Cutaneous Mycoses: Management and Education in Universities and Their Clinics in Japan.
Authors: Mochizuki T Abstract In May 2015, information on the current status of mycological examinations in university clinics, and the education of students, and junior and senior residents in Japanese universities was gathered using a questionnaire, which was completed by 98 of the 117 (83.8%) professors or directors in charge of dermatology departments in Japan that were included in the survey.The questionnaire items were divided into three parts; namely, Part A, inspection methods used for diagnosis of cutaneous mycoses in each university clinic; Part B, need for a network and construction of a support system f...
Source: Medical Mycology Journal - June 4, 2016 Category: Biology Tags: Med Mycol J Source Type: research

Oral Antifungal Drugs in the Treatment of Dermatomycosis.
Authors: Tsunemi Y Abstract Oral antifungal drugs are used primarily to treat tinea unguium; however, they are also useful for other types of tinea. For example, a combination of topical and oral antifungal drugs is effective in hyperkeratotic tinea pedis that is unresponsive to topical monotherapy. In cases of tinea facialis adjacent to the eyes, ears, or mouth, or widespread tinea corporis, or tinea cruris involving the complex skin folds of the external genitalia, it is difficult to apply topical drugs to all the lesions; therefore, oral antifungal drugs are necessary. Oral antifungal drugs are also useful not o...
Source: Medical Mycology Journal - June 4, 2016 Category: Biology Tags: Med Mycol J Source Type: research

Trichoscopy as an additional tool for the differential diagnosis of tinea capitis: a prospective clinical study
(Source: British Journal of Dermatology)
Source: British Journal of Dermatology - May 23, 2016 Category: Dermatology Authors: A. Brasileiro, S. Campos, J. Cabete, C. Galhardas, A. Lencastre, V. Serrão Tags: Research Letter Source Type: research

Isolation and characterization of terpene from leaves of Croton macrostachyus (Bissana)
Croton macrostachyus, one of the Croton species found in Ethiopia, is used traditionally for treatment of a number of health ailments including diabetes, malaria, stomachache, ascariasis, abdominal pain, gonorrhea, wounds, ringworm infestation and hemorrhoids. In the present study, phytochemical screening of ethanol extract from leaves of C. macrostachyus revealed the presence of terpenes, f... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - May 17, 2016 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Systemic antifungal therapy for tinea capitis in children.
CONCLUSIONS: Newer treatments including terbinafine, itraconazole and fluconazole are at least similar to griseofulvin in children with tinea capitis caused by Trichophyton species. Limited evidence suggests that terbinafine, itraconazole and fluconazole have similar effects, whereas ketoconazole may be less effective than griseofulvin in children infected with Trichophyton. With some interventions the proportion achieving complete clinical cure was in excess of 90% (e.g. one study of terbinafine or griseofulvin for Trichophyton infections), but in many of the comparisons tested, the proportion cured was much lower.New evi...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - May 12, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Chen X, Jiang X, Yang M, González U, Lin X, Hua X, Xue S, Zhang M, Bennett C Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

Tinea capitis in adults.
CONCLUSION: Because of a low index of suspicion for tinea capitis in adults with scaling and alopecia, diagnosis and appropriate treatment are often delayed. Resistance to treatment for seborrheic dermatitis or psoriasis should prompt a KOH, fungal culture orbiopsy to confirm the diagnosis of tinea capitis and initiate systemic antifungal agents. PMID: 27136624 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Dermatol Online J)
Source: Dermatol Online J - May 4, 2016 Category: Dermatology Authors: Auchus IC, Ward KM, Brodell RT, Brents MJ, Jackson JD Tags: Dermatol Online J Source Type: research

Trichoscopy of Focal Alopecia in Children - New Trichoscopic Findings: Hair Bulbs Arranged Radially along Hair-Bearing Margins in Aplasia Cutis Congenita
Conclusion: Trichoscopy is a useful technique for the differential diagnosis of patchy alopecia in children. A novel finding in this study indicates that radially arranged hair bulbs visible through the translucent epidermis are characteristic of nonbullous type aplasia cutis congenita.Skin Appendage Disord 2016;2:1-6 (Source: Skin Appendage Disorders)
Source: Skin Appendage Disorders - April 29, 2016 Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

