The association of severity of retinal vascular changes and cardiac remodelling in systemic hypertension

Conclusion: Grades 3 and 4 retinopathy demonstrated a significant association with LV strain pattern and left atrial enlargement on ECG, LVH and reduced LVEF on echocardiography as well as with heart failure. There was no relationship with systolic BP and duration of hypertension, while diastolic BP showed a significant positive correlation. Signs of hypertensive heart disease were practically absent in patients without hypertensive retinopathy and uncommon in those with grade 1–2 alterations.
Source: Therapeutic Advances in Cardiovascular Disease - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Original Research Source Type: research