Predicting latent classes of drug use among adolescents through parental alcohol use and parental style: a longitudinal study
ConclusionParental alcohol use and parenting style seem to be important predictors of adolescent ’s likelihood of belonging to different latent classes of drug use. This conclusion may point to the importance of considering the inclusion of parenting skills and parental alcohol use within the scope of adolescents’ preventive interventions. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - December 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Associative stigma experienced by mental health professionals in China and the United States
AbstractPurpose“Associative stigma” is the negative stereotyping of mental health service providers who treat people with serious mental illness. The Clinician Associative Stigma Scale (CASS) has been validated in a US sample but not in other nations, e.g., in China which has been found to have substantially h igher levels of stigma towards people with mental illness than the US.MethodsThe 19-item CASS was translated into Chinese and administrated to 665 mental health professionals working in psychiatric hospitals in Southern China. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to compare the factor structure wit...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - December 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Factor mixture analysis of paranoia in young people
ConclusionsThe latent structure of paranoid thinking in young people appears dimensional. Although caution is advised when generalizing from studies on college students, screening for paranoid ideation in young people who complain about psychological distress might prove useful to prevent the development of severe and potentially debilitating conditions. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - December 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Factors associated with regular physical activity participation among people with severe mental ill health
ConclusionsHaving a better self-perceived general health and placing importance on maintaining a healthy lifestyle were important predictors of regular PA. Lifestyle interventions targeting increased PA among people with SMI should be shaped by their health perception and informed by their needs. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - December 8, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Three-generation households and child mental health in European countries
ConclusionsPrograms may be developed to educate elderly people to better respect their children ’s role as parents so having a grandparent in the home can become an asset for family members rather than a burden. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - December 8, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Family structure, birth order, and aggressive behaviors among school-aged boys with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
ConclusionsLiving in non-traditional families in which one or both parents were absent, and being the firstborn increased risk of aggression in school-aged boys with ADHD. Identification of this high-risk population and development of adequate preventive strategies are warranted. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - December 7, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Antisocial personality and risks of cause-specific mortality: results from the Epidemiologic Catchment Area study with 27  years of follow-up
ConclusionsOur findings demonstrate that antisocial personality disorder is a strong predictor of all-cause mortality, and cause-specific mortality. Early identification, treatment, and prevention of ASPD are important public mental health initiatives that could reduce premature mortality among this vulnerable population. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - December 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Determinants of multidimensional mental wellbeing in the oldest old: a rapid review
ConclusionsPrevious studies appear to line up the four main dimensions of mental wellbeing identified in the EMMY study. Actively improving opportunities for older adults to produce benefits to society can be done via a stronger focus on resources such as mental wellbeing. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A comparison of neurocognition and functioning in first episode psychosis populations: do research samples reflect the real world?
ConclusionsResearchers should be aware of how study design and recruitment practices may impact the representativeness of samples, with particular concern for equal representation of racial minorities and patients with more severe illness. Studies should be designed to minimize burden to promote a wider range of participation. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 28, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Association between psychotic experiences and non-accidental self-injury: results from a nationally representative survey of adolescents
ConclusionsAdolescents reporting any PE in the past 12 months reported increased likelihood of NASI in the same time period and, auditory HEs in particular, were strongly and independently associated with self-harm and suicide attempts. These results highlight the importance of PEs as indicators of risk of self-injurious behaviour among Australian youth. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The association between antidepressant use and deaths from road traffic accidents: a case-crossover study
ConclusionConsidering the trends of antidepressant prescription and utilization, the use of paroxetine increased the risk of fatal traffic accidents. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 24, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prevalence of pathological and maladaptive Internet use and the association with depression and health-related quality of life in Japanese elementary and junior high school-aged children
ConclusionsOur results demonstrated that pathological Internet use is not uncommon even in elementary school-aged children and that those with pathological and maladaptive Internet use have severe mental health problems and decreased health-related quality of life, supporting the importance of providing these children with educational and preventive interventions against problematic Internet use and associated risk factors. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Primary prevention of dementia: from modifiable risk factors to a public brain health agenda?
