Fingertips contamination after brief touch of tinea capitis lesions caused by Microsporum canis
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: British Journal of Dermatology)
Source: British Journal of Dermatology - June 28, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: M.H. Grunwald, B. Amichai, A. Shemer Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Holoptelea integrifolia (Roxb.) Planch: A Review of Its Ethnobotany, Pharmacology, and Phytochemistry.
Abstract Holoptelea integrifolia (Ulmaceae) is a versatile medicinal plant used in various indigenous systems of medicine for curing routine healthcare maladies. It is traditionally used in the treatment and prevention of several ailments like leprosy, inflammation, rickets, leucoderma, scabies, rheumatism, ringworm, eczema, malaria, intestinal cancer, and chronic wounds. In vitro and in vivo pharmacological investigations on crude extracts and isolated compounds showed antibacterial, antifungal, analgesic, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anthelmintic, antidiabetic, antidiarrhoeal, adaptogenic, anticancer, wound h...
Source: Biomed Res - June 23, 2014 Category: Research Authors: Ganie SA, Yadav SS Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research

The use of a one-step PCR method for the identification of Microsporum canis and Trichophyton mentagrophytes infection of pets.
In this study, we applied a method patented by Brillowska-Dabrowska and coworkers (Brillowska-Dąbrowska A, Saunte DM, Arenderup MC, 2007, Five-hour diagnosis of dermatophyte nail infections with specific detection of Trichophyton rubrum. J Clin Microbiol 45: 1200-1204) which involves extraction of fungal DNA and PCR amplification with pan-dermatophyte primers to confirm the presence of dermatophytes. Results: The method used here is able to confirm the presence of dermatophyte DNA in pure cultures in less than 5 hours. PMID: 24945136 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acta Biochim Pol)
Source: Acta Biochim Pol - June 18, 2014 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Dąbrowska I, Dworecka-Kaszak B, Brillowska-Dąbrowska A Tags: Acta Biochim Pol Source Type: research

The inhibitory effect of Mesembryanthemum edule (L.) bolus essential oil on some pathogenic fungal isolates
Conclusion: Having accounted the profile chemical constituent found in M. edule oil and its important antifungal properties, we consider that its essential oil might be useful in pharmaceutical and food industry as natural antibiotic and food preservative. (Source: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine)
Source: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine - May 23, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Beauty OmoruyiAnthony AfolayanGraeme Bradley Source Type: research

Clinical, epidemiological, and therapeutic profile of dermatophytosis
CONCLUSION: This study showed the importance of recurrent analysis of the epidemiological profile of dermatophytosis to enable correct therapeutic and preventive management of these conditions, which have significant clinical consequences, with chronic, difficult-totreat lesions that can decrease patient quality of life and cause disfigurement. (Source: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia)
Source: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia - April 25, 2014 Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

A76: Long‐Term Efficacy of Canakinumab in Childhood Colchicine Resistant Familial Mediterranean Fever
Conclusion:This study demonstrated the longterm therapeutic effect of canakinumab in pediatric pts with CR‐FMF. AEs were manageable. Occasional increases in dose were needed while the dosing interval could be lengthened in some patients. A larger study is needed to better evaluate the benefit and optimal dosing of canakinumab for CR‐FMF. (Source: Arthritis and Rheumatism)
Source: Arthritis and Rheumatism - March 27, 2014 Category: Rheumatology Authors: Philip Hashkes, Yonatan Butbul Aviel, Sari Lubin, Eliad Ben‐Dayan, Lillian Tseng, Riva Brik Tags: Poster Presentations Source Type: research

