Anxiety and depressive symptoms in pregnancy predict low birth weight differentially in male and female infants —findings from an urban pregnancy cohort in India
ConclusionIncreasing prenatal anxiety and depressive symptoms in different trimesters of pregnancy were associated with LBW with sex-specific patterns of association in this sample from a Low and Middle Income Country. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - June 10, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

An analysis of suicidal thoughts and behaviors among transgender and gender diverse adults
ConclusionFindings support social-ecological and minority stress STB risk frameworks. Recommendations are provided for a comprehensive approach to TGD suicide prevention. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - June 9, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Risk and resilience of vulnerable families in Hong Kong under the impact of COVID-19: an ecological resilience perspective
ConclusionFamily leisure activities, family support, community spirit and mutual help within the context of social-distancing restrictions may need to be promoted to benefit vulnerable families in Hong Kong under the COVID-19 epidemic. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - June 8, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Time trends and disparities in anxiety among adolescents, 2012 –2018
This study adds new information on recent time trends in anxiety prevalence, specifically investigating trends among previously unexamined sociodemographic subgroups.MethodsWeighted data of 37,360 youth respondents (51.1% female, 71.8% White, 91.3% heterosexual, 99.2% cisgender) from the 2012 –2018 Dane County Youth Assessment, a county-wide survey administered to youth in participating school districts, were analyzed to estimate time trends in anxiety prevalence among the whole sample and by sociodemographic subgroups.ResultsThe prevalence of youth meeting anxiety-screening criteria increased from 34.1% (95% CI 33.4...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - June 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Social inclusion, intersectionality, and profiles of vulnerable groups of young people seeking mental health support
ConclusionsMost participants reported good social support, stable housing, and engagement in work or education. Those deemed vulnerable were likely to experience social exclusion across multiple domains and reported more mental health problems. The co-occurrence of mental ill-health and social exclusion highlights the importance of integrated mental healthcare. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - June 6, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Schizophrenia on Turkish Twitter: an exploratory study investigating misuse, stigmatization and trivialization
ConclusionThis is the first study investigating attitudes towards schizophrenia on Turkish Twitter. Significantly higher rates of stigmatizing attitudes demonstrate the urgent need for public health and social awareness campaigns targeting stigma surrounding schizophrenia in Turkey. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - June 5, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Effects of catastrophic financial loss on suicide risk: evidence from Korean stock market crash in October 2008
ConclusionIn this first in-depth study, the effect of catastrophic financial loss negatively affects suicide risk for an extended period, indicating health and financial authorities should provide a long-term financial and psychological support for people with extreme financial loss. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 26, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Predictors of work and education among people with severe mental illness who participated in the Danish individual placement and support study: findings from a randomized clinical trial
ConclusionsIn a multiple logistic regression analysis age, previous work history and motivation for change were statistically significant predictors of obtaining work or education among people with severe mental illness who participated in the Danish IPS trial. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 25, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Do outcomes of psychiatric hospital treatment differ for migrants and non-migrants?