DiscussionEvidence stemming from preventive RCTs is limited. However, multi-domain interventions addressing a variety of risk factors at once seem promising with regard to high-risk individuals (selective preventive approach). However, we argue that it is time to move forward and discuss a public brain health agenda as a universal preventive approach. Based on a risk reduction strategy, the public brain health agenda suggests the following ten key actions: (1) increase physical activity, (2) foster social integration, (3) improve education and foster lifelong learning, (4) provide mentally stimulating workplaces, (5) foste...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Quality of life, recovery and decision-making: a mixed methods study of mental health recovery in social care
ConclusionsThese results indicate that quality of life for people experiencing mental health difficulties is positively associated with social support and recovery and negatively associated with decisional delay. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

What drives changes in institutionalised mental health care? A qualitative study of the perspectives of professional experts
ConclusionsDistinct factors appear to have influenced changes in mental health care. Their precise influence may vary from country to country, and they have to be considered in the context of each country. The drivers may be influenced by professional groups to some extent, but also depend on the overall interest and attitudes in the society at large. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A review of the 10/66 dementia research group
DiscussionA body of evidence has been generated that has challenged the view, prevalent when the group started, that dementia is comparatively rare in LMICs. The experience of the 10/66 DRG has shown that descriptive epidemiological research can be important and impactful, where few data exist. Monitoring population trends in the prevalence and incidence of dementia may be our best chance to confirm hypotheses regarding modifiable risk factors of dementia. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The rural children ’s loneliness and depression in Henan, China: the mediation effect of self-concept
ConclusionChildren ’s loneliness was not only directly related to depression, but also was indirectly mediated by self-concept, which demonstrated a partial mediation role in the relationship between loneliness and depression. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Risk factors for suicide in rural Italy: a case –control study
ConclusionsResults of this study showed, similarly to recent research, that not all suicide events are the results of psychiatric pathology. Prevention strategies should, therefore, target both socio-economic and clinical risk factors. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 20, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A survey of traditional and faith healers providing mental health care in three sub-Saharan African countries
ConclusionCAPs are an important group of providers of mental health care in sub-Saharan Africa, but attempts to integrate them into the public health system must address the common use of harmful treatment practices. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Effect of the Brazilian cash transfer programme on suicide rates: a longitudinal analysis of the Brazilian municipalities
AbstractPurposeThere is a growing awareness of the economic and contextual factors that may play a role in the aetiology of suicide. The Programa Bolsa Fam ília (PBF) the Brazilian conditional cash transfer programme, established in 2004, aims to attenuate the effects of poverty of Brazilians. Our study aims to evaluate the effect of Bolsa Família Programme (BFP) coverage on suicide rates in Brazilian municipalities.MethodsWe conducted an ecological study using 2004 –2012 panel data for 5507 Brazilian municipalities. We calculated age-standardized suicide rates for each municipality and year. BFP covera...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Suicide risk among native- and foreign-origin persons in Sweden: a longitudinal examination of the role of unemployment status
This study examines the extent to which unemployment status may differentially influence suicide risk among the foreign-origin by generational status, region of origin, age at arrival, and duration of residence.MethodsPopulation-based registers were used to conduct a longitudinal, open cohort study of native-origin and foreign-origin Swedish residents of working age (25 –64 years) from 1993 to 2008. Hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals for suicide mortality were estimated using gender-stratified Cox proportional hazards models.ResultsElevated suicide risk observed among foreign-origin unemployed groups was...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Impact of the economic crises on suicide in Italy: the moderating role of active labor market programs
ConclusionsIn Italy, economic downturns were associated with increased suicides mainly among men, while severe economic crises were associated with increased suicides among both men and women. ALMPs showed to be effective in moderating the association between unemployment and suicide among men aged 45 –54 only in Central Italy. The overall small effectiveness of such programs may be due to lack of sufficient funding. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Identification of patients with recent-onset psychosis in KwaZulu Natal, South Africa: a pilot study with traditional health practitioners and diagnostic instruments
ConclusionTHPs were open to identifying and referring individuals with possible psychosis. They recognized “being disturbed” as a condition for which collaboration with formal psychiatric services might be beneficial. By contrast, the CAPE performed poorly as a screening instrument. Collaboration with THPs is a promising approach to improve detection of individuals with recent-onset psychosis in rura l South Africa. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 9, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Systemic autoimmune diseases are associated with an increased risk of obsessive –compulsive disorder: a nationwide population-based cohort study
ConclusionsThis study confirms that SADs are associated with higher incidence of OCD, suggesting that abnormal autoimmune process is associated with increased expression of psychiatric disturbances. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 7, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prognoses after self-harm in youth: exploring the gender factor
