Enduring mental health in the Baltimore epidemiologic catchment area follow-up study
ConclusionsWe identified several malleable factors associated with a decreased likelihood of enduring mental health. Interventions that target high neuroticism, childhood conduct problems, or maternal depression may increase the likelihood that children achieve EMH later in life. Identifying and treating other factors such as poor self-reported health and greater psychological distress may also keep sub-clinical symptoms from developing into a full mental or behavioral disorder. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - February 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Socioeconomic position and suicidal behaviour in rural Sri Lanka: a prospective cohort study of 168,000+ people
ConclusionsImproved employment opportunities, welfare and mental health support services, as well as problem-solving skills development, may help support individuals with poorer education, farmers, daily wage labourers, individuals in young  female-headed households and temporary foreign migrant households. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - February 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Trauma exposure, depression, suicidal ideation, and alcohol use in people with severe mental disorder in Ethiopia
ConclusionsIn this rural Ethiopian setting, people with SMD experienced high levels of traumatic and stressful events which were associated with co-morbid conditions. Greater attention needs to be given to trauma prevention and integration of treatment for trauma sequelae in efforts to expand integrated mental health care. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - February 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Rates, types and co-occurrence of emotional and behavioural disorders among perinatally HIV-infected youth in Uganda: the CHAKA study
ConclusionThere was a considerable burden of psychiatric disorders among CA-HIV that spanned a broad spectrum and showed considerable comorbidity. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - February 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Academic performance, externalizing disorders and depression: 26,000 adolescents followed into adulthood
ConclusionsThe findings suggest that poor academic performance is associated with depression in young adulthood and that the association is partly explained by externalizing disorders. Our results indicate the importance of early detection and management of externalizing disorders among children and adolescents. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - February 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The structure and psychosocial correlates of complicated bereavement amongst refugees from West Papua
ConclusionsCulture and exposure to persecution and displacement may contribute to the content and configuration of the complicated bereavement reaction, an issue that requires recognition in international classification systems and clinical practice. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - February 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Major depression and household food insecurity among individuals with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in South Africa
ConclusionsMDE in individuals with MDR-TB was significantly associated with household food insecurity, independent of socio-economic status. Although MDR-TB is not exclusively a disease of the poor, individuals from socio-economically disadvantaged backgrounds (e.g., female, young adults, low education, and social grant recipients) were more likely to experience household food insecurity. Our study underscores the need to address the co-occurring cycles of food insecurity and untreated MDE in South Africa. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - February 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Recognising autism: a latent transition analysis of parental reports of child autistic spectrum disorder ‘red flag’ traits before and after age 3
ConclusionsRetrospective parental reports of child ASD ‘red flag’ traits ≤ 3 years of age were reliable indicators of ASD risk in later childhood. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - February 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Social support network and continuity of care: an ego-network study of psychiatric service users
ConclusionsSatisfactory continuity of care requires fewer professionals or services in a user ’s network and a dense network for users with the most severe problems. This implies that those providing care must not only be able to increase cohesion within a network, but also to adapt their interventions to support the transition to a different, individualised network structure when severity decreases. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - February 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The influence of parental offending on the continuity and discontinuity of children ’s internalizing and externalizing difficulties from early to middle childhood
ConclusionParental offending is a strong risk factor for early and pervasive behavioural and emotional problems in offspring, and may be a key indicator of high risk for later antisocial behaviour. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - February 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Psychiatric comorbidity as a risk factor for the mortality of people with bulimia nervosa
ConclusionsThese results highlight increased mortality in patients with BN and the importance of recognising and treating PDs in patients with BN. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - February 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Association between body weight status and suicidal ideation among Chinese adolescents: the moderating role of the child ’s sex
ConclusionsThere was a significant J-shaped association between relative body weight and suicidal ideation in boys. The child ’s sex should be taken into consideration when developing interventions against unhealthy weight and suicidal ideation. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - February 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

ADHD and depressive symptoms in adolescents: the role of community violence exposure
ConclusionExposure to community violence may be associated with depression in adolescents with ADHD symptoms. Clinicians should enquire about exposure to community violence in adolescents with ADHD/ADHD symptoms. Early therapeutic interventions to address the effects of violence exposure in adolescents with ADHD may be beneficial for preventing depression in this group. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 31, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Psychotic experiences and mood episodes predict each other bidirectionally: a 6-year follow-up study in a community-based population
ConclusionThe sub-additive bidirectional associations between PEs and mood episodes over time and the similarity of cross-lagged correlations are suggestive of mutually causal connections between affective and psychotic domains of psychopathology. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Triple jeopardy: the joint impact of racial segregation and neighborhood poverty on the mental health of black Americans
