Tinea capitis in children: a systematic review of management
Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology)
Source: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology - May 24, 2018 Category: Dermatology Authors: Aditya K. Gupta , Rachel R. Mays , Sarah G. Versteeg , Bianca Maria Piraccini , Neil H. Shear , Vincent Piguet , Antonella Tosti , Sheila F. Friedlander Source Type: research

Tinea Capitis in a Newborn
New England Journal of Medicine,Volume 378, Issue 21, Page 2022-2022, May 2018. (Source: New England Journal of Medicine)
Source: New England Journal of Medicine - May 23, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Christian Fremerey Pietro Nenoff Source Type: research

Trichoscopy helps to predict the time point of clinical cure of tinea capitis
Australasian Journal of Dermatology, EarlyView. (Source: Australasian Journal of Dermatology)
Source: Australasian Journal of Dermatology - May 16, 2018 Category: Dermatology Authors: Nina A Richarz , Lorena Barboza , Manuel Monson ís , Maria A González‐Enseñat , Asunción Vicente Source Type: research

Trichoscopy helps to predict the time point of clinical cure of tinea capitis.
;at MA, Vicente A PMID: 29767838 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Australasian Journal of Dermatology)
Source: The Australasian Journal of Dermatology - May 16, 2018 Category: Dermatology Authors: Richarz NA, Barboza L, Monsonís M, González-Enseñat MA, Vicente A Tags: Australas J Dermatol Source Type: research

[Role of Pharmacists in Topical Therapy for Onychomycosis in the Home-care Setting].
Abstract  There is an urgent need to promote home medical care in Japan because of the country's superaging society. Community pharmacists are expected to play an important role as part of home medical care teams. The prevalence of nail ringworm is high among home-care patients and can cause decreases in the quality of life, including difficulty in walking due to pain caused by nail deformation and inflammation around infected nails. Nail ringworm is typically treated with oral medication. However, the condition is left untreated in many elderly patients because of the risk of drug-drug interactions or concerns ...
Source: Yakugaku Zasshi : Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan - May 3, 2018 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Yamaura K, Hayashi N, Imazu Y, Yoneta Y, Uchida E, Suzuki J Tags: Yakugaku Zasshi Source Type: research

[Study of Home-based Ringworm Treatment and Follow-up by Visiting Nurses and Physicians: Interventional Effects].
Abstract  The aim of this study was to assess the effects of cooperation by visiting nurses and physicians experienced in general patient care, dermatology, and podiatry for the treatment of ringworm. Questionnaires were delivered to 1184 patients receiving home-based care by one of 14 participating visiting nursing establishments with a combined capacity of 3273 patients throughout five wards of the Tokyo metropolitan area. Responses were obtained from 691 patients (participation rate, 60.2%; average age, 80.2 years). The onychomycosis morbidity rate among home care patients was 22.7%. The results showed a sign...
Source: Yakugaku Zasshi : Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan - May 3, 2018 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Uchida E, Imazu Y, Yoneta Y, Yamaura K, Suzuki J Tags: Yakugaku Zasshi Source Type: research

Basal cell carcinoma induced by therapeutic radiation for tinea capitis —clinicopathological study
Histopathology, EarlyView. (Source: Histopathology)
Source: Histopathology - May 3, 2018 Category: Pathology Authors: Shlomit Oshinsky , Sharon Baum , Monica Huszar , Assaf Debby , Aviv Barzilai Source Type: research

Antimicrobial susceptibility of tinea capitis in children from Egypt
Conclusion: Identification and evaluation of the antifungal susceptibility of the pathogenic species in a certain geographic region is important to achieve a good clinical response. (Source: Indian Journal of Dermatology)
Source: Indian Journal of Dermatology - April 6, 2018 Category: Dermatology Authors: Reham William Doss Abdel-Aziz El-Rifaie Nagla Radi Aya Yehia El-Sherif Source Type: research

A Review of Tinea Capitis in a Cohort of Asian Children.
PMID: 29777246 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore)
Source: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore - April 1, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Tan CW, Foong AY, Liew HM, Koh MJ Tags: Ann Acad Med Singapore Source Type: research

