Delivery of iron-fortified yoghurt, through a dairy value chain program, increases hemoglobin concentration among children 24 to 59 months old in Northern Senegal: A cluster-randomized control trial.

CONCLUSION: The dairy value chain was a successful strategy to distribute MNFY among pastoralists in Northern Senegal, and increase Hb concentrations among their children. This study is one of the first proofs of concept showing that a nutrition-sensitive agriculture value chain approach can contribute to improved child nutrition in a remote pastoralist population. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT02079961. PMID: 28245227 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Source: Rural Remote Health - Category: Rural Health Authors: Tags: PLoS One Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: PMR patients with long-term normal APR seem to be a milder subset of PMR in clinical presentation and prognosis. Additionally, our data also suggest there is a subgroup with normal APR who are caught early in the disease. Misdiagnosis does not appear to play a role. PMID: 32242804 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research
Authors: Andrade C Abstract Many observational studies have found an association between antidepressant drug prescription during pregnancy and neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism spectrum disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and intellectual disability. The results of such studies cannot be considered conclusive because of the possible presence of inadequately measured, unmeasured, and unknown confounds. In this context, maternal anemia before or at but not after 30 weeks of gestation was recently associated with an increased risk of all 3 of these neurodevelopmental disorders. Additionally, ...
Source: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Clin Psychiatry Source Type: research
The production of erythroid progenitors requires signals provided by EPO and its JAK2- coupled receptor, EPOR3. rh-EPO and related EPOR agonists are also important therapeutics for the anemia of chronic kidney disease4, myelodysplastic syndrome5 and chemotherapy6. While EPO's actions have accordingly been intensely studied7,8, an advanced understanding of EPO/EPOR/JAK2 effects is important for several reasons. Clinically, and via poorly understood mechanisms, EPO also elicits hypertensive and thrombolytic side effects9.
Source: Experimental Hematology - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Normal Hematopoiesis Source Type: research
AbstractPrimary familial brain calcification (PFBC) is a well-known genetic condition that has recently had a surge of autosomal recessive cases. We recently reported a case of autosomal recessive PFBC on a 54-year-old Brazilian patient with a novel homozygous variant onMYORG. Interestingly, that patient also had a series of uncommon signs and symptoms, including Hashimoto ’s thyroiditis, polyneuropathy, optic nerve head drusen (ONHD), and persistent anemia. We chose to perform whole exome sequencing (WES) to possibly detect other unknown genetic conditions that could explain the extra-neurological findings reported....
Source: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
AbstractThese are the results of phase II study of bortezomib-melphalan-prednisolone (VMP) induction therapy followed by lenalidomide-dexamethasone (Rd) consolidation and lenalidomide maintenance in transplant-ineligible patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM). The primary end point was progression-free survival (PFS). Secondary end points included overall survival (OS), overall response rates (ORRs), and safety. Eighty-three eligible patients were enrolled between October 2012 and August 2014. The median PFS was 28.0  months (95% CI 19.6–36.7) and the median OS was 55.3 months (95% CI 51.6&nd...
Source: Annals of Hematology - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Collagenous gastritis in children is mainly characterized by symptoms of anaemia, abdominal pain or diarrhea. Gastroscopy with fundic biopsies helps to confirm diagnosis and treatment with PPI's (associated with oral iron supplement in case of anaemia) seems to be the most efficient choice to achieve clinical and sometimes histological remission. Long-term outcome of these young patients is unknown. A better understanding of the pathogenesis could lead to new medications focusing on this histological remission. PMID: 32233270 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Acta Gastroenterol Belg Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: This case highlights the utility of LT as a viable treatment option for acute sickle cell intrahepatic cholestasis. PMID: 32231764 [PubMed]
Source: World Journal of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: World J Hepatol Source Type: research
Authors: Miyake Z, Nakamagoe K, Yoshida K, Kondo T, Tamaoka A Abstract The patient was a 64-year-old man presented with difficulty in walking, articulation, and swallowing, as well as cognitive impairment. He had refractory microcytic anemia and diabetes mellitus. His serum levels of iron, copper, and ceruloplasmin were low. Magnetic resonance imaging suggested iron deposition in the basal ganglia, thalami, cerebellar dentate nuclei, and cerebral and cerebellar cortices. He was diagnosed with aceruloplasminemia after a ceruloplasmin gene analysis. Iron chelation therapy with deferasirox improved his anemia and cere...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We performed this study to evaluate serum iron and ferritin concentrations, serum total iron-binding capacity (TIBC), and proportion of overall iron deficiency among patients with non-dialysisdependent chronic kidney disease (ND-CKD). METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A hospital-based cross-sectional observational study was conducted on 175 adult patients with stage 3-5 chronic kidney disease (CKD) by using 51 healthy age-sex-matched Vietnamese adults as the control group. We next examined the prevalence of anemia and determined the serum iron and ferritin concentrations and TIBC. ...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research
Purpose of review β-hemoglobinopathies, such as β-Thalassemias (β-Thal) and sickle cell disease (SCD) are among the most common inherited genetic disorders in humans worldwide. These disorders are characterized by a quantitative (β-Thal) or qualitative (SCD) defects in adult hemoglobin production, leading to anemia, ineffective erythropoiesis and severe secondary complications. Reactivation of the fetal globin genes (γ-globin), making-up fetal hemoglobin (HbF), which are normally silenced in adults, represents a major strategy to ameliorate anemia and disease severity. Recent findings Followi...
Source: Current Opinion in Hematology - Category: Hematology Tags: ERYTHROID SYSTEM AND ITS DISEASES: Edited by Narla Mohandas and Sandrina Kinet Source Type: research
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