Trichophyton verrucosum infection in cattle farms of Umbria (Central Italy) and transmission to humans
Summary Trichophyton verrucosum is the most common ringworm agent in cattle. Epidemiology of cattle dermatophytoses in Central Italy is not clear. Its diffusion among cattle and herdsmen was investigated in 20 Umbrian farms, Central Italy. Hairs and scales were taken from 395 animals and 31 workers. Typical ringworm was present in 71.7% of cattle under 6 months and in 11% of animals over 6 months. T. verrucosum was isolated from 98.9% of symptomatic heads and was the most prevalent dermatophyte in all herds investigated (isolated in 18 of the 20 farms). T. mentagrophytes var. mentagrophytes was found in 16 sympto...
Source: Mycoses - March 13, 2014 Category: Research Authors: Francesco Agnetti, Cecilia Righi, Eleonora Scoccia, Andrea Felici, Silvia Crotti, Iolanda Moretta, Annabella Moretti, Carmen Maresca, Lucas Troiani, Manuela Papini Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Epidemiological studies on Dermatophytosis in human patients in Himachal Pradesh, India
We present in this article, the epidemiological data regarding the prevalence of different dermatophyte species involved in superficial mycoses in human patients in the state of Himachal Pradesh (India) and different clinical conditions, age and sex of the patients. A total of 202 samples in the form of skin and nail scrapings, hair follicles were collected from different ringworm/tinea conditions which included: Tinea corporis, T. capitis, T. cruris, T. pedis, T. unguium, T. faciei, T. manuum and T. gladiatorum. On culturing, 74 samples (36.6%) were found positive for dermatophyte spp. Trichophyton spp. was the predominan...
Source: BioMed Central - March 9, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Vikesh Kumar BhatiaPrakash Chand Sharma Source Type: research

Red face revisited: Disorders of hair growth and the pilosebaceous unit
This paper reviews the recent literature on the diseases of the hair and pilosebaceous unit that may cause a red face. We discuss the epidemiology, clinicals, pathogenesis, and therapy of lichen planopilaris with its variants, discoid lupus erythematosus, folliculitis decalvans, dissecting folliculitis, acne keloidalis nuchae, pseudofolliculitis barbae, tinea capitis, tinea barbae, folliculitis of diverse causative factors and inflammatory follicular keratotic syndromes, ulerythema ophryogenes, atrophoderma vermiculatum, keratosis follicularis spinulosa decalvans, and folliculitis spinulosa decalvans. (Source: Clinics in Dermatology)
Source: Clinics in Dermatology - March 3, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: Marcia Ramos-e-Silva, Rodrigo Pirmez Source Type: research

Red face revisited disorders of hair growth and the pilosebaceous unit
The authors review the recent literature on the diseases of the hair and pilosebaceous unit that may cause a red face. We will discuss the epidemiology, clinics, pathogenesis, and therapy of lichen planopilaris with its variants, discoid lupus erythematosus, folliculitis decalvans, dissecting folliculitis, acne keloidalis nuchae, pseudofolliculitis barbae, tinea capitis, tinea barbae, folliculitis of diverse etiologies and inflammatory follicular keratotic syndromes, ulerythema ophryogenes, atrophoderma vermiculatum, keratosis follicularis spinulosa decalvans, and folliculitis spinulosa decalvans. (Source: Clinics in Dermatology)
Source: Clinics in Dermatology - February 28, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: Marcia Ramos-e-Silva, Rodrigo Pirmez Source Type: research

Mycology – an update. Part 1: Dermatomycoses: Causative agents, epidemiology and pathogenesis
Summary Dermatomycoses are caused most commonly by dermatophytes. The anthropophilic dermatophyte Trichophyton rubrum is still the most frequent causative agent worldwide. Keratinolytic enzymes, e.g. hydrolases and keratinases, are important virulence factors of T. rubrum. Recently, the cysteine dioxygenase was found as new virulence factor. Predisposing host factors play a similarly important role for the development of dermatophytosis of the skin and nails. Chronic venous insufficiency, diabetes mellitus, disorders of cellular immunity, and genetic predisposition should be considered as risk factors for onychomycosi...
Source: JDDG - February 17, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: Pietro Nenoff, Constanze Krüger, Gabriele Ginter‐Hanselmayer, Hans‐Jürgen Tietz Tags: CME Article Source Type: research

Diagnosis and Management of Alopecia in Children
Alopecia in childhood is a source of high concern, frustration, and anxiety. Delineating types of alopecia and those that are chronic or potentially related to underlying medical problems is important. There are 5 common types of hair loss in children: alopecia related to tinea capitis, alopecia areata spectrum/autoimmune alopecia, traction alopecia, telogen effluvium, and trichotillomania/trichotillosis. Hair-cycle anomalies including loose anagen syndrome can lead to sparse-appearing hair. Rarer reasons for alopecia in children include pressure-induced alopecia, alopecia related to nutritional deficiency or toxic ingesti...
Source: Pediatric Clinics of North America - January 22, 2014 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Leslie Castelo-Soccio Source Type: research

