Baicalin and chrysin mixture imparts cyto-protection against methylglyoxal induced cytotoxicity and diabetic tubular injury by modulating RAGE, oxidative stress and inflammation
Publication date: Available online 23 January 2017 Source:Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology Author(s): Jyotsna Singh, Bhushan P. Choudhari, Poonam Kakkar Protective effect of mixture of flavonoids baicalin and chrysin (BCH) was studied against methylglyoxal (MG, a precursor of AGEs) induced cytotoxicity in NRK 52E kidney epithelial cells. Flow cytometry and microscopic analysis showed increased ROS generation, compromised antioxidant status, depolarization of mitochondria and apoptosis in MG stressed cells which was significantly transformed (p ≤0.01) during BCH co-treatment. In vivo studies in streptozotocin induced diabetic rats increased protein levels of iNOS, protein kinase C (PKC) and decreased IκB which was modulated by oral BCH treatment (75mg baicalin and 10mg chrysin/kg b.wt.). Increased levels of AGEs and their receptor proteins (RAGE) in diabetic rats were reduced significantly (p ≤0.01) in BCH treated group. Renal tubular injuries and deranged kidney function were significantly improved in BCH treated animals. The results indicate that the protection accorded by BCH through its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects can be explored for management of diabetic nephropathy. Graphical abstract
CONCLUSIONS: This retrospective study further supports previous evidence that acellular fish skin graft promotes wound healing in DFUs. In particular, a rapid increase in wound healing was observed during the initial 4 weeks following graft application. This study and review of the literature indicated that fish graft encourages wound healing by enabling the wound to transition from a chronic to an acute stage of healing. PMID: 31730505 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Learn all about how to detect type 1 diabetes in children and youth: signs, symptoms, and treatments.
Conclusions/interpretationThis study provides a proof of principle for the use of iPSC-derived immune cells for modelling key cellular interactions in human type 1 diabetes.
Conclusions/interpretationShort-term structured strength and balance training did not influence HRQoL but produced sustained improvements in functional status and balance confidence at 6 months. More intensive interventions may be needed to influence HRQoL in these individuals. However, this intervention may be a useful treatment option for individuals with DPN to reduce the risk of falls and injuries.Trial registrationClinicalTrials.gov NCT02115932FundingThis work was supported by the National Medical Research Council, Singapore.
AbstractAims/hypothesisDiet is one of the main lifestyle-related factors that can modulate the inflammatory process. Surprisingly the dietary inflammatory index (DII) has been little investigated in relation to type 2 diabetes, and the role of BMI in this relationship is not well established. We studied this association and the role of BMI in the inflammatory process in a large population-based observational study.MethodsA total of 70,991 women from the E3N (Etude Epid émiologique auprès de femmes de la Mutuelle Générale de l’Education Nationale) cohort study were followed for 20 year...
AbstractAims/hypothesisCardiovascular disease is the most common comorbidity in type 1 diabetes. However, current guidelines do not include routine assessment of myocardial function. We investigated whether echocardiography provides incremental prognostic information in individuals with type 1 diabetes without known heart disease.MethodsA prospective cohort of individuals with type 1 diabetes without known heart disease was recruited from the outpatient clinic. Follow-up was performed through Danish national registers. The association of echocardiography with major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) and the incremental p...
Conclusions/interpretationOur findings suggest that children who progress to type 1 diabetes have a unique metabolic profile, which is, however, altered with the appearance of islet autoantibodies. Our findings may assist with early prediction of the disease.
Conclusions/interpretationThese data indicate that fenofibrate alters the pancreatic lipidome to a more anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic state. The beneficial effects on islet sympathetic nerve fibres and blood glucose homeostasis indicate that fenofibrate could be used as a therapeutic approach to improve blood glucose homeostasis and prevent diabetes-associated pathologies.
Conclusions/interpretationWe observed inverse associations between height and risk of type 2 diabetes, which was largely related to leg length among men. The inverse associations may be partly driven by lower liver fat content and a more favourable cardiometabolic profile.
Date: Monday, 11 25, 2019; Speaker: Doug Chang, Thirst and water intake responses in obese and normal weight men, The Bogardus group, PECRB, NIDDK; Cuiying Xiao, Contribution of BRS3 in MC4R/SIM1 neurons to body weight/termperature in mice, The Reitman group, DEOB, NIDDK; Building: Building 10 (Clinical Center); Solarium Conference Room 9S233 (old Bunim Room)