Spain ’s suicide statistics: do we believe them?
ConclusionsReportedly low suicide rates in Spain could be partly attributable to increased rates of ‘hidden suicide’ (accidental drowning, male accidental poisoning, and possibly ill-defined/unknown cause deaths, but not EUIs). It would be appropriate (and not just in Spain) to increase numbers of verbal and/or forensic autopsies in questionable ‘undetermined’ cases. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - September 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Identifying sensitive periods when changes in parenting and peer factors are associated with changes in adolescent alcohol and marijuana use
ConclusionsReducing or mitigating changes in parenting and peer risk factors in early adolescence may be particularly important for preventing substance use problems as adolescents transition into young adulthood. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - September 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The impact of transitions from employment to retirement on suicidal behaviour among older aged Australians
ConclusionTransition from employment to retirement may be an important precipitating factor for suicidal behaviour, affected by current and previous mental health status. Services and programs facilitating continued or re-employment in older age, and adjustment to the transition from employment to retirement may prevent suicidal behaviour. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - September 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Risk factors for depression and anxiety in healthcare workers deployed during the COVID-19 outbreak in China
ConclusionMore attention should be paid to the mental health of frontline healthcare workers at the outbreak of COVID-19 in China. Taking steps to reduce the intensity of the work and burnout will be effective to stabilize the mental state of them. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - September 10, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Initiation of antidepressant use among refugee and Swedish-born youth after diagnosis of a common mental disorder: findings from the REMAIN study
The objective of this study was to compare the initiation and type of antidepressant use between refugees and matched Swedish-born youth after a diagnosis of a common mental disorder (CMD) and assess sociodemographic and clinical factors associated with the initiation.MethodsThe study cohort included youth aged 16 –25 years, with an incident diagnosis of CMD based on specialized health care registers in Sweden 2006–2016, without prior antidepressant use during 1 year. One Swedish-born person was matched for each identified refugee youth (N = 3936 in both groups). Initiation of antidepres...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - September 10, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Gender, the gender gap, and their interaction; analysis of relationships with children ’s mental health problems
ConclusionsThe differential impact of country-level gender gap observed between self-reported and parent- or teacher-reported mental health is complex but nevertheless present trough mechanisms that are worthwhile to study in depth, with a special attention to the informants and the type of problems examined. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - September 10, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Nonmedical use of prescription opioids, psychological distress, and suicidality among adolescents
ConclusionThese findings suggest that nonmedical use of prescription opioids is strongly associated with mental health problems among adolescents. Future research using a longitudinal design is needed to confirm age differences and temporality. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - September 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Determinants of suicidal ideation and suicide attempt among former and currently homeless individuals
ConclusionsSuicidal ideation and suicide attempt among currently or recently homeless individuals were both strongly associated with clinical variables. Based on the study results, specific interventions may be promoted to improve screening of homeless individuals with suicidal behavior and prevent hospitalization such as training programs and brief care management interventions, addiction liaison nurses, improved access to primary or specialized ambulatory services, and further development of case management and outreach programs for homeless individuals, especially those with functional disabilities. (Source: Social Psyc...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - September 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Childhood maltreatment and poor functional outcomes at the transition to adulthood: a comparison of prospective informant- and retrospective self-reports of maltreatment
ConclusionResults highlight the importance of considering the maltreatment report type used when interpreting the functional consequences of childhood maltreatment. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - September 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prenatal tobacco use and the risk of mood disorders in offspring: a systematic review and meta-analysis
ConclusionTaken together, there was strong evidence for a small (RR  
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - September 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Parenting practices in childhood and depression, anxiety, and internalizing symptoms in adolescence: a systematic review
ConclusionThis review demonstrates that the evidence base supporting longitudinal associations between parenting practices in childhood and adolescent symptoms of depression, anxiety, and internalizing problems is inconsistent. Findings from this review highlight limitations of the existing literature and identify understudied parenting dimensions that require further investigation. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - September 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prevalence of 12-month mental and substance use disorders in sexual minority college students in Mexico
ConclusionThese findings are the first empirical report of sexual minority psychiatric disparities among a college student population from a developing nation and underscore the importance of clinical interventions that address mental health needs among sexual minority college students. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - September 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Methodological restrictions within a birth cohort study examining maternal mood symptoms and postpartum depression
(Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - September 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Impact on mental health care and on mental health service users of the COVID-19 pandemic: a mixed methods survey of UK mental health care staff
