Loneliness and the onset of new mental health problems in the general population
ConclusionLoneliness is a public mental health issue. There is growing evidence; it is associated with the onset of depression and other common mental health problems. Future studies should explore its impact across the age range and in more diverse populations, look beyond depression, and explore the mechanisms involved with a view to better informing appropriate interventions. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 18, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Commentary on sex differences in experiences of multiple traumas and mental health problems in the UK Biobank cohort
(Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 14, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The role of primary school composition in affective decision-making: a prospective cohort study
ConclusionThe findings of this study can be used to target support for primary schools. Interventions aiming to support lower-achieving schools and those with less affluent intakes could help to improve boys ’ affective decision-making. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 10, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Inequalities in mental health, self-rated health, and social support among sexual minority young adults during the COVID-19 pandemic: analyses from the UK Millennium Cohort Study
ConclusionsSexual minority young adults in the UK have been detrimentally impacted by the coronavirus pandemic, experiencing inequalities in mental health, self-rated health, and social support when compared to heterosexual young adults. Implications for policy and practice include a stronger provision of safe spaces in the community and in institutions, and policies that address marginalisation and harassment. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 4, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Unintentional drug-related deaths in people with mental illness in NSW Australia, 2012 –2016: a retrospective cohort study
ConclusionThis study found that the drugs commonly involved in deaths are also the drugs commonly used by and prescribed to people with mental illness. There were also significant differences between gender, age group, and marital status in the trend and rate of unintentional drug-related deaths for people with mental illness. A multifaceted approach encompassing both pharmaceutical prescribing and targeted public health messaging is required to inform intervention and prevention strategies. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 3, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Patients ’ and family members’ experiences of psychiatric inpatient services in China: a comparison based on a dyadic design
ConclusionResults reveal inconsistent experiences of psychiatric inpatient services within families in China. Moreover, when making medical decisions, family members ’ opinions, rather than patients’, are more frequently taken into consideration, especially on conditions where imbalanced decision-making power exists between patients and their family members. In the future, user experience improvement should pay equal attention to patients and family members, and the benefits of family involvement and patients’ rights of shared decision-making should be carefully balanced. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 2, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Effectiveness and implementation outcomes for peer-delivered mental health interventions in low- and middle-income countries: a mixed-methods systematic review
ConclusionPC-led interventions seem to show initial promise in terms of effectiveness, acceptability, feasibility, cost, fidelity, and sustainability. Future research should focus on standardizing measurements of implementation outcomes to facilitate cross-study analysis. Additional empirical attention should be paid to underrepresented implementation outcomes (e.g., cost, sustainability). Finally, researchers should adopt a participatory approach that elevates the perspectives of PCs throughout all stages of the implementation process. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 29, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Social determinants of ethno-racial inequalities in substance use: a decomposition of national survey data
ConclusionSocial determinants, particularly immigrant status, explain a substantial proportion of ethno-racial inequalities in substance use in Canada. The jump in substance use between racialized populations who immigrated to Canada and those Canadian-born highlights the importance of exploring within-group variability in deaths of despair risk and considering how intersecting forces including systemic racism shape substance use patterns across generations. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 28, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Change in suicidal ideation and associated factors among young adults in Hong Kong from 2018 to 2019: a latent transition analysis
ConclusionThe findings suggest three latent classes of suicidal ideation with distinct profiles among the young adults. Deterioration in psychological distress showed a temporal effect on worsening of suicidal ideation over a 1-year period. Future studies should elucidate the comparative effectiveness of help-seeking behaviors via online and offline channels. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 27, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prevalence and correlates of loneliness, perceived and objective social isolation during the COVID-19 pandemic. Evidence from a representative survey in Germany
ConclusionOur study particularly identified very to extraordinarily high prevalence rates for social isolation and loneliness, respectively. Knowledge about the correlates (e.g., age group) may help to address these individuals during the ongoing pandemic. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 27, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Impact of the 2018 Japan Floods on benzodiazepine use: a longitudinal analysis based on the National Database of Health Insurance Claims
ConclusionThe flood increased the number of benzodiazepines prescriptions among victims, and the effect persisted for at least 1  year. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 26, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Incidence and prevalence of Tourette syndrome and chronic tic disorders in Taiwan: a nationwide population-based study
ConclusionThe annual incidence rates of TS and chronic tic disorders increased in childhood and adolescence but decreased in adulthood from 2007 to 2015. The prevalence rates increased over the same period. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 25, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Negative life events and stress sensitivity in youth ’s daily life: an ecological momentary assessment study
ConclusionStress sensitivity may constitute a putative risk mechanism linking LEs and mental health in help-seeking youth, while unfavourable effects of LEs on stress sensitivity may attenuate over time or do not occur in controls and siblings. Targeting individuals ’ sensitivity to stress in daily life using novel digital interventions may be a promising approach towards improving youth mental health. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 25, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prevalence of adverse childhood experiences and their co-occurrence in a large population of adolescents: a Young HUNT 3 study
ConclusionThere was a high degree of overlap between the three ACE sub-types and the individual ACEs, indicating that ACEs should be assessed together as a whole rather than separately. This study provides an opportunity to assess ACEs and their co-occurrences in relation to outcomes later in life. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 22, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Anti-stigma training and positive changes in mental illness stigma outcomes in medical students in ten countries: a mediation analysis on pathways via empathy development and anxiety reduction
ConclusionThis is the first study to identify mediating effects of reduced intergroup anxiety and increased empathy in an evaluation of anti-stigma training that includes behavioural measures in the form of communication skills and perceived empathy. It shows the importance of both mediators for all of knowledge, skills, and attitudes, and hence of targeting both in future interventions. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - April 22, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research