ICD-11 posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and complex PTSD (CPTSD) in treatment seeking veterans: risk factors and comorbidity
ConclusionsConsidering that CPTSD is a more debilitating condition than PTSD, there is now an urgent need to test the effectiveness of new and existing interventions in veterans with CPTSD. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 19, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Margin for error: examining racial and ethnic trends in adolescent risk propensity
ConclusionsWe find compelling evidence that African American and Hispanic adolescents are less likely to endorse deriving positive reinforcement from potentially dangerous risk taking acts compared to White adolescents. These findings suggest that African American and Hispanic youth may perceive less “margin for error” when navigating their environments. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 19, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The cognitive aspect of formal thought disorder and its relationship with global social functioning and the quality of life of in schizophrenia
ConclusionThis study demonstrated that objective FTD factors reflect different underlying cognitive deficits and correlate with different functioning domains. Significant correlation was determined between subjective negative FTD and psychological quality of life. Given the close relationship of FTD with functioning and quality of life, the FTD-related cognitive deficits should be the key treatment goal in schizophrenia. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Clinical and functional characteristics of a subsample of young people presenting for primary mental healthcare at headspace services across Australia
ConclusionsA broad dataset was obtained providing an insight into key clinical, functional and quality of life characteristics of these individuals. We observed that young people present with complex problems, comorbid diagnoses, moderate levels of symptomatology, impairments in functioning, substance use, and suicidal ideation. This work provides the foundation for our broader research program aiming to develop novel, relevant and youth-specific, change and outcome measures. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 16, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Help-seeking intention among Chinese college students exposed to a natural disaster: an application of an extended theory of planned behavior (E-TPB)
This study aims to explore the intention to seek professional mental health help utilizing an extended theory of planned behavior (E-TPB) model among Chinese college students exposed to Typhoon Hato.MethodsIn total, 1876 Chinese participants were recruited using convenience sampling at baseline and 817 participants (mean age  = 20.9 years, SD = 2.8, 28.4% male) were followed up 6 months later. The online questionnaire was applied to measure six constructs including help-seeking intention, attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control, self-stigma, and social stigma.ResultsStr...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 10, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Sex differences in the association of childhood socioeconomic position and later-life depressive symptoms in Europe: the mediating effect of education
ConclusionGrowing up in poor socioeconomic conditions is a stronger risk factor for the development of depressive symptoms for women than for men. Education may have a stronger preventive potential for women in reducing the adverse effects of childhood socioeconomic hardship. Central and Eastern European populations experience disproportionately higher risk of later-life depression due to lower SEP and greater sex differences. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 9, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The double burden of poverty and marital loss on the mental health of older Australian women; a longitudinal regression analysis using 17 annual waves of the HILDA cohort
This study examines the gendered associations between relative poverty, marital status and mental health in older Australians.MethodsDrawing on 17 waves of the HILDA Survey, fixed-effects longitudinal regression analysis was utilised to examine the association between: (1) relative poverty (
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prevalence of trauma- and stress-related symptoms in psychiatrists and trainees following patient suicide in the United States
ConclusionThe presence of higher levels of emotional exhaustion and depression than medical or surgical colleagues depicts the need for training programs, formal and informal support, workshops, or curricular changes to address this almost inevitable issue in a psychiatrist ’s career. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Criminal victimization, cognitive social capital and mental health in an urban region in Germany: a path analysis
ConclusionOur results suggest that cognitive SC is an individual resilience factor against negative experiences related to CV and that it holds the potential to diminish negative mental health consequences of CV. Further research should explore to what extent an enhancement of cognitive SC can help to prevent anxiety and depression among crime victims. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 6, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Longitudinal bidirectional associations between internalizing mental disorders and cardiometabolic disorders in the general adult population
ConclusionsOur findings indicate that INTs increase the risk of both the presence and the onset of CMs in the short term, while CMs may increase the likelihood of the first onset of INTs in the longer term. Further research is needed to better understand the mechanisms underlying the observed associations. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 5, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Symptomatic, functional and service utilization outcomes of migrants with a first episode of psychosis
DiscussionThe outcomes for migrants who experience FEP appear to be largely similar to those for the Australian-born population. Our finding that a greater rate of involuntary admission for migrants at presentation supports existing literature and needs further exploration to improve clinical care. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 5, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Return to the labour market in schizophrenia and other psychoses: a register-based Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 study
ConclusionAlthough rare, it is possible to return to the labour market after a disability pension due to psychosis. Factors predicting a return to the labour market could be taken into account when planning rehabilitation. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 5, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The association between migrant status and transition in an ultra-high risk for psychosis population
ConclusionsThis meta-analysis did not find a statistically significant association between migrant status and an increased risk for transition to a full-threshold psychotic disorder; however, several methodological issues could explain this finding. Further research should focus on examining the risk of specific migrant groups and also ensuring that migrant populations are adequately represented within UHR clinics. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 5, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Dysfunctional family functioning in high socioeconomic status families as a risk factor for the development of psychiatric disorders in adoptees: the Finnish Adoptive Family Study of Schizophrenia
