Molecular 'doormen' open the way to potential obesity treatment
(Yale University) Fat cells are filled with droplets coated by molecules that act like hotel doormen: These 'doormen' control cellular access for nutrients as well as for the exit of energy-supplying molecules called lipids. In healthy individuals, outgoing and incoming traffic in fat cells is finely balanced, supplying energy while preventing excessive spread of undesirable fat in the belly. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - January 10, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Yale-led team finds parents can curb teen drinking and driving
New research shows that what teens believe their parents know about their leisure activities and who their friends are can have life-saving effects. (Source: Yale Science and Health News)
Source: Yale Science and Health News - January 9, 2020 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

In fighting gut infections, nervous system is key, Yale-Harvard team finds
Nerve cells in the gut — not immune cells — release infection-fighting cytokines in response to bacterial invaders, Yale research has found. (Source: Yale Science and Health News)
Source: Yale Science and Health News - January 9, 2020 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Pleural and Peritoneal Mesothelioma Combination Can Be Managed
A patient diagnosed with pleural and peritoneal mesothelioma today can survive well beyond expectations, provided personalized treatment can be found at a specialty center. Research from the Columbia University Medical Center in New York City has shown that despite the poor prognosis typically accompanies this rare diagnosis, patients still can thrive. “This is an understudied, and poorly understood, group of patients that often is just written off,” surgical oncologist Dr. Michael Kluger at Columbia told The Mesothelioma Center at Asbestos.com. “But we’ve shown a meaningful survival.” Kluger,...
Source: Asbestos and Mesothelioma News - January 9, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Matt Mauney Source Type: news

3D printing to help tortured bones
Working with the Center for Engineering Innovation& Design, Dr. David Frumberg is using 3D-printed models to improve his practice and help patients heal. (Source: Yale Science and Health News)
Source: Yale Science and Health News - January 9, 2020 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Breast density notification laws not effective for all women
Dense breast notifications may let women know they have dense breast tissue, but more often than not they fail to relay the dangers posed by breast density. (Source: Yale Science and Health News)
Source: Yale Science and Health News - January 9, 2020 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Breast density notifications may not be effectively worded, study says
Dense breast notifications may let women know they have dense breast tissue, but more often than not they fail to relay the dangers posed by breast density. (Source: Yale Science and Health News)
Source: Yale Science and Health News - January 9, 2020 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Breast density notification laws not effective for all women
(Yale University) A new Yale study suggests that state-mandated notifications on mammogram reports intended to inform women of the health risks related to breast density are not worded effectively. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Heart patients in China may be receiving substandard hospital care
A new study of more than 10,000 heart failure cases in 189 hospitals suggests that China needs a national strategy to improve care for heart patients. (Source: Yale Science and Health News)
Source: Yale Science and Health News - January 8, 2020 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Yale School of Public Health launches Center for Climate Change and Health
The center, said YSPH Dean Sten Vermund, will contribute to “our understanding of climate change and how we might mitigate human suffering caused by weather.” (Source: Yale Science and Health News)
Source: Yale Science and Health News - January 7, 2020 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Study of veterans details genetic basis for anxiety, links anxiety and depression
(Yale University) A massive genomewide analysis of approximately 200,000 military veterans has identified six genetic variants linked to anxiety, researchers from Yale and colleagues at other institutions report Jan. 7, 2019 in the American Journal of Psychiatry. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - January 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

With Good Life Center, alumna Tracey George promotes better health at Yale
A YSPH graduate and director of the Yale Well Initiative, George is on the front lines with students struggling with emotional health issues. (Source: Yale Science and Health News)
Source: Yale Science and Health News - January 6, 2020 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

