Contribution of traumatic deployment experiences to the burden of mental health problems in Canadian Armed Forces personnel: exploration of population attributable fractions
ConclusionsMilitary deployments involving exposure to a dangerous environment or to the dead or injured will have substantial impacts on mental health in military personnel and others exposed to similar occupational trauma. Potential explanations for divergent findings in the literature on the extent to which deployment-related trauma contributes to the burden of mental disorders are discussed. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - July 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The role of parent and offspring sex on risk for externalizing psychopathology in offspring with parental alcohol use disorder: a national Swedish study
ConclusionsOffspring of parents with AUD are  at increased risk for externalizing psychopathology. Maternal and paternal AUD differentially affected sons’ vs. daughters’ risks for AUD, drug abuse, and criminal behavior. The transmission of psychopathology within the externalizing spectrum appears to have sex-specific elements. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - July 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prevalence rates, reporting, and psychosocial correlates of stalking victimization: results from a three-sample cross-sectional study
ConclusionsBehavioral approaches to epidemiological and criminal justice stalking victimization are recommended. Victimization under reporting to healthcare and legal professionals were observed. Further research and prevention programming is needed to capitalize on data concerning personality and coping skills, sexual diversity, and trauma-related psychiatric symptoms. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - July 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Time course of panic disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder onsets
AbstractPurposePosttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) often co-occurs with panic disorder (PD), with some etiological models positing a causal role of panic reactivity in PTSD onset; however, data addressing the temporal ordering of these conditions are lacking. The aim of this study was to examine the bi-directional associations between PD and PTSD in a nationally representative, epidemiologic sample of trauma-exposed adults.MethodsParticipants were community-dwelling adults (62.6% women;Mage = 48.9, SD 16.3) with lifetime DSM-IV PTSD criterion A trauma exposure drawn from the 2001/2 National Epidemiologic Sur...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - July 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The impact of economic recessions on depression and individual and social well-being: the case of Spain (2006 –2013)
ConclusionsEconomic crises are associated with a significant increase in depressive symptoms. Furthermore, financial crises seem to have a corrosive impact on mental health by reducing the mediating effects of positive beliefs regarding the good nature of society. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Correction to: Impact of socioeconomic position and distance on mental health care utilization: a nationwide Danish follow-up study
In the original publication of this article, Table  3 was published incorrectly. The corrected table is shown below. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Psychiatric diagnosis and other predictors of experienced and anticipated workplace discrimination and concealment of mental illness among mental health service users in England
ConclusionThis study suggests that psychiatric diagnosis is a predictor of experienced and anticipated workplace discrimination and the concealment of mental illness and that more support is needed for employees with common mental disorders and their employers to enable better workplace outcomes for this group. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - July 9, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

‘Between a rock and a hard place’: family members’ experiences of supporting a relative with bipolar disorder
ConclusionsFamily members supporting a relative with bipolar disorder face significant challenges but show considerable resourcefulness in managing them. The findings underline the importance of input from healthcare professionals to help family members effectively support their relative and manage the challenges they face. Professional support should be strengths-based, and tailored to family members ’ needs. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - July 9, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Which mental disorders are associated with the greatest impairment in functioning?
ConclusionsOur results highlight the value of complementary measures of functional impairment. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - June 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Social networks and symptomatic and functional outcomes in schizophrenia: a systematic review and meta-analysis
ConclusionPsychosocial interventions which support individuals to build and maintain social networks may improve outcomes in schizophrenia. The review findings are cross-sectional and thus causal direction cannot be inferred. Further research is required to examine temporal associations between network characteristics and outcomes in schizophrenia and to test theoretical models relating to explanatory or mediating mechanisms. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - June 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Fiscal crises and personal troubles: the great recession in Ireland and family processes
ConclusionsRecession and economic pressure had a significant effect on child psychological adjustment, but only a minority of this effect was indirect via the mental health of parents and parent/child relationship. The family stress model only offers a partial account of the mechanisms through which economic hardship impacts on families and children. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - June 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Correction to: Depression literacy and health-seeking attitudes in the Western Pacific region: a mixed-methods study
In the original publication of this article, Acknowledgements Section was not included. The Acknowledgements are given below. The original article has been corrected. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - June 25, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Do trauma type, stressful life events, and social support explain women veterans ’ high prevalence of PTSD?