Scanning and transmission electron microscopic observation of the parasitic form of Trichophyton violaceum in the infected hair from tinea capitis
Summary Trichophyton violaceum is a pathogen of tinea capitis and usually cause infection of scalp and hair in children. To investigate the parasitic form of T. violaceum in the human hair tissue, the infected hair strands were collected from a 9‐year‐old boy with tinea capitis due to T. violaceum and observed under both the scanning electron microscope (SEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM). The SEM and TEM findings revealed that T. violaceum parasitically lives in the hair shaft in various forms and the morphological transformation of the fungus from hyphae into arthrospores was noted. The involved hair sha...
Source: Scanning - January 1, 2014 Category: Radiology Authors: Kaiwen Zhuang, Xin Ran, Song Lei, Chaoliang Zhang, Jebina Lama, Yuping Ran Tags: Short Note Source Type: research

Screening for asymptomatic scalp carriage in household contacts of patients with tinea capitis during 1997–2011: a retrospective hospital‐based study
Abstract For anthropophilic tinea capitis (TC), household spread and asymptomatic scalp carriage (ASC) is considered an important route of transmission and incomplete clearance. To investigate ASC in household contacts of patients diagnosed with TC in a tertiary hospital in Athens, Greece, we retrospectively reviewed the medical files of household contacts that were screened for ASC from 1997 to 2011. Only 34 household contacts of 15 index cases agreed to come for screening. Thirty‐three (97%) household contacts were asymptomatic scalp carriers. The most commonly isolated species was Trichophyton violaceum (59%). There w...
Source: Mycoses - December 23, 2013 Category: Research Authors: Clio Dessinioti, Eleni Papadogeorgaki, Vasiliki Athanasopoulou, Christina Antoniou, Alexander J. Stratigos Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Tinea capitis mimicking dissecting cellulitis of the scalp: a histopathologic pitfall when evaluating alopecia in the post‐pubertal patient
(Source: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology)
Source: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology - December 16, 2013 Category: Pathology Authors: Nathanial R. Miletta, Carmen Schwartz, Leonard Sperling Tags: Cover Quizlet Source Type: research

Diffuse Alopecia in an Adolescent Female: Tinea capitis
Abstract: “Black dot” tinea capitis is a common cause of alopecia in young patients. It is most commonly caused by a dermatophyte infection with Trichophyton tonsurans. This entity can be easily distinquished from alopecia areata with the use of hair/scalp dermoscopy. The use oral terbinafine is effective in resolving the infection. (Source: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology - December 11, 2013 Category: OBGYN Authors: Ellen Koch, Joseph C. English Tags: Dermatology for Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology Source Type: research

A multicenter clinicomycological study evaluating the spectrum of adult tinea capitis in Egypt.
CONCLUSIONS: Trichophyton violaceum is the most common cause of adult TC among Egyptians. Increased awareness of variable clinical forms of TC will help in identifying more cases, especially those with HCV infection and close contact with animals. PMID: 24336943 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica)
Source: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica - December 1, 2013 Category: Dermatology Authors: El-Khalawany M, Shaaban D, Hassan H, Abdalsalam F, Eassa B, Abdel Kader A, Shaheen I Tags: Acta Dermatovenerol Alp Panonica Adriat Source Type: research

Superficial fungal infections
Abstract: Superficial fungal infections or mycoses are common treatable conditions seen in everyday clinical practice, although they may also present differently in immunosuppressed patients. The dermatophyte or ringworm infections, superficial candidiasis of the mouth, skin or genital tract and infections due to Malassezia, such as pityriasis versicolor, are the main conditions. Although they present with typical clinical changes, generally diagnosis is enhanced by direct microscopy or culture of suitable samples. Treatment largely depends on the use of azole (imidazole/triazole) or allylamine antifungals, applied in shor...
Source: Medicine - November 28, 2013 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Roderick Hay Tags: Skin, soft tissue, bone and joint infections Source Type: research

Radiation-associated meningioma in the elderly: development of meningioma with olfactory neuroblastoma recurrence 10 years after irradiation.
Abstract Introduction The pathogenesis of meningiomas is not established [1,2]. However, intracranial irradiation in childhood is a risk factor for the development of meningiomas later in life [2-6]. Children treated with irradiation for tinea capitis of the scalp showed an almost ten-fold increase in development of meningiomas relative to age-matched controls [2,3]. In a study of almost 18,000 children who survived for at least five years after receiving external beam radiation, 2.3% developed meningiomas within 17 years of follow-up [5]. Notably, meningioma formation after radiation therapy (RT) occurs almost ex...
Source: Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science - November 24, 2013 Category: Laboratory Medicine Authors: Johnson MD, Piech K, Emandian S Tags: Ann Clin Lab Sci Source Type: research

[Tinea capitis and dermatoscopy.]
PMID: 24280426 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Anales de Pediatria)
Source: Anales de Pediatria - November 23, 2013 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Neri I, Orgaz-Molina J, Ciabatti S, Ricci L, Balestri R Tags: An Pediatr (Barc) Source Type: research

Tinea Capitis Mimicking Dissecting Cellulitis
Abstract Tinea capitis is a common disease of childhood that typically follows one of several clinical patterns. Our patient and several previously reported cases demonstrate the existence of a dissecting cellulitis‐like presentation of tinea capitis. This variant should be recognized to prevent misdiagnosis of dissecting cellulitis and allow proper treatment to prevent scarring alopecia. (Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - October 17, 2013 Category: Dermatology Authors: Rachel D. Torok, Jane S. Bellet Tags: Brief Report Source Type: research

Infectious Folliculitis and Dermatophytosis
Bacterial, dermatophilosis, and superficial ringworm infections are common skin diseases noted in equine dermatology. The ability to recognize and accurately diagnose the skin condition is key to selecting an appropriate and successful treatment regimen. Addressing underlying etiology, environmental management, and infection control play a crucial role in preventing relapse of clinical signs. (Source: Veterinary Clinics of North America: Equine Practice)
Source: Veterinary Clinics of North America: Equine Practice - October 14, 2013 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: J. Scott Weese, Anthony A. Yu Source Type: research

Zoonoses in rural veterinarians in the central region of Argentina
ConclusionsA high frequency of zoonoses was reported by veterinarians with a large animal practice. Although the rate of zoonoses may be decreasing, further studies are needed to confirm this finding. A joint effort of all institutions is needed to prevent zoonoses among private practitioners. (Source: Australian Journal of Rural Health)
Source: Australian Journal of Rural Health - October 11, 2013 Category: Rural Health Authors: Ana Molineri, Marcelo L. Signorini, Luis Pérez, Héctor D. Tarabla Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Trichophyton tonsurans strains from Brazil: phenotypic heterogeneity, genetic homology, and detection of virulence genes
The objective of this study was to establish the phenotypical and molecular patterns of clinical isolates of Trichophyton tonsurans circulating in the state of Ceará, northeastern Brazil. For this purpose, 25 T. tonsurans strains isolated from independent cases of tinea capitis in children were phenotypically evaluated regarding their macro- and micro-morphological characteristics, vitamin requirements, urease production, and antifungal susceptibility. The molecular characterization was carried out with random amplified polymorphic DNA molecular markers and M13 fingerprinting. The presence of the genes CarbM14, Sub2...
Source: Canadian Journal of Microbiology - October 7, 2013 Category: Microbiology Tags: article Source Type: research

Epidemiologic trends in pediatric tinea capitis: A population-based study from Kaiser Permanente Northern California
Background: Epidemic levels of tinea capitis (TC) have previously been reported in children.Objective: We sought to determine new epidemiologic trends for TC among northern California children from 1998 through 2007.Methods: Annual incidence of TC was based on diagnosis code or first-time antifungal prescriptions in all children up to age 15 years at Kaiser Permanente Northern California.Results: An average of 672,373 children/y met the inclusion criteria. Trend analyses showed decreases in TC by diagnosis code and by prescriptions (73.7% and 23.7%, respectively). Girls had lower incidence rates than boys by diagnosis (111.9 vs 146.4, P
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology - October 7, 2013 Category: Dermatology Authors: Paradi Mirmirani, Lue-Yen Tucker Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

New Trichoscopy Findings in Trichotillomania: Flame Hairs, V-sign, Hook Hairs, Hair Powder, Tulip Hairs.
In conclusion, we describe here specific trichoscopy features, which may be applied in quick, non-invasive, in-office differential diagnosis of trichotillomania. PMID: 24096547 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acta Dermato-Venereologica)
Source: Acta Dermato-Venereologica - October 3, 2013 Category: Dermatology Authors: Rakowska A, Slowinska M, Olszewska M, Rudnicka L Tags: Acta Derm Venereol Source Type: research

Mitochondrial D310 D-Loop instability and histological subtypes in radiation-induced cutaneous basal cell carcinomas
Conclusions: Our results suggest that radiation-induced BCCs may be considered to be more aggressive tumors. Further studies are needed to clarify the role of mtDNA D-Loop mutations in tumors from irradiated patients. (Source: Journal of Dermatological Science)
Source: Journal of Dermatological Science - October 2, 2013 Category: Dermatology Authors: Paula Boaventura, Dina Pereira, Adélia Mendes, Rui Batista, André Ferreira da Silva, Isabel Guimarães, Mrinalini Honavar, José Teixeira-Gomes, José Manuel Lopes, Valdemar Máximo, Paula Soares Tags: Regular Articles Source Type: research

Hair Shafts in Trichoscopy: Clues for Diagnosis of Hair and Scalp Diseases
This article proposes a classification of hair shaft abnormalities observed by trichoscopy. (Source: Dermatologic Clinics)
Source: Dermatologic Clinics - October 1, 2013 Category: Dermatology Authors: Lidia Rudnicka, Adriana Rakowska, Marta Kerzeja, Małgorzata Olszewska Source Type: research

Zoonoses in rural veterinarians in the central region of Argentina.
CONCLUSIONS: A high frequency of zoonoses was reported by veterinarians with a large animal practice. Although the rate of zoonoses may be decreasing, further studies are needed to confirm this finding. A joint effort of all institutions is needed to prevent zoonoses among private practitioners. PMID: 24118152 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Australian Journal of Rural Health)
Source: The Australian Journal of Rural Health - October 1, 2013 Category: Rural Health Authors: Molineri A, Signorini ML, Pérez L, Tarabla HD Tags: Aust J Rural Health Source Type: research

Trichoscopy in Paediatric Patients with Tinea Capitis: A Useful Method to Differentiate from Alopecia Areata
ConclusionsBroken and dystrophic hairs, corkscrew hairs, comma hairs and black dots were observed only in patients with TC; yellow dots, exclamation mark hairs and vellus hairs were observed only in patients with alopesi areata. Further studies with larger numbers of patients are needed to determine specific trichoscopic findings of TC and to access differential diagnosis. (Source: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology)
Source: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology - August 24, 2013 Category: Dermatology Authors: Ö. Ekiz, B.B. Şen, E.N. Rifaioğlu, İ. Balta Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Genetic alterations in thyroid tumours from patients irradiated in childhood for tinea capitis treatment.
Abstract OBJECTIVE - EXPOSURE TO IONIZING RADIATION AT YOUNG AGE IS THE STRONGEST RISK FACTOR FOR THE OCCURRENCE OF PAPILLARY THYROID CARCINOMA (PTC). RET/PTC REARRANGEMENTS ARE THE MOST FREQUENT GENETIC ALTERATIONS ASSOCIATED WITH RADIATION-INDUCED PTC, WHEREAS BRAF AND RAS MUTATIONS AND PAX8-PPARG REARRANGEMENT HAVE BEEN ASSOCIATED WITH SPORADIC PTC. WE DECIDED TO SEARCH FOR SUCH GENETIC ALTERATIONS IN PTCS OF PATIENTS SUBJECTED IN THE CHILDHOOD TO SCALP IRRADIATION.DESIGN - WE STUDIED 67 THYROID TUMOURS FROM 49 INDIVIDUALS IRRADIATED IN CHILDHOOD FOR TINEA CAPITIS SCALP EPILATION: 36 malignant (12 cases of conv...
Source: European Journal of Endocrinology - August 21, 2013 Category: Endocrinology Authors: Boaventura P, Pereira D, Celestino R, Mendes A, Nakasawa T, Teixeira-Gomes J, Sobrinho-Simoes M, Soares P Tags: Eur J Endocrinol Source Type: research

Role of Trichoscopy in Children's Scalp and Hair Disorders
Abstract Hair and scalp disorders in children may originate from the hair itself, scalp skin, or infectious causes and be congenital or acquired. The most common sign is alopecia, frequently brought on by tinea capitis, patchy alopecia areata, or trichotillomania. Sometimes less frequent and clinically more elusive conditions such as initial androgenetic alopecia, congenital triangular alopecia, or alopecia areata incognita may be responsible for hair loss. The noninvasive technique known as trichoscopy is being used more frequently, aiding in the prompt differential diagnosis and follow‐up of many of these diseases, oft...
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - August 13, 2013 Category: Dermatology Authors: André Lencastre, Antonella Tosti Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Therapie der Tinea capitis – Griseofulvin versus Fluconazol – eine vergleichende Studie
(Source: JDDG)
Source: JDDG - July 25, 2013 Category: Dermatology Authors: Avner Shemer, Ira Bernstein Plotnik, Batya Davidovici, Marcelo H. Grunwald, Ronen Magun, Boaz Amichai Tags: Originalarbeit Source Type: research

Medicinal plants used for the treatment of various skin disorders by a rural community in northern Maputaland, South Africa
Conclusions: The preference of traditional medicine over allopathic medicine by most of the interviewees strengthens previous studies on the importance that traditional medicine can have in the primary health care system in this rural community. Studies to validate the potential of these plants independently and in their various combinations is underway to provide insight into the anti-infective role of each plant. (Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine)
Source: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine - July 19, 2013 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Helene De WetSibongile NcikiSandy van Vuuren Source Type: research

Development of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the serodiagnosis of ringworm infection in cattle.
Abstract The aim of this study was to develop an in-house ELISA for the serological diagnosis of ringworm infection in cattle. We used available recombinant forms of Trichophyton rubrum dipeptidyl peptidase V (TruDppV) and leucin aminopeptidase 2 (TruLap2), which are 98% identical to Trichophyton verrucosum orthologues. Field serum samples from 135 cattle with ringworm infection as confirmed by direct microscopy, fluorescence microscopy and PCR, and from 55 cattle without any apparent skin lesions or history of ringworm that served as negative controls were used. Sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative...
Source: Clinical and Vaccine Immunology - June 5, 2013 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Bagut ET, Cambier L, Heinen MP, Cozma V, Monod M, Mignon B Tags: Clin Vaccine Immunol Source Type: research

Imposters of Androgenetic Alopecia: Diagnostic Pearls for the Hair Restoration Surgeon
It is crucial that hair restoration surgeons understand the basic clinical diagnosis and pathologic condition of other hair loss conditions that are not always amenable to successful hair transplantation. In this article nonscarring and scarring mimickers of androgenetic alopecia are discussed. Nonscarring conditions include alopecia areata, telogen effluvium, and tinea capitis. Some of the more common scarring alopecias include lichen planopilaris, frontal fibrosing alopecia, and central centrifugal cicatricial alopecia. Less common inflammatory conditions include pseudopelade of Brocq, discoid lupus erythematosus, and fo...
Source: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America - June 3, 2013 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Authors: Nicole Rogers Source Type: research

What's new in pediatric dermatology? Part II. Treatment
The field of pediatric dermatology has been rich in new developments. Part II of this continuing medical education article will focus on new therapeutic modalities for several entities encountered in pediatric dermatology. The treatment of atopic dermatitis, exciting advances in the use of propranolol and other beta-blockers for the use of infantile hemangiomas, the use of rapamycin for vascular anomalies, the use of biologics in children, the central nervous system risks of general anesthesia in young children, side effects in the use of isotretinoin, the treatment of tinea capitis, treatment of herpes simplex infections,...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology - May 24, 2013 Category: Dermatology Authors: Howard B. Pride, Megha Tollefson, Robert Silverman Tags: Continuing Medical Education Source Type: research

Answers to Dermatophile questions
From questions on page 106. ANSWER TO Question 1 The answer is (D), kerion. This is a manifestation of tinea capitis, ringworm of the scalp. It can occur in more severe cases and in the very young, resulting in a boggy mass on the scalp with loss of hair. Diagnosis can be difficult as potassium hydroxide preparations can be negative in the presence of such inflammation; culture is frequently needed to prove scalp infection. Treatment must be in the form of an oral antifungal drug  indicated for tinea capitis for sufficient duration. Use of a topical antifungal shampoo is recommended concurrently to decrease spread of ...
Source: Archives of Disease in Childhood - Education and Practice - May 13, 2013 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Lio, P. A., Lee, K. C. Tags: Journalology, Immunology (including allergy), Drugs: infectious diseases, Child health, Dermatology, Competing interests (ethics), Thyroid disease Dermatophile Source Type: research

Fungal skin infections: current approaches to management
Abstract The dermatophyte skin infections tinea capitis, tinea pedis and onychomycosis are common and challenging to treat. Our Drug review focusses on key points and advances in their management, followed by further sources of information. (Source: Prescriber)
Source: Prescriber - April 22, 2013 Category: Primary Care Authors: Nicola Salmon, Claire Fuller Tags: Drug Review Source Type: research

Inflammatory tinea capitis mimicking dissecting cellulitis in a postpubertal male: a case report and review of the literature
We report a case of a healthy 19‐year‐old Hispanic male presenting with a 2‐month history of a large, painful subcutaneous boggy plaque on the scalp with patchy alopecia, erythematous papules, cysts and pustules. Although initially diagnosed as dissecting cellulitis, potassium hydroxide evaluation (KOH preparation) of the hair from the affected region was positive. A punch biopsy of the scalp demonstrated endothrix consistent with tinea capitis, but with a brisk, deep mixed inflammatory infiltrate as can be seen with chronic dissecting cellulitis. Fungal culture revealed Trichophyton tonsurans, and a diagnosis of inf...
Source: Mycoses - April 14, 2013 Category: Research Authors: Loretta L. Stein, Erin G. Adams, Katherine Z. Holcomb Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Treatment of tinea capitis – griseofulvin versus fluconazole – a comparative study
ConclusionsSince no significant difference was found between the drugs, it is suggested that the choice should be based on tolerability, availability and cost of the drugs. (Source: JDDG)
Source: JDDG - April 10, 2013 Category: Dermatology Authors: Avner Shemer, Ira Bernstein Plotnik, Batya Davidovici, Marcelo H. Grunwald, Ronen Magun, Boaz Amichai Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Skin diseases among schoolchildren in Ghana, Gabon, and Rwanda
ConclusionsThe prevalences of skin diseases among African schoolchildren were high. Skin infections such as tinea capitis and pyoderma predominated. (Source: International Journal of Dermatology)
Source: International Journal of Dermatology - April 4, 2013 Category: Dermatology Authors: Arjan Hogewoning, Abena Amoah, Jan Nico Bouwes Bavinck, Daniel Boakye, Maria Yazdanbakhsh, Akim Adegnika, Stefan Smedt, Yannick Fonteyne, Rein Willemze, Adriana Lavrijsen Tags: Community dermatology Source Type: research

An outbreak of tinea capitis in elderly patients
(Source: International Journal of Dermatology)
Source: International Journal of Dermatology - March 13, 2013 Category: Dermatology Authors: Tom Hillary, Erwin Suys Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Dermacase. Can you identify this condition? Kerion (inflammatory tinea capitis).
PMID: 23486799 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Canadian Family Physician Medecin de Famille Canadien)
Source: Canadian Family Physician Medecin de Famille Canadien - March 1, 2013 Category: Primary Care Authors: Binamer Y Tags: Can Fam Physician Source Type: research

Tinea capitis in schoolchildren in southern Ivory Coast
ConclusionsEpidemiological surveys are an essential tool for developing strategies for infection control. (Source: International Journal of Dermatology)
Source: International Journal of Dermatology - February 22, 2013 Category: Dermatology Authors: Kassi Kondo Fulgence, Konate Abibatou, Djohan Vincent, Vanga Henriette, Angora Kpongbo Etienne, Pulchérie Christiane Kiki‐Barro, William Yavo, Moussa Koné, Eby Ignace Hervé Menan Tags: Tropical Medicine Rounds Source Type: research

Dermoscopy for the Pediatric Dermatologist Part I: Dermoscopy of Pediatric Infectious and Inflammatory Skin Lesions and Hair Disorders
Abstract The dermoscope allows physicians to examine the macroscopic and microscopic primary morphology of skin lesions, identify subtle clinical clues, confirm naked‐eye clinical diagnoses, and monitor treatment progress while posing little threat to the young patient. This review summarizes important dermoscopic structures seen in infectious and inflammatory skin conditions and hair disorders in children. Scabies, pediculosis, phthiriasis, molluscum contagiosum, tinea nigra, and verrucae are well characterized dermoscopically by delta‐shaped structures, ovoid‐shaped nits, the crab louse, red corona, brown strands o...
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - February 14, 2013 Category: Dermatology Authors: Elena C. Haliasos, Miryam Kerner, Natalia Jaimes‐Lopez, Lidia Rudnicka, Iris Zalaudek, Josep Malvehy, Rainer Hofmann‐Wellenhof, Ralph P. Braun, Ashfaq A. Marghoob Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

A herbal antifungal formulation of Thymus serpillum, Origanum vulgare and Rosmarinus officinalis for treating ovine dermatophytosis due to Trichophyton mentagrophytes
Summary A number of herbal products with anti‐inflammatory, antiseptic and antimycotic properties are available for dermatological usage. The successful treatment of 13 sheep affected by ringworm due to Trichophyton mentagrophytes with a mixture consisting of essential oils (EOs) of Thymus serpillum 2%, Origanum vulgare 5% and Rosmarinus officinalis 5% in sweet almond (Prunus dulcis) oil. The effectiveness of EOs and of the major components of the mixture (thymol, carvacrol, 1,8 cineole, α‐pinene, p‐cymene, γ‐terpinene) against the fungal clinical isolate was evaluated by a microdilution test. Thirteen ...
Source: Mycoses - February 1, 2013 Category: Research Authors: Linda Mugnaini, Simona Nardoni, Luisa Pistelli, Michele Leonardi, Lorella Giuliotti, Maria N. Benvenuti, Francesca Pisseri, Francesca Mancianti Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Dermatophyte identification in skin and hair samples using a simple and reliable nested polymerase chain reaction assay
Conclusions  Although the gold standard dermatophyte identification from clinical samples remains fungal cultures, the assay developed in the present study is especially suitable for tinea capitis. Improved sensitivity for the identification of dermatophyte species was obtained as it is possible to identify the dermatophyte when the fungus fails to grow in cultures. (Source: British Journal of Dermatology)
Source: British Journal of Dermatology - January 30, 2013 Category: Dermatology Authors: J. Verrier, L. Krähenbühl, O. Bontems, M. Fratti, K. Salamin, M. Monod Tags: Clinical and Laboratory Investigations Source Type: research

Dermatophytes isolated from superficial fungal infections in Krakow, Poland, between 1995 and 2010
Summary Superficial fungal infections due to dermatophytes are common over the world and their frequency is constantly increasing. The aim of our study was to discuss fungal infections with frequency of occurrence, clinical stages and aetiology in patients admitted to dermatological ward and microbiological laboratory of the specialist hospital in Krakow. Investigations performed between 1995 and 2010 included the group of 5333 individuals. Dermatophyte infections, confirmed by culture, were revealed in 1007 subjects (18.9%), i.e. in 553 males and 454 females. The most frequent clinical forms of infections were tinea ungui...
Source: Mycoses - January 1, 2013 Category: Research Authors: Alicja Budak, Bożena Bogusz, Marianna Tokarczyk, Danuta Trojanowska Tags: Original article Source Type: research