ConclusionsThe impact of segregation differs by neighborhood poverty and race. The psychological harm of structural racism, resulting in segregation and concentrated poverty, is not additive but multiplicative, reflecting a “triple jeopardy” for blacks, whereby their mental health is detrimentally impacted by the compounded effects of both neighborhood distress and racial segregation. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A comparison of the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in Puerto Rico with the United States and the Puerto Rican population of the United States
ConclusionsThe findings suggest that social support is a variable worthy of further exploration for explaining differences in disorder prevalence particularly among Puerto Ricans depending on where they live. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Psychotic experiences among ethnic majority and minority adolescents and the role of discrimination and ethnic identity
ConclusionsThese results underline the protective effect of ethnic identity against mental health problems. Future research should focus on interventions that focus on strengthen social identity. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Rates and trends of psychiatric inpatient and postdischarge suicides in Taiwan, 2002 –2013: a national register-based study
ConclusionsOur results suggest that efforts to increase public awareness of mental disorders and efficient utilization of psychiatric inpatient care are essential for suicide prevention despite the comparatively high bed capacity. The discharge plans of inpatients should be bridged with population suicide prevention programs for continuity of care after discharge. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Recovery and economy; salary and allowances: a 10-year follow-up of income for persons diagnosed with first-time psychosis
ConclusionsAttention should be paid to the risks of confusing the effects of poverty with symptoms of SMHP and thus pathologizing poverty and its impact on human beings. Adequate interventions should consider to improve the financial situation of persons with SMHP. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Psychological well-being and mortality: longitudinal findings from Lithuanian middle-aged and older adults study
AbstractBackgroundThe study aimed to examine whether after confounding by possible socio-demographic and other risk factors, psychological well-being is independently associated with reduced all-cause and cardiovascular mortality.MethodsInitial data were collected within the framework of the international project HAPIEE in 2006 –2008. A random sample of 7115 individuals aged 45–72 years was screened. Deaths were evaluated by death register of Kaunas city (Lithuania) in a follow-up study till 2016. Psychological well-being was evaluated by a CASP-12 questionnaire. Socio-demographic, lifestyle, biologic fact...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Low-level cognitive ability in young adulthood and other risk factors of depression in an observational cohort study among deployed Danish soldiers
ConclusionsLow cognitive ability at conscription is a risk factor for depression among returning military personnel, but unimportant compared to gender, education, and deployment-related factors. Part of this effect may be related to co-morbid PTSD. Use of cognitive ability score as an isolated selection tool cannot be recommended because of low predictive performance. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

India ’s response to adolescent mental health: a policy review and stakeholder analysis
ConclusionsAlthough there are now several policy instruments testifying to a comprehensive approach on adolescent mental health, there are gaps in the extent of engagement of young people and how these will be operationalized that may limit their impact on addressing the burden of mental health problems in young people in India. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 3, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Are sociodemographic, lifestyle, and psychosocial characteristics associated with sexual orientation group differences in mental health disparities? Results from a national population-based study
ConclusionsDifferent factors are associated with mental health disparities for sexual minority subgroups. To maximize health intervention efforts, additional research is needed to uncover the specific mechanisms contributing to health disparities across diverse sexual minority populations. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Five-year rehospitalization experience of a state-wide cohort of persons with schizophrenia
ConclusionsThe results highlight the need to enhance the continuity of the relationships with providers, whether these are with the assigned psychiatrists or other therapists and case managers, as well as workplace issues involving staff turnover and hospital assignment and admitting policies. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - January 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mental health and quality of life among asylum seekers and refugees living in refugee housing facilities in Sweden
ConclusionsIndividuals residing in refugee housing facilities show high levels of psychological distress and rate their quality of life as low. Asylum seekers score higher than those having received a residence permit. These results are troublesome since the wait time for asylum decisions has lengthened considerably after 2015. The results of the present study calls for the urgency of societal actions to shorten the asylum process and improve conditions at the housing facilities. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - December 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

An integrative model of internalized stigma and recovery-related outcomes among people diagnosed with schizophrenia in rural China
ConclusionInternalized stigma is associated with poor social interaction and weakened perceived social support in people diagnosed with schizophrenia, and is linked negatively to outcomes in their recovery. It is essential to tailor interventions related to reducing internalized stigma within a Chinese context and evaluate the effectiveness of anti-stigma intervention on recovery for people diagnosed with schizophrenia. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - December 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Race/ethnicity, nativity, and lifetime risk of mental disorders in US adults
ConclusionsParental foreign-born nativity is associated with a low risk of mental disorders, but not uniformly across racial/ethnic groups or disorders. Exposure to the US context may be associated with greater mental disorder risk for Latinos and Whites particularly. Investigations of cultural processes, including among Whites, are needed to understand group differences. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - December 13, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prevalence of anxiety disorders and symptoms in people with hearing impairment: a systematic review