ConclusionsNumber of trauma types, type of trauma, and social factors may together help explain women veterans ’ higher PTSD prevalence compared to women civilians, but do not fully account for differences between men and women veterans. Results highlight a need to explore additional explanatory factors and evaluate associations with longitudinal data. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - June 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Community pharmacists ’ experiences and people at risk of suicide in Canada and Australia: a thematic analysis
ConclusionsCommunity pharmacists are caring for patients at risk of suicide frequently, and often with patients seeking the help of pharmacists directly. Pharmacists engage in activities and actions that would be considered outside of the traditional dispensing roles and provide support and intervention to people at risk of suicide through collaboration and other mechanisms. Further research to determine appropriate education and training and postvention supports is required. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - June 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Traumatic exposure, acculturative stress and cultural orientation: the influence on PTSD, depressive and anxiety symptoms among refugees
ConclusionAcculturative stress and cultural and social stressors that are related to acculturation need to be addressed alongside provision of effective psychotherapy, especially since they are significant impediments to host cultural orientation and constructive engagement with mental health services in refugees. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - June 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Participatory research: real or imagined
ConclusionThe examples given are moderate in scale and relevant to social psychiatry. Yet they may change methods and the definition of participatory research and at the same time be vitiated by but also illuminate dilemmas already identified in the literature albeit in different formations. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - June 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Perceived neighbourhood social cohesion and depressive symptom trajectories in older adults: a 12-year prospective cohort study
ConclusionsDepressive symptom trajectories by PSC appear to widen as adults reach old age. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - June 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Symptomatic and functional recovery in depression in later life
ConclusionThis study showed that depression in later life has long-term debilitating effects on functioning, enduring even after remission from depression. This implies that depression treatment in later life should aim broader than just symptomatic recovery, but also include functional recovery. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - June 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Community-level social capital, parental psychological distress, and child physical abuse: a multilevel mediation analysis
ConclusionsFostering community-level social capital might be important for developing a strategy to prevent child maltreatment, which may have a direct impact on abusive behavior towards children. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - June 18, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Associations between untreated depression and secondary health care utilization in patients with hypertension and/or diabetes
ConclusionIt seems to be reasonable and feasible to screen for depression in patients with HT and/or DM in the primary care, in order  to detect cases without treatment (which may be associated with increase of secondary care visits and expenditures) and to initiate the adequate treatment of them. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - June 15, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Functional impairment among people with severe and enduring mental disorder in rural Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study
ConclusionTo optimize functioning in people with chronic SMD in this setting, services need to target residual symptoms, poverty, medication side effects, and internalized stigma. Testing the impact of community interventions to promote recovery will be useful. Advocacy for more tolerable treatment options is warranted. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - June 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

School poverty and the risk of attempted suicide among adolescents
ConclusionHighly impoverished school contexts may increase the risk of attempted suicide for boys. Future research exploring the mechanisms underlying this association may help inform the development of more effective suicide-prevention interventions. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - June 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Longitudinal patterns of PTSD symptom classes among US National Guard service members during reintegration
ConclusionsThe four latent PTSD classes were distinguished primarily by severity; however, the mild symptom class was characterized by higher levels of hyperarousal than other symptoms. Although the absolute number of individuals within classes remained fairly constant between 6 and 12 months, there was movement between severity classes. Most NG service members without symptoms continued to do well during the first year, with only an estimated  7% moving to the moderate or severe class. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - June 9, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Correction to: Depressive symptom trajectories in the first 10  years of diabetes diagnosis: antecedent factors and link with future disability in Taiwan
The original article can be found online at (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - June 9, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

What is the process by which a decision to administer electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) or not is made? A grounded theory informed study of the multi-disciplinary professionals involved
ConclusionsThe study describes a useful insight into the layers of the decision-making process that could be further considered in clinical settings. The model highlights the decision to give ECT that has many different layers including professional identity, how a person understands the evidence base, past experiences, and the amount of power they have in the process. The consultant psychiatrist and the patient were seen as holding most power in the process depending on whether the Mental Capacity Act (2005) or Mental Health Act (2007) was being followed. Patients were seen to experience a very different decision-making p...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - June 8, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Who is seeking whom? A person-centred approach to help-seeking in adults with currently untreated mental health problems via latent class analysis