ConclusionThe study suggests that migrants are less satisfied with their hospital treatment, there is no evidence that routine inpatient care as currently provided results overall in poorer objective outcomes for migrants than in non-migrant populations. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 24, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Correction to: Mental health in higher education students and non-students: evidence from a nationally representative panel study
A correction to this paper has been published: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-021-02108-7 (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 24, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Adherence to childhood religious affiliation and suicide intentions in women exposed to the violence of the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda
AbstractPurposeTo examine the association between adherence to childhood religious affiliations and serious suicide intentions in 371 women exposed to the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda.MethodsParticipants were randomly sampled in 2011 from households in the Southern Province of Rwanda. Trained interviewers gathered information on socio-economic background, genocide-related trauma exposure, Major Depressive Episode (MDE) and suicide intentions (assessed with the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview), and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) (assessed with the PTSD Checklist-Civilian version).ResultsIn t...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 20, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The genetic background of the associations between sense of coherence and mental health, self-esteem and personality
ConclusionOur results indicate that a substantial proportion of genetic variation in SOC is shared with mental health, self-esteem and personality indicators. This suggests that the correlations between these traits reflect a common neurobiological background rather than merely the influence of external stressors. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 19, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

First perinatal psychiatric episode among refugee and family-reunified immigrant women compared to Danish-born women: a register-based study
ConclusionsResults suggest that elevation in risk of PPE among refugees compared to Danish-born may be related to higher likelihood of poverty and single-parenting among refugees. Still, refugees appear to have increased risk for neurotic and psychotic disorders. In contrast, family-reunified to immigrants may have lower risk of PPE. Maternal health programs need to focus on promotion of mental health and tackle social risks that disproportionately affect immigrant women, particularly refugees. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 18, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Rates and predictors of uptake of mental health support during the COVID-19 pandemic: an analysis of 26,720 adults in the UK in lockdown
ConclusionWhile the negative impacts caused by the COVID-19 pandemic are inevitable, people can play an active role in managing their mental health. Understanding the patterns and predictors of various kinds of mental health support during the pandemic is crucial for future service planning and delivery through recognising potential barriers to mental health care faced by certain groups. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 18, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Sex differences in experiences of multiple traumas and mental health problems in the UK Biobank cohort
ConclusionThere are sex differences in how reported traumatic experiences co-occur across a lifespan, with females at the greatest risk. However, reporting either sexual violence or multiple types of trauma was associated with increased odds of mental health problems for both males and females. Findings emphasise the public mental health importance of identifying and responding to both men and women ’s experiences of trauma, including sexual violence. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 10, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Perceived colorism and lifetime psychiatric disorders among Black American adults: findings from the National Survey of American Life
AbstractColorism has been propagated across the globe, and skin tone discrimination may partly explain social stratification and health disparities within the Black American population. Using data from a large probability sample of Black American adults (National Survey of American Life; 2001 –2003), we examined the relations between perceived colorism and psychiatric disorders. In multivariable logistic regression models, in-group colorism was associated with greater odds of having any lifetime psychiatric disorder (aOR: 1.20; 95% CI: 1.08–1.32;p = 0.00); however, out-group colorism was not signi...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Estimating the cumulative risk of postnatal depressive symptoms: the role of insomnia symptoms across pregnancy
ConclusionScreening of long sleep latency and anxiety during early pregnancy, in addition to depression screening, could be advisable. Odds ratios of risk factor combinations demonstrate the magnitude of cumulating risk of PDS when multiple risk factors are present. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Associations between diet quality and DSM-IV mood disorders during young- to mid-adulthood among an Australian cohort
ConclusionsCrude cross-sectional associations between diet quality and mood disorders at ages 36 –49 years were explained by sociodemographic and lifestyle factors, particularly social support. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Caregiving as suicide-prevention: an ecological 20-country study of the association between men ’s family carework, unemployment, and suicide
