Cross-sectional networks of depressive symptoms before and after antidepressant medication treatment
ConclusionsFindings suggest the effects of SSRIs can be studied using the network approach. The increased connectivity, predictability, and communities at week 8 may be explained by the decrease in depressive symptoms rather than specific effects of SSRIs. Future studies with larger samples and placebo controls are needed to offer insight into the effects of SSRIs.Trial RegistrationThe trials described in this manuscript were funded by the NIMH.Pennsylvania/Vanderbilt study:5 R10 MH55877 (https://projectreporter.nih.gov/project_info_description.cfm?aid=6186633&icde=28344168&ddparam=&ddvalue=&ddsub=&cr=1...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 7, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The utility of outpatient commitment: acute medical care access and protecting health
ConclusionMental health system involvement and CTO supervision appeared to facilitate access to physical health care in acute care settings for patients with severe mental illness, a group that has, in the past, been subject to excess morbidity and mortality. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 6, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prevalence and predictors of no lifetime utilization of mental health treatment among people with mental disorders in France: findings from the ‘Mental Health in General Population’ (MHGP) survey
ConclusionsIn France, NUMT rates were the highest for AUDs and SUDs. Additionally, suffering from MDs or ADs increased the lifetime treatment utilization for people having any other mental disorder. This finding emphasizes the need to better screen AUDs and SUDs among people treated for MDs or ADs. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Behavioral problem trajectories and self-esteem changes in relation with adolescent depressive symptoms: a longitudinal study
ConclusionsSustained or worsening childhood behavioral problems and low self-esteem were precursors of adolescent depressive symptoms, and as such could be an early indicator of the need for intervention. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Distress and burnout in young medical researchers before and during the Greek austerity measures: forerunner of a greater crisis?
ConclusionsIt is evident that the current financial crisis and working conditions have a strong impact on health status of young medical researchers in Greece. The observed increased trends and the identified predictors could guide targeted and comprehensive interventions towards tackling distress among the medical researchers not only in Greece but also in other countries suffering from financial crisis. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 2, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Adverse life outcomes associated with adolescent psychotic experiences and depressive symptoms
ConclusionsAdolescent psychotic experiences and depression represent a risk marker for a number of later adverse outcomes, most consistently with education and employment, but also social impairment, harmful drinking, and substance use. This highlights the importance of recognizing adolescent psychopathology, so that support can be provided to try and minimize adverse outcomes. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - March 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Recent advances in the prevention of mental disorders
ConclusionsA number of interventions to prevent mental disorders are efficacious. While intervention effect sizes are generally small for prevention of depression and anxiety, they may nonetheless be of significant population benefit. Using the growing evidence base to inform policy and dissemination of evidence-based prevention programs is critical for moving prevention science into real-world settings. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - March 15, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Baby or bathwater? Referrals of “non-cases” in a targeted early identification intervention for psychosis
ConclusionsTCIs for FEP may have unintended effects, with implications for early case identification and early intervention services. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - March 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Association between spousal emotional abuse and reproductive outcomes of women in India: findings from cross-sectional analysis of the 2005 –2006 National Family Health Survey
ConclusionsWomen ’s experience of violence may be under-reported. When other forms of violence were adjusted for, emotional violence was not associated with adverse reproductive outcomes, whereas controlling behaviour remained associated with all but one adverse reproductive outcome. Therefore, spousal controlling behaviour requires further investigation as a determinant of reproductive health. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - March 9, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Correction to: Potentially traumatic events have negative and positive effects on loneliness, depending on PTSD-symptom levels: evidence from a population-based prospective comparative study
AbstractIn the original article, Tables  2 and 3 have published with incorrect alignment. The correct tables are given below. The original article was corrected. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - March 8, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Early vulnerabilities for psychiatric disorders in elementary schoolchildren from four Brazilian regions
ConclusionEarly vulnerabilities such as low IQ, presence of disability, and dimensions of temperament were associated with psychiatric disorders among Brazilian elementary school children, after controlling for familial and ecological confounders. These early vulnerabilities should be considered in mental health prevention/intervention programs in low-middle-income countries like Brazil. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - March 6, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mental health burden in a national sample of American Indian and Alaska Native adults: differences between multiple-race and single-race subgroups
ConclusionsThese findings help gauge the magnitude of mental health disparities in the U.S. AIAN population and pinpoint AIAN subgroups for whom mental health is particularly problematic. As such, they raise concerns about restrictions that limit the identification of national survey respondents who report multiple race designations. Such restrictions will thwart efforts to understand the causal mechanisms and pathways leading to mental distress among AIAN individuals. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - February 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Gender differential in social and economic predictors of incident major depressive disorder in the Ibadan Study of Ageing