[Tinea capitis and onychomycosis due to Trichophyton soudanense : Successful treatment with fluconazole-literature review].
Authors: Nenoff P, Krüger C, Schulze I, Koch D, Rahmig N, Hipler UC, Uhrlaß S Abstract Two African girls who moved to Germany only 4 weeks ago presented to the dermatological office with itchy and scaling skin lesions of the scalp and the thighs. The entire scalp of both girls was affected by a white, dry dandruff and a squamous crust. Dry centrifugal spreading erythematosquamous lesions were found on the thighs. The surface of the left thumbnail of the younger girl was whitish. The Blancophor® preparations which were performed under the suspicion of a tinea capitis et corporis an...
Source: Der Hautarzt: Zeitschrift fur Dermatologie, Venerologie, und verwandte Gebiete - March 29, 2018 Category: Dermatology Tags: Hautarzt Source Type: research

Epidemiology of dermatophytoses in 31 municipalities of the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina: A 6-year study.
CONCLUSIONS: Results from the MNPBA survey provide valuable information that should enable further interventions to be designed in order to prevent and control the disease. PMID: 29606407 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revista Iberoamericana de Micologia)
Source: Revista Iberoamericana de Micologia - March 29, 2018 Category: Biology Authors: Mazza M, Refojo N, Davel G, Lima N, Dias N, Passos da Silva CMF, Canteros CE, Mycology Network of the Province of Buenos Aires (MNPBA) Tags: Rev Iberoam Micol Source Type: research

Emergence of African species of dermatophytes in tinea capitis: A 17 ‐year experience in a Montreal pediatric hospital
Pediatric Dermatology, EarlyView. (Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - March 24, 2018 Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

Molecular epidemiology of Trichophyton tonsurans, the causative dermatophyte of the epidemic of tinea gladiatorum in Japan between 2011 and 2015.
Abstract Trichophyton tonsurans, a major pathogen of tinea capitis and tinea corporis, has been isolated from players of contact sports in Japan. To understand the contemporary epidemic in Japan, the molecular types of 208 strains isolated between 2011 and 2015 were determined. Of these, 142 were isolated from practitioners of judo, 28 from wrestlers, seven from sumo wrestlers, and 31 from individuals with unknown backgrounds. Based on length polymorphisms of the non-transcribed spacer (NTS) region of the ribosomal RNA gene, these 208 strains could be divided into three subtypes, NTS I(204; 98.1%), II (three; 1.4%...
Source: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases - February 28, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Sakata Y, Ushigami T, Anzawa K, Mochizuki T Tags: Jpn J Infect Dis Source Type: research

Basal Cell Carcinoma Induced by Therapeutic Radiation for Tinea Capitis – Clinical Pathological Study
ConclusionsBCCs following radiation therapy for tinea capitis show unique histological characteristics related to aggressive behaviour. These aggressive features did not reflect the clinical behaviour in the current cohort.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Histopathology)
Source: Histopathology - February 21, 2018 Category: Pathology Authors: S. Oshinsky, S. Baum, M. Huszar, A. Debby, A. Barzilai Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Is Low-Dose Radiation Exposure a Risk Factor for Atherosclerotic Disease?
mões M, Soares P Abstract Nontargeted late effects of radiation include an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, although this is still debatable in the context of low-dose radiation. Tinea capitis patients treated in childhood with X rays to induce scalp epilation received a low dose of radiation to their carotids. To better clarify this issue, we evaluated carotid atherosclerosis in a cohort of such patients treated in 1950-1963 in Portugal. A group of 454 individuals randomly chosen from previously observed Portuguese tinea capitis patients and a control group mainly composed of their spouses (n = 28...
Source: Radiation Research - February 20, 2018 Category: Physics Authors: Boaventura P, Durães C, Mendes A, Costa NR, Chora I, Ferreira S, Araújo E, Lopes P, Rosa G, Marques P, Tavares S, Chaves V, Bettencourt P, Oliveira I, Costa F, Ramos I, Teles MJ, Guimarães JT, Sobrinho-Simões M, Soares P Tags: Radiat Res Source Type: research

