UPMC researchers shine light on common heart complication after lung transplantation

(University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences) Cardiac arrhythmia is a common complication following lung transplantation, and one that has a significant negative impact on long-term patient survival.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

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Authors: Wamboldt R, Haseeb S, Waddington A, Baranchuk A Abstract INTRODUCTION: With greater social acceptance and the evolution of transgender medicine as a specialty, more trans women are seeking hormone therapy (HT). Several studies have identified an increase in cardiovascular disease in trans women, however no studies have investigated the incidence of arrhythmias. Using two cases from the authors' clinic as examples, we propose that hormone therapy in trans women may increase the risk of cardiac arrhythmias. Areas covered: A literature search of sex hormones and cardiac arrhythmias was conducted. Using sex ho...
Source: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy - Category: Cardiology Tags: Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther Source Type: research
ConclusionsHigher preoperative NT-proBNP level leads to the increased risk of PMCE in patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery. Compared to NT-proBNP alone, the combination of NT-proBNP with the RCRI and other factors does not improve the accuracy in predicting PMCE. Future large studies are required to build a more accurate risk score.
Source: The Surgeon - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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Source: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology : PACE - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: REVIEW Source Type: research
AbstractA busy community cardiologist finished reading eight echocardiograms over lunch and started clinic at 1  pm. As three patients waited, “Jane,” a 45-year-old graphic designer was seen for “skipped heart beat.” She works about 50 h a week, exercises at the local gym, and enjoys eating a healthy diet. About 4 months ago Jane began experiencing her heart “skipping beats.” She initially attr ibuted the symptoms to long hours in the office and caffeine. But, over the holiday, her brother purchased a smart watch and she began digitally recording her cardiac rhythm. About ...
Source: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Conclusions: : The findings of current study emphasize that clinicians should be awareof the possibility of RFS in malnourished AP patients with electrolyte imbalances. PMID: 30970437 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Gut and Liver - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Gut Liver Source Type: research
Conclusion This paper summarizes the current findings regarding the anti-colitis activity of plant-derived alkaloids and shows how these alkaloids exhibit significant and beneficial effects in alleviating colonic inflammation. These natural alkaloids are not only promising agents for IBD treatment but are also components for developing new wonder drugs. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms or toxicological evaluation of most plant-derived alkaloids still require much scientific research, and their actual efficacies for IBD patients have not been verified well in field research. Thus, further clinical trials to elu...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is associated with higher risk of cardiovascular events than chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV). We aimed to investigate whether there is higher risk of arrhythmia in HCV infection. METHODS: Electronic medical records from National Health Institute Research Database during 2000-2012 were retrieved for patients with HBV or HCV. Patients with missing information, aged
Source: Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: J Cardiol Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of the ReviewHyperkalemia is a common electrolyte abnormality that can lead to life-threatening cardiac arrhythmia. Medical management of acute hyperkalemia revolves around three strategies —stabilizing the myocardium, intracellular shifting of serum potassium, and enhancing elimination of total body potassium via urinary or fecal excretion. In this review, we outline the current evidence behind the acute medical management of hyperkalemia.Recent FindingsTwo new oral potassium-binding agents, patiromer and sodium zirconium cyclosilicate, show promise in the management of hyperkalemia. Their role in th...
Source: Current Heart Failure Reports - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Mesenchymal stem cell transplantation could be use as a potential treatment for PHLF. Introduction Partial hepatectomy is an important treatment for benign and malignant liver diseases. Although the liver can be completely regenerated after partial excision or injury, at least 1/3 of the liver should be retained in most of the patients, and 40–50% should be retained in patients with parenchymal liver disease (Adams et al., 2013; Cieslak et al., 2014). Postoperative complications, such as acute post-hepatectomy liver failure (PHLF) or small liver syndrome, may occur when the scope of excision is to...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
by Minki Hwang, Jaehyuk Kim, Byounghyun Lim, Jun-Seop Song, Boyoung Joung, Eun Bo Shim, Hui-Nam Pak Although bipolar electrograms (Bi-egms) are commonly used for catheter mapping and ablation of cardiac arrhythmias, the accuracy and reproducibility of Bi-egms have not been evaluated. We aimed to clarify the influence of the catheter orientation (CO), catheter contact angle (CA), local conduction velocity (CV), scar size, and catheter type on the Bi-egm morphology using anin silico 3-dimensional realistic model of atrial fibrillation. We constructed a 3-dimensional, realistic,in silico left atrial model with activation wav...
Source: PLoS Computational Biology - Category: Biology Authors: Source Type: research
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