FDA approves Gilotrif® (afatinib) as new oral treatment option for patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the lung

• Approval provides a new second-line treatment option for patients with the second largest sub-type   of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), representing about 20-30% of NSCLC cases • Approval is based on results of the LUX-Lung 8 study, which showed significantly improved overall   survival and progression-free survival compared to Tarceva® (erlotinib) in patients with squamous cell  carcinoma of the lung • Gilotrif is already approved in more than 60 countries for the treatment of patients with distinct types  of EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC
Source: Boehringer Ingelheim Press Releases - Category: Research Source Type: news

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Abstract Accumulating evidence suggests that microRNAs (miRNAs) has been proven to be a critical regulator in the tumor progression, of which miR-195-5p was reported to function as tumor suppressor in prostate cancer and oral squamous cell carcinoma. However, studies on the clinical significance and biological function of miR-195-5p in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) were still unavailable. Here, we reported that the expression of miR-195-5p was decreased in NSCLC tissues and cell lines. Downregulation of miR-195-5p was significantly associated with TNM stage, tumor size and lymph node metastasis. The Kaplan-Me...
Source: Pathology Oncology Research - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Pathol Oncol Res Source Type: research
Abstract We previously demonstrated that capsazepine (CPZ), a synthetic transient receptor potential Vanilloid subtype 1 (TRPV1) antagonist, has significant anti-cancer effects in vivo. The purpose of this study was to develop more potent analogs based upon CPZ pharmacophore and structure-activity relationships (SAR) across analogs. We generated 30 novel compounds and screened for their anti-proliferative effects in cultured HeLa cervical cancer cells. Cell viability assays identified multiple compounds with IC50s 
Source: Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Bioorg Med Chem Source Type: research
In conclusion, apatinib shows some efficacy in heavily treated NSCLC and generally tolerable toxicity in non-squamous NSCLC. More solid evidence will be accessible in near future.
Source: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
In conclusion, apatinib shows some efficacy in heavily treated NSCLC and generally tolerable toxicity in non-squamous NSCLC. More solid evidence will be accessible in near future.
Source: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Icotinib neoadjuvant therapy for NSCLC is safe and feasible, and the reactivity of lung cancer patients to icotinib can be determined within 2 weeks of medication. People sensitive to preoperative selection of drugs can more accurately determine the sensitivity of tumors to drugs, thus providing evidence for postoperative adjuvant therapy.
Source: Indian Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
The treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has undergone a major paradigm shift with the arrival of checkpoint inhibition immunotherapy. While substantial progression has been gained over the past 15 years in the field of oncogenic molecular alterations like EGFR mutations and ALK or ROS1 translocations, only a minority of patients with NSCLC benefit from treatment with oral tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI ’s) because of the low prevalence of targetable molecular alterations in adenocarcinoma and almost absence in squamous cell carcinoma of the lung [1].
Source: Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review article Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Metronomic vinorelbine had an acceptable efficacy and safety profile in elderly patients with multiple comorbidities who had been diagnosed with advanced nsclc. Metronomic vinorelbine could be a treatment option for elderly patients with poor performance status who are unfit for platinum-based chemotherapy and intravenous single-agent chemotherapy, and who are not candidates for combination modalities. PMID: 28680287 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Current Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Curr Oncol Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundDocetaxel/cisplatin (DP) and gemcitabine/cisplatin (GP) are standard treatment regimens for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In spite of potent efficacy, the conventional 1-day DP is regarded as having more toxicity as compared with GP. There is increasing interest in a biweekly split administration of DP to reduce its toxicity. Hypothesis was that first-line biweekly DP is as safe as GP in the elderly or poor performance status (PS) patients.MethodsChemotherapy-na ïve patients with advanced NSCLC (IIIB/IV) who were elderly (65
Source: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In conclusion, our data showed that 6f, among the newly synthetic compounds, exhibited highest anti-proliferative activity by disrupting the microtubule polymerisation, causing G2/M arrest and subsequently inducing cell apoptosis in HT-1080 cells. Hence, 6f is a promising microtubule depolymerising agent for the treatment of various cancers especially human fibrosarcoma. PMID: 28440465 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: International Journal of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Int J Oncol Source Type: research
Dateline City: WILMINGTON, Del.&KENILWORTH, N.J.Clinical Program Now Includes Seven Registrational Trials Across Five Tumor TypesWILMINGTON, Del.&KENILWORTH, N.J.–Incyte Corporation (Nasdaq:INCY) and Merck (NYSE:MRK), known as MSD outside the United States and Canada, today announced additional details of their clinical development program investigating the combination of epacadostat, Incyte ’s investigational oral selective IDO1 enzyme inhibitor, with KEYTRUDA® (pembrolizumab), Merck ’s anti-PD-1 therapy, in patients across five tumor types: metastatic melanoma, non-small cell lung cance...
Source: Merck.com - Corporate News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Oncology Newsroom Corporate News Latest News Source Type: news
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