The role of socio-economic status and neighborhood social capital on loneliness among older adults: evidence from the Sant Boi Aging Study
AbstractPurposeThe aim of the present study is to analyze the role of age in the association between socio-economic status (SES) and loneliness as well as the role of neighborhood social capital (NSC) in the association between individual social capital and loneliness.MethodsData include a representative population-based sample from Sant Boi de Llobregat (a suburb of Barcelona) of 1124 adults aged 50 and over. Logistic regression models were used to analyze the survey data. Interactions between SES and age, and NSC and individual social capital were explored.ResultsAmong the poorest older adults, older individuals showed a...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - June 23, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Lonely in a crowd: invited commentary on Webber and Frendt-Newlin (2017). A review of social participation interventions for people with mental health problems
(Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - June 23, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Internalizing and externalizing problems in childhood and adolescence as predictors of work incapacity in young adulthood
ConclusionsInternalizing and externalizing behavior problems identified at an early age (8 –9 years) increased risk for SA and DP in young adulthood. These findings indicate that early prevention and intervention efforts to reduce behavior problems may promote a successful start in working life. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - June 21, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Dispensing of psychotropic medication among 400,000 immigrants in The Netherlands
ConclusionsThe findings agree with earlier reports of more mental health problems among Moroccan and Turkish individuals. Surinamese/Antillean individuals did not use psychotropic drugs at excess and discontinued antidepressants and anxiolytics earlier. The data strongly suggest under-treatment for ADHD in all ethnic minority groups. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - June 14, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Examining the impact of migrant status on ethnic differences in mental health service use preceding a first diagnosis of schizophrenia
ConclusionsWe observed fewer ethnic differences in health service use preceding the first diagnosis of psychosis when patterns are compared among first-generation migrants, rather than to the general population, suggesting that the choice of reference group influences ethnic patterning of health service use. We need a comprehensive understanding of the mechanisms behind observed differences for minority groups to adequately address disparities in access to care. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - June 10, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Physical activity and mental health: commentary on Suetani et al. 2016: common mental disorders and recent physical activity status: findings from a National Community Survey
(Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - June 9, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Geographic variation in mental health care disparities among racially/ethnically diverse adults with psychiatric disorders
AbstractPurposeThe main purpose of this paper is to examine geographic variation in unmet need for mental health care among racially/ethnically diverse adults with psychiatric disorders in the US.MethodsDrawn from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys (CPES; 2001 –2003), adults with any past year psychiatric disorder diagnosis (n = 3211) from diverse racial/ethnic backgrounds were selected for analyses. Using weighted data, descriptive analyses and logistic regression analyses were conducted.ResultsTwo-thirds of the total sample had unmet mental health care need, which differed significantly by...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - June 6, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prognostic factors for return to work of employees with common mental disorders: a meta-analysis of cohort studies
ConclusionsSelf-efficacy (SE) is a key factor in the enhancement of work ability and RTW. Improving employee ’s SE and collaborating with employers to enhance work ability may help to facilitate RTW. As the RTW process is complex, exploring theoretical frameworks for RTW in individuals with a CMD is also needed. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - June 2, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Social Aptitudes Scale: looking at both “ends” of the social functioning dimension
ConclusionsOur results provide further validity to SAS and exemplify the potential of “bidirectional” scales to dimensional assessment, allowing a better understanding of variations that occur in the population and providing information for children with typical and atypical development. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 31, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Do racial patterns in psychological distress shed light on the Black –White depression paradox? A systematic review
ConclusionsA systematic review of the epidemiologic evidence supports the existence of a “double paradox” by which Blacks’ lower prevalence of MDD relative to Whites’ is inconsistent with both the expectations of social stress theory and with the empirical evidence regarding psychological distress. Efforts to resolve the Black–White depression paradox should account for the di scordant distress results, which seem to favor artifactual explanations. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 29, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prevalence and characteristics of self-reported physical and mental disorders among adults with hearing loss in Denmark: a national survey
ConclusionAdults with hearing loss have a greater risk of additional physical and mental disorders. It is important for clinicians to have some understanding of the communication needs and characteristics of deaf and hard-of-hearing patients, so that they can recognize and treat symptoms and provide appropriate support. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 29, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Homotypic and heterotypic psychopathological continuity: a child cohort study
ConclusionsHeterotypic continuity may reflect elements of shared aetiology, or local-level interactions between disorders. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 26, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Racial/ethnic differences in perception of need for mental health treatment in a US national sample
ConclusionsThis study resolves the contradiction in empirical evidence regarding the existence of racial/ethnic differences in perception of need for mental health treatment; differences exist across the range of severity of mental illness and among those with no mental illness. These differences should be taken into account in an effort to reduce mental health-care disparities. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 26, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Drug abuse-associated mortality across the lifespan: a population-based longitudinal cohort and co-relative analysis