ConclusionsPrevalence of anxiety is higher among people with hearing impairment than the general population; our findings indicate that this excess morbidity may be related to the hearing impairment itself, as it was associated with the severity of impairment, and reduced after surgical treatment. Clinicians should be aware of the potential impact of hearing on mental health, and that where hearing ability can be improved, this may reduce anxiety.Prospero registration numberCRD42018088463. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - December 13, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Predicting latent classes of drug use among adolescents through parental alcohol use and parental style: a longitudinal study
ConclusionParental alcohol use and parenting style seem to be important predictors of adolescent ’s likelihood of belonging to different latent classes of drug use. This conclusion may point to the importance of considering the inclusion of parenting skills and parental alcohol use within the scope of adolescents’ preventive interventions. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - December 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Associative stigma experienced by mental health professionals in China and the United States
AbstractPurpose“Associative stigma” is the negative stereotyping of mental health service providers who treat people with serious mental illness. The Clinician Associative Stigma Scale (CASS) has been validated in a US sample but not in other nations, e.g., in China which has been found to have substantially h igher levels of stigma towards people with mental illness than the US.MethodsThe 19-item CASS was translated into Chinese and administrated to 665 mental health professionals working in psychiatric hospitals in Southern China. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to compare the factor structure wit...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - December 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Factor mixture analysis of paranoia in young people
ConclusionsThe latent structure of paranoid thinking in young people appears dimensional. Although caution is advised when generalizing from studies on college students, screening for paranoid ideation in young people who complain about psychological distress might prove useful to prevent the development of severe and potentially debilitating conditions. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - December 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Factors associated with regular physical activity participation among people with severe mental ill health
ConclusionsHaving a better self-perceived general health and placing importance on maintaining a healthy lifestyle were important predictors of regular PA. Lifestyle interventions targeting increased PA among people with SMI should be shaped by their health perception and informed by their needs. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - December 8, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Three-generation households and child mental health in European countries
ConclusionsPrograms may be developed to educate elderly people to better respect their children ’s role as parents so having a grandparent in the home can become an asset for family members rather than a burden. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - December 8, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Family structure, birth order, and aggressive behaviors among school-aged boys with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
ConclusionsLiving in non-traditional families in which one or both parents were absent, and being the firstborn increased risk of aggression in school-aged boys with ADHD. Identification of this high-risk population and development of adequate preventive strategies are warranted. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - December 7, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Antisocial personality and risks of cause-specific mortality: results from the Epidemiologic Catchment Area study with 27  years of follow-up
ConclusionsOur findings demonstrate that antisocial personality disorder is a strong predictor of all-cause mortality, and cause-specific mortality. Early identification, treatment, and prevention of ASPD are important public mental health initiatives that could reduce premature mortality among this vulnerable population. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - December 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Determinants of multidimensional mental wellbeing in the oldest old: a rapid review
ConclusionsPrevious studies appear to line up the four main dimensions of mental wellbeing identified in the EMMY study. Actively improving opportunities for older adults to produce benefits to society can be done via a stronger focus on resources such as mental wellbeing. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A comparison of neurocognition and functioning in first episode psychosis populations: do research samples reflect the real world?
ConclusionsResearchers should be aware of how study design and recruitment practices may impact the representativeness of samples, with particular concern for equal representation of racial minorities and patients with more severe illness. Studies should be designed to minimize burden to promote a wider range of participation. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 28, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Association between psychotic experiences and non-accidental self-injury: results from a nationally representative survey of adolescents
ConclusionsAdolescents reporting any PE in the past 12 months reported increased likelihood of NASI in the same time period and, auditory HEs in particular, were strongly and independently associated with self-harm and suicide attempts. These results highlight the importance of PEs as indicators of risk of self-injurious behaviour among Australian youth. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The association between antidepressant use and deaths from road traffic accidents: a case-crossover study
ConclusionConsidering the trends of antidepressant prescription and utilization, the use of paroxetine increased the risk of fatal traffic accidents. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 24, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prevalence of pathological and maladaptive Internet use and the association with depression and health-related quality of life in Japanese elementary and junior high school-aged children
ConclusionsOur results demonstrated that pathological Internet use is not uncommon even in elementary school-aged children and that those with pathological and maladaptive Internet use have severe mental health problems and decreased health-related quality of life, supporting the importance of providing these children with educational and preventive interventions against problematic Internet use and associated risk factors. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Primary prevention of dementia: from modifiable risk factors to a public brain health agenda?