ConclusionThere was a gender differential in the association of social and economic factors with incident MDD in this sample. These findings have implications for the design of early prevention strategies for late-life depression in sub-Saharan Africa. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - February 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Lifetime prevalence and age-of-onset of mental disorders in adults from the Argentinean Study of Mental Health Epidemiology
DiscussionThe results provide direct evidence for high lifetime societal burdens of common mental disorders in Argentina due to a combination of high prevalence and early age-of-onset. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - February 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Lifelong robbery victimisation and mental disorders at age 18 years: Brazilian population-based study
ConclusionsRobberies are associated with common mental disorders in late adolescence, independently of violence between family members. Reducing urban violence could significantly help in preventing common mental illnesses. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - February 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Social distance in Lithuanian psychology and social work students and professionals
ConclusionsSocial distance from people with mental illness decreases through the study years; however, results of professional psychologists and social workers illustrate different trajectories in social distance through the professional career. The results of this study support the need for anti-stigma programmes and initiatives orientated towards mental health professionals. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - February 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Sexual orientation disparities in the co-occurrence of substance use and psychological distress: a national population-based study (2008 –2015)
ConclusionsThis study adds to a growing body of research showing that sexual minorities experience multiple threats to optimal health and points toward future interventions that address the shared sources of these overlapping health threats in stigma-related stress. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - February 15, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A typology of satisfaction with mental health services based on Andersen ’s behavioral model
ConclusionsResults highlight the need for continuity of care and adequate socio-economic conditions for increasing patient satisfaction with MHS. Lower levels of satisfaction among patients with common MDs and SUDs suggest the importance of addressing their specific needs to enhance satisfaction and MH recovery. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - February 15, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Validity of police contacts as a performance indicator for the public mental health care system in Amsterdam: an open cohort study
ConclusionThe number of police contacts of clients can be used as a performance indicator for an urban PMHC system to evaluate the continuity of care in the PMHC system. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - February 15, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Factors associated with household food insecurity and depression in pregnant South African women from a low socio-economic setting: a cross-sectional study
ConclusionsFood insecurity and depression are strongly associated in pregnant women. The relationship between food insecurity and depression is complex and requires further investigation. Interventions that improve both food security and mental health during the perinatal period are likely to benefit the physical and mental well-being of mothers and children. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - February 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The network structure of paranoia in the general population
ConclusionsRather than a strict hierarchy, we argue that the structure of paranoia is best thought of as a heterarchy, where the activation of high-centrality nodes and communities is most likely to lead to steady state paranoia. We also highlight the novel methodological approach used by this study: namely, using network analysis to re-examine a population structure of psychopathology previously identified by latent variable approaches. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - February 9, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Long-stay in forensic-psychiatric care in the UK
ConclusionThis study identified a significant proportion of long-stayers in forensic settings in England. Sociodemographic factors identified in studies in individual settings may be less important than previously thought. The large variation in prevalence of long-stayers observed in the medium secure sample warrants further investigation. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 31, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Physical activity and depression: is 150  min/week of moderate to vigorous physical activity a necessary threshold for decreasing risk of depression in adults? Different views from the same data
(Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Involuntary hospitalization, stigma stress and suicidality: a longitudinal study
AbstractPeople with severe mental illness and a history of involuntary hospitalization may experience stigma-related stress and suffer negative consequences as a result. However, the long-term impact of stigma stress on suicidality in this population remains unknown. This longitudinal study therefore examined stigma stress, self-stigma, self-esteem and suicidal ideation among 186 individuals with mental illness and recent involuntary hospitalization. After adjusting for age, gender, diagnoses and symptoms, more stigma stress at baseline predicted suicidal ideation after 2  years, mediated by increased self-stigma and ...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Resilience and protective factors among people with a history of child maltreatment: a systematic review
ConclusionsPublic and population mental health preventions should focus on early childhood and apply preventive strategies as early as possible. Cost-effective studies should be considered in the evaluation of resilience prevention program. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 18, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Suicidal thoughts and behaviors among college students and same-aged peers: results from the World Health Organization World Mental Health Surveys
AbstractPurposeThe primary aims are to (1) obtain representative prevalence estimates of suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STB) among college students worldwide and (2) investigate whether STB is related to matriculation to and attrition from college.MethodsData from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys were analyzed, which include face-to-face interviews with 5750 young adults aged 18 –22 spanning 21 countries (weighted mean response rate = 71.4%). Standardized STB prevalence estimates were calculated for four well-defined groups of same-aged peers: college students, college attriters (i.e., dropouts), s...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Health-related quality of life in outpatients with schizophrenia: factors that determine changes over time
