Gastric polyps diagnosed by double-contrast upper gastrointestinal barium X-ray radiography mostly arise from the Helicobacter pylori -negative stomach with low risk of gastric cancer in Japan

Abstract Background Double-contrast upper gastrointestinal barium X-ray radiography (UGI-XR) is a method broadly used for gastric cancer screening in Japan. Gastric polyp is one of the most frequent findings detected by UGI-XR, but how to handle it remains controversial. Methods Gastric polyps of the 17,264 generally healthy subjects in Japan who underwent UGI-XR or upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (UGI-ES) in 2010 were analyzed. Results Of the 6,433 UGI-XR examinees (3,405 men and 3,028 women, 47.4 ± 9.0 years old), gastric polyps were detected in 464 men (13.6 %) and 733 women (24.2 %) and were predominantly developed on the non-atrophic gastric mucosa (p 
Source: Gastric Cancer - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research

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This study aims to investigate the role of serum cancer antigen 72-4 (CA72-4) in the diagnosis of GC in a healthy population. A total of 7757 adults who underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and serum CA72-4 level measurement in multicenters in Taiwan from January 2006 to August 2016 were recruited in this retrospective study. Risk factors for GC, serum tumor markers, and esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) findings were evaluated. High serum levels of CA72-4 were found in 7.2% of healthy adults. CA72-4 level showed lower sensitivity (33.3%) but higher specificity (92.8%); however, the positive predictive value was quite...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Cosmeri Rizzato1, Javier Torres2, Elena Kasamatsu3, Margarita Camorlinga-Ponce2, Maria Mercedes Bravo4, Federico Canzian5 and Ikuko Kato6* 1Department of Translation Research and of New Technologies in Medicine and Surgery, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy 2Unidad de Investigación en Enfermedades Infecciosas, Unidades Médicas de Alta Especialidad Pediatría, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Mexico City, Mexico 3Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud, National University of Asunción, Asunción, Paraguay 4Grupo de Investigación en Biología del C&aacut...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 January 2019Source: Journal of the Formosan Medical AssociationAuthor(s): Meng-Tzu Weng, Yu-Tse Chiu, Ping-Ya Wei, Chien-Wei Chiang, Huei-Ling Fang, Shu-Chen WeiGut microbiota plays important roles in many diseases, including cancer. It may promote carcinogenesis by inducing oxidative stress, genotoxicity, host immune response disturbance, and chronic inflammation. Colorectal cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, and gastric cancer are the major gastrointestinal tract cancers in Taiwan. The microbiota detected in patients with tubular adenoma and villous/tubulovillous polyps is different f...
Source: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Abstract Gut microbiota plays important roles in many diseases, including cancer. It may promote carcinogenesis by inducing oxidative stress, genotoxicity, host immune response disturbance, and chronic inflammation. Colorectal cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, and gastric cancer are the major gastrointestinal tract cancers in Taiwan. The microbiota detected in patients with tubular adenoma and villous/tubulovillous polyps is different from that in healthy controls and patients with hyperplastic polyps. Normalization of the microbiota is observed in patients after colorectal cancer treatment. Furthermore, the liver...
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research
Authors: Min JK, Kwak MS, Cha JM Abstract Artificial intelligence is likely to perform several roles currently performed by humans, and the adoption of artificial intelligence-based medicine in gastroenterology practice is expected in the near future. Medical image-based diagnoses, such as pathology, radiology, and endoscopy, are expected to be the first in the medical field to be affected by artificial intelligence. A convolutional neural network, a kind of deep-learning method with multilayer perceptrons designed to use minimal preprocessing, was recently reported as being highly beneficial in the field of endosc...
Source: Gut and Liver - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Gut Liver Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Chronic gastritis patients infected with H. pylori and who had MDM2 SNP309 G/G homozygosity had an increased risk of advanced CRN, particularly high-grade dysplasia including invasive adenocarcinoma. Screening colonoscopy in these patients might benefit colorectal polyp diagnosis and prevention and early CRC treatment in the Thai population. PMID: 30260777 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Turk J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
ConclusionsRoutine UGE may be necessary before bariatric procedures in obese Japanese patients.
Source: Surgery Today - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundSessile serrated adenomas (SSA) and traditional serrated adenomas (TSA) are recognized precursors of colorectal cancer, but their risk factors are not well established. We investigated the association betweenHelicobacter pylori infection (HPI) and the development of SSA and TSA.MethodsRetrospective data were collected on patients aged ≥ 18 years that underwent colonoscopy with biopsy between 2006 and 2016. Based on histology, patients were classified into three groups: those with SSA and/or TSA, (serrated neoplasia group, SN); conventional adenomas only (CA); and with no polyps (NP). Gastri...
Source: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Abstract Gastric fundic gland polyps (FGPs) are common non-adenomatous gastric polyps arising from normal fundic mucosa without Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection. Although systemic FGPs associated with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) often have dysplasia, there are few reports of dysplasia occurring in sporadic FGPs, especially when detected by magnifying endoscopy with narrow band imaging (ME-NBI). We experienced two cases of adenocarcinoma occurring in sporadic FGPs, and their ME-NBI findings were very useful for differentiating FGP with cancer from non-dysplastic FGP. A 68-year-old man and a 63-yea...
Source: World Journal of Gastroenterology : WJG - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: World J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Authors: Brosens LA, Giardiello FM, Offerhaus GJ, Montgomery EA Abstract Gastric polyps occur in 1-4 % of patients undergoing gastroscopy. Although most are sporadic, some gastric polyps are part of an underlying hereditary syndrome. Gastric polyps can be seen in each of the well-known gastrointestinal polyposis syndromes, but also in Lynch syndrome and in several rare not primarily gastrointestinal syndromes. In addition, Gastric Adenocarcinoma and Proximal Polyposis of the Stomach (GAPPS) is a recently described heritable syndrome characterized by isolated gastric polyposis and risk of gastric cancer.Some ...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
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