With Good Life Center, alumna Tracy George promotes better health at Yale
A YSPH graduate and director of the Yale Well Initiative, George is on the front lines with students struggling with emotional health issues. (Source: Yale Science and Health News)
Source: Yale Science and Health News - January 6, 2020 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Producing better nurses with augmented reality
With partners around campus, a team at the Yale School of Nursing has created new applications to hone students ’ clinical skills and patient empathy. (Source: Yale Science and Health News)
Source: Yale Science and Health News - January 6, 2020 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Twelfth-Grade Binge Drinking Linked to Risky Driving Practices
MONDAY, Jan. 6, 2020 -- Twelfth-grade binge drinking predicts early adulthood risky driving practices and high-risk drinking in early adulthood, according to a study published online Jan. 6 in Pediatrics. Federico E. Vaca, M.D., M.P.H., from Yale... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - January 6, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Yale study urges lifesaving drug treatment to combat Ukraine's HIV epidemic
(Yale University) A new study led by Yale University researchers finds that scaling up use of methadone and buprenorphine could greatly reduce HIV transmission rates and prevent deaths in Ukraine. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 3, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Study urges life-saving drug treatment to combat Ukraine ’s HIV epidemic
A new study finds that scaling up use of methadone and buprenorphine could greatly reduce HIV transmission rates and prevent deaths in Ukraine. (Source: Yale Science and Health News)
Source: Yale Science and Health News - January 2, 2020 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Medical professor ’s ‘priceless’ tie raises donations for those in need
Among the items sold at this year ’s Hunger and Homelessness Live Auction was — as most years — professor William B. Stewart’s iconic bow tie. (Source: Yale Science and Health News)
Source: Yale Science and Health News - December 23, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Rare diseases: customizing cures, patient by patient
Yale geneticist Monkol Lek, Ph.D., who has muscular dystrophy, wants to cure a rare form of the disease. (Source: Yale Science and Health News)
Source: Yale Science and Health News - December 20, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Some U.S. Adults Unaware of Any Myocardial Infarction Symptoms
FRIDAY, Dec. 20, 2019 -- A considerable proportion of U.S. adults are unaware of some or all of the symptoms of myocardial infarction (MI), according to a study published online Dec. 18 in JAMA Network Open. Shiwani Mahajan, M.B.B.S., from Yale New... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - December 20, 2019 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

The top YaleNews stories of 2019
YaleNews rounds up the top stories of the year that were popular with readers and that explored major initiatives and happenings on campus. (Source: Yale Science and Health News)
Source: Yale Science and Health News - December 19, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Threat of toxic chemicals draws scores of experts to YSPH
Experts from across academia, government, and industry came to Yale to discuss the threat posed by per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances, or PFAS. (Source: Yale Science and Health News)
Source: Yale Science and Health News - December 18, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

When cells cycle fast, cancer gets a jumpstart
In at least one form of blood cancer cells with cancer-causing gene lesions can remain normal and healthy — until cell division, or cycling, speeds up. (Source: Yale Science and Health News)
Source: Yale Science and Health News - December 18, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

When cells cycle fast, cancer gets a jumpstart
(Yale University) Yale researchers have now identified another bit of cellular chicanery that jumpstarts cancer. In at least one form of blood cancer, they report Dec. 18 in the journal Nature Communications, cells with cancer-causing gene lesions can remain normal and healthy -- until cell division, or cycling, speeds up. (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - December 18, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

Global urban growth typified by suburbs, not skyscrapers
(Yale School of Forestry& Environmental Studies) A Yale analysis of 478 cities with populations of more than 1 million people finds that urban growth across the world is predominantly moving outward rather than upward, a trend that is generally considered inefficient and unsustainable. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - December 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