ConclusionsThis study has found that, in outpatients with schizophrenia, changes in negative and excitement symptoms may have a greater an association with HRQoL than changes in positive, cognitive and depressive symptoms. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Loneliness in psychosis: a systematic review
ConclusionsThe relationship between loneliness and psychosis remains poorly understood due to a lack of rigorous studies. Although having strong social relationships is crucial to facilitate recovery from serious mental illness, psychosocial interventions that specifically target loneliness in individuals with psychosis are lacking and sorely needed. Interventions targeting loneliness in those with psychosis will also need to account for additional barriers associated with psychosis (e.g., social skill deficits, impoverished social networks, and negative symptoms). (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The impact of socioeconomic status on the association between biomedical and psychosocial well-being and all-cause mortality in older Spanish adults
ConclusionsPromoting equal access to health care system and improved psychosocial well-being could be a protective factor against premature mortality in older Spanish adults with low SES. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prospective associations between recalled parental bonding and perinatal depression: a cohort study in urban and rural Turkey
ConclusionsLess satisfactory parenting recalled in the antenatal period was an independent predictor of postnatal depression; however, the different bonding subscales varied as predictors according to the timing of the depression assessment after childbirth. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Twelve-month prevalence rates of mental disorders and service use in the Argentinean Study of Mental Health Epidemiology
ConclusionMost individuals with a mental disorder in the past year, even those with a severe disorder, have not received treatment. Because low education is a barrier to treatment, initiatives aimed at mental health education might help timely detection and treatment of these disorders in Argentina. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Vantage sensitivity: a framework for individual differences in response to psychological intervention
ConclusionsVantage sensitivity is a framework with significant relevance for our understanding of widely observed heterogeneity in treatment response. It suggests that variability in response to treatment is partly influenced by people ’s differing capacity for environmental sensitivity, which can be measured with a short questionnaire. Application of the vantage sensitivity framework to psychiatry and clinical psychology may improve our knowledge regarding when, how, and for whom interventions work. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Potentially traumatic events have negative and positive effects on loneliness, depending on PTSD-symptom levels: evidence from a population-based prospective comparative study
ConclusionsRemarkably, potentially traumatic events have depending on PTSD-symptom levels both negative and positive effects on post-event loneliness in favor of affected adults with very low PTSD symptoms levels. However, post-event levels at later stages are predominantly determined by pre-event loneliness levels. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - December 29, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Sleep quality, obstructive sleep apnea, and psychological distress in truck drivers: a cross-sectional study
AbstractPurposeSleep disorders are highly prevalent in truck drivers. The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of self-reported obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and poor sleep quality in truck drivers, and to analyze the relationship between sleep problems and mental health.MethodsA total of 526 male truck drivers (mean age 45.9; DS 9.4) responded to a questionnaire about risk factors for OSA (STOP-Bang), sleep quality perception (Pittsburg sleep questionnaire inventory, PSQI), excessive daytime sleepiness (Epworth sleepiness scale, ESS), and psychological disorders (general health questionnaire, GHQ-12).ResultsIt ...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - December 28, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Correction to: The relationship between childhood trauma and alcohol use initiation in Black and White adolescent girls: considering socioeconomic status and neighborhood factors
AbstractIn the original article, in Table  3, the sentence “Primary caregiver education ≤  12 years” should be “Primary caregiver education 
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - December 28, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

What drives the relationship between combat and alcohol problems in soldiers? The roles of perception and marriage
ConclusionsOur results demonstrate that theperception of combat experiences as traumatic may be a greater contributor to adverse outcomes, such as alcohol problems, than mere combat exposure. They also demonstrate the importance of marital satisfaction as a resiliency factor, particularly at the highest levels of trauma. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - December 27, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Subjective and objective measures of function and return to work: an observational study with a clinical psychiatric cohort
ConclusionsWhen assigning the ability to work, both subjective and objective measures of function predict RTW. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - December 23, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Excess mortality in people with mental illness: findings from a Northern Italy psychiatric case register
ConclusionsOur study confirms that subjects with mental illness have higher SMR. Noteworthy, the overall higher risk of mortality was observed in the younger age group. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - December 22, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Investigating the roles of loneliness and clinician- and self-rated depressive symptoms in predicting the subjective quality of life among people with psychosis
ConclusionsTherapeutic programs aiming to enhance the QoL of people with psychotic disorders should incorporate interventions targeting both loneliness and depression and need to be tailored to the clinical status of patients. The emphasis on alleviating loneliness should be placed first of all in the case of those with low levels of depression, among whom the negative impact of loneliness on QoL is especially strong. Researchers should be aware that the method chosen for assessing depressive symptoms in models predicting QoL in psychosis matters. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - December 14, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Occupational class and the changing patterns of hospitalization for affective and neurotic disorders: a nationwide register-based study of the Finnish working-age population, 1976 –2010