ConclusionThe association between registry-ascertained DA and premature mortality is very strong and results from both non-medical and medical causes. This excess mortality arises both indirectly —from characteristics of drug-abusing persons—and directly from the effects of DA. Excess mortality of opiate abuse was substantially higher than that observed for all other drug classes. These results have implications for interventions seeking to reduce the large burden of DA-associated premat ure mortality. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 26, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Explaining intersectionality through description, counterfactual thinking, and mediation analysis
(Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 24, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A life less lonely: the state of the art in interventions to reduce loneliness in people with mental health problems
ConclusionsDevelopment of clearly defined loneliness interventions, high-quality trials of effectiveness, and identifying which approaches work best for whom is required. Promising future approaches may include wider community initiatives and social prescribing. It is important to place loneliness and social relationships high on the wider public mental health and research agenda. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 20, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Radical change or warm sentiments? A commentary on Gronholm et al. (2017) Interventions to reduce discrimination and stigma: the state of the art
(Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 12, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Socioeconomic inequalities in treatment of individuals with common mental disorders regarding subsequent development of mental illness
This study aimed to investigate if (1) there are socioeconomic differences with regard to type of treatment and (2) if the socioeconomic status modifies the association between treatment and subsequent inpatient care or suicide attempt, respectively, in individuals with CMDs.MethodsThe study population comprised 66,097 individuals aged 18 –59 on sick-leave due to a CMD during 2006 in Sweden. Cox regression with a follow-up from 2007 through 2010 estimated crude and multivariate hazard ratios (HR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI).ResultsIndividuals with sickness absence due to CMDs and a higher educational level wer...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 11, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Rates and predictors of 18-months remission in an epidemiological cohort of 661 patients with first-episode psychosis
ConclusionsThe development of early intervention strategies should be pursued, in order both to provide treatment before symptoms reach a high intensity and to maintain social integration. Specific strategies need to promote engagement, facilitate adherence to medication and to create a framework where key issues such as substance abuse co-morbidity can be addressed. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 5, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Discrimination and support from friends and family members experienced by people with mental health problems: findings from an Australian national survey
ConclusionsThis nationally representative study of real life experiences highlights the potential for harm or benefit from a person ’s social support network. Despite positive experiences being common, there is an ongoing need to reduce mental illness stigma and improve understanding of how to support a loved one with a mental health problem. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 5, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Trends in non-help-seeking for mental disorders in Germany between 1997 –1999 and 2009–2012: a repeated cross-sectional study
ConclusionDespite a downward trend over the course of 12  years, a large proportion of people suffering from mental disorders are still not seeking treatment in Germany. Further efforts to increase uptake of help-seeking for mental disorders in hard-to-reach groups are warranted to continue this trend. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 29, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Physical, sexual and social health factors associated with the trajectories of maternal depressive symptoms from pregnancy to 4  years postpartum
AbstractPurposeFew studies have examined the course of maternal depressive across pregnancy and early parenthood. The aim of this study was to identify the physical, sexual and social health factors associated with the trajectories of maternal depressive symptoms from pregnancy to 4  years postpartum.MethodData were drawn from 1102 women participating in the Maternal Health Study, a prospective pregnancy cohort study in Melbourne, Australia. Self-administered questionnaires were completed at baseline (
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 27, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Long-term impacts of parental migration on Chinese children ’s psychosocial well-being: mitigating and exacerbating factors
ConclusionsParental migration has an independent, long-lasting adverse effect on children. Psychosocial well-being of LBC depends more on the relationship bonds between nuclear family members and the availability of support, rather than socioeconomic status. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 24, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The effectiveness of narrative enhancement and cognitive therapy: a randomized controlled study of a self-stigma intervention
ConclusionsThe conclusion of the present study is that, using a sample size with adequate power, NECT seems to be an effective intervention with regard to diminishing self-stigma and improving self-esteem, and that these improvements were stable at a 6-month follow-up. There was a distinct relationship between number of sessions attended and improvements in self-stigma and self-esteem controlling for confounding factors. This puts attention to the importance of creating a group climate which facilitate and encourage participation through the various phases of the intervention. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 19, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Incidence and predictive factors of Internet addiction among Chinese secondary school students in Hong Kong: a longitudinal study
ConclusionsPrevalence and incidence of IA conversion were high and need attention. Interventions should take into account risk predictors identified, such as those of the HBM, and time management skills should be enhanced. Screening is warranted to identify those at high risk (e.g. high CIAS score) and provide them with primary and secondary interventions. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 17, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Dimensionality of DSM-5 posttraumatic stress disorder and its association with suicide attempts: results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions-III
ConclusionsThe identification of the primary latent trait of PTSD confirms PTSD as an independent psychiatric disorder and helps define PTSD severity in clinical practice and for etiologic research. The accurate specification of PTSD factor structure has implications for treatment efforts and the prevention of suicidal behaviors. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 11, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Posttraumatic stress disorder, trauma, and reconciliation in South Sudan