Characterizing the clinical isolates of dermatophytes in Hamadan city, Central west of Iran, using PCR-RLFP method
Conclusion Our finding showed that the anthropophilic dermatophyte species causing dermatophytosis are increasing, and molecular methods are reliable assays for accurse identification of dermatophyte species in epidemiological studies. (Source: Journal of Medical Mycology)
Source: Journal of Medical Mycology - February 11, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: research

Dermatophyties à Trichophyton violaceum au laboratoire de parasitologie mycologie de l’HMMI de Mekhnès (à propos de douze cas)
The objective of this work is to study the clinical and epidemiological profile of T. violaceum infections. Material and methods This is a descriptive retrospective study of a series of twelve cases of T. violaceum dermatophytosis diagnosed among patients referred to our laboratory for suspicion of dermatomycosis during a period from January 2011 to December 2016. The diagnosis was based on the positivity of direct examination and culture, and the identification of our strains on the macroscopic and microscopic characteristics of the colonies. Results The mean age at diagnosis was 8.6 years with a sex r...
Source: Journal of Medical Mycology - February 10, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: research

Italian multicentre study found infectious and vaccine ‐preventable diseases in children adopted from Africa and recommends prompt medical screening
ConclusionThe prevalence of infectious conditions and not‐protective titres for vaccine‐preventable diseases observed in our population underlines the need for prompt and complete medical screening of children adopted from Africa. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - February 8, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Elena Chiappini, Mauro Zaffaroni, Martina Bianconi, Giuseppina Veneruso, Nicolino Grasso, Silvia Garazzino, Rosangela Arancio, Piero Valentini, Anna Ficcadenti, Maria Rosalia Da Riol, Simona La Placa, Luisa Galli, Maurizio Martino, Gianni Bona Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Italian multicentre study found infectious and vaccine preventable diseases in children adopted from Africa and recommends prompt medical screening
ConclusionThe prevalence of infectious conditions and not‐protective titres for vaccine preventable diseases observed in our population underlines the need for prompt and complete medical screening of children adopted from Africa.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - January 24, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Elena Chiappini, Mauro Zaffaroni, Martina Bianconi, Giuseppina Veneruso, Nicolino Grasso, Silvia Garazzino, Rosangela Arancio, Piero Valentini, Anna Ficcadenti, Maria Rosalia Da Riol, Simona La Placa, Luisa Galli, Maurizio de Martino, Gianni Bona Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Epidemiology of fungal infections in China
AbstractWith the increasing number of immunocompromised hosts, the epidemiological characteristics of fungal infections have undergone enormous changes worldwide, including in China. In this paper, we reviewed the existing data on mycosis across China to summarize available epidemiological profiles. We found that the general incidence of superficial fungal infections in China has been stable, but the incidence of tinea capitis has decreased and the transmission route has changed. By contrast, the overall incidence of invasive fungal infections has continued to rise. The occurrence of candidemia caused byCandida species oth...
Source: Frontiers of Medicine - January 11, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Cover Image: Trichophyton violaceum destroys hair keratin fibres in tinea capitis
(Source: British Journal of Dermatology)
Source: British Journal of Dermatology - January 8, 2018 Category: Dermatology Authors: K. Zhuang, X. Ran, Y. Ran Tags: Image Correspondence Source Type: research