DiscussionEvidence stemming from preventive RCTs is limited. However, multi-domain interventions addressing a variety of risk factors at once seem promising with regard to high-risk individuals (selective preventive approach). However, we argue that it is time to move forward and discuss a public brain health agenda as a universal preventive approach. Based on a risk reduction strategy, the public brain health agenda suggests the following ten key actions: (1) increase physical activity, (2) foster social integration, (3) improve education and foster lifelong learning, (4) provide mentally stimulating workplaces, (5) foste...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Quality of life, recovery and decision-making: a mixed methods study of mental health recovery in social care
ConclusionsThese results indicate that quality of life for people experiencing mental health difficulties is positively associated with social support and recovery and negatively associated with decisional delay. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

What drives changes in institutionalised mental health care? A qualitative study of the perspectives of professional experts
ConclusionsDistinct factors appear to have influenced changes in mental health care. Their precise influence may vary from country to country, and they have to be considered in the context of each country. The drivers may be influenced by professional groups to some extent, but also depend on the overall interest and attitudes in the society at large. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A review of the 10/66 dementia research group
DiscussionA body of evidence has been generated that has challenged the view, prevalent when the group started, that dementia is comparatively rare in LMICs. The experience of the 10/66 DRG has shown that descriptive epidemiological research can be important and impactful, where few data exist. Monitoring population trends in the prevalence and incidence of dementia may be our best chance to confirm hypotheses regarding modifiable risk factors of dementia. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The rural children ’s loneliness and depression in Henan, China: the mediation effect of self-concept
ConclusionChildren ’s loneliness was not only directly related to depression, but also was indirectly mediated by self-concept, which demonstrated a partial mediation role in the relationship between loneliness and depression. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Risk factors for suicide in rural Italy: a case –control study
ConclusionsResults of this study showed, similarly to recent research, that not all suicide events are the results of psychiatric pathology. Prevention strategies should, therefore, target both socio-economic and clinical risk factors. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 20, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A survey of traditional and faith healers providing mental health care in three sub-Saharan African countries
ConclusionCAPs are an important group of providers of mental health care in sub-Saharan Africa, but attempts to integrate them into the public health system must address the common use of harmful treatment practices. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Effect of the Brazilian cash transfer programme on suicide rates: a longitudinal analysis of the Brazilian municipalities
AbstractPurposeThere is a growing awareness of the economic and contextual factors that may play a role in the aetiology of suicide. The Programa Bolsa Fam ília (PBF) the Brazilian conditional cash transfer programme, established in 2004, aims to attenuate the effects of poverty of Brazilians. Our study aims to evaluate the effect of Bolsa Família Programme (BFP) coverage on suicide rates in Brazilian municipalities.MethodsWe conducted an ecological study using 2004 –2012 panel data for 5507 Brazilian municipalities. We calculated age-standardized suicide rates for each municipality and year. BFP covera...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Suicide risk among native- and foreign-origin persons in Sweden: a longitudinal examination of the role of unemployment status
This study examines the extent to which unemployment status may differentially influence suicide risk among the foreign-origin by generational status, region of origin, age at arrival, and duration of residence.MethodsPopulation-based registers were used to conduct a longitudinal, open cohort study of native-origin and foreign-origin Swedish residents of working age (25 –64 years) from 1993 to 2008. Hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals for suicide mortality were estimated using gender-stratified Cox proportional hazards models.ResultsElevated suicide risk observed among foreign-origin unemployed groups was...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Impact of the economic crises on suicide in Italy: the moderating role of active labor market programs
ConclusionsIn Italy, economic downturns were associated with increased suicides mainly among men, while severe economic crises were associated with increased suicides among both men and women. ALMPs showed to be effective in moderating the association between unemployment and suicide among men aged 45 –54 only in Central Italy. The overall small effectiveness of such programs may be due to lack of sufficient funding. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research