ConclusionsPeople with PTSD may prioritize ending violence via opportunities for reconciliation, while those with more trauma exposure may support more punitive mechanisms. Policy makers should take mental health treatment and trauma into account when designing conflict mitigation, peace building, and justice mechanisms. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 11, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Suicide mortality among male veterans discharged from Veterans Health Administration acute psychiatric units from 2005 to 2010
ConclusionsAmong male veterans, the suicide rate in the year after discharge from acute psychiatric hospitalization increased from 2005 to 2008, after which it plateaued. Prevention efforts should target psychiatrically hospitalized veterans who live in rural settings and/or are diagnosed with mood or other anxiety disorders. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 11, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Lausanne –Geneva cohort study of offspring of parents with mood disorders: methodology, findings, current sample characteristics, and perspectives
ConclusionsInformation from clinical, biological, cognitive, and behavioral measures, based on contemporary knowledge, should further enhance our understanding of mood disorder psychopathology, its consequences, and underlying mechanisms. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 10, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

An investigation of changes in children ′s mental health in Wales between 2007/2008 and 2012/2013
This study updates evidence on differences in child mental health since 2008 by comparing two nationally representative cohorts in Wales, UK. Parents of 4- to 12-year-old children completed the St rengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). No significant differences were seen for younger girls between 2007/2008 and 2012/2013. There was a decrease in conduct, hyperactivity and total difficulties symptom scores and an increase in prosocial scores for boys and older girls. These findings sugg est that rates of child mental health problems are stable or falling. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 10, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Association of gender disadvantage factors and gender preference with antenatal depression in women: a cross-sectional study from rural Maharashtra
ConclusionsOur findings demonstrate that antenatal depression in rural women of Western Maharashtra is associated with gender disadvantage factors, especially related to preference for a male child. The agenda to improve maternal mental health should be ultimately linked to address the broader social development goals and gender empowerment. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 9, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Ambulance attendances resulting from self-harm after release from prison: a prospective data linkage study
ConclusionsAmbulance attendances resulting from self-harm following release from prison are common and represent an opportunity for tertiary intervention for self-harm. The high prevalence of such attendances, in conjunction with the strong association with prior psychiatric problems, reinforces the importance of providing appropriate ambulance staff training in the assessment and management of self-harm, and mental health problems more broadly, in this vulnerable population. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 7, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Intimate partner violence and mental ill health among global populations of Indigenous women: a systematic review
ConclusionsDespite the small number of studies identified, the available evidence suggests that experiences of IPV and mental disorders among Indigenous women are linked and exacerbated by poverty, discrimination, and substance abuse. More research is needed to better understand distributions and presentations of IPV-related mental illness in this population. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 7, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Neighborhood determinants of mood and anxiety disorders among men who have sex with men in New York City
ConclusionsThis study illustrates the downsides of having deep ties to social neighborhoods when they occur in the absence of broader access to ties with the community of one ’s sexual identity. Interventions that help MSM cross the spatial boundaries of their social neighborhoods and promote integration of MSM into the broader gay community may contribute to the reduction of elevated rates of depression and anxiety in this population. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 5, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Immigrants ’ utilization of specialist mental healthcare according to age, country of origin, and migration history: a nation-wide register study in Norway
ConclusionUtilization rates of specialist mental healthcare are lower among immigrants than Norwegians. Immigrants from Poland, Somalia, Sri Lanka, and Vietnam, had generally quite low rates, while immigrants from Iran had high utilization rates. The findings suggest that specialist mental healthcare in Norway is underutilized among considerable parts of the immigrant population. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 4, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Long-term effects of mental disorders on marital outcomes in the National Comorbidity Survey ten-year follow-up
ConclusionsIndividuals with common mental disorders are at greater risk of marital dissolution and are less likely to enter new marriages. These factors contribute to the diminished social engagement and social support for individuals with these disorders. Interventions aimed at improving marital and family relationships could potentially ameliorate the effect of mental disorders on these vital social ties. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 4, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The concomitants of conspiracy concerns
ConclusionsViewing conspiracies in the world is associated with a raised risk of a wide range of adverse circumstances. It is a type of cognitive style that requires systematic empirical study, including monitoring of prevalence, tests of causation, and modelling of propagation. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - March 29, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Intersections of poverty, race/ethnicity, and sex: alcohol consumption and adverse outcomes in the United States
AbstractWe examine whether intersectionality theory —which formalizes the notion that adverse health outcomes owing to having a marginalized social status, identity, or characteristic, may be magnified for individuals with an additional marginalized social status, identity, or characteristic—can be applied using quantitative methods to describe t he differential effects of poverty on alcohol consumption across sex and race/ethnicity. Using the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions, we analyze longitudinal data from Black, Hispanic, and White drinkers (n = 21,140) to asses...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - March 27, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Comorbid psychopathology and everyday functioning in a brief intervention study to reduce khat use among Somalis living in Kenya: description of baseline multimorbidity, its effects of intervention and its moderation effects on substance use