Molecular epidemiology of Trichophyton quinckeanum – a zoophilic dermatophyte on the rise
ConclusionsIn Germany, the zoophilic dermatophyte T. quinckeanum currently appears to be more prevalent than expected. T. quinckeanum strains were isolated from children and adults with dermatomycosis and tinea capitis. Sources of infection with T. quinckeanum include small rodents (mice), horses, and – remarkably commonly –  cats. Given that unequivocal morphological identification of this dermatophyte is not always possible, molecular methods have to be employed in the diagnosis. (Source: JDDG)
Source: JDDG - January 8, 2018 Category: Dermatology Authors: Silke Uhrla ß, Wieland Schroedl, Carolin Mehlhorn, Constanze Krüger, Vit Hubka, Thomas Maier, Yvonne Gräser, Uwe Paasch, Pietro Nenoff Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Molekulare Epidemiologie von Trichophyton quinckeanum – ein zoophiler Dermatophyt im Aufwind
Zusammenfassung HintergrundEntsprechend der aktualisierten Taxonomie der Dermatophyten ist Trichophyton (T.) quinckeanum – früher lediglich als Subspezies T. mentagrophytes var. quinckeanum bekannt ‐ wieder eine eigenständige Spezies. Patienten und MethodikVon 11/2013 bis 1/2017 (3 Jahre und 3 Monate) wurde in der Routinediagnostik des Labors Mölbis nach Stämmen von T. quinckeanum gesucht. Alle Stämme wurden molekularbiologisch mit (1.) Sondenhybridisierung (PCR‐ELISA), (2.) Sequenzierung der ITS‐ und TEF1α ‐Genregionen sowie (3.) teilweise mittels MALDI‐TOF‐MS ana...
Source: JDDG - January 8, 2018 Category: Dermatology Authors: Silke Uhrla ß, Wieland Schroedl, Carolin Mehlhorn, Constanze Krüger, Vit Hubka, Thomas Maier, Yvonne Gräser, Uwe Paasch, Pietro Nenoff Tags: Originalarbeit Source Type: research

Epidemiology of Dermatophyte Infections among School Children in Menoufia Governorate, Egypt
ConclusionsDermatophyte infection is still prevalent among basic school pupils. Fortunately, it is related to preventable risk factors. We recommend regular screening and use of educational health programs for kids to control it.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Mycoses)
Source: Mycoses - January 4, 2018 Category: Research Authors: Azza G. A. Farag, Mostafa A Hammam, Reda A Ibrahim, Reda Z. Mahfouz, Nada F Elnaidany, Masroor Qutubuddin, Rehab R.E. Tolba Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Dermoscopy for discriminating between Trichophyton and Microsporum infections in tinea capitis
Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, EarlyView. (Source: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology)
Source: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology - January 4, 2018 Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

Tinea faciei in a central Portuguese hospital: A 9 ‐year survey
Summary Tinea faciei is a relatively uncommon dermatophytosis that affects the glabrous skin of the face. The aim of this study was to analyse the epidemiologic, clinical and mycological features of tinea faciei cases diagnosed at the Dermatology and Venereology Department of Hospital Santo António dos Capuchos (Lisbon, Portugal). Consecutive cases diagnosed between 2008 and 2016 were studied retrospectively. A total of 72 tinea faciei cases have been diagnosed, involving 37 male and 35 female, aged between 8 months and 86 years. The majority were observed in patients younger than 12 years of age (59....
Source: Mycoses - December 28, 2017 Category: Research Authors: Ana Borges, Ana Brasileiro, C élia Galhardas, Margarida Apetato Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Dermoscopy for discriminating between Trichophyton and Microsporum infections in tinea capitis
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology)
Source: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology - December 13, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: D Lekkas, D Ioannides, Z Apalla, A Lallas, E Lazaridou, E Sotiriou Tags: Letter to Editor Source Type: research

Tinea capitis-like infection caused by Rhodotorula mucilaginosa in a Shelter for African Refugee Children in Northern Israel.
Abstract Rhodotorula is a genus of unicellular pigmented yeasts, part of the division Basidiomycota. In this article, we report three cases of refugee children in a day care shelter in northern Israel who were clinically diagnosed and treated empirically as with ringworm infection but with clean and exclusive growth of Rhodotorula mucilaginosa in repeated cultures of several skin samples. Skin infections caused by this yeast are rare and there are few reports in the literature, mainly in patients who are immunocompromised. Here we report an infectious process of the scalp in immunocompetent children, caused by Rho...
Source: Acta Tropica - December 13, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Peretz A, Nitzan O, Freidus V, Kassem R Tags: Acta Trop Source Type: research