ConclusionsIn our analysis, MHP utilisation was even lower (9.0%) than in previous studies. However, MHP utilisers appeared to suffer from more serious conditions than other latent classes. As informal sources such as family and friends were present in all latent classes, help-seeking behaviour seems to transcend traditional MHP-focused approaches. Further research is necessary to investigate tenability and trajectories of different latent classes of help-seeking in larger and representative samples with longer follow-ups. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - June 6, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prevalence of PTSD and common mental disorders amongst ambulance personnel: a systematic review and meta-analysis
ConclusionAmbulance personnel worldwide have a prevalence of PTSD considerably higher than rates seen in the general population, although there is some evidence that rates of PTSD may have decreased over recent decades. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - June 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Can risk assessment predict suicide in secondary mental healthcare? Findings from the South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust Biomedical Research Centre (SLaM BRC) Case Register
ConclusionsAlthough suicide was linked with hopelessness and having a significant loss, risk assessment performed poorly to predict such an uncommon outcome in a large case register of patients receiving secondary mental healthcare. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - June 2, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Depression literacy and health-seeking attitudes in the Western Pacific region: a mixed-methods study
AbstractPurposeDepression literacy refers to the ability to recognize depression and make informed decisions about its treatment. To date, relatively little research has been done to examine depression literacy in the Western Pacific region. Given the pervasiveness of depression and the need to enhance mental health care in this region, it is important to gain a better understanding of depression literacy and health-seeking behaviors in this part of the world.MethodsThis mixed-methods study utilized a convergent parallel design to examine depression literacy and the associated health-seeking attitudes among urban adults fr...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - June 2, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The association of depression and posttraumatic stress disorder with the metabolic syndrome in a multi-ethnic cohort: the HELIUS study
ConclusionsA depressed mood was consistently associated with the MetS across ethnic groups, but the association between severe PTSD symptoms and the MetS maybe ethnicity dependent. The association with the MetS was not different in case of depressed mood/severe PTSD symptoms comorbidity. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Inpatient use and area-level socio-environmental factors in people with psychosis
ConclusionAlthough a robust association exists between socio-environmental factors and psychosis risk, in this study we found no evidence that neighbourhood deprivation was linked to future inpatient admissions following the onset of psychosis. Future work on the influence of area-level socio-environmental factors on outcome should examine more nuanced outcomes, e.g. recovery, symptom trajectory, and should account for key methodological challenges, e.g. accounting for changes in address. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Intersections of discrimination due to unemployment and mental health problems: the role of double stigma for job- and help-seeking behaviors
ConclusionsMultiple discrimination may affect job search and help-seeking among unemployed individuals with mental health problems. Interventions to reduce public stigma and to improve coping with multiple discrimination for this group should be developed. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Interpersonal and institutional ethnic discrimination, and mental health in a random sample of Palestinian minority men smokers in Israel
ConclusionsInterpersonal and institutional forms of ethnic discrimination are independently associated with poorer mental health among Arab minority men current and former smokers in Israel. Future research is warranted into both forms of discrimination in the general Arab population in Israel, including women. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Review of mental health promotion interventions in schools
ConclusionsA range of interventions have been tested for mental health promotion in schools in the last decade with variable degrees of success. Our review demonstrates that there is still a need for a stronger and broader evidence base in the field of mental health promotion, which should focus on both universal work and targeted approaches to fully address mental health in our young populations. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The influence of social support on psychological distress in Canadian adults with bipolar disorder
ConclusionsDespite the limitations, which include self-reported diagnosis of BD-I and BD-II and potential exclusion of those who are not diagnosed but have BD-I or BD-II, these findings suggest that reassurance of worth and social integration may act as protective factors for psychological distress among individuals with BD-I or BD-II. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 8, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Burnout and hopelessness among farmers: The Farmers Stressors Inventory
AbstractBackgroundFarming is a stressful occupation with a high rate of suicide. However, there have been relatively few studies that have examined the antecedents of stress and suicide in farmers. We also lack methodologically sound scales aimed at assessing the stressors faced by farmers.AimsTherefore, the purposes of this study were to develop an instrument assessing the stressors met by farmers, The Farmers Stressors Inventory, and to test its factorial structure, internal consistency and criterion validity.MethodsFirst, based on the existing literature and interviews with farmers, we designed a scale containing 37 ite...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 3, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Profiles of childhood trauma and psychopathology: US National Epidemiologic Survey
ConclusionsThe underlying patterns in the exposure to types of interpersonal and non-interpersonal traumas and associated mental health highlight the need to screen for particular types of childhood traumas when individuals present with symptoms of psychiatric disorders. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 3, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Social inequalities in mental disorders and substance misuse in young adults
ConclusionsThe high rates of mental disorders and lifetime suicide attempts in young adults, especially those who were always poor or became poor after childhood, suggest that recent socioeconomic-related stressful situations may have a higher impact on the current mental health than events earlier in life. However, we could not identify at what specific ages socioeconomic changes were more important. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 2, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Psychiatric morbidity and subsequent divorce: a couple-level register-based study in Finland
