Understanding the Epidemiology of Syphilis in the United States

Opportunity ID: 285278 Opportunity Number: RFA-PS-17-002 Opportunity Title: Understanding the Epidemiology of Syphilis in the United StatesOpportunity Category: DiscretionaryOpportunity Category Explanation: Funding Instrument Type: Cooperative AgreementCategory of Funding Activity: HealthCategory Explanation: CFDA Number(s): 93.978Eligible Applicants: State governmentsCounty governmentsCity or township governmentsSpecial district governmentsIndependent school districtsPublic and State controlled institutions of higher educationNative American tribal governments (Federally recognized)Public housing authorities/Indian housing authoritiesNative American tribal organizations (other than Federally recognized tribal governments)Nonprofits having a 501(c)(3) status with the IRS, other than institutions of higher educationNonprofits that do not have a 501(c)(3) status with the IRS, other than institutions of higher educationPrivate institutions of higher educationFor profit organizations other than small businessesSmall businessesOthers (see text field entitled "Additional Information on Eligibility" for clarification)Additional Information on Eligibility: Others: •Tribally Controlled Colleges and Universities (TCCUs) •Hispanic-serving Institutions •Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) •Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian Serving Institutions •Eligible Agencies of the Federal Government •U.S. Territory...
Source: Grants.gov - Category: Research Tags: Health Source Type: funding

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ial J PMID: 31708081 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Actas Dermo-Sifiliograficas - Category: Dermatology Authors: Tags: Actas Dermosifiliogr Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The first of the three hypotheses about its origins is the Columbian hypothesis, which states that Columbus's crew acquired syphilis from Native Americans and carried it back to Europe in 1493 A. D. On the contrary, the second hypothesis (pre-Columbian) asserts that syphilis was present in Europe long before Columbus's voyage and was transferred to the New World by Columbus's men. The Unitarian theory argues that syphilis, bejel, yaws, and pinta are not separate diseases but they represent syndromes caused by slightly different strains of one organism. Nowadays, Syphilis' origin is still uncertain and remains ...
Source: Endocrine, Metabolic and Immune Disorders Drug Targets - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets Source Type: research
Sexually transmitted disease diagnoses in 2018 broke a record for the fifth consecutive year, according to new data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Chlamydia was the most common STD in 2018, with more than 1.7 million cases reported, followed by more than 580,000 cases of gonorrhea—3% and 5% increases over 2017, respectively. Though less common, syphilis diagnoses also rose, topping 115,000 cases in total, according to the CDC. “These are just infections that were diagnosed and reported,” says Elizabeth Torrone, an epidemiologist at the CDC. Since lots of STDs are asymptoma...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized data visualization Infectious Disease Source Type: news
CONCLUSION: The epidemic of syphilis in Barcelona disproportionately affects MSM and is closelly linked to VIH infection. The presentation of syphilis is influenced by VIH infection and by previous history of syphilis, without significant differences in their evolution after one year of treatment. PMID: 31587806 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Actas Dermo-Sifiliograficas - Category: Dermatology Authors: Tags: Actas Dermosifiliogr Source Type: research
This study found a high HIV infection epidemic, a young age of first anal intercourse and a high rate of risk behaviours in this population, highlighting the need for enhanced, targeted and combination HIV prevention programs and further studies.
Source: Sexual Health - Category: Sexual Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
The syphilis epidemic among men who have sex with men (MSM) has been increasing steadily. Many syphilis control programs focus on assuring treatment of all persons diagnosed with early syphilis without prioritizing acute primary syphilis or specific subgroups. Acute primary syphilis is highly infectious and contributes to a high proportion of new cases. Surveillance data show that among MSM with incident syphilis (primary or secondary) only about 35% are identified in the primary stage, indicating that most primary cases are missed and untreated. Patients with primary syphilis and large numbers of sex partners may play a m...
Source: Sexually Transmitted Diseases - Category: Sexual Medicine Tags: Commentaries Source Type: research
Conclusions We identified two novel ecologic correlates of the spatial distribution of infectious syphilis—density of GBM and rates of syphilis testing—and found that these factors partially, though not entirely, explained the spatial distribution of clusters. Residual spatial autocorrelation suggests that greater syphilis testing coverage may be needed and low-barrier GBM-affirming testing should be expanded to regions outside the core.
Source: Sexually Transmitted Diseases - Category: Sexual Medicine Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research
Authors: Tang Q, Zhang X, Lu H Abstract Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), gonorrhea and syphilis are the major sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in the world, which are the focus of epidemic prevention and control in China. The epidemiological trend analysis of STDs in Shanghai could reflect the epidemic situation of these diseases in high-income areas of China, providing a reference for how to control their epidemic. Although the overall incidence rate of infectious diseases levelled off after 2009, Shanghai still faces many new obstacles in the fight ...
Source: BioScience Trends - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Biosci Trends Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Although ZIKV was not confirmed to cause the congenital malformations, this study demonstrated that the clinical and epidemiological findings associated with a STORCH exclusion strengthened the CZS diagnosis. The suspected cases in MT occurred simultaneously with the first CZS cases reported in Brazil, suggesting ZIKV circulation in the study region during the same period.
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research
We describe demographic characteristics, sexual behaviors, and self-reported STD diagnoses of sexually active women and men, separately, by whether they had ever engaged in injection-related behaviors (age 15–44; N = 9006 women, N = 7210 men). Results indicate that in 2011–15, 1.4% of women and 2.6% of men reported ever engaging in injection-related behaviors. Examining the full logistic regression models indicate that for women, sex with a PWID in the past 12 months (AOR = 5.8, 95% CI: 2.9, 11.7), exchanging money/drugs for sex in the past 12 months (AOR = 3.6, 95% CI: 1.2, 10.9), chlamydia...
Source: Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
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