Antifungal activity of silver nanoparticles on Fluconazole resistant Dermatophytes identified by (GACA)4 and isolated from primary school children suffering from Tinea Capitis in Ismailia - Egypt.
This study is aimed to detect the antifungal activity of silver nanoparticles (SNPs) on Fluconazole resistant dermatophytes isolated from primary school children clinically suffering from tinea capitis and attending El-Sheikh Zaid Dermatology Center in Ismailia. The study was done on 112 clinical cases. Examination with potassium hydroxide(KOH) of hair samples was done, followed by routine identification using culturing, macroscopical and microscopical examination and biochemical tests, finally molecular identification using Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) with (GACA) 4 was done. Fluconazole resistance of these dermatophyt...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - December 8, 2017 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

Common Child and Adolescent Cutaneous Infestations and Fungal Infections
Cutaneous infections and infestations are common among children and adolescents. Ectoparasitic infestations affect individuals across the globe. Head lice, body lice, scabies, and infestations with bed bugs are seen in individuals who reside in both resource poor areas and in developed countries. Superficial cutaneous and mucosal candida occur throughput the life cycle. Dermatophyte infections of keratin-containing skin and skin structures result in tinea capitis (scalp), tinea corporis (body), tinea pedis (foot), and tinea unguium (nails). (Source: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care)
Source: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care - November 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Sherman J. Alter, Megan B. McDonald, Julie Schloemer, Ryan Simon, Julian Trevino Source Type: research

Tinea capitis mimicking dissecting cellulitis in three children
Abstract Tinea capitis mimicking dissecting cellulitis is a rare presentation, and there is a paucity of information regarding this presentation in the literature. Three children 10‐14 years of age who presented with an unusual clinical manifestation of tinea capitis that clinically resembled dissecting cellulitis are reported. The patients were treated with systemic antifungals for 3‐4 months. Treatment success was measured according to repeat fungal cultures and clinical assessment of hair regrowth at follow‐up visits. All three patients had resolution of infection, with negative repeat fungal cultures and complete...
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 1, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Jennifer Shastry, Heather Ciliberto, Dawn Marie Davis Tags: BRIEF REPORT Source Type: research

Piper regnellii extract biopolymer ‐based microparticles: production, characterization and antifungal activity
ConclusionMicroencapsulation provided a significant improvement in the stability of the P. regnellii extract e better solubilization of chemical compounds, maintaining the antifungal effect against T. rubrum.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Journal of Applied Microbiology)
Source: Journal of Applied Microbiology - October 26, 2017 Category: Microbiology Authors: Lara Zampar Serra Brambilla, Eliana Harue Endo, Di ógenes Aparício Garcia Cortez, Marli Miriam de Souza Lima, Benedito Prado Dias Filho Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Management of mycoses in daily practice.
Authors: Drago L, Micali G, Papini M, Piraccini BM, Veraldi S Abstract The guideline recommendations, albeit founded on thorough reviews of clinically relevant literature data, are often not immediately adaptable to everyday life. Considering the marked heterogeneity of superficial mycoses, each of them requires specific management in a real life context; in all cases diagnostic confirmation is required with microscopic and culture examination. In tinea capitis oral therapy is necessary (minimum six weeks) and should be continued until clinical and, above all, mycological healing. In cases of tinea corporis, cruris...
Source: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia - October 22, 2017 Category: Dermatology Tags: G Ital Dermatol Venereol Source Type: research

Superficial fungal infections
or mycoses are common treatable conditions seen in everyday clinical practice, although they can present differently in immunosuppressed patients. Dermatophyte or ringworm infections, superficial candidiasis of the mouth, skin or genital tract and infections caused by Malassezia, such as pityriasis versicolor, are the main conditions. Although they present with typical clinical changes, diagnosis can generally be confirmed by direct microscopy or culture of suitable samples. (Source: Medicine)
Source: Medicine - October 10, 2017 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Roderick Hay Tags: Skin and soft tissue infections Source Type: research

Scalp Lesions in a Pediatric Patient with Hyper IgM Syndrome: Clinical and Histologic Mimicry of Cryptococcus neoformans Infection
We report a case of cutaneous cryptococcosis due to Cryptococcus neoformans in a pediatric patient with hyper IgM syndrome with scalp lesions that resembled tinea capitis on gross examination and mimicked juvenile xanthogranuloma on histologic examination. This case highlights the importance of considering cutaneous cryptococcosis in patients with hyper IgM syndrome. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - September 28, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Karen P. Acker, Audrey Fetch, Stephanie A. Schnell, Jennifer Hammond, Christina Herrera, George Niedt, Adam J. Ratner, Christine T. Lauren Tags: Clinical and laboratory observations Source Type: research