NREL, Co-Optima research yields potential bioblendstock for diesel fuel
(DOE/National Renewable Energy Laboratory) The NREL scientists, along with colleagues at Yale University, Argonne National Laboratory, and Oak Ridge National Laboratory, are part of the Department of Energy's Co-Optimization of Fuels& Engines (Co-Optima) initiative. Co-Optima's research focuses on improving fuel economy and vehicle performance while also reducing emissions. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - December 17, 2019 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Study exposes surprise billing by hospital physicians
Addressing the issue of out-of-network medical billing could reduce U.S. health spending by 3.4% — $40 billion annually. (Source: Yale Science and Health News)
Source: Yale Science and Health News - December 16, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Are benzodiazepines the new opioids?
Yale Medicine addiction specialists believe the primary care system can play a key role in preventing another epidemic. (Source: Yale Science and Health News)
Source: Yale Science and Health News - December 16, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Study exposes surprise billing by hospital physicians
(Yale University) Patients with private health insurance face a serious risk of being treated and billed by an out-of-network doctor when they receive care at in-network hospitals, according to a new study by Yale researchers. Addressing the issue could reduce health spending by 3.4% -- $40 billion annually, the researchers conclude. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - December 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Troublesome, ubiquitous chemicals to be examined at YSPH symposium
On Dec. 13, the Yale School of Public Health will host a symposium on chemicals known as per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS). (Source: Yale Science and Health News)
Source: Yale Science and Health News - December 12, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Cyrus Chothia obituary
Biochemist whose work was at the cutting edge of the understanding of protein structures, their function and evolutionTaxonomy – the classification of objects according to their relationships to one another – conjures up images of 19th-century amateur naturalists measuring fossils or counting the stamens of flowering plants.The biochemist Cyrus Chothia, who has died aged 77, took a taxonomic approach to research at the cutting edge of molecular biology, organising the bewildering variety of protein structures revealed by techniques such as x-ray crystallography and genome sequencing into coherent family trees.C...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - December 12, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Georgina Ferry Tags: Biochemistry and molecular biology Science Yale University Source Type: news

After a heart attack, hearing and mobility can affect near-term mortality
A Yale study finds that functional impairments — of hearing and mobility, for example — may be relevant to establishing a prognosis for older cardiac patients. (Source: Yale Science and Health News)
Source: Yale Science and Health News - December 11, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Flipping the script on novel cancer therapy leads to insights into lupus
Impaired function of the immune system inhibitor PD-1H may be one cause of the autoimmune disease lupus, an insight that offers a new approach for treatment. (Source: Yale Science and Health News)
Source: Yale Science and Health News - December 11, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Flipping the script on novel cancer therapy leads to insights into lupus
(Yale University) In the last decade, scientists discovered that blocking a key regulator of the immune system helped unleash the body's natural defenses against several forms of cancer, opening up a new era of cancer immunotherapy. Now Yale scientists have essentially flipped this script and found that when impaired a molecularly similar regulator can cause the damaging immune system attacks on skin and organs that are the hallmark of the autoimmune disease lupus. (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - December 11, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

YSPH alumni play important roles in advancing Ebola vaccine
Swati Gupta ’97 M.P.H. and Anant Shah ’07 M.P.H. are at the forefront of the global fight against Ebola. (Source: Yale Science and Health News)
Source: Yale Science and Health News - December 10, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

‘Safety signals’ may help slow down anxiety
When life triggers excessive fear, new Yale research suggests reaching for a “safety signal” — whether it’s a musical piece, a person, or even a stuffed toy. (Source: Yale Science and Health News)
Source: Yale Science and Health News - December 9, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Scientist or entrepreneur? Blavatnik Fund lets Yale researchers be both
Each year, the fund identifies Yale ’s most commercially promising discoveries and provides that essential early-stage funding and support. (Source: Yale Science and Health News)
Source: Yale Science and Health News - December 9, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Katrina Karkazis: ‘You can’t use testosterone levels to divide people into male or female’
The cultural anthropologist on why our view of testosterone as the male sex hormone skews both science and societyKatrina Karkazis, a senior research fellow at Yale University, is a cultural anthropologist working at the intersection of science, technology, gender studies and bioethics. WithRebecca Jordan-Young, a sociomedical scientist, she has writtenTestosterone: An Unauthorised Biography. It is a critique of both popular and scientific understandings of the hormone, and how they have been used to explain, or even defend, inequalities of power.You suggest that testosterone is understood as an exclusivelymale hormone, ev...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - December 7, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Andrew Anthony Tags: Anthropology Human biology Medical research Society Science Source Type: news

Obstructive Sleep Apnea May Be Underdiagnosed in Women
THURSDAY, Dec. 5, 2019 -- Men and women experience obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) during REM sleep at similar rates, according to a study published online Nov. 5 in SLEEP. Christine H.J. Won, M.D., from the Yale University School of Medicine in New... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - December 5, 2019 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

