HealthWatch: More Children Having Trouble Seeing; Factors That Affect Lifespan
BOSTON (CBS) — A growing number of young children are having trouble seeing. A recent study finds that more than 174,000 preschoolers have vision problems that may go unnoticed, like blurriness, strabismus, and lazy eye. Eye specialists say kids need to be screened early and often to avoid problems down the road. A child’s vision is still developing and the brain relies heavily on clear and equal signals from both eyes to develop healthy vision. If they don’t, they may develop permanent vision loss. Kids should have their eyes examined from birth by a health professional trained to screen for vision problems. That could be your pediatrician, but some experts are now urging parents to have their children get a comprehensive eye exam by age three. And if at any age, you notice that your child is squinting or sitting too close to the TV or if you find that an eye is turning in or out or if your child is rubbing their eyes frequently, you should have their vision formally checked. Which Lifestyle Factors Determine How Long We Live? It’s anybody’s guess how long we will live, but researchers continue to try to unravel the mystery–and in a large new study looking at genetic information from more than 600,000 people, researchers in Scotland identified several lifestyle factors that can have an impact on survival. For example, they found that smoking, weight, and education were among the most influential. Smoking a pack of cigarettes a ...
CONCLUSION: Patients with Leigh syndrome, French Canadian type display a variety of ophthalmic findings, and screening at a young age is recommended. PMID: 30426811 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Zekušić M, Škaričić A, Fumić K, Rogić D, Žigman T, Petković Ramadža D, Vukojević N, Rüfenacht V, Uroić V, Barić I Abstract Gyrate atrophy (GA) of the choroid and retina is a rare autosomal recessive disorder that occurs due to deficiency of the mitochondrial enzyme ornithine aminotransferase (OAT). Hyperornithinemia causes degeneration of the retina with symptoms like myopia, reduced night vision and progressive vision loss. Our patient is a 10-year-old girl with impaired vision and strabismus. As part of the metabolic work-up, plasma amino acid analysis revealed significantly...
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2018Source: Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and StrabismusAuthor(s): David L. Guyton
ConclusionsInfants with suspected antenatal ZIKV infection and reduced visual function should be referred to an ophthalmologist. Visual function assessments are helpful in screening for antenatal ZIKV exposure in resource-limited settings and can identify infants who may benefit from visual habilitation.
Publication date: Available online 19 October 2018Source: Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and StrabismusAuthor(s): Anna Schweigert, Scott Lunos, John Connett, C. Gail SummersPurposeTo analyze longitudinal changes in refraction in patients with albinism.MethodsThe medical records of 481 patients were reviewed retrospectively to identify patients who had cycloplegic refractions at three ages: visit A, 0-18 months old; visit B, 4-6 years old; visit C, 8-10 years old. We recorded refraction, type of albinism, glasses wear, and best-corrected visual acuity at visit C. Only right eyes w...
Publication date: Available online 17 October 2018Source: Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and StrabismusAuthor(s): Mohamed A. Hussein, Priscilla LopezPurposeTo evaluate the effect of perioperative dexamethasone, presumed to reduce edema, on the success rate of nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO) treatment by balloon dacryoplasty.MethodsThe medical records of patients treated for NLDO using balloon dacryoplasty were reviewed retrospectively. Infants with
Conclusions: Noninvasive genetic screening is recommended for mtDNA mutations in MT-NDs and MT-ATP6 genes in patients with ophthalmoplegia, muscle weakness, ataxia, and respiratory disorder. Furthermore, the lactate detection in CSF and the brain MRI scanning are suggested as the diagnosis methods for LS patients with mtDNA mutations. PMID: 30425197 [PubMed - in process]
Publication date: Available online 14 November 2018Source: Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and StrabismusAuthor(s): Steven E. Brooks
Publication date: Available online 14 November 2018Source: Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and StrabismusAuthor(s): Shilpa Elizabeth Kuruvilla, Sarah Welch, Yvonne Ng
Publication date: Available online 14 November 2018Source: Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and StrabismusAuthor(s): Ahmed Kassem, Rustum Karanjia, Collin McClelland, Alfredo Sadun, Michael S. Lee