Hair Loss: Common Causes and Treatment.
Abstract Hair loss is often distressing and can have a significant effect on the patient's quality of life. Patients may present to their family physician first with diffuse or patchy hair loss. Scarring alopecia is best evaluated by a dermatologist. Nonscarring alopecias can be readily diagnosed and treated in the family physician's office. Androgenetic alopecia can be diagnosed clinically and treated with minoxidil. Alopecia areata is diagnosed by typical patches of hair loss and is self-limited. Tinea capitis causes patches of alopecia that may be erythematous and scaly and must be treated systemically. Telogen...
Source: American Family Physician - September 15, 2017 Category: Primary Care Authors: Phillips TG, Slomiany WP, Allison R Tags: Am Fam Physician Source Type: research

Tinea corporis caused by Trichophyton equinum in a rider and review of the literature
ConclusionAlthoughT. equinum was considered in the past as a strict zoophilic dermatophyte, our case report confirms that it can cause dermatophytoses also in humans. A review of epidemiological and clinical features of human infections caused byT. equinum is presented. (Source: Infection)
Source: Infection - September 6, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Tinea capitis in children and trichoscopic criteria
Ebtisam ElghblawiInternational Journal of Trichology 2017 9(2):47-49 Tinea capitis is the most common pediatric superficial dermatophyte infection. The causative species vary, as for instance, Microsporum canis predominates in Europe, while Trichophyton tonsurans predominates in North America. Tinea capitis does not respond well to topical therapy alone, thus oral therapy is requisite. The drug of choice is griseofulvin; however in some countries, it is no longer available. Fungal culture should be requested in the persistent, scalp lesion and trichoscopy can put forward a speedy diagnosis by its characteristic findings. ...
Source: International Journal of Trichology - July 21, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Ebtisam Elghblawi Source Type: research

A 12-year old girl with severe plaque psoriasis and Down syndrome treated successfuly with etanercept
We present a case of highly inflammatory tinea capitis, also known as kerion celsi, caused byM. canis in a 6-year-old-patient. Scalp infections due toM. canis are a growing problem in dermatological practice. Changes in epidemiology, etiology, and clinical patterns of fungal infections due toM. canis are significant. Greater awareness of this problem is needed in order to establish proper diagnosis and successful treatment strategy for these patients.  (Source: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica)
Source: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica - July 20, 2017 Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

Kerion Celsi due to Microsporum canis with dermatophytide reaction
We present a case of highly inflammatory tinea capitis, also known as kerion celsi, caused byM. canis in a 6-year-old-patient. Scalp infections due toM. canis are a growing problem in dermatological practice. Changes in epidemiology, etiology, and clinical patterns of fungal infections due toM. canis are significant. Greater awareness of this problem is needed in order to establish proper diagnosis and successful treatment strategy for these patients.  (Source: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica)
Source: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica - July 20, 2017 Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

Swainsonine Biosynthesis Genes in Diverse Symbiotic and Pathogenic Fungi
Swainsonine—a cytotoxic fungal alkaloid and a potential cancer therapy drug—is produced by the insect pathogen and plant symbiont Metarhizium robertsii, the clover pathogen Slafractonia leguminicola, locoweed symbionts belonging to Alternaria sect. Undifilum, and a recently discovered morning glory symbiont belonging to order Chaetothyriales. Genome sequence analyses revealed that these fungi share orthologous gene clusters, designated "SWN," which included a multifunctional swnK gene comprising predicted adenylylation and acyltransferase domains with their associated thiolation domains, a β-keto...
Source: G3: Genes Genomes Genetics - June 7, 2017 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Cook, D., Donzelli, B. G. G., Creamer, R., Baucom, D. L., Gardner, D. R., Pan, J., Moore, N., Krasnoff, S. B., Jaromczyk, J. W., Schardl, C. L. Tags: Investigations Source Type: research