ConclusionThis overview of staff concerns and experiences in the early COVID-19 pandemic suggests directions for further research and service development: we suggest that how to combine infection control and a therapeutic environment in hospital, and how to achieve effective and targeted tele-health implementation in the community, should be priorities. The limitations of our convenience sample must be noted. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Filipino help-seeking for mental health problems and associated barriers and facilitators: a systematic review
ConclusionWe confirmed the low utilization of mental health services among Filipinos regardless of their locations, with mental health stigma as primary barrier, while resilience and self-reliance as coping strategies were cited in qualitative studies. Social support and problem severity were cited as prominent facilitators. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Australian parents ’ work–family conflict: accumulated effects on children’s family environment and mental health
ConclusionsChildren whose parents have ongoing or accumulated difficulties managing their work and family responsibilities are more likely to have poorer mental health. This has important implications for family-friendly work arrangements and demonstrates the need to further understand the intergenerational impacts of parents ’ jobs on their children’s psychological wellbeing. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mental health and academic performance: a study on selection and causation effects from childhood to early adulthood
ConclusionMental health problems in early childhood and adolescence increase the risk for poor academic performance, indicating the need for awareness and treatment to provide fair opportunities to education. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Parental mental illness, attendance at preventive child healthcare and dental caries in the offspring: a nation-wide population-based cohort study
AbstractPurposeSevere mental illness (SMI) may interfere with parental caregiving practices and offspring development. Adhering to preventive well-child visits and maintaining good oral hygiene during early childhood requires parental involvement. Whether these activities are affected by parental SMI is unclear. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether children exposed to parental SMI are at increased risk of non-attendance to preventive well-child visits and vaccinations at age 0 –5 years and of child dental caries experience at age 5 years. Furthermore, interactions between maternal psych...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Measures of mental, physical, and social wellbeing and their association with death by suicide and self-harm in a cohort of 266,324 persons aged 45  years and over
ConclusionsAn active social network was linked to lower rates of suicide and self-harm. Adverse health, dependence on help, psychological distress were associated with higher rates of suicide and self-harm, while erectile problems were linked to an elevated rate of self-harm. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Parenting behaviour and paranoia: a network analysis and results from the National Comorbidity Survey-Adolescents (NCS-A)
We examined cross-sectional associations of parenting and paranoia in an epidemiologically representative cohort of 10,148 adolescents (National Comorbidity Survey-Adolescents; NCS-A) and a second dataset of 1286 adults in Oxfordshire. Further, a network analysis was conducted with paranoia, parenting behaviours, and cognitive-affective variables (compassion, self-esteem, anxiety, and depression). Overprotectiveness, verbal abuse, physical abuse, and amount of care were assessed in mothers and fathers separately.ResultsNearly all parenting variables were significantly associated with paranoia, with parental verbal and phys...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Early impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health care and on people with mental health conditions: framework synthesis of international experiences and responses
ConclusionOur analysis captures the range of stakeholder perspectives and experiences publicly reported in the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic in several countries. We identify potential foci for service planning and research. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Characteristics of completed suicides after Greek financial crisis onset: A comparative time-series analysis study
AbstractSevere financial crises could influence a country ’s suicide trends and characteristics. We aimed to highlight differences among suicide completers before and after the onset of Greece’s serious debt crisis of 2010 based exclusively on forensic data. The sample’s size permitted a further elaboration by means of a time series analysis too. Dat a were collected from the Piraeus Department of Forensic Medicine for the period 1992–2016. We extracted information on sociodemographic parameters, psychiatric medication and alcohol intake, suicide method, place and month of suicide. The “after ...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prevalence and clinical correlates of substance use disorders in South African Xhosa patients with schizophrenia
ConclusionSUDs occurred in almost half of the sample. It is important for clinicians to identify the presence of SUDs as their presence is associated with characteristics, such as male sex, younger age, inpatient status, more prior hospitalisations, legal and economic problems, PTSD symptoms and anxiety. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Family involvement moderates the relationship between perceived recovery orientation of services and personal narratives among Chinese with schizophrenia in Hong Kong: a 1-year longitudinal investigation
ConclusionWithout proper family involvement, recovery-oriented services could be ineffectual in facilitating the development of rich personal narratives for Chinese people in Hong Kong. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Suicidal ideation among Nepali widows: an exploratory study of risk factors and comorbid psychosocial problems
ConclusionSuicide remains a major issue among Nepali widows, showing high comorbidity with other mental disorders. Screening for depression, anxiety, and prolonged grief, may aid in identifying widows at increased risk of suicidal ideation. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Has depression surpassed HIV as a burden to gay and bisexual men ’s health in the United States? A comparative modeling study
AbstractBackgroundWhile advances in HIV prevention and treatment have changed the epidemic for gay and bisexual men, another epidemic faces this population. Gay and bisexual men represent one of the highest risk groups for depression, which potentially poses quality-of-life and public health challenges comparable to those of HIV. The present study seeks to inform comprehensive care for sexual minority men by estimating and comparing the morbidity of HIV and depression for US gay and bisexual men.MethodsIn 2018, weighted counts of gay and bisexual men living with HIV and depression were derived from the CDC ’s Medical...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Educational inequalities in mental disorders in the Czech Republic: data from CZEch Mental health Study (CZEMS)
