Ultrasonographic and histopathologic changes following injection of neutral zinc gluconate in dog ’s ovaries

In this study, four female healthy and fertile dogs were selected randomly. Under general anesthesia and during laparotomy, the neutral sterile zinc gluconate was injected directly into the ovaries of five dogs. Changes in the size and appearance of the ovaries, leukocytes , and vaginal cytology were monitored before and after the start of the study twice a week. After 1 month, the uterus and ovaries were removed surgically and sent to laboratory for histopathologic examination. Except one dog which was in diestrus, the other dogs were in anestrus during the study. B ased on ultrasonographic examination, zinc gluconate injection reduced the diameter of the ovaries after 1 month (P 
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research

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Nitin Choudhary, Sonia Wadhawan, Rahil Singh, Poonam BhadoriaIndian Journal of Anaesthesia 2019 63(11):953-955
Source: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study in children that provides baseline data about the standards of care and outcomes from a single centre paediatric emergency laparotomy audit. A larger study using data from multiple centres would be of great benefit. PMID: 31660765 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Ann R Coll Surg Engl Source Type: research
This article aims to review the anatomy relevant to the ultrasound techniques of the transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block and rectus sheath block (RSB). We discuss their analgesic efficacy for various surgical procedures, both as single shot and as a continuous infusion via catheters.Recent FindingsRSB provides superior analgesia to local infiltration and has an opioid-sparing effect for umbilical surgery, laparotomy, and laparoscopic surgery. There is no high-quality evidence comparing RSB with epidural analgesia. Intermittent bolus through catheters appears to be more effective than continuous infusion for prolonged a...
Source: Current Anesthesiology Reports - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: After elective midline laparotomy for colorectal resection, continuous wound infusion of a local anaesthetic compared to a normal saline placebo reduces postoperative pain at rest and the length of hospital stay, on the basis of high-certainty evidence. This means we are very confident that the effect estimates for these outcomes lie close to the true effects. There is moderate-certainty evidence to indicate that the intervention probably reduces opioid consumption via PCA and the time to first bowel movement. This means we are moderately confident that effect estimates for these outcomes are likely to be clos...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 11 October 2019Source: Trends in Anaesthesia and Critical CareAuthor(s): George ChapmanAbstract“Don’t worry, it’s more dangerous driving here than having the anaesthetic”. This statement may be reassuring, but it isn’t true. Despite its falsehood, it is often quoted as it evokes a visceral response that suggests the procedure is low risk.Communicating risks and probabilities to our patients is an everyday occurrence for clinicians - but are we correctly understood? Are we over-reliant on numerical expressions of risk? Could comparative examples of probabiliti...
Source: Trends in Anaesthesia and Critical Care - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
ConclusionSub-cutaneous and/ or intra-peritoneal anesthesia were not effective in reducing post-operative pain.
Source: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 11 October 2019Source: Trends in Anaesthesia and Critical CareAuthor(s): George ChapmanAbstract“Don't worry, it's more dangerous driving here than having the anaesthetic”. This statement may be reassuring, but it isn't true. Despite its falsehood, it is often quoted as it evokes a visceral response that suggests the procedure is low risk.Communicating risks and probabilities to our patients is an everyday occurrence for clinicians - but are we correctly understood? Are we over-reliant on numerical expressions of risk? Could comparative examples of probabilities aid the underst...
Source: Trends in Anaesthesia and Critical Care - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Postpartum hemorrhage is a leading cause of maternal and fetal mortality. Although rare, peripartum splenic rupture (PSR) is a lethal cause of bleeding due to variable presentation and delayed diagnosis. A 22-year-old gravida 2, para 0, abortus 1 (G2P0A1) woman presented for premature rupture of membranes and was diagnosed with Influenza A and chorioamnionitis. She underwent emergent cesarean delivery under general anesthesia. Postoperatively, her condition worsened despite treatment for presumed sepsis. She was taken to the operating room for an exploratory laparotomy, and a splenectomy was performed for splenic rupture. ...
Source: A&A Case Reports - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Administration of midazolam as premedication for laparotomy patients did not improve the quality of recovery up to one week after surgery. General prescription of midazolam as premedication can be questioned and might only suit some patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION: www.clinicaltrials.gov (NCT01993459); registered 29 October, 2013. PMID: 31576513 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Can J Anaesth Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 September 2019Source: Saudi Journal of Biological SciencesAuthor(s): Qinghong Song, Yan ZhangAbstractIn order to study the construction of digital three-dimensional model of rabbit vascular network and provide a powerful basis for the model construction and image processing of human vascular network, in this study, rabbit abdominal and pelvic vessels are perfused with latex-bismuth oxide contrast agent. After that, the internal fibrous structure of the abdominal and pelvic vascular network in rabbits is studied by micro-computed tomography (Micro-CT). Angiography and post-processing so...
Source: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
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