Dermatophytosis among Schoolchildren in Three Eco-climatic Zones of Mali
by Oumar Coulibaly, Abdoulaye K. Kone, Safiatou Niaré-Doumbo, Siaka Goïta, Jean Gaudart, Abdoulaye A. Djimdé, Renaud Piarroux, Ogobara K. Doumbo, Mahamadou A. Thera, Stéphane Ranque Background Dermatophytosis, and particularly the subtype tinea capitis, is common among African children; however, the risk factors associated with this condition are poorly understood. To describe the epidemiology of dermatophytosis in distinct eco-climatic zones, three cross-sectional surveys were conducted in public primary schools located in the Sahelian, Sudanian and Sudano-Guinean eco-climatic zones in Mali. Prin...
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - April 28, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Oumar Coulibaly Source Type: research

Special Stains and Immunohistochemical Stains in Hair Pathology
Conclusions: On a practical level, there is no evidence to recommend the routine use of a stain or a panel of stains in hair pathology. No stain can distinguish between nonscarring and early scarring alopecia. Most IHC stains are currently limited to the experimental and research setting. (Source: The American Journal of Dermatopathology)
Source: The American Journal of Dermatopathology - April 22, 2016 Category: Pathology Tags: CME Article Source Type: research

Kerion celsi: a misdiagnosed scalp infection
A 6-year-old Caucasian girl presented with a 4x5 cm pustular, weeping scalp lesion (figure 1) that had begun 10 days previously as an innocuous small itchy red spot, which had rapidly increased in size (figure 2). She had been systemically well with no fever or other skin lesions. A bacterial scalp infection was initially diagnosed locally but the lesion continued to increase in size with the development of prominent occipital lymphadenopathy. Blood tests revealed normal inflammatory and infection markers. Despite oral antibiotics, she failed to improve, and we considered the diagnosis of Kerion celsi. Skin scrap...
Source: Archives of Disease in Childhood - April 19, 2016 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Feetham, J. E., Sargant, N. Tags: Miscellanea Source Type: research

Tinea capitis outbreak among paediatric refugee population, an evolving healthcare challenge
Summary Outbreaks of tinea capitis (TC) represent a major medical and economic burden. Population migrations have become a phenomenon of increasing relevance for medical conditions management. Given the recent massive arrival of immigrants, we sought to determine epidemiologic trends for TC among paediatric populations at the Tel Aviv Medical Center. We conducted a retrospective study of all TC cases diagnosed between 2010 and 2014 in a paediatric dermatology unit of a tertiary medical centre, serving as a referral centre for the paediatric refugee population from the great Tel Aviv area. Epidemiologic, clinical and treatm...
Source: Mycoses - April 8, 2016 Category: Research Authors: Jacob Mashiah, Ana Kutz, Ronen Ben Ami, Mihal Savion, Ilan Goldberg, Tamar Gan Or, Omri Zidan, Eli Sprecher, Avikam Harel Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

One Health: Identification and Reporting of Zoonotic Diseases
When thinking about zoonotic diseases, often a few diseases are more well-known than others including rabies, ringworm, cat scratch fever, and plague. In comparison, consideration of reportable animal diseases often focuses on infectious diseases found in large animals and small ruminants; however, it is important to monitor and report important infectious diseases in small animals as well to prevent zoonotic transmission and potential outbreaks. Additionally, identifying connections between human and animal diseases can assist with reducing the severity and likelihood of these diseases occurring and preventing mortality a...
Source: Advances in Small Animal Medicine and Surgery - April 1, 2016 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Melinda Eaton Tags: Guest Editorial Source Type: research

Aspergillus niger – a possible new etiopathogenic agent in Tinea capitis? Presentation of two cases
Publication date: Available online 7 March 2016 Source:The Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases Author(s): Anastasiya Atanasova Chokoeva, Liliya Zisova, Kristina Chorleva, Georgi Tchernev Tinea capitis is generally considered as the most frequent fungal infection in childhood, as it accounts for approximately 92% of all mycosis in children. The epidemiology of this disease varies widely ranging from antropophillic, zoophilic, and geophillic dermatophytes, as the main causative agent in different geographic areas, depending on several additional factors. Nowadays, the etiology is considered to vary with age, as we...
Source: The Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases - March 8, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Aspergillus niger - a possible new etiopathogenic agent in Tinea capitis? Presentation of two cases.
Abstract Tinea capitis is generally considered as the most frequent fungal infection in childhood, as it accounts for approximately 92% of all mycosis in children. The epidemiology of this disease varies widely ranging from antropophillic, zoophilic, and geophillic dermatophytes, as the main causative agent in different geographic areas, depending on several additional factors. Nowadays, the etiology is considered to vary with age, as well with gender, and general health condition. The former reported extraordinary Tinea capitis case reports have been replaced by original articles and researches dealing with progr...
Source: Braz J Infect Dis - March 7, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Chokoeva AA, Zisova L, Chorleva K, Tchernev G Tags: Braz J Infect Dis Source Type: research

Ionizing Radiation Exposure and Basal Cell Carcinoma Pathogenesis.
Abstract This commentary summarizes studies showing risk of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) development in relationship to environmental, occupational and therapeutic exposure to ionizing radiation (IR). BCC, the most common type of human cancer, is driven by the aberrant activation of hedgehog (Hh) signaling. Ptch, a tumor suppressor gene of Hh signaling pathway, and Smoothened play a key role in the development of radiation-induced BCCs in animal models. Epidemiological studies provide evidence that humans exposed to radiation as observed among the long-term, large scale cohorts of atomic bomb survivors, bone marrow ...
Source: Radiation Research - March 1, 2016 Category: Physics Authors: Li C, Athar M Tags: Radiat Res Source Type: research

Poloxamer-hydroxyethyl cellulose-α-cyclodextrin supramolecular gels for sustained release of griseofulvin
Publication date: 16 March 2016 Source:International Journal of Pharmaceutics, Volume 500, Issues 1–2 Author(s): Xelhua Marcos, Silvia Pérez-Casas, José Llovo, Angel Concheiro, Carmen Alvarez-Lorenzo Supramolecular gels of poloxamer-hydroxyethyl cellulose (HEC)-α-cyclodextrin (αCD) were developed aiming to obtain synergisms regarding solubilization and sustained release of griseofulvin for topical application. The effects of αCD concentration (0-10%w/w) on the phase behavior of aqueous dispersions of Pluronic® P123 (14%w/w) mixed with HEC (2%w/w) were evaluated at 4, 20 and ...
Source: International Journal of Pharmaceutics - January 25, 2016 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Trichoscopy as an additional tool for the differential diagnosis of tinea capitis.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 26799530 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Dermatology)
Source: The British Journal of Dermatology - January 22, 2016 Category: Dermatology Authors: Brasileiro A, Campos S, Cabete J, Galhardas C, Lencastre A, Serrão V Tags: Br J Dermatol Source Type: research

[Outbreak of Trichophyton tonsurans ringworm in a health area of the Community of Madrid (Spain)].
CONCLUSIONS: The antifungal treatment of the children resulted in the mycological and clinical resolution, and from February to November 2014 no other cases of ringworm by T. tonsurans in the same health area were diagnosed. PMID: 26774595 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revista Iberoamericana de Micologia)
Source: Revista Iberoamericana de Micologia - January 13, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Durán-Valle MT, Regodón-Domínguez M, Velasco-Rodríguez MJ, Aragón A, Gómez-Garcés JL Tags: Rev Iberoam Micol Source Type: research

Tinea capitis in adults in southern Spain. A 17-year epidemiological study.
CONCLUSIONS: This series of tinea capitis in adults is one of the largest to date. It shows that tinea capitis is not uncommon among the immunocompetent adult population. In our geographical area, except for prepubescent patients, most cases affecting the adult population were caused by species of the genus Trichophyton. In these cases the treatment of choice was oral terbinafine, which considerably shortened the treatment time, and was associated with fewer side effects than the classical griseofulvin. PMID: 26774593 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revista Iberoamericana de Micologia)
Source: Revista Iberoamericana de Micologia - January 13, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Lova-Navarro M, Gómez-Moyano E, Martínez Pilar L, Fernandez-Ballesteros MD, Godoy-Díaz DJ, Vera-Casaño A, Crespo-Erchiga V Tags: Rev Iberoam Micol Source Type: research

Teignes du cuir chevelu à l’hôpital militaire Avicenne de Marrakech (Maroc) : bilan de 8ans (2006–2013)
Conclusion Les TTC sont des infections relativement bénignes mais, peuvent être confondues avec d’autres dermatoses de diagnostic difficile. Leur prise en charge adéquate passe obligatoirement par l’analyse mycologique. Introduction and objective Tinea capitis are due to fungal infection by dermatophytes. They are common in developing countries including Morocco. The objective of this study intended to describe the epidemiology, clinical and mycological profile of tinea capitis in Avicenna military hospital of Marrakech. Patients and methods This is a retrospective study over an 8-year per...
Source: Journal of Medical Mycology - January 12, 2016 Category: Biology Source Type: research

Purely endoscopic removal of a parasagittal/falx meningioma
Conclusions Safe resection of parasagittal meningiomas with a purely endoscopic technique is feasible. This option needs further exploration as an alternative strategy in patients with severely atrophic scalp skin that greatly increases the risk of significant healing complications with calvarian craniotomy (Source: Acta Neurochirurgica)
Source: Acta Neurochirurgica - January 8, 2016 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Tinea capitis in adults. Auchus, Isabella C; Ward, Kimberley M; Brodell, Robert T; Brents, Melissa J; Jackson, Jeremy D
Conclusion: Because of a low index of suspicion for tinea capitis in adults with scaling and alopecia, diagnosis and appropriate treatment are often delayed. Resistance to treatment for seborrheic dermatitis or psoriasis should prompt a KOH, fungal culture orbiopsy to confirm the diagnosis of tinea capitis and initiate systemic antifungal agents. (Source: Dermatology Online Journal)
Source: Dermatology Online Journal - January 1, 2016 Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

Trichoscopy as an additional tool for the differential diagnosis of tinea capitis
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: British Journal of Dermatology)
Source: British Journal of Dermatology - January 1, 2016 Category: Dermatology Authors: A Brasileiro, S. Campos, J. Cabete, C. Galhardas, A. Lencastre, V. Serrão Tags: Research Letter Source Type: research

Control of tinea capitis
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: British Journal of Dermatology)
Source: British Journal of Dermatology - December 26, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: A. Gohar Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Control of tinea capitis.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 26707860 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Dermatology)
Source: The British Journal of Dermatology - December 26, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Gohar A Tags: Br J Dermatol Source Type: research

[A recurrent case of adult favus successfully treated with terbinafine].
In this report, a 20-year-old female with favus was presented. She had squames and areas of alopecia on the right frontoparietal area of her scalp. Scalp biopsy and hair follicle samples were taken for histopathological examination and fungal culture. According to the conventional identification by mycological methods and internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequencing analysis, the pathogen was identified as T.schöenleinii. The patient was treated with oral terbinafine (250 mg/day) for 4 weeks and topical isoconazole and ketoconazole for 6 weeks. Clinical recovery was observed after 6 weeks, however, fungal culture coul...
Source: Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni - December 12, 2015 Category: Microbiology Tags: Mikrobiyol Bul Source Type: research

2011 Epidemiological Survey of Dermatomycoses in Japan.
Authors: Sei Y Abstract An epidemiological survey of dermatomycoses and their causative fungus flora in Japan for 2011 was conducted in accordance with methods and criteria of the past four surveys. The survey covered a total number of 36,052 outpatients who visited 12 dermatological clinics throughout Japan. The results were as follows. 1)Dermatophytosis was the most prevalent cutaneous fungal infection (2,980 cases) seen in these clinics, followed by candidiasis (378 cases) and then Malassezia infections (152 cases). 2)Among dermatophytoses, tinea pedis was the most frequent (1,930 cases : male, 980 ; female,...
Source: Medical Mycology Journal - December 2, 2015 Category: Biology Tags: Med Mycol J Source Type: research

Clinical features of 80 cases of tinea faciei treated at a rural clinic in Japan.
Authors: Noguchi H, Jinnin M, Miyata K, Hiruma M, Ihn H Abstract From March 2008 through February 2014, 80 patients aged 1-95 years (43 men and 37 women) were diagnosed with tinea faciei by a rural Japanese clinic. The affected sites were the cheek in 42 patients (52.5%), the auricles and area surrounding the auricles in 16 (20.0%), and the mandible in 12 (15.0%); 33 patients (41.2%) had concurrent ringworm in areas other than the face. Twenty-one patients (26.3%) had applied topical steroids to treat a rash. The pathogen responsible for tinea faciei was Trichophyton rubrum in 35 patients (43.7%), T. tonsurans in 1...
Source: Drug Discoveries and Therapeutics - November 30, 2015 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drug Discov Ther Source Type: research

Evaluation of two molecular techniques for rapid detection of the main dermatophytic agents of tinea capitis
ConclusionsThe two techniques were sufficiently specific and sensitive for discriminating the target DNA of T. violaceum and M. canis from that of closely related dermatophytes. RCA and MLPA are advantageous in their reliability and ease of operation compared with standard polymerase chain reaction and conventional methods. (Source: British Journal of Dermatology)
Source: British Journal of Dermatology - November 19, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: S. Deng, Z. Zhou, G.S. Hoog, X. Wang, P. Abliz, J. Sun, M.J. Najafzadeh, W. Pan, W. Lei, S. Zhu, H. Hasimu, P. Zhang, Y. Guo, D. Deng, W. Liao Tags: General Dermatology Source Type: research

A survey of herbal formulas for skin diseases from Thailand’s three southern border provinces
This study aimed to (1) investigate the diversity and source of medicinal materials for treating skin diseases, and (2) document the folk knowledge of using herbal medicines from the three southern border provinces of Thailand; Pattani, Yala and Narathiwat. Semi-structured interviews with ten healers were conducted to collect information including the formula name, herbal ingredients, material parts used, preparation, properties and treatment methods. The data were then further analysed. The results showed that 42 multi-species formulas and 30 single species were used to treat 22 skin diseases. The formulas were comprised ...
Source: Journal of Herbal Medicine - November 5, 2015 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

A clinico-etiological study of dermatoses in pediatric age group in tertiary health care center in South Gujarat region
Conclusion: There is a need to emphasize on training the management of common pediatric dermatoses to dermatologists, general practitioners and pediatricians for early treatment. (Source: Indian Journal of Dermatology)
Source: Indian Journal of Dermatology - November 5, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Sugat A JawadeVishal S ChughSneha K GohilAmit S MistryDipak D Umrigar Source Type: research

Alopecia: Kids are not just little people
Alopecia is a disorder that affects all patients, young and old. Many diagnoses, particularly the scarring alopecias, are more common in adults; however, others, such as tinea capitis, are more common in children, and some, such as alopecia areata, often affect both age groups. The approach to, and evaluation of, an alopecia patient is thus highly dependent on his or her age. In adults with diffuse, non-scarring hair loss, a part-width examination can help detect pattern hair loss, the most common cause of diffuse loss in this age group. (Source: Clinics in Dermatology)
Source: Clinics in Dermatology - November 1, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Lynne J. Goldberg, Leslie A. Castelo-Soccio Source Type: research

Trichoscopic Findings of Hair Loss in Koreans.
CONCLUSION: The characteristic trichoscopic features for the differential diagnosis of alopecia in Koreans, shown as follicular, perifollicular, and hair shaft patterns, are similar to those of Caucasians; however, the frequencies of the pigment patterns are different between Koreans and Caucasians because of the contrast effect of the skin and hair color. Therefore, racial difference should be considered in the trichoscopic evaluation for differential diagnosis. PMID: 26512168 [PubMed] (Source: Annals of Dermatology)
Source: Annals of Dermatology - October 31, 2015 Category: Dermatology Tags: Ann Dermatol Source Type: research

A survey of herbal formulas for skin diseases from Thailand's three southern border provinces
This study aimed to (1) investigate the diversity and source of medicinal materials for treating skin diseases, and (2) document the folk knowledge of using herbal medicines from the three southern border provinces of Thailand; Pattani, Yala and Narathiwat. Semi-structured interviews with ten healers were conducted to collect information including the formula name, herbal ingredients, material parts used, preparation, properties and treatment methods. The data were then further analysed. The results showed that 42 multi-species formulas and 30 single species were used to treat 22 skin diseases. The formulas were comprised ...
Source: Journal of Herbal Medicine - October 25, 2015 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Tinea corporis due to Trichophyton violaceum: A report of two cases
We present a report of two cases of tinea corporis due to T. violaceum in children. Infections due to T. violaceum are important because of its transmissibility within families and community and its potential to spread and establish in new geographical areas. (Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology)
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - October 16, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: C SmritiS AnuradhaT KamleshK IsampreetK Nitin Source Type: research

Prevalence of Dermatophytic Infection and the Spectrum of Dermatophytes in Patients Attending a Tertiary Hospital in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Conclusion. Further intensive epidemiological studies of ring worm fungus induced dermatophytosis which have public health significance are needed. PMID: 26448763 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Microbiology)
Source: International Journal of Microbiology - October 10, 2015 Category: Microbiology Tags: Int J Microbiol Source Type: research

Effectiveness of five antidandruff cosmetic formulations against planktonic cells and biofilms of dermatophytes
This study aimed to investigate the in vitro antifungal effectiveness of five different formulations against dandruff and ringworm dermatophytes. Candida albicans was also included in our assays. Fungal susceptibility tests were performed with planktonic cells and biofilms of reference strains. Microbiological and physicochemical quality parameters were assessed for all formulations. Our data indicated that the formulations were effective against the dermatophytes strains, and to our knowledge, the effectiveness of cosmetic formulations against fungal biofilms are shown by the first time. The formulations were considered e...
Source: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences - October 10, 2015 Category: Biology Source Type: research

Administration of Oral Itraconazole Capsule with Whole Milk Shows Enhanced Efficacy As Supported by Scanning Electron Microscopy in a Child with Tinea Capitis Due to Microsporum canis
We report a case of pediatric tinea capitis cured using oral itraconazole administered with whole milk, after prior treatment failure when oral itraconazole was administered with water. This apparent enhanced efficacy in one individual was demonstrated using scanning electron microscopy. (Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - October 8, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Shuang Chen, Yuping Ran, Yalin Dai, Jebina Lama, Wenying Hu, Chaoliang Zhang Tags: Brief Report Source Type: research

Epidemiology of tinea capitis in northeast Iran: a retrospective analysis from 1998 to 2012
ConclusionThe present study showed that tinea capitis is mainly due to the anthropophilic species, and the most common species were T. tonsurans and T. violaceum. Owing to the high frequency of anthropophilic species, future studies may be useful in the development of preventive and educational strategies to reduce healthcare expenditure. (Source: International Journal of Dermatology)
Source: International Journal of Dermatology - October 1, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Parvaneh Afshar, Lale Vahedi, Maryam Ghasemi, Alireza Mardanshahi Tags: Report Source Type: research

Incidence of dermatophytes isolated from dogs and cats in the city of Baku, Azerbaijan
Abstract Dermatophytes are filamentous fungi, which are able to use keratin as a source of carbon. Some of these organisms develop in skin and hair and cause cutaneous lesions. This zoonotic disease is called dermatophytosis or ringworm. The study was aimed to assess the frequency of dermatophyte infection of dog’s and cat’s skin around the city of Baku. During a period of 1 year (2014–2015), 116 dogs and 77 cats were included in this study. The mycological analyses were conducted by direct microscopy and by fungal culture on chloramphenicol Sabouraud agar (CSA) at the Department of Microbio...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - September 30, 2015 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Scalp Dermoscopy or Trichoscopy.
Authors: Lacarrubba F, Micali G, Tosti A Abstract Scalp dermoscopy or `trichoscopy' represents a valuable, noninvasive technique for the evaluation of patients with hair loss that allows for magnified visualization of the hair and scalp skin. It may be performed with a manual dermoscope (×10 magnification) or a videodermoscope (up to ×1,000 magnification). In particular, trichoscopy enhances the diagnosis of androgenetic alopecia, alopecia areata, telogen effluvium, trichotillomania, congenital triangular alopecia, scarring alopecia, tinea capitis and hair shaft disorders. This method is simple, quick a...
Source: Current Problems in Dermatology - September 16, 2015 Category: Dermatology Tags: Curr Probl Dermatol Source Type: research

Antifungal tablet for dogs
Animalcare has launched Fungiconazol, a veterinary-licensed antifungal tablet for dogs containing the active ingredient ketoconazole, for the treatment of ringworm in dogs. It notes that the tablets can be split four ways to enable accurate dosing and help with both compliance and cost-efficiency. Each tablet contains 200 mg or 400 mg of ketoconazole, and is administered at a dosage of 10 mg per kg bodyweight once daily. Animalcare explains that the tablets can be split into quarters or halves, allowing accurate treatment for dogs from 5 kg (one-quarter x 200 mg tablet daily) to 60 kg (one an...
Source: Veterinary Record - September 10, 2015 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Products and Services Source Type: research

Persistent Desquamation of the Scalp as a Manifestation of Tinea Capitis in Sub-Saharan Children
In conclusion, chronic scaling of the scalp may well be the sole form of presentation of tinea capitis in Sub-Saharan children. (Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health)
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - September 9, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Evaluation of two molecular techniques for rapid detection of main dermatophyte agents of tinea capitis.
CONCLUSIONS: The two techniques were sufficiently specific and sensitive for discriminating target DNA of T. violaceum and M. canis from that of closely related dermatophytes. RCA and MLPA are advantageous in their reliability and ease of operation compared to standard PCR and conventional methods. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 26342174 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Dermatology)
Source: The British Journal of Dermatology - September 5, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Deng S, Zhou Z, de Hoog GS, Wang X, Abliz P, Sun J, Najafzadeh MJ, Pan W, Lei W, Zhu S, Hasimu H, Zhang P, Guo Y, Deng D, Liao W Tags: Br J Dermatol Source Type: research

Flame Hair
Conclusion: The flame hair is a type of broken hair which can be seen in various hair loss disorders. It results from traumatic pulling of anagen hairs or from anagen arrest due to inflammation or drugs.Skin Appendage Disord 2015;1:105-109 (Source: Skin Appendage Disorders)
Source: Skin Appendage Disorders - September 1, 2015 Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

Dermatoscopic fi ndings as a complementary tool in the differential diagnosis of the etiological agent of tinea capitis
AbstractTinea capitis is a scalp infection caused by fungi. In Brazil, the main causative agents are Microsporum canis and the Trichophyton tonsurans. Etiological diagnosis is based on suggestive clinical findings and confirmation depends on the fungus growth in culture. However, it is not always possible to perform this test due to lack of availability. We reveal the dermoscopic findings that enable distinction between the main causative agents of Tinea capitis, M. canis and T. tonsurans. The association of clinical and dermatoscopic findings in suspected Tinea capitis cases may help with the differential diagnosis of the...
Source: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia - August 21, 2015 Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

Using dermoscopy to detect tinea of vellus hair
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: British Journal of Dermatology)
Source: British Journal of Dermatology - August 19, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: E. Gómez‐Moyano, V. Crespo Erchiga, L. Martínez Pilar, S. Martínez García, T. Martín González, D.J. Godoy Diaz, A. Vera Casaño Tags: Research Letter Source Type: research

Bayesian analysis of two diagnostic methods for paediatric ringworm infections in a teaching hospital
In conclusion, it could be stated that Trychophyton rubrum was the most prevalent species; sensitivity and specificity of treating the infection, by antifungal therapy before ascertaining by the culture method remain as 0.8751 and 0.7642, respectively. A correct/coveted diagnostic method of fungal infection would be could be achieved by modern molecular methods (matrix-assisted laser desorption ionisation-time of flight mass spectrometry or fluorescence in situ hybridization or enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay [ELISA] or restriction fragment length polymorphism or DNA/RNA probes of known fungal taxa) in advanced laborator...
Source: Journal of Medical Mycology - August 11, 2015 Category: Biology Source Type: research

Dermatophytosis, Trends in Epidemiology and Diagnostic Approach
Abstract Dermatophytes are amongst the most common fungal agents causing superficial skin infections. The epidemiology of dermatophytosis has changed during the last century under the influence of socioeconomic factors, modern life, intensification of travel, migration of populations from the southern to the northern hemisphere. As result, Trichophyton rubrum has become the most frequent species worldwide, causing mainly tinea pedis and tinea unguium, while Microsporum canis is still the main agent in tinea corporis and capitis in Mediterranean countries. However, the prevalence of anthropophilic dermatophytes cau...
Source: Current Fungal Infection Reports - August 8, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Trichphyton violaceum and T. soudanese: re-emerging pathogens in Italy, 2005-2013.
Authors: Farina C, Fazii P, Imberti G, Lombardi G, Passera M, Andreoni S, AMCLI Dermatophytes’ Study Group, AMCLI Dermatophytes' Study Group Abstract Dermatomycoses due to Trichophyton violaceum are described in Mediterranean Countries, North Africa and in the Horn of Africa where T. soudanense is present too, but it was rare until few years ago in Italy. Aim of the present study was to evaluate an Italian multicenter 9-year (2005-2013) experience concerning these re-emerging pathogens. Fifty three fungal strains were sent from clinical laboratories to the Medical Mycology Committee (CoSM) - Italian Associati...
Source: New Microbiologica - July 7, 2015 Category: Microbiology Tags: New Microbiol Source Type: research