ConclusionsThis study showed that in HSES families, dysfunctional family processes and HR for schizophrenia increased the likelihoods for the development of psychiatric disorders in adoptees. The results can be utilized in identifying risk factors in the development of psychiatric disorders and focusing preventative strategies on risk groups with acknowledging the importance of family functioning. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 5, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The relationship of pre- and post-resettlement violence exposure to mental health among refugees: a multi-site panel survey of somalis in the US and Canada
ConclusionsOur study is the first to examine refugees ’ exposure to post-resettlement violence across time, finding that Somali refugees’ exposure is both persistent and prevalent after resettlement. Post-resettlement violence had a larger association with mental health than pre-resettlement exposure by Wave 2. Our study highlights the urgent need to understand the role of post-resettlement violence exposure for refugees in the US and Canada. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 4, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Incidence and comorbidities of disruptive behavior disorders diagnosed in Finnish specialist psychiatric services
ConclusionAlthough DBDs were 3.5 times more common among boys during the whole follow-up period, the yearly incidence during adolescence was fairly similar between boys and girls. DBD existed alongside various psychiatric disorders at a relatively young age and only a minor increase in treated incidence was found during childhood. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 4, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Maltreatment during childhood and risk for common mental disorders among first year university students in South Africa
ConclusionFindings confirm the high prevalence of childhood maltreatment among South African students. As this exposure elevates risk for MDD, GAD and DUD, interventions aimed at preventing and treating CMDs among first-year students should address experiences of childhood maltreatment. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 4, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Psychosocial interventions for self-harm in low-income and middle-income countries: systematic review and theory of change
ConclusionThere were no strong positive findings to draw definitive conclusions. Limited availability and evidence for culturally adapted interventions in self-harm, lack of evaluation of task sharing using evidence based interventions as well as a dearth in evaluation and reporting of various intervention delivery models in low- and middle-income countries were major literature gaps. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 4, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Psychiatric diagnoses are associated with means selection in united states suicide deaths
ConclusionsMany existing and proposed means restriction interventions have focused on firearms. Additional focus on access to potential agents of poisoning (e.g., the type and quantity of medication administered to patients) among individuals with psychiatric diagnoses may be warranted. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 3, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Frozen conflict in the midst of a global pandemic: potential impact on mental health in Armenian border communities
We present context-related factors of psychiatric illness, the prevalence of mental health disorders, and the state of mental health services in Armenia. We recommend directing greater attention towards the mental health status of civilians residing in conflict zones during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 3, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Personality and risk of hospital diagnosed mental disorder: a 35  years’ prospective study
ConclusionThe results confirm high neuroticism as a prospective vulnerability factor for mental disorder and indicate high psychoticism to be a potential risk factor for mood and anxiety disorders. These associations are not confounded by intelligence. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 3, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The association of birth by caesarean section and cognitive outcomes in offspring: a systematic review
ConclusionThe evidence of an association between CS birth and lower offspring cognitive functioning is inconsistent. Based on currently available data, there is no evidence that a causal association exists. To better examine this association, future studies should (a) distinguish elective and emergency caesareans, (b) adequately adjust for confounding variables and (c) have valid outcome measures of cognition. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 3, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Exposure to domestic violence and the risk of developing depression within 6  months postpartum in Bangladesh
ConclusionDV perpetrated by husband and/or in-laws is highly prevalent and significantly associated with PPD in Bangladesh. Strategies in developing interventions for improving maternal mental health should consider DV perpetrated by either husband or in-laws. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 3, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Associations between neighborhood greenspace and brain imaging measures in non-demented older adults: the Cardiovascular Health Study
ConclusionThis study suggests a possible association between greater greenspace and less ventricular enlargement, a measure reflecting global brain atrophy. If confirmed in other longitudinal cohort studies, interventions and policies to improve community greenspaces may help to maintain brain health in older age. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 3, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Depression and loneliness during April 2020 COVID-19 restrictions in the United States, and their associations with frequency of social and sexual connections
ConclusionsDepression and loneliness were elevated during the early US COVID-19 response. Those who maintained very frequent in-person, but not remote, social and sexual connections had better mental health outcomes. While COVID-19 social restrictions remain necessary, it will be critical to expand mental health services to serve those most at-risk and identify effective ways of maintaining social and sexual connections from a distance. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 2, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Social class discrimination as a predictor of first cigarette use and transition to nicotine use disorder in Black and White youth
ConclusionsThe observed race and smoking stage-specific effects suggest that social class discrimination is more impactful on early stages of smoking for White youth and later stages for Black youth. The robustness of links with mother ’s discrimination experiences further suggests the importance of considering family-level effects and the need to explore possible mechanisms, such as socialization processes. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 2, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Correlates of social support in individuals with a diagnosis of common mental disorders and non communicable medical diseases in rural South India