ConclusionsInterventions aimed at reducing the burden of mental disorders should target individuals with low education. Strategies to improve population mental health need to go hand in hand with policies to enhance education as well as reduce alcohol consumption in the Czech Republic. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Risk factors for anxiety of otolaryngology healthcare workers in Hubei province fighting coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
ConclusionSome otolaryngology healthcare workers in Hubei province experienced anxiety during the epidemic, but most of them did not receive treatment. The healthcare providers themselves should be informed about and aware of their own mental health, and should be given support as appropriate.Trial registration number and date of registrationChinese Clinical Trial Registry: ChiCTR2000030768, 2020/3/14. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prevalence and predictors of common mental disorders among Syrian refugees in Istanbul, Turkey: a cross-sectional study
ConclusionsMental disorder symptoms are highly prevalent among Syrian refugees in Turkey. The association with post-displacement factors points to the importance of comprehensive health and social services that can address these social, economic and cultural stressors. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Age, period, and cohort patterns in the epidemiology of suicide attempts among sexual minorities in the United States and Canada: detection of a second peak in middle adulthood
ConclusionIn the context of exclusively adolescent-focused suicide prevention interventions for sexual minorities, tailored suicide prevention for sexual minority adults should be pursued throughout the life course. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Do risk factors for adolescent internalising difficulties differ depending on childhood internalising experiences?
ConclusionFindings of this study confirm the continuity of childhood mental health problems and the role of individual and family characteristics in the aetiology of adolescent internalising difficulties. The same risk factors appear relevant to target for adolescents who first experienced internalising symptoms in childhood. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Answer to the Letter “Methodological restrictions within a birth cohort study examining maternal mood symptoms and postpartum depression” by Maduro A et al
(Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Social inequalities contribute to racial/ethnic disparities in depressive symptomology among men who have sex with men
ConclusionResults suggested that reducing socioeconomic inequalities and stressful experiences may be effective public health targets to decrease racial/ethnic disparities in depressive symptoms among MSM. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The prevalence of and factors associated with depressive symptoms in the Korean adults: the 2014 and 2016 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
This study was performed to investigate the prevalence of and factors associated with depressive symptoms in the Korean adult population.Methods10,710 participants in the 2014 and 2016 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) were analyzed in this study. Assessment of depressive symptoms was performed using the self-administered nine-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ –9).ResultsThe weighted prevalence of clinically relevant depression (PHQ-9 score ≥ 10) in the Korean adult population was 6.1% [5.5–6.8%]. Female sex, adults aged 19–29 years, elementary school graduation...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Not all screen time is created equal: associations with mental health vary by activity and gender
ConclusionThus, not all screen time is created equal; social media and Internet use among adolescent girls are the most strongly associated with compromised  mental health. Future research should examine different screen media activities and boys and girls separately where possible. Practitioners should be aware that some types of screen time are more likely to be linked to mental health issues than others. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Cost and quality-of-life impacts of community treatment orders (CTOs) for patients with psychosis: economic evaluation of the OCTET trial
ConclusionCTOs are unlikely to be cost-effective. No evidence supports the hypothesis that CTOs decrease hospitalisation costs or improve quality of life. Future decisions should consider impacts outside the healthcare sector such as higher informal care costs and legal procedure burden of CTOs. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - July 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The impact of COVID-19 on patients of Italian mental health supported accommodation services
(Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - July 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Discrimination reported by older adults living with mental health conditions: types, contexts and association with healthcare barriers
AbstractObjectiveAustralian policy-making needs better information on the prevalence, context and types of discrimination reported by people living with mental health conditions and the association of exposure to discrimination with experiencing a barrier to accessing healthcare.MethodsSecondary data analysis using the national representative General Social Survey 2014 to examine discrimination and healthcare barriers. Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine the association between discrimination and barriers to healthcare.ResultsAround 10% of older adults without mental health conditions reported an instance...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - July 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Schizophrenia and education in Chinese metropolises: a population-based study
ConclusionsThis study showed an association between education and schizophrenia in Chinese metropolises. In inner city areas, the association was an inverse U-shaped pattern between education and schizophrenia, whereas in suburban areas, the association was a  negative linear pattern. Our findings can help identify high-risk populations of schizophrenia in Chinese metropolises. Programs for prevention and early intervention of schizophrenia will need to consider the socioeconomic disparities between inner city and outer suburban areas. Public policies can help improve mental health by developing social security f...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - July 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The association of loneliness after sudden bereavement with risk of suicide attempt: a nationwide survey of bereaved adults
