leading to strabismus.
CONCLUSION: Maintaining a low dose of remifentanil (0.05 μg/kg/min) throughout the recovery phase attenuated the incidence of emergence delirium in children undergoing strabismus surgery under sevoflurane anesthesia. PMID: 30004624 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSION: By relying on thorough knowledge of the slit lamp's fundamental optics it is possible to suitably document all essential fields of ophthalmology using slit lamp videography. Slit lamp videography opens up a wide range of documentation possibilities, especially for the routine clinical work of general ophthalmologists. PMID: 30006769 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSION: This procedure is comparable to traditional procedures with the advantages of no need to tenotomy or splitting and can be a good alternative to conventional Hummelsheim's procedure. PMID: 29985743 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
ConclusionComitant exophoria showed increased resting CBF in eye movement-related brain areas including supplementary eye field, cingulate eye field and frontal eye field, which could be an explanation of the brain function compensation for the ocular motility disorders in the CE patients.
ConclusionSingle muscle strabismus surgery to correct horizontal strabismus had a variable outcome. Larger recession may help in achieving better outcomes. Properly designed prospective studies may help in identifying the factors affecting the outcomes of single muscle strabismus surgeries.
ConclusionsStrabismic patients with a lower socioeconomic status are more likely to achieve HRQOL success following surgery. We also show that nondiplopic patients have more psychosocial concerns than those with diplopia and that this disparity persists even after strabismus surgery.
ConclusionsIn our study cohort, strabismus surgery without removal of the scleral buckle resulted in motor success and alleviated diplopia in the majority of patients with prior RD repair.
ConclusionsThe results suggest that uncorrected astigmatism in toddlers may be associated with poorer performance on cognitive and language tasks. Further studies assessing the effects of uncorrected refractive error on developmental task performance and of spectacle correction of refractive error in toddlers on developmental outcomes are needed to support the development of evidence-based spectacle prescribing guidelines.
Publication date: Available online 19 June 2018Source: Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and StrabismusAuthor(s): Nitish Mehta, Edmund Tsui, Milan Ranka, Vaidehi Dedania, Gregory D. Lee, Yasha ModiAn 8-year-old girl with a history of type 1 diabetes was referred for an evaluation of pigment changes in the right macula. Curvilinear hypopigmented streaks were noted in the fovea, with corresponding disruption of the photoreceptor layer on spectral domain optical coherence tomography. On further questioning, a history of laser pointer play 2 years prior was elicited, with acknowledgement of direct las...