AbstractPurposeThe purpose of the study was to examine the association between socio-demographic and clinical characteristics and perceived social support among patients with a diagnosis of depression and/or anxiety and co-morbid medical conditions from rural south India.MethodsThe study was conducted in 49 PHCs in Ramanagara district, Karnataka, and included 2481 participants, who were 30  years or older with co-morbid CMD (Common Mental Disorder) and hypertension, diabetes or ischemic heart disease. Socio-demographic characteristics of the participants were collected, and instrumental, emotional and total social sup...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Correction to: Experiences of pathways to mental health services for young people and their carers: a qualitative meta-synthesis review
The original article can be found online. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - December 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Occurrence and determinants of parental psychosocial stress and mental health disorders in parents and their children in early childhood: rationale, objectives, and design of the population-based SKKIPPI cohort study
ConclusionsOur study will identify potential risk and protective factors for postnatal mental health and health care utilization of psychosocially burdened families. This will help to improve prevention and treatment strategies to strengthen the parent –child relationship, to reduce persisting vulnerability of children, and to improve health care and social services.Trial registrationThe study has been registered in the German Clinical Trial Registry on February 8th 2019 (DRKS-ID: DRKS00016653). (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - December 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Early predictors for late hospitalizations up to 14  years after first episode psychosis
AbstractPurposeNew hospitalizations after first episode psychosis (FEP) may be viewed as an indicator of instability in a psychotic disorder. In the current study we wanted to analyse long term risk for psychosis hospitalizations after FEP. We also wanted to analyse predictors for late hospitalizations, with focus on early antipsychotic medication.MethodsFirst episode psychosis cases were recruited to the Swedish Parachute project in 1996 –1997. The program offered highly available and continuous psychosocial support and a cautious use of antipsychotic medication for 5 years from inclusion. Longitudinal data fro...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - December 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The influence of prescriber and patient gender on the prescription of benzodiazepines: evidence for stereotypes and biases?
AbstractPurposeBenzodiazepines are commonly prescribed globally. We hypothesize that gender stereotypes influence benzodiazepine prescriptions insofar as male prescribers are more likely to prescribe benzodiazepines to female patients.MethodsOur nationwide cohort study included 2,127,441 patients with a psychiatric disorder (ICD-9 codes 290 –319) and 38,932 prescribers as part of the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (1997–2013). We evaluated the effects of patient and prescriber gender on the proportion of patients prescribed benzodiazepines and the cumulative dosage of benzodiazepine prescrip...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Incidence and method of suicide mortality in patients with schizophrenia: a Nationwide Cohort Study
ConclusionsPatients with schizophrenia had higher suicide rates for all methods than did the general population. Suicide method differed based on sex. Patients with SUDs exhibit a high SMR for each suicide method and warrant intensive clinical attention. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mental health of clinical staff working in high-risk epidemic and pandemic health emergencies a rapid review of the evidence and living meta-analysis
ConclusionAlthough epidemic and pandemic response work may add only a small additional burden, improving mental health through service management and provision of mental health services should be a priority given that baseline rates of poor mental health are already very high. As new studies emerge, they are being added to a living meta-analysis where all analysis code and data have been made freely available:https://osf.io/zs7ne/. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A multi-level developmental approach towards understanding adolescent mental health and behaviour: rationale, design and methods of the LIFECOURSE study in Iceland
ConclusionsMajor gaps remain in our knowledge of how individual, societal and biological factors across the lifespan —from early life to adolescence—interact and shape the risk for emotional problems and harmful behaviours during adolescence. The LIFECOURSE study was designed to address this knowledge gap. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Depression and anxiety symptoms among returning workers during the COVID-19 period in East China
ConclusionThe depression and anxiety problems were prevalent among returning workers during the COVID-19 period. Targeted psychological interventions should be developed and implemented to improve their mental health. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Risk and resilience: a mixed methods investigation of Aboriginal Australian women ’s perinatal mental health screening assessments
ConclusionAssessing protective factors in mental health screening for perinatal Aboriginal women increases the effectiveness of screening and provides a foundation for the delivery of local structured psychosocial care. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

An age-period-cohort analysis for prevalence of common psychiatric disorders in Japan, 1999 –2017
ConclusionIncrease in public awareness and psychological stress associated with a change in a social environment is thought to affect the period and cohort effects on the prevalence of mood disorders and neurotic, stress-related, and somatoform disorders. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Longitudinal research on the bidirectional association between depression and arthritis
ConclusionThe onset of depression increased the risk of incident arthritis; in addition, baseline arthritis predicted future depression in middle-aged and elderly Chinese adults. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A step back from the edge: empirical modeling of the role of social integration on suicide and associated deleterious health outcomes across adolescents from six middle-income countries
ConclusionSuch results provide an impetus for pursuing interventions in LMICs, which focus on social-based, multi-level approaches. Such interventions could include such elements as peer-to-peer training support and awareness/promotion of mental health among parents of adolescents. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Testing the pathway from pre-migration sexual violence to suicide-related risk among North Korean refugee women living in South Korea: do social networks matter?