Remarkable Works and Cases in the History of Medical Mycology in Japan.
Authors: Nishimoto K Abstract Several pathogenic fungi and cases related to Japanese medical mycologists were reviewed. Trichosporon inkin (as Sarcinomyces inkin) was reported as a pathogen of scrotal lesion by Oho in 1921, and Trichosporon asahii was isolated from generalized keratotic lesions in 1922 by Akagi in Japan. They were once included in Trichophyton beigelii, but then based on revision using DNA molecular technology, were returned to their original names.Microsporum ferrugineum was reported by Ota as a causative dermatophyte of tinea capitis in Japan and surrounding areas. It was once classified under th...
Source: Medical Mycology Journal - June 3, 2017 Category: Biology Tags: Med Mycol J Source Type: research

Features of tinea capitis caused by Trichophyton violaceum and Trichophyton soudanense
Background: Tinea capitis is a common dermatophyte infection in children. Pathogens responsible for tinea capitis vary across different geographic regions. The most common pathogens in the USA have been Trichophyton tonsurans accounting for greater than 90% of infections followed by Microsporum canis. Other pathogens such as Trichophyton violaceum and Trichophyton soudanense are common in Africa but have been rare causes of tinea in the USA. However, their incidence has been increasing in the USA possibly due to immigration patterns. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology - May 31, 2017 Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

Serious fungal infections in the Philippines
AbstractThe Philippines is a low middle-income, tropical country in Southeast Asia. Infectious diseases remain the main causes of morbidity, including tuberculosis. AIDS/HIV prevalence is still low at
Source: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - May 24, 2017 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Epidemiological profile of tinea capitis in São Paulo City
Abstract: Tinea capitis is the most common fungal infection in children. The identification of the etiologic agent helps clinicians make their therapeutic choice. Studies conducted in different countries show a changing pattern of the main etiological agents according to their regions. We performed a retrospective study in the tertiary public service in S ão Paulo, analyzing the isolated etiological agents in patients with tinea capitis from March 2013 to May 2015. Microsporum canis was the main agent (56.6%), followed by Trichophyton tonsurans (36.6%). Despite recent migratory movements in the city, we observed no ...
Source: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia - May 19, 2017 Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

Alopecia in patients with vitamin D-resistant rickets type-II
Abstract: Tinea capitis is the most common fungal infection in children. The identification of the etiologic agent helps clinicians make their therapeutic choice. Studies conducted in different countries show a changing pattern of the main etiological agents according to their regions. We performed a retrospective study in the tertiary public service in S ão Paulo, analyzing the isolated etiological agents in patients with tinea capitis from March 2013 to May 2015. Microsporum canis was the main agent (56.6%), followed by Trichophyton tonsurans (36.6%). Despite recent migratory movements in the city, we observed no ...
Source: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia - May 19, 2017 Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

Exuberant angiosarcoma
Abstract: Tinea capitis is the most common fungal infection in children. The identification of the etiologic agent helps clinicians make their therapeutic choice. Studies conducted in different countries show a changing pattern of the main etiological agents according to their regions. We performed a retrospective study in the tertiary public service in S ão Paulo, analyzing the isolated etiological agents in patients with tinea capitis from March 2013 to May 2015. Microsporum canis was the main agent (56.6%), followed by Trichophyton tonsurans (36.6%). Despite recent migratory movements in the city, we observed no ...
Source: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia - May 19, 2017 Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

Condyloma acuminata at urethral orifice complicated with hemophilia A
Abstract: Tinea capitis is the most common fungal infection in children. The identification of the etiologic agent helps clinicians make their therapeutic choice. Studies conducted in different countries show a changing pattern of the main etiological agents according to their regions. We performed a retrospective study in the tertiary public service in S ão Paulo, analyzing the isolated etiological agents in patients with tinea capitis from March 2013 to May 2015. Microsporum canis was the main agent (56.6%), followed by Trichophyton tonsurans (36.6%). Despite recent migratory movements in the city, we observed no ...
Source: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia - May 19, 2017 Category: Dermatology Source Type: research