ConclusionsThis study revealed important similarities and differences between occupational classes in terms of long-term changes in hospitalization for affective and neurotic disorders. The results suggest that the labor market changes and healthcare reforms during the 1990s and 2000s in Finland have been more beneficial for higher than for lower occupational classes. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - December 13, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mental health impact of social capital interventions: a systematic review
ConclusionsThere are paucity of SC interventions investigating the effect on mental health outcomes. This study showed that both SC scores and mental health outcomes improved over time but there was little evidence of benefit compared to control groups in the long term. Further high-quality trials are needed, especially among adverse populations to assess sustainability of effect. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - December 12, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Decisional conflict in mental health care: a cross-sectional study
ConclusionsDecisional conflict is common among patients in specialist mental health care and is very useful for assessing the quality of clinical decision making. Measuring decisional conflict and knowledge about influencing factors can be used to improve patients ’ participation in clinical decision making, adherence to treatment and clinical outcomes. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - December 6, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Trends and socio-economic determinants of suicide in India: 2001 –2013
ConclusionThe process of modernization might be contributing towards higher suicide risk in more developed parts of India. Also, increase in farmer suicides since economic liberalization might be contributing towards higher suicide rates among more agricultural regions. Furthermore, ancient sanctions towards religious suicide are possibly still influencing modern Hindu suicides. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - December 5, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Effects of contact-based mental illness stigma reduction programs: age, gender, and Asian, Latino, and White American differences
ConclusionsFindings suggest that contact-based educational programs can achieve immediate reductions in mental illness stigma across a variety of sociodemographic groups and may particularly benefit young adults and racial –ethnic minorities. Further research is needed to assess whether contact-based educational programs can sustain longer-term changes and aid in the reduction of disparities in mental illness stigma and treatment. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - December 2, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Untreated illness and recovery in clients of an early psychosis intervention program: a 10-year prospective cohort study
ConclusionsOur findings suggest that DUI may have a stronger influence than DUP on recovery from FEP at 10-year follow-up. This suggests the potential value in targeted interventions for people with a long DUI to increase the likelihood of achieving recovery after the first episode of psychosis. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 29, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Differences by Veteran/civilian status and gender in associations between childhood adversity and alcohol and drug use disorders
ConclusionsChildhood adversity alters the gender gap in AUD and DUD risk, and in ways that are different for Veterans compared with civilians. Department of Defense, Veterans Affairs, and community health centers can prevent and ameliorate the harmful effects of childhood adversity by adapting existing behavioral health efforts to be trauma informed, Veteran sensitive, and gender tailored. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 29, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Out-of-pocket health expenditures in patients with bipolar disorder, anxiety, schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders: findings from a study in a psychiatry outpatient clinic in Turkey
ConclusionsPatients who were diagnosed with ‘schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders’ were disadvantaged in paying significantly higher amounts for their treatment. A substantial group of these patients compulsorily payed with debit. Considering this financial burden, diagnosis of the patient should be prioritized in health insurance coverage. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 28, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Why do children and adolescents bully their peers? A critical review of key theoretical frameworks
AbstractBullying is a significant public health problem for children and adolescents worldwide. Evidence suggests that both being bullied (bullying victimisation) and bullying others (bullying perpetration) are associated with concurrent and future mental health problems. The onset and course of bullying perpetration are influenced by individual as well as systemic factors. Identifying effective solutions to address bullying requires a fundamental understanding of why it occurs. Drawing from multi-disciplinary domains, this review provides a summary and synthesis of the key theoretical frameworks applied to understanding a...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 22, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The relationship between childhood trauma and alcohol use initiation in Black and White adolescent girls: considering socioeconomic status and neighborhood factors
ConclusionsFindings indicate that childhood trauma is an equally potent risk factor for early drinking onset for Black and White girls; the risk for early alcohol use in Black girls who have experienced traumatic events should not be underestimated. Results further indicate that low SES and neighborhood factors contribute to the associations of childhood trauma and race with alcohol use initiation. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 18, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Socioeconomic risk factors for hospital admittance due to a suicide attempt in Belgium: a population-based study using administrative data
ConclusionsPersons from low income groups, however defined, those living alone, or persons using antidepressants or antipsychotics are at an increased risk of attempting suicide and needing hospitalization for it. A social policy that focuses on the improvement of these factors or their consequences may be expected to have a favourable effect on the number of suicide attempts. Funding of mental health care should also better match population needs. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 16, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research