ConclusionAssessment of pre-migration sexual violence victimization needs to begin at an early stage of resettlement. Study findings highlight the urgent need to create suicide prevention programs that incorporate social network interventions, especially for North Korean refugee women who have experienced sexual violence during migration. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Experiences of pathways to mental health services for young people and their carers: a qualitative meta-synthesis review
AbstractWorldwide, growing concern with young people ’s mental health is spurring service reform efforts. Such reform requires a full understanding of the experiences of young people and their carers when seeking mental health help. To generate such an understanding, we conducted a meta-synthesis of qualitative literature on the perspectives of yout hs and their carers on navigating mental health systems. Five electronic databases were searched (Medline, PsycINFO, EMBASE, CINAHL, HealthSTAR). Studies were included if they explored the experiences of pathways to mental health services of persons aged 11–30 ...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Worldwide prevalence of suicide attempt in pregnant and postpartum women: a meta-analysis of observational studies
AbstractPurposePast suicide attempts (SA) are a major contributor to suicide. The prevalence of SA in pregnant and postpartum women varied significantly across studies. Therefore, this meta-analysis was conducted to examine the prevalence of SA and its mediating factors in this population.MethodsRelevant articles published in PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, PsycINFO, Medline complete, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure database (CNKI), Chinese Wanfang and Chongqing VIP database were systematically searched from inception to March 28, 2019. Titles, abstracts and full texts were reviewed independently by three researc...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Cohort Profile: Quebec Longitudinal Study of Child Development (QLSCD)
ConclusionQLSCD has given major contributions to our understanding of the link between different aspects of child development and biopsychosocial development during the first two decades of life. Unique features include the presence of environmental, biological, and administrative data, long-term follow-up with frequent data collections, and use of data from multiple informants, including teachers, mothers, fathers, and the children themselves. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Decline of depressive symptoms in Europe: differential trends across the lifespan
ConclusionsBurden of depressive symptoms decreased in most European countries between 2006 and 2014. However, the decline in depressive symptoms differed across age groups and was most strongly pronounced in older adults and least in younger adults. Future studies should investigate the mechanisms that contribute to these overall and differential changes over time in depressive symptoms. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Savings, home ownership, and depression in low-income US adults
ConclusionFamily savings and home ownership are associated with lower burden of depression among low-income adults in the US. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Geography of suicide in Japan: spatial patterning and rural –urban differences
ConclusionOur results showed that geographical distribution of and rural –urban differences in suicide mortality in Japan differed substantially by gender and age. These findings suggest that it is important to take demographic factors into consideration when municipalities allocate resources for suicide prevention. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mental disorders among young adults of immigrant background: a nationwide register study in Norway
ConclusionOur findings suggest considerable prevalence differences in receiving a psychiatric diagnosis according to country of origin and generational status compared to ethnic Norwegian controls. The general pattern was lower prevalence of most ICD-10 mental disorders for the majority of immigrant groups compared to ethnic Norwegians, except for schizophrenia and PTSD. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Gendered associations between household labour force participation and mental health using 17 waves of Australian cohort data
ConclusionThese results suggest that the mental health of both men and women is poorer when not in the labour force, either as a man in the female-breadwinner arrangement, or as a woman in the male-breadwinner arrangement. These results are particularly noteworthy for women, because they pertain to a sizeable proportion of the population who are not in paid work, and highlight the need for policy reform to support women ’s labour force participation. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Proactive case finding for severe mental illness in a rural area in the Indian Punjab: findings and lessons
AbstractPeople with severe mental illnesses may experience barriers in accessing community mental health services. We used the key informant method to detect people with untreated severe mental illness in seven villages in the Indian state of Punjab. The key informant was a local community leader. We were able to contact 11 patients who were identified as suffering from severe mental illness by the key informants. On assessment, eight of them had intellectual disability and three had psychotic and affective illness. We discuss the barriers and opportunities for providing mental health services in the community. (Source: So...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Hit the chronic … physical activity: are cannabis associated mental health changes in adolescents attenuated by remaining active?
ConclusionRegardless of the sequence of events, adopting high frequency cannabis use may be a useful behavioural marker of current or future emotional distress, and the need for interventions to address mental health. Physical activity adherence may be one approach to minimizing potential changes in mental health associated with increasing cannabis use. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research