ConclusionSomali khat users in Kenya are highly burdened by multimorbidity of depression, PTSD and khat-psychotic symptoms. The main effects for time and differences in healthy vs. mentally ill khat users indicate potential of unspecific support and the specific need for mental health care in combination with substance abuse treatment. The increase of everyday functioning promises more options for alternative activities, preventing excessive use and addiction. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - March 20, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Proximity to healthcare clinic and depression risk in South Africa: geospatial evidence from a nationally representative longitudinal study
In this study, we examined whether the distance to the primary healthcare clinic (PHCC) was associated with risk of depression in KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa. Depressive symptoms and household coordinates data were accessed from the nationally representative South African National Income Dynamics Study. Distances between households and their nearest PHCCs were calculated and mixed-effects logistic regression models fitted to the data. Participants residing
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - March 15, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Estimating the risk of crime and victimisation in people with intellectual disability: a data-linkage study
ConclusionsPWID are at increased risk of victimisation and perpetration of violent and sexual crimes. Risk of sex offending and victimisation is particularly elevated, and signalling the need for specialised interventions to prevent offending and to ensure victims is assisted with access to justice, support, and treatment. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - March 13, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A review of social participation interventions for people with mental health problems
ConclusionsThe small number of heterogeneous studies included in this review, which were not quality appraised, tentatively suggests that social participation interventions may increase individuals ’ social networks. Future research needs to use experimental designs with sufficient samples and follow-up periods longer than 12 months to enable us to make firm recommendations for mental health policy or practice. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - March 12, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The pervasive effect of youth self-report of hunger on depression over 6  years of follow up
ConclusionsOur models support an independent and temporal relationship between youth self-report of hunger and depression in adolescence and young adulthood. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - March 11, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Satisfaction with psychiatric in-patient care as rated by patients at discharge from hospitals in 11 countries
ConclusionFurther studies on patients ’ satisfaction should additionally pay attention to treatment expectations formed by the previous experience of treatment, service-related knowledge, stigma and patients’ disempowerment, and power imbalance. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - March 11, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Interventions to mitigate the effects of poverty and inequality on mental health
ConclusionsThe social, economic, and physical environments in which people live shape mental health and many common mental disorders. There are effective early interventions to promote mental health in vulnerable groups, but it is necessary to both initiate and facilitate a cross-sectoral approach, and to form partnerships between different government departments, civic society organisations and other stakeholders. This approach is referred to as Mental Health in All Policies and it can be applied to all public policy levels from local policies to supranational. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - March 9, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Individual-level factors associated with mental health in Rwandan youth affected by HIV/AIDS
ConclusionsAn adapted scale displayed solid psychometric properties for measuring protective factors in Rwandan youth. Identifying culturally appropriate protective factors is a key component of research associated with the prevention of mental health problems and critical to the development of cross-cultural strength-based interventions for children and families. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - March 8, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The longitudinal association between external locus of control, social cognition and adolescent psychopathology
ConclusionsExternality was more strongly associated with psychotic experiences. At 18  years change in externality, between 8 and 16 years were associated with a larger increase in the risk of depression. Poor social communication was more strongly associated with depression. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - March 7, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Expressed emotion and the course of schizophrenia in Pakistan
AbstractPurposeAim of the study is to evaluate the predictive power of Expressed Emotion in Schizophrenia relapse in Pakistan.MethodA longitudinal study was conducted comprising 53 in-patients ’ sample diagnosed with Schizophrenia and their 101 key carers. Participants fulfilled DSM-IV-TR criteria for Schizophrenia based on Structural Clinical Interview for the DSM-IV diagnosis. Symptomatic status was measured through Brief Psychiatric Rating Scales-Expanded (BPRS-E). Caregivers’ leve l of EE was assessed through Camberwell Family Interview (CFI). Patients were followed up for 9 months after hospital disch...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - March 4, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Suicide rates in European OECD nations converged during the period 1990 –2010
ConclusionThe study indicates that beta convergence alone explained most of the cross-national variations. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - March 4, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Occupy Central (Umbrella) movement and mental health distress in the Hong Kong general public: political movements and concerns as potential structural risk factors of population mental health
ConclusionMany citizens participated in the movement, which was led by youths and might have increased the general public ’s mental distress. Negative personal responses to the movement and emotions toward political situations were potential risk factors. As the political tension would last and political pessimism is globally found, politics may have become a regular and persistent structural risk factor negatively a ffecting population mental health. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - March 3, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research