Effect of cholesterol medicine on inflammatory diseases mapped

The cholesterol medicine simvastatin, which is one of the most commonly used pharmaceuticals in the world, also has a beneficial effect on the immune defense system with regard to diseases such as type 1 diabetes, multiple sclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis. Researchers have now explored why this is so, and their findings may result in improved treatment.
Source: ScienceDaily Headlines - Category: Science Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 23 April 2019Source: Orthopaedics &Traumatology: Surgery &ResearchAuthor(s): Dae-Hee Lee, Darryl D. D’Lima, Sang Hak LeeAbstractPurposeSome reports have noted favorable long-term clinical results with milder postoperative arthritic changes after total meniscectomy in symptomatic patients with torn discoid lateral meniscus (DLM). This meta-analysis was conducted to compare the clinical and radiographic results between partial and total meniscectomy in patients with symptomatic DLM.MethodsStudies were included in the meta-analysis if (1) they analysed patients who underwent ar...
Source: Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Surgery and Research - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
This study aimed to evaluate the therapeutic effect of folic acid (FA) on diabetic retinopathy (DR) in a genetic mouse model of obese type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). C57BL/KsJ-db/db(db/db) T2D mice were divided into control, FA, metformin (MET), and FA plus MET groups (n = 10/group). Serum levels of glucose, glycated hemoglobin, and insulin were determined weekly. The retinal thickness was measured using optical coherence tomography (OCT) at 4 weeks after treatments. The retinal expression and serum levels of vascular formation, inflammation, and oxidative stress-associated molecules were examined. Our results demonstrated...
Source: Ophthalmic Research - Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Eyes from diabetic patients in the initial stages of DR with different Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study gradings show similar prevalence of SCME and CIME, independent of the severity of the retinopathy. Retinal edema is located mainly in the INL and appears to be mostly extracellular except in the earliest stages of diabetic retinal disease where intracellular edema predominates.Ophthalmic Res
Source: Ophthalmic Research - Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research
Publication date: June 2019Source: Journal of Functional Foods, Volume 57Author(s): Kamesh Venkatakrishnan, Hui-Fang Chiu, Chin-Kun WangAbstractDiabetes mellitus (DM) and its related complications are the serious public health concern globally. This is the first review highlight on major functional foods and herbs with anti-diabetic activity particularly focus on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with special reference to clinical trials and their proposed anti-diabetic mechanisms. This contribution summarizes the current prevalence of DM, etiology and pathophysiology, complications related to DM, current conventional treatm...
Source: Journal of Functional Foods - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Background: The circadian timing system or circadian clock plays a crucial role in many biological processes, such as the sleep-wake cycle, hormone secretion, cardiovascular health, glucose homeostasis, and body temperature regulation. Energy balance is also one of the most important cornerstones of metabolic processes, whereas energy imbalance is associated with many diseases (i.e., obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease). Circadian clock is the main regulator of metabolism, and this analysis provides an overview of the bidirectional effect of circadian rhythm on metabolic processes and energy balance.Summary: The circ...
Source: Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
This study briefly reviews the physiological mechanisms of exercise therapy in diabetes and the potential role of these cytokines in exercise.Key Messages: More high-quality, targeted, randomized controlled studies are needed urgently, from mechanism study to treatment direction, to provide a more theoretical basis for exercise therapy and to explore new therapeutic targets for diabetes.Ann Nutr Metab 2019;74:313 –321
Source: Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Background: Health risks associated with the high consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) include overweight or obesity and their complications such as diabetes, as well as oral and dental decay, among others.Aim: The aim of the present statement is to inform health care professionals, parents, care-givers, teachers and school head teachers, stakeholders and governing bodies about the risks associated with drinking SSBs in infants, children and adolescents.Methods: We searched PubMed and the Cochrane databases for English language studies published from 2010 through October 1, 2018, for randomized clinical trials, ...
Source: Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
We present the case of 19-year old male with progressive optic atrophy and in a second phase spinal cord syndrome unresponsive to immunosuppressive therapies. After diagnosis of profound biotinidase deficiency, oral biotin substitution was started with partial visual improvement and normalization of gait. This case highlights the possibility of late-onset biotinidase deficiency and its treatable character.
Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: May–June 2019Source: Brain Stimulation, Volume 12, Issue 3Author(s): Jing-Bo Gao, Min Bao
Source: Brain Stimulation - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Laura has not only lost a substantial amount of weight from inflammatory visceral fat resulting in a dramatic reduction in waist size, but has also experienced a reduction in the issues associated with her autoimmune diseases: “I have been on Wheat Belly for about 2 years. I have rheumatoid arthritis and lupus and have seen huge improvements and lowering of meds due to this wonderful plan. So far (and I still need to lose more) I have lost 80 lbs and am still losing. First pic is of me at our high school reunion in 2013 and the next one is today. I think you can see a bit of the difference. I am happy to be down, eve...
Source: Wheat Belly Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Wheat Belly Success Stories arthritis autoimmune gluten grains lupus rheumatoid Weight Loss Source Type: blogs
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