ConclusionsPsychiatric morbidity is a persistent risk factor of divorce. The risk is larger when both spouses experience psychiatric morbidity compared to only one spouse. The findings are consistent with the idea that poor relationship quality and dissatisfaction in couples suffering from mental health problems have long-term consequences for marital stability. Treatment of psychiatric morbidity should not focus only on the individual but on couple-level dynamics. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 2, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Increasing rates of self-harm among children, adolescents and young adults: a 10-year national registry study 2007 –2016
ConclusionsThe findings indicate that the age of onset of self-harm is decreasing. Increasing rates of self-harm, along with increases in highly lethal methods, indicate that targeted interventions in key transition stages for young people are warranted. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 2, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Inhalant use in adolescents in northern Russia
ConclusionsInhalant use is related to significantly higher levels of comorbid psychopathology in Russian adolescents. Comprehensive, evidence-based prevention and intervention policies are needed to address inhalant use and its harmful effects. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 2, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mortality and hospitalization at the end of life in newly admitted nursing home residents with and without dementia
ConclusionsA high proportion of residents with and without dementia are hospitalized shortly before death. There should be an open debate about the appropriateness of hospitalizing nursing home residents especially those with dementia near death. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 2, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Widening socioeconomic inequalities in Australian suicide, despite recent declines in suicide rates
ConclusionsRecent widening socioeconomic inequalities in Australian suicide have been primarily associated with declines in suicide rates in high SES areas. However, an increasing inequality in older male suicide is linked with low SES. Efforts targeting people from poor areas, especially older males, should be considered when developing suicide prevention strategy. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 30, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Quality of life and social functioning of former long-stay psychiatric patients transferred into the community: a 10 year follow up study
This study sought to evaluate the quality of life (QoL) and social functioning (SF) of former long-stay institutionalised patients with severe and enduring mental illness who had been relocated into local community settings and followed up 10  years later.MethodOne month prior to hospital closure, 87 former long-stay psychiatric patients, the majority of whom had a diagnosis of schizophrenia, were assessed on a range of QoL and SF measures. Patients were followed-up 10  years later in the community, to evaluate baseline predictors of quality of life and social functioning.ResultsStudy completers (n =&thins...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 28, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The perceived effectiveness of traditional and faith healing in the treatment of mental illness: a systematic review of qualitative studies
ConclusionPatients will continue to seek treatment from traditional and/or faith healers for mental illness if theyperceive it to be effective regardless of alternative biomedical evidence. This provides opportunities for collaboration to address resource scarcity in low to middle income countries. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 25, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Correction to: Prospective associations between recalled parental bonding and perinatal depression: a cohort study in urban and rural Turkey
The article ‘Prospective associations between recalled parental bonding and perinatal depression: a cohort study in urban and rural Turkey, written by Berker Duman, Vesile Senturk Cankorur, Clare Taylor and Robert Stewart was originally published electronically on the publisher’s internet portal (currently SpringerLink) on January 10, 2018 without open access. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 25, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Attempting to stop antipsychotic medication: success, supports, and efforts to cope
ConclusionsFindings cannot be readily generalised due to sampling constraints, but results suggest a wide range of supports and coping strategies may be used when attempting to discontinue antipsychotics. Many people may attempt to discontinue antipsychotics without any support. Those who have support for their attempts may be significantly less likely to relapse during withdrawal and more likely to succeed in their attempt. There is a pressing need for further research in this area. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Association between obesity and depressive symptoms in Mexican population
ConclusionObesity was associated with depression in Mexican women, whereas no association was found between obesity and depression in men. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prevalence and risk factors of psychiatric disorders in early adolescence: 2004 Pelotas (Brazil) birth cohort
AbstractPurposeThe present study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in early adolescence, to examine the distribution of psychiatric disorders by maternal and child characteristics and to evaluate the occurrence of psychiatric comorbidities.MethodsThis was a prospective cohort study of all live births in the city of Pelotas, Brazil, in 2004 (n = 4231). A total of 3562 subjects were evaluated at 11 years of age. Psychiatric disorders were assessed using the Development and Well-Being Assessment. Crude and adjusted logistic regression was used to investigate risk factors for any psyc...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 13, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Characteristics and motivations of volunteers providing one-to-one support for people with mental illness: a survey in Austria
ConclusionsThe study provides the largest sample of volunteers in befriending programmes for people with mental illness in the research literature to date. The findings suggest that people with different characteristics can be recruited to volunteer for befriending programmes. Recruitment strategies and supervision arrangements should consider motivations both to help others and to achieve something for themselves, and may be varied for specific volunteer subgroups. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research