Cardiovascular magnetic resonance in patients with magnetic resonance conditional pacemaker systems at 1.5  T: influence of pacemaker related artifacts on image quality including first pass perfusion, aortic and mitral valve assessment, flow measurement, short tau inversion recovery and T1-weighted imaging

AbstractThere are only limited data on the impact of device-related artifacts on image quality in cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) in patients with pacemakers (PM). Adenosine stress perfusion, T1-weighted imaging and flow measurement as well as valve characterization have not been evaluated previously concerning artifact burden. We aimed to assess image quality in all routinely used CMR sequences. We analyzed 2623 myocardial segments in CMR scans of 61 patients with MR conditional PM (mean age 72.1  ± 11.5 years), 23 (37.7%) with right sided, 38 (62.3%) with left-sided devices. There were no relevant artifacts in patients with right-sided devices irrespective of the imaging sequence. In left-sided implants no PM-induced artifacts were found in first pass perfusion sequence, flow analysis and T1 weighted imaging. Only few patients with left-sided devices showed significant PM-artifacts in aortic (3/38, 7.9%)/mitral (n = 2/38, 5.3%) valve imaging and STIR (n = 3/35, 8.6%). In STIR only 14/805 (1.7%) segments were involved. In left-sided PM SSFP cine sequences had more artifac t burden than LGE with 377/1505 (25.0%) vs. 162/1505 (10.8%) myocardial segments involved by relevant artifacts respectively (p 
Source: The International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research

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Conclusion After treatment of a neoplasm, if unexpected clinical or imaging evidence of recurrence is present, a foreign body reaction to hemostatic material used during the initial surgery should be included in the differential diagnosis. [...] Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New YorkArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  open access Full text
Source: Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
In this study, the feasibility of the quantification of prostate cancer aggressiveness using parametric methods assessing [11C]-acetate kinetics was investigated in prostate cancer subjects. The underlying uptake mechanism correlated with [11C]-acetate influx and efflux measured in real-time in vitro in cell culture. Methods: Twenty-one patients with newly diagnosed low-to-moderate risk prostate cancer underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and dynamic [11C]-acetate PET/CT examinations of the pelvis. Parametric images of K1 (extraction × perfusion), k2 (oxidative metabolism) and VT (=K1/k2, anabolic metabolism de...
Source: International Journal of Medical Sciences - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Int J Med Sci Source Type: research
AbstractRadiolabeled tracers allow visualization of not only perfusion, but receptors, function, and metabolism as well. Although spatial resolution is lower than that of computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, positron emission tomography (PET) and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) have great potential for target-specific imaging. In this review, we discuss several SPECT and PET tracers used in brain imaging, specifically focusing on tracers currently available, or developed, in Japan. Several important and sophisticated methods exist for analysis of brain PET and SPECT images. Two of them, qu...
Source: Japanese Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 December 2019Source: NeuroImage: ClinicalAuthor(s): Sudipto Dolui, Zhengjun Li, Ilya Nasrallah, John A. Detre, David A. WolkAbstractNeurodegenerative biomarkers support diagnosis and measurement of disease progression in the Alzheimer's disease (AD) continuum. 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography (18F-FDG-PET), which measures glucose metabolism, is one of the most commonly used biomarkers of neurodegeneration, but is expensive and requires exposure to ionizing radiation. Arterial Spin Labeled (ASL) perfusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) provides non invasive quantifi...
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsMaternal hemodynamic adaptations were found to be consistent across groups irrespective of whether the women had symptoms of supine hypotension. In both groups a reduction in blood flow through the inferior vena cava occurred in the supine position with a subsequent reduction in cardiac output. Both groups showed a compensatory increase in blood flow through the azygos vein in order to partially compensate for this. Taking into account the effect of maternal position, women with symptoms were found to have reduced azygos flow compared to asymptomatic women. There was a significant increase in heart rate when the...
Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
Publication date: August 2019Source: Revista Portuguesa de Cardiologia (English Edition), Volume 38, Issue 8Author(s): Beatriz Saldanha Santos, Maria João FerreiraAbstractNon-invasive assessment of ischemic heart disease remains a challenging task, even with a large armory of diagnostic modalities. Positron emission tomography (PET) is an advanced radionuclide technique that has been available for decades. Originally used as a research tool that contributed to advances in the understanding of cardiovascular pathophysiology, it is now becoming established in clinical practice and is increasingly used in the diagnosis...
Source: Revista Portuguesa de Cardiologia - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Abstract Numerous recent technological advances offer the potential to substantially enhance the MRI evaluation of moyamoya disease (MMD). These include high-resolution volumetric imaging, high-resolution vessel wall characterization, improved cerebral angiographic and perfusion techniques, high-field imaging, fast scanning methods, and artificial intelligence. This review discusses the current state-of-the-art MRI applications in these realms, emphasizing key imaging findings, clinical utility, and areas that will benefit from further investigation. Although these techniques may apply to imaging of a wide array o...
Source: Neurosurgical Focus - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Neurosurg Focus Source Type: research
Authors: Cheng Y, Bai L, Shang J, Tang Y, Ling X, Guo B, Gong J, Wang L, Xu H Abstract The present study aimed to assess the performance of positron emission tomography‑magnetic resonance imaging (PET/MR) for the visualization and characterization of lesions. In addition, the present study investigated whether the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and intravoxel incoherent motion parameters exhibited any significant correlation with standardized uptake values (SUV) in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). A total of 35 patients with NPC underwent whole body PET‑computed tomography (CT) and head ...
Source: Oncology Reports - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Rep Source Type: research
Authors: John F, Robinette NL, Amit-Yousif AJ, Bosnyák E, Barger GR, Shah KD, Mittal S, Juhász C Abstract BACKGROUND: Clinical glioblastoma treatment mostly focuses on the contrast-enhancing tumor mass. Amino acid positron emission tomography (PET) can detect additional, nonenhancing glioblastoma-infiltrated brain regions that are difficult to distinguish on conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We combined MRI with perfusion imaging and amino acid PET to evaluate such nonenhancing glioblastoma regions. METHODS: Structural MRI, relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV) maps from perfusion MRI...
Source: Molecular Imaging - Category: Radiology Tags: Mol Imaging Source Type: research
Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
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