Clinically Apparent Arterial Thrombosis in Persons with Systemic Vasculitis.

CONCLUSION: Atherothrombotic rates were elevated in patients identified as having primary systemic vasculitis. While incident rates of cardiovascular comorbidities were also increased, the substantial elevation in AMIs seen in young adults suggests a disease-specific component which requires further investigation. PMID: 28713428 [PubMed]
Source: International Journal of Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Int J Rheumatol Source Type: research

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The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the circadian profile of the vasorelaxing substances calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) and the vasconstrictive agent endothelin-1 (ET1) and the daily rhythms of cardiac hemodynamic indices (CHI) and baroreflex (BRS) in Wistar rats with 1 kidney-1 clip model of arterial hypertension (1K-1C AH). The animals were divided into 3 groups: I- sham-operated (SO), II- 4-week and III- 8-week 1K-1C AH rats. Plasma concentration of ET1, CGRP and EET ’s were investigated every 4 h. In conscious freely moving 1K-1C AH rats ...
Source: Journal of Circadian Rhythms - Category: Biology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe overall VTE rate after CABG has been low. However, the condition has been associated with worse 30-day postoperative outcomes and complications. The independent predictors of VTE development included a history of bleeding disorders, congestive heart failure in the 30 days before surgery, and operative time of ≥310 minutes. Understanding these risk factors should aid physicians in the decisions regarding prophylaxis and treatment.
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic Disorders - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 October 2019Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic DisordersAuthor(s): Katherine L. Morrow, James Bena, Sean P. Lyden, Ezequiel Parodi, Christopher J. SmolockAbstractObjectiveInferior vena cava (IVC) filters have been commonly used to prevent pulmonary embolism in patients with deep vein thrombosis. However, IVC filters have been associated with risks, including IVC perforation, filter migration, fracture, and thrombosis. Filter retrieval has not always been successful. Our objective was to identify the factors associated with failure of retrieval of IVC filters.Meth...
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic Disorders - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
In this study, we investigated whether hypereosinophilia (peripheral eosinophil  ≥ 1500/mm3) at diagnosis could estimate the increased current activity and predict the poor prognosis during follow-up in patients with eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA). We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 42 patients with EGPA and finally included 30 systemic immunosuppressive drug-na ïve patients. We obtained clinical and laboratory data including clinical manifestations, Birmingham vasculitis activity score (BVAS), five-factor score (FFS) (2009), and routine laboratory results. Hypere...
Source: Rheumatology International - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
This study included SSc patients who underwent right heart catheterization (RHC) in our hospital during 2010–2018. Following variables were assessed for performance to predict mPAP ≥ 25 mmHg or >  20 mmHg; anti-centromere or U1-RNP antibody, plasma BNP level, serum urate level, right axis deviation, forced vital capacity (FVC)/diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO) ratio, and tricuspid regurgitation velocity. Of 58 patients enrolled in this study, 24 had mPAP of ≥ 25 mmHg an d 9 had mPAP of 21–24 mmHg. Among variables tested, only FVC...
Source: Rheumatology International - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
AbstractThe pathogenesis of the immunoglobulin A vasculitis (IgAV) is still unknown. The available data shows that interleukin (IL)-17, IL-18, IL-23, regulated on activation, normal T cell expressed and secreted (CCL 5, RANTES), and interferon (IFN)- γ-inducible protein 10 (IP10) participate in the pathogenesis of IgAV by influencing the recruitment of leukocytes to the site of inflammation. The aim of this study was to analyze the serum concentration of IL-17A, IL-18, IL-23, RANTES, and IP10 in patients with acute IgAV compared to healthy chil dren. Moreover, we wanted to assess the suitability of the levels of test...
Source: Rheumatology International - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
AbstractDNI is the immature granulocyte fraction provided by a blood cell analyzer, which is determined by subtracting the fraction of mature polymorphonuclear leukocytes from the sum of myeloperoxidase-reactive cells. We aimed to evaluate the role of Delta-neutrophil index (DNI) in cardiac prognosis prediction in children with Kawasaki disease (KD). Medical records of 193 patients were retrospectively reviewed. The values of DNI, white blood cells, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, the percent of polymorphonuclear leucocytes, C-reactive protein, aspartate transaminase, alanine aminotransferase, total bilirubin data of child...
Source: Rheumatology International - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
We report two cases of AAV with different renal manifestations associated with cocaine consumption. Furthermore, we performed a review of the literature to identify, characterize and describe h istologically documented cases of renal involvement in AAV, related to cocaine abuse. Cocaine/levamisole-induced vasculitis may, therefore, mimic idiopathic AAV. Although the detection of ANCA and anti-PR3 (proteinase 3, PR3) as well as anti-MPO antibodies (myeloperoxidase, MPO) are the serological hallmark of idiopathic AAV, certain clinical- and antibody constellations should lead to consideration of illicit drugs as inductors of ...
Source: Rheumatology International - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
AbstractWe assessed the detection rate of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) and investigated the clinical significance of ANCA positivity at diagnosis in patients with IgA vasculitis (Henoch-Sch önlein purpura). We retrospectively reviewed their medical records of 86 IgA vasculitis patients. We divided IgA vasculitis patients based on ANCA positivity and compared variables at diagnosis and poor outcomes and medication during follow-up between the two groups. All-cause mortality, relapse, c hronic kidney disease (CKD) (stage 3–5) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) were defined as poor outcomes. We assess...
Source: Rheumatology International - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
AbstractA false-positive result of syphilis screening test (FPST) is a characteristic finding in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We evaluated the clinical characteristics of SLE patients with FPST at SLE diagnosis. We reviewed the medical records of patients with SLE who underwent the Venereal Disease Research Laboratory or Rapid Plasma Reagin tests at SLE diagnosis at Severance Hospital between 2006 and 2016. The baseline characteristics and clinical outcomes were compared between patients with FPST and those with a negative result of syphilis screening test. Of 145 patients with SLE, 20 patients showed ...
Source: Rheumatology International - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
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