AbstractPurposeGender differences in youth self-harm are sparsely studied regarding long-term prognoses. We aimed to study the gender differences in effects of adolescent self-harm in early adult life in four domains: 1/family situation, 2/education and employment, 3/mental illness and suicidal behaviour, and 4/suicide and all-cause mortality.MethodA register-based cohort study including all Swedish residents aged 20 during 2001 –2005 was performed. Exposure was self-harm at ages 10–20, and outcomes were death and suicide and past-year records of self-harm, marital status/children, education/employment, and men...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 7, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Trends in prescriptions for sedative –hypnotics among Korean adults: a nationwide prescription database study for 2011–2015
ConclusionsBenzodiazepine prescriptions as well as those for antipsychotics and antidepressants to treat insomnia increased during 2011 –2015 in Korea. Monitoring the use of sedative–hypnotics at the national level is necessary, especially in the elderly population. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 7, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Correction to: Girls get by with a little help from their friends: gender differences in protective effects of social support for psychotic phenomena amongst poly-victimised adolescents
The article Girls get by with a little help from their friends: gender differences in protective effects of social support for psychotic phenomena amongst poly-victimised adolescents, written by Eloise Crush, Louise Arseneault and Helen L. Fisher, was originally published electronically on the publisher ’s internet portal (currently SpringerLink) on 25 September 2018 without open access. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - November 2, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Changing characteristics of forensic psychiatric patients in Ontario: a population-based study from 1987 to 2012
ConclusionsDefining the trends characterizing the growth of the forensic population has important policy implications, as forensic services are costly and involve a significant loss of liberty. The current results indicate that young, substance abusing individuals of diverse ethno-racial backgrounds and who commit relatively low-level violence comprise an increasing proportion of Ontario ’s forensic population, and suggest that treatment must be optimized to best serve the needs of these individuals. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - October 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Exposure to maternal depressive symptoms in childhood and suicide-related thoughts and attempts in Canadian youth: test of effect-modifying factors
ConclusionsGirls exposed to maternal depressive symptoms in childhood are a target group for childhood suicide preventive strategies. Family-based preventions, and strategies to identify and effectively treat maternal depressive episodes could be beneficial for suicide prevention in offspring. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - October 24, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

An apple a day: Protective associations between nutrition and the mental health of immigrants in Canada
ConclusionsResults suggested evidence of protective associations between healthy nutritional intake and mental illness among a large-scale sample of immigrants in Canada. Importantly, the protective associations of healthier diets with immigrants ’ mental health were independent of various markers of healthy lifestyles (e.g., general health status, physical activity, alcohol use). Healthy dietary intake may, therefore, be worth consideration in efforts to prevent mental illness among immigrants. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - October 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A systematic review of the impact of media reports of severe mental illness on stigma and discrimination, and interventions that aim to mitigate any adverse impact
ConclusionsGiven the limited research evidence on the impact of news and social media on stigma towards SMI, and on the effectiveness of interventions aiming to mitigate this impact, further studies of higher quality are needed in this area. Due to mixed findings, interventions with media professionals are also an area of research priority. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - October 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Positive and negative impacts of schizophrenia on family caregivers: a systematic review and qualitative meta-summary
ConclusionsAnalysis of the studies suggested that family members of individuals with schizophrenia face a series of traumatic situations during the course of the illness. Their subsequent experiences can be conceptualised as a continuous circle of caregiving, in which the positive impacts can be centrally positioned within the negative impacts. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - October 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Factors associated with long length of stay in an inpatient psychiatric unit in Lilongwe, Malawi
ConclusionsOur findings demonstrate areas of possible intervention to reduce length of stay, including securing means for patient transport home, rapid identification and treatment of EPS, and reducing the risk of EPS by decreased use of high potency first-generation antipsychotics. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - October 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Long-term effects of filmed social contact or internet-based self-study on mental health-related stigma: a 2-year follow-up of a randomised controlled trial
AbstractPurposeThere is a critical need to clarify the long-term effects of anti-stigma interventions. The study aimed to assess the long-term effects of repeated filmed social contact or internet-based self-study on mental health-related stigma through a randomised controlled trial with 2-year follow-up.MethodsWe randomly allocated 259 university or college students to a filmed social contact group, an internet-based self-study group, or a control group. The filmed social contact and internet-based self-study groups each received a 30-min initial intervention followed by emailed interventions every 2  months over a 1...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - October 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The effect of media reporting of a homicide committed by a patient with schizophrenia on the public stigma and knowledge of psychosis among the general population of Hong Kong
ConclusionsThese findings suggest that media reporting of violent incