Health-economic evaluation of fluocinolone acetonide 190 µg implant in people with diabetic macular edema.
Health-economic evaluation of fluocinolone acetonide 190 µg implant in people with diabetic macular edema. Curr Med Res Opin. 2017 Sep 07;:1-8 Authors: Holden SE, Currie CJ, Owens DR Abstract OBJECTIVES: To assess healthcare resource use and costs of treating people with clinically significant diabetic macular edema (DME) with fluocinolone acetonide (FAc) 190 µg intravitreal implant in routine clinical practice. METHODS: The retrospective Iluvien Clinical Evidence (ICE-UK) study collected data on people prescribed the FAc implant in any one of 13 ophthalmology centers between April 1, 2013 and April 15, 2015. Data were collected for 12 months before and after implantation. Standard UK costs were attributed to healthcare resource use. RESULTS: In total, 208 people contributing 233 FAc-treated eyes were selected. Mean age was 68.1 years and 62% were male. The mean (standard deviation, SD) number of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) injections per FAc treated eye in the 12 months prior to implant was 2.8 (2.5), decreasing to 0.6 (1.4) for the same period after implant (p
Purpose: To compare the efficacy and safety of intravitreal dexamethasone (DEX) implant versus aflibercept in patients with treatment-naive diabetic macular edema with inflammatory biomarkers. Methods: Ninety-eight eyes of 62 treatment-naive patients with diabetic macular edema with serous retinal detachment and hyperreflective foci were enrolled. Each patient was randomized to receive either aflibercept or DEX implant treatment. The treatment protocol included 3 monthly injections of 2 mg of aflibercept as a loading phase in the anti–vascular endothelial growth factor group and 0.7 mg of DEX implant in the DEX ...
CONCLUSION: Better response to dexamethasone implant in cases with more hyper-reflective dots shows that these hyper-reflective dots can be used as a predictive biomarker. Dexamethasone implant might help in restoring external limiting membrane integrity and resolution of disorganization of retinal inner layers. PMID: 32429696 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
ConclusionsDEX implant performed at the time of surgery achieved the same long-term functional and anatomical outcomes compared to a 1-month injection deferral in treating eyes with pre-existing DME that should undergo cataract extraction.
Conclusions: With fewer than 3 injections per patient over a 3-year period, DEX implant was able to improve anatomic outcomes in DME patients. Only pseudophakic eyes showed also a long lasting functional benefit at 36 months. PMID: 32351722 [PubMed]
Authors: Holden SE, Habib M, Currie CJ Abstract Objectives: To evaluate central foveal thickness (CFT) variability and accompanying changes in visual acuity (VA) 12 months before and after treatment with the 190 mcg fluocinolone acetonide (FAc) intravitreal implant for diabetic macular edema (DMO).Methods: The Iluvien Clinical Evidence cohort study in the United Kingdom (ICE-UK) investigated the effectiveness of the FAc implant in people treated at 13 hospitals from April 2013 to April 2015. The following parameters were calculated for CFT for each patient: mean, standard deviation (SD), retinal thickness am...
Conclusion: Consecutive same-day bilateral intravitreal dexamethasone (Ozurdex) is safe and well tolerated. There were no significant complications, and patients preferred continuing bilateral implantation after their initial trial. Same-day treatment may optimize efficiency and decrease patient visits and ultimate treatment burden without compromising patient safety or clinical efficacy.
ConclusionsMixed DME eyes were treated with DEX-I relapse later and more frequently without subretinal fluid than IRC eyes. SD-OCT characteristics of different DME patterns at baseline can predict morphological features and timing of DME recurrence.
Conclusion: Intravitreal dexamethasone as initial therapy in the treatment of DME is both safe and efficacious in the reduction of CMT and improvement of vision and can be considered as primary therapy for DME.
Authors: Majstruk L, Qu-Knafo L, Sarda V, Fajnkuchen F, Nghiem-Buffet S, Grenet T, Chaine G, Giocanti-Auregan A Abstract PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of the intravitreal dexamethasone implant (DI) for patients with diabetic macular edema (DME) in real life. METHODS: We conducted a monocentric retrospective analysis of the change in visual acuity and central macular thickness (CMT) after intravitreal injection of the DI at peak efficacy (2 months after injection) as well as the timing of reinjections and complications in patients with a loss of vision due to DME. ...
CONCLUSIONS: In the setting of persistent diabetic macular edema, fluocinolone acetonide significantly reduces the therapeutic burden, while maintaining best-corrected visual acuity and improving the central retinal thickness. In patient-centered discussions, judiciously employing fluocinolone acetonide should be performed to mitigate this therapeutic burden for patients. PMID: 31964171 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]