ConclusionThis study ’s findings that higher levels of men’s family carework were associated with lower suicide mortality, especially among men and under high-unemployment conditions, point to the suicide-protective potential of men’s family carework. They are consistent with evidence that where gender equality i s greater, men’s and women’s well-being, health, and longevity are greater. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 5, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

30  years from the Caracas Declaration: the situation of psychiatric hospitals in Latin America and the Caribbean prior, during and after the COVID-19 pandemic
(Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 5, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

First help-seeking attempt before and after psychosis onset: measures of delay and aversive pathways to care
ConclusionHelp seeking during the prodrome is associated with faster initiation of antipsychotic treatment and is more likely to be self-initiated, compared to help seeking after psychosis onset. Early detection efforts that target prodromal samples may improve the length and experience of pathways to care. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 4, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Maternal smoking during pregnancy and offspring psychiatric disorder: a longitudinal birth cohort study
ConclusionExposure to cigarette smoking during gestation could impact a child ’s mental health. Smoking during pregnancy is a prime target for preventative interventions as unlike most other environmental risk factors, it is very amenable to change. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 4, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The effect of local Suicide Prevention Action Networks (SUPRANET) on stigma, taboo and attitudes towards professional help-seeking: an exposure –response analysis
ConclusionOur study provides the first evidence for the effectiveness of the SUPRANET Community programme on creating attitudinal change in the general public. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Air pollution and trajectories of adolescent conduct problems: the roles of ethnicity and racism; evidence from the DASH longitudinal study
AbstractPurposeNo known UK empirical research has investigated prospective associations between ambient air pollutants and conduct problems in adolescence. Ethnic minority children are disproportionately exposed to structural factors that could moderate any observed relationships. This prospective study examined whether exposure to PM2.5 and NO2 concentrations is associated with conduct problems in adolescence, and whether racism or ethnicity moderate such associations.MethodsLongitudinal associations between annual mean estimated PM2.5 and NO2 concentrations at the residential address and trajectories of conduct problems,...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Risk of suicide attempt and suicide in young adult refugees compared to their Swedish-born peers: a register-based cohort study
ConclusionYoung adult refugees have a lower risk of suicidal behaviour than their Swedish-born peers, even if they have low educational level or have mental disorders. Young refugees who entered Sweden unaccompanied do not seem to be equally protected and need specific attention. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 29, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Patients ’ perception of coercion with respect to antipsychotic treatment of psychotic disorders and its predictors
ConclusionPerceived coercion related to medication is dependent on insight into illness and experience of previous coercive interventions rather than on the severity of psychopathological symptoms. These findings are very similar to a previous study in a forensic psychiatric sample. Having experience of at least one coercive measure seems to be a decisive aspect of the extent of the patients ’ perceived coercion. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 27, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Attitudes towards disclosing a mental illness: impact on quality of life and recovery
ConclusionThe current study provides initial support for the AtDQ as a useful measure of disclosure attitudes. Disclosing a mental illness, especially with respect to family, may improve quality of life and recovery of people with mental illness. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 24, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Honest, Open, Proud to support disclosure decisions and to decrease stigma ’s impact among people with mental illness: conceptual review and meta-analysis of program efficacy
ConclusionThere is initial evidence that HOP effectively supports people with mental illness in their disclosure decisions and in their coping with stigma. Implementation issues, future developments and public health implications are discussed. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 24, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Supporting independence at home for people living with dementia: a qualitative ethnographic study of homecare
ConclusionWe consider that person-centred care should also be home-centred, respecting the client ’s home as an extension of self. Homecare workers can use their understanding of clients’ identities, alongside skills in providing choice and developing relationships of interdependence to engage clients in everyday tasks. Homecare workers are well placed to advocate for their client’s voice within the care network, although their ability to do so is limited by their position within power structures. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 24, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Unmet service needs and barriers to care of individuals experiencing absolute homelessness in Edmonton, Canada: a cross-sectional survey
ConclusionIn this study, individuals reported a high percentage of unmet needs. By interacting and engaging with these hard-to-reach individuals, healthcare systems will be more equipped to service them and address their barriers to care. Better patient-centred care, housing and supports for this neglected and underserved population is needed. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 23, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Maternal insomnia during the COVID-19 pandemic: associations with depression and anxiety
ConclusionDepression and anxiety are more indicative of insomnia than demographic variables. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 23, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Psychiatric hospital reform in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review of literature
ConclusionThere is some documentation of reform in psychiatric hospitals. However, poor methodological quality and variation in approach and outcomes measured, make it challenging to extrapolate specific findings on process or outcomes of reform. Despite being integral service providers, psychiatric hospitals still do not adopt patient centric, recovery-oriented processes. Hence, there is an urgent need to generate robust evidence on psychiatric reform and its effect on patient outcomes. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Objective and subjective childhood socioeconomic disadvantage and incident depression in adulthood: a longitudinal analysis in the Sister Study
We examined the association between objective (i.e., household education level) and subjective (i.e., rank of family income and report of not enough food to eat) SD during childhood and diagnosis of clinical depression after age 30 among 47,055 women in the Sister Study. We used Cox proportional hazard models adjusting for women ’s race/ethnicity, childhood household composition, mother’s age at her birth adulthood educational attainment, and calendar year of birth. Analyses were repeated stratified by 10-year birth group. A total of 8036 (17.1%) women were diagnosed with clinical depression over a mean follow-...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Risk of suicide after a self-poisoning episode: a self-controlled case series study
ConclusionBy within-person comparison, the net increase of the suicide risk caused by the first self-poisoning was quantitatively modeled, demonstrating that the first lifetime self-poisoning event itself is a modifiable risk factor of subsequent suicide death. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 20, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Variation in rates of self-harm hospital admission and re-admission by ethnicity in London: a population cohort study
ConclusionIn contrast to earlier UK studies, self-harm rates were not higher in Black or South Asian women, with lower self-harm admission rates seen in almost all ethnic minority groups. Differences in rates by ethnicity were not explained by socio-economic deprivation. Aggregating ethnicity into broad categories masks important differences in self-harm rates between groups. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 20, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Associations between loneliness and acute hospitalisation outcomes among patients receiving mental healthcare in South London: a retrospective cohort study
ConclusionLoneliness in patients receiving mental healthcare is associated with higher use of general hospital services. Increased attention to the physical healthcare of this patient group is therefore warranted. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 20, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The effect of stress exposure on depressive symptoms and major depressive episode among US Afro –Caribbean women
ConclusionsMental health prevention and intervention programs must address stress concerns that are chronic in nature and stressors that reflect financial instability for Afro –Caribbean women. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 18, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Evidence for interventions to promote mental health and reduce stigma in Black faith communities: systematic review
ConclusionEvidence for the effectiveness of interventions focused on mental health awareness and stigma reduction in the Black faith community is limited due to the low quality of studies. This review sheds light on the lessons learnt and necessary key requirements for interventions that can guide future projects.Study registration: PROSPERO registration number: CRD42018110068 (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 18, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

How do employment conditions and psychosocial workplace exposures impact the mental health of young workers? A systematic review
ConclusionsThe findings of this review illustrate that even better studies are at moderate risk of bias. Addressing issues related to confounding, selection of participants, measurement of exposures and outcomes, and missing data will improve the quality of future research in this area and lead to a clearer understanding of how employment conditions and psychosocial workplace exposures impact the mental health of young people. Generating high-quality evidence is particularly critical given the disproportionate impact of COVID-19 on young people ’s employment. In preparing for a post-pandemic world where poor-quality ...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Multi-trajectory group profiles of well-being and associated predictors among adults experiencing homelessness and mental illness: findings from the At Home/Chez Soi study, Toronto site
ConclusionsIndividuals experiencing homelessness follow distinct well-being profiles associated with their socio-demographic characteristics, health status, trauma history, resilience capabilities, and access to housing and support services. This work can inform integrated housing and support services to enhance the well-being trajectories of individuals experiencing homelessness.Trial registrationAt Home/Chez Soi trial was registered with ISRCTN, ISRCTN42520374,http://www.isrctn.com/ISRCTN42520374. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Emergency hospital admissions for psychiatric disorders in a German-wide hospital network during the COVID-19 outbreak