ConclusionsPeople who report feeling lonely after sudden bereavement are more likely to make a suicide attempt after their loss, even when taking into account their network size and the perceived stigma of the sudden bereavement. There is no evidence that the effects of loneliness on suicidality are specific to suicide bereavement. This work identifies loneliness as a potential target for suicide prevention interventions among bereaved people. It also fuels interest in longitudinal research investigating loneliness as a putative mediator of suicide risk. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - July 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Transcending false dichotomies and diagnostic silos to reduce disease burden in mental disorders
(Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - July 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Ethnic variations in duration of untreated psychosis: report from the CRIS-FEP study
ConclusionOur findings suggest that indicators of social isolation were associated with long DUP. Our data also show that pathways into care characteristics play significant role in DUP. Thus, the challenge of tackling the issue of timely access to EI under the new Access and Waiting Time standard for psychosis requires a multilevel approach, including joint working with communities, public awareness of psychosis, less restrictive referral pathways and adequate resourcing of early intervention for psychosis services. These will go a long way in addressing patients ’ needs rather than be determined by service structur...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - July 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Social inequalities in antidepressant treatment outcomes: a systematic review
AbstractPurposeTo identify, review and synthesize evidence on whether social disadvantage moderates antidepressant treatment outcomes, even when access to treatment is not a consideration.MethodsThe systematic review was done in accordance with PRIMSA guidelines. An a priori systematic search strategy was used to search databases (MEDLINE, PsychINFO, EMBASE, Global Health and Cochrane Trials Library) from their earliest entries through December 31, 2018. A two-step screening procedure was followed, and all experimental studies of antidepressant treatment in ICD/DSM diagnosed cases of depression were included. Studies with subjects  
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - July 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The mental and physical health profile of people who died by suicide: findings from the Suicide Support and Information System
ConclusionsDifferent factors associated with suicide were identified among people with mental and physical illness and those with and without a diagnosis, and need to be taken into account in suicide prevention. The identified factors highlight the importance of integrated care for dual-diagnosis presentations, restricting access to means, and early recognition and intervention for people with high-risk self-harm. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - July 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Preeclampsia and the longitudinal risk of hospitalization for depression at 28  years
AbstractPurposeThe association between pregnancy characteristics and risk of depression in women is poorly understood. We investigated the relationship between preeclampsia and risk of hospitalization for depression over three decades.MethodsWe carried out a longitudinal cohort study of 1,210,963 women who delivered an infant in any hospital in Quebec, Canada, between 1989 and 2016. The exposure was preeclampsia at the first or in subsequent pregnancies, including preeclampsia onset time (early  
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - July 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Forensic mental health in Europe: some key figures
ConclusionThe data presented in this study represent the most recent overview of key epidemiological data in forensic services across seventeen EU states. However, systematically collected epidemiological data of good quality remain elusive in forensic psychiatry. States need to develop common definitions and recording practices and contribute to a publicly available database of such epidemiological indicators. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - July 10, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Socioeconomic position and mental health care use before and after first redeemed antidepressant and time until subsequent contact to psychologist or psychiatrists: a nationwide Danish follow-up study
ConclusionBeing in high SEP was positively associated with MHCU, before and after ID, and more rapid PP contact, most explicit when measured by education. Co-payment for psychologist may divert care towards private psychiatrist for low-income groups. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - July 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Evaluation of psychological reactions among teenage married girls in Palestinian refugee camps in Jordan
ConclusionA high proportion of females living in Palestinian refugee camps married in their teenage years experienced moderate to severe mental health symptoms, particularly anxiety and depression. These results inform the need for psychological support to girls who are affected by teenage marriage. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - July 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The prevalence of child maltreatment among Chinese primary and middle school students: a systematic review and meta-analysis
ConclusionOur findings indicated that primary and middle school students had a relatively high prevalence of maltreatment. Because of the visible heterogeneity of the studies included, more large samples, high-quality and prospective studies are needed in the future to acquire the accurate prevalence of child maltreatment in China. Certainly, future research needs to focus not only on the estimate of prevalence of child maltreatment, but also on risk factors and intervention strategies for child maltreatment. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - July 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Trauma, PTSD, and complex PTSD in the Republic of Ireland: prevalence, service use, comorbidity, and risk factors
ConclusionApproximately one-in-eight Irish adults met diagnostic requirements for PTSD or CPTSD, and comorbidity with other disorders was high. History of interpersonal trauma and exposure to multiple types of trauma in different developmental periods were associated with CPTSD. Many individuals did not access mental health care revealing a substantial mental health treatment gap. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - July 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research