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HealthWatch: More Children Having Trouble Seeing; Factors That Affect Lifespan

BOSTON (CBS) — A growing number of young children are having trouble seeing. A recent study finds that more than 174,000 preschoolers have vision problems that may go unnoticed, like blurriness, strabismus, and lazy eye. Eye specialists say kids need to be screened early and often to avoid problems down the road. A child’s vision is still developing and the brain relies heavily on clear and equal signals from both eyes to develop healthy vision.  If they don’t, they may develop permanent vision loss. Kids should have their eyes examined from birth by a health professional trained to screen for vision problems.  That could be your pediatrician, but some experts are now urging parents to have their children get a comprehensive eye exam by age three. And if at any age, you notice that your child is squinting or sitting too close to the TV or if you find that an eye is turning in or out or if your child is rubbing their eyes frequently, you should have their vision formally checked. Which Lifestyle Factors Determine How Long We Live? It’s anybody’s guess how long we will live, but researchers continue to try to unravel the mystery–and in a large new study looking at genetic information from more than 600,000 people, researchers in Scotland identified several lifestyle factors that can have an impact on survival. For example, they found that smoking, weight, and education were among the most influential. Smoking a pack of cigarettes a ...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health Healthwatch Local News Dr. Mallika Marshall Source Type: news

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CONCLUSIONS: CLs are well tolerated, with a low risk profile. Whilst our study was not powered to detect significant changes in BCVA and waveform parameters between treatment arms, we observed a trend towards an improvement in visual function at two weeks from baseline with CLs. PMID: 29333910 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Strabismus - Category: Research Tags: Strabismus Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeTo review the state of the art of Accommodative Esotropia (AE) through careful study of what has been reported up to the point in literature.MethodsA literature search was done on PubMed using key words including “Accommodative esotropia”, “Infantile esotropia”, “Strabismus” and “Accommodation”. We systematically reviewed and critically appraised what has been written about AE and we tried to analyze that according to the current management of AE.ResultsAccommodative Esotropia (AE) is a form of strabismus characterized by convergent misalignment of the visual a...
Source: International Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research
Accommodative esotropia is a common cause of acquired esotropia. Pathogenesis varies among patients but usually includes excessive hyperopia and a high accommodative convergence/accommodation ratio or tight medial recti. The present study reviews an individualized treatment plan combining photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) and strabismus surgery to correct these problems.
Source: American Journal of Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
A 9-year-old, fully immunized boy presented with a 2-month history of intermittent, low-grade fever followed by frontotemporal headache, vomiting, bilateral squint, drooping of the right eyelid, and double vision for the past 2 days. There were no seizures, altered sensorium, or behavioral changes. His mother had been treated for pulmonary tuberculosis 7 years previously. Examination showed pallor, cervical lymphadenopathy, bilateral papilledema, right-sided 3rd and 6th nerve palsies, meningismus, brisk muscle stretch reflexes, and bilateral Babinski sign.
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Insights and Images Source Type: research
Authors: Merino Sanz Md PhD P, Márquez Md J, Lourenço Md JD, Gómez De Liaño Md P, Gómez De Liaño Md PhD R, Vidal C Abstract PURPOSE: To compare ocular deviation in the operating room depending on whether the patient is in supine decubitus or seated after single-stage adjustable strabismus surgery under topical anesthesia. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We performed a prospective observational study of 30 patients with horizontal and/or vertical strabismus who underwent single stage adjustable strabismus surgery under topical anesthesia. Both distance and near deviation were evalu...
Source: Strabismus - Category: Research Tags: Strabismus Source Type: research
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a common neurodevelopmental condition with approximately 1–2 per cent prevalence in the population. The condition has lifelong effects for the individual and family, and early intervention and management helps maximise quality of life and outcomes. Many studies of vision in ASD have attempted to link the behavioural and sensory deficits in ASD with underlying visual processing. From this work, it is clear that individuals with ASD ‘see’ and process the world differently, but there remain gaps in our understanding. This review will summarise our current knowledge of...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Optometry - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Tags: Invited Review Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: While we still prefer to perform medial wall and floor decompression as the initial treatment for ophthalmic Graves' disease, for proptosis following consecutive strabismus surgery, DLWD appears to be effective with a low rate of recurrent primary-gaze diplopia. PMID: 29319400 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Orbit - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Tags: Orbit Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 6 January 2018 Source:Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus Author(s): Laura Liebermann, David A. Leske, Sarah R. Hatt, Jonathan M. Holmes
Source: Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus - Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research
Conclusions Due to the high incidence of cataract formation in this population, especially those enduring a treatment regimen with total body irradiation, we propose screening examinations by a pediatric or general ophthalmologist at least annually. We also urge a low threshold for treatment of dry eye syndrome.
Source: Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus - Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Binocular stereopsis is essential for fine perception of 3D shape, even when 3D shape is defined by monocular static cues. Interaction between these cues may occur in ventral occipitotemporal regions, where 3D-SfS, 3D-SfT and 3D-SfD are processed in the same or neighbouring cortical regions. Our findings demonstrate the perceptual benefit of binocular stereopsis in patients with strabismus. PMID: 29306865 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The British Journal of Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Tags: Br J Ophthalmol Source Type: research
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