AbstractPurposePsychiatric emergency hospital admissions for distinct psychiatric disorders and length of inpatient stay in the hospital during the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak have not been thoroughly assessed.MethodsA retrospective study was performed analyzing claims data from a large German Hospital network during the COVID-19 outbreak (study period: March 13 –May 21, 2020) as compared to periods directly before the outbreak (same year control: January 1–March 12, 2020) and one year earlier (previous year control: March 13–May 21, 2019).ResultsA total of 13,151 emergency hospital admis...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Social stress and risk of declining cognition: a longitudinal study of men and women in the United States
AbstractLimited research is available on the relationship between social stress and risk of declining cognition. We sought to examine whether social stress has adverse effects on risk of declining episodic memory and executive functioning in aging individuals. We used data from the MIDUS study, a national probability sample of non-institutionalized, English speaking respondents aged 25 –74 living in the 48 contiguous states of the United States. The initial wave (1995) included 4963 non-institutionalized adults aged 32–84 (M = 55, SD = 12.4). We used an analytic sample from MIDUS-II ...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

An online intervention for vulnerable young adults: identifying mechanisms of change using a grounded theory approach
ConclusionGenerating an explanatory theory of how vulnerable young people navigate their way through an online intervention provides important information that can be used to inform future services, interventions, and research. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Employment status and desire for work in severe mental illness: results from an observational, cross-sectional study
ConclusionOur data confirm a substantial exclusion of individuals with SMI from the workforce. In general, care needs for workplace interventions are not being met and leave much room for improvement. In addition to employment status, the desire for work should be routinely assessed.Study registrationThe study was registered in the German Clinical Trials Register (DRKS) (https://www.drks.de/drks_web/navigate.do?navigationId=trial.HTML&TRIAL_ID=DRKS00015801) and under the WHO-Platform “International Clinical Trials Registry Platform” (ICTRP) (https://apps.who.int/trialsearch/Trial2.aspx?TrialID=DRKS00015801)...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 16, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Repeat self-harm among Chinese adolescents: 1-year incidence and psychosocial predictors
ConclusionMore than one in five Chinese adolescents who had a history of self-harm engaged in self-harm at 1-year follow-up. Multiple psychosocial factors including female gender, alcohol use, frequent nightmares, depression, and prior suicidal thought appeared to be significant predictors of repeat self-harm. Our findings highlight the importance of comprehensive psychosocial assessment and intervention of repeat self-harm in adolescents. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 16, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Bullying behaviours and other conduct problems: longitudinal investigation of their independent associations with risk factors and later outcomes
ConclusionsOur findings suggest that anti-bullying programmes and interventions aimed at reducing conduct problems could benefit from greater integration. Furthermore, our study highlights the mental health problems children who bully may face in later years and the need to consider those in intervention plans. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 15, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Correction to: Experiences of living with mental health problems during the COVID-19 pandemic in the UK: a coproduced, participatory qualitative interview study
A correction to this paper has been published: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-021-02073-1 (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 11, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Early age of onset of mood, anxiety and alcohol use disorders is associated with sociodemographic characteristics and health outcomes in adults: results from a cross-sectional national survey
ConclusionThis study showed that half of the adults with mood, anxiety or alcohol use disorders in Singapore experienced their illness onset by 21  years of age. Early AOO is associated with sociodemographic background and poor health outcomes. Prevention, early detection, and interventions to improve health outcomes in mental disorders should consider the sociodemographic profile and age at first onset of symptoms in the population. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - March 31, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Experience of child welfare services and long-term adult mental health outcomes: a scoping review
ConclusionThere is a need for detailed, longitudinal studies to better understand the relative contribution of pre-existing adversity versus experiences during and after exposure to child welfare services on adult mental health outcomes. More standardised measures of mental ill-health and greater detail from authors on specific care exposure are also needed. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - March 29, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Trends in method-specific suicide in Brazil from 2000 to 2017
ConclusionIt is of public health concern that suicide rates in Brazil have risen this millennium. Restricting access to firearms might be an effective approach for reducing firearm-specific suicides, especially in states where firearm availability remains particularly high. Treatment and management of substance misuse may also be an important target for suicide prevention policies. More work is needed to understand the causes of rising suicide rates in Brazil and to improve the mental health of the population. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - March 29, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research