UConn researchers draw an evolutionary connection between pregnancy and cancer metastasis
(University of Connecticut) Pregnancy might hold the key to understanding how cancer metastasizes in various mammals -- including humans, according to UConn and Yale researchers. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - December 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

EPA ignores health benefits of coal rule it plans to weaken: economists
A U.S. Environmental Protection Agency proposal to weaken a rule on coal plant pollution fails to consider billions of dollars in health benefits for Americans, economists from universities including Harvard and Yale said on Wednesday. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - December 4, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

With cellular blueprint for lungs, researchers look to organ regeneration
Using sophisticated cellular screening across animal species, Yale researchers have taken the first step toward being able to bioengineer new human lungs. (Source: Yale Science and Health News)
Source: Yale Science and Health News - December 4, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Capital costs: Yale research offers truer calculation of 'footprint' of purchases
(Yale School of Forestry& Environmental Studies) Researchers at Yale have created a model that enables more accurate calculations of the environmental footprints associated with a range of industrial processes -- and the products and services we purchase. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - December 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Hyperfine partners with Nvidia, Penn Medicine on portable MRI system
Healthcare technology firm Hyperfine Research has partnered with Nvidia on...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Nvidia debuts Clara FL at RSNA 2019 Hyperfine shows point-of-care MRI scanner at ACEP 2019 Yale tests point-of-care MRI scanner for ICU Nvidia, ACR collaborate on AI for radiology Nvidia debuts AI toolkit for radiologists at GTC 2019 Nvidia launches Clara SDK at RSNA 2018 (Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines)
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - December 3, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: news

Hyperfine, Nvidia partner on portable MRI system
Healthcare technology firm Hyperfine Research has partnered with Nvidia on...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Nvidia debuts Clara FL at RSNA 2019 Hyperfine shows point-of-care MRI scanner at ACEP 2019 Yale tests point-of-care MRI scanner for ICU Nvidia, ACR collaborate on AI for radiology Nvidia debuts AI toolkit for radiologists at GTC 2019 Nvidia launches Clara SDK at RSNA 2018 (Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines)
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - December 3, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: news

Yale Canine Cancer Vaccine Program treats dogs with cancer
Has your furry friend been diagnosed with cancer? Yale School of Medicine ’s Dr. Mark Mamula is piloting a clinical treatment program that may be able to help. (Source: Yale Science and Health News)
Source: Yale Science and Health News - December 3, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Click, click, cook: Online grocery shopping leaves ‘food deserts’ behind
Having groceries delivered as part of the federal government ’s SNAP program increases access to healthy food in underserved communities, a Yale study finds. (Source: Yale Science and Health News)
Source: Yale Science and Health News - December 2, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Experts gather at YSPH for scientific imaging symposium
The Nov. 22 symposium drew an array of experts to compare their use of imaging technology to pry ever deeper into the mysteries of biology — and disease. (Source: Yale Science and Health News)
Source: Yale Science and Health News - November 27, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

This Under-Utilized Drug Is Actually Critical for Treatment-Resistant Depression
Many people with clinical depression have tried an array of medication and still feel sick. Maybe they’ve tried different selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) or selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs). Maybe they’ve taken these antidepressants along with an antipsychotic (a common strategy to boost effectiveness). Either way, the lack of improvement can make individuals feel even more hopeless and fear the darkness will never lift. If this sounds all-too familiar, you’re definitely not alone. In fact, up to 30 percent of people with depression don’t respond to the first few ...
Source: Psych Central - November 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Margarita Tartakovsky, M.S. Tags: Antidepressants Depression Disorders ECT General Medications Treatment Atypical Depression difficult to treat depression Managing Depression MAOIs medication for depression Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors Severe Depression Treatin Source Type: news

Linkage between evolution of pregnancy and cancer spread explained
In humans, the placenta invades the wall of the uterus in much the same way that cancer cells invade the surrounding tissues at the outset of metastasis. (Source: Yale Science and Health News)
Source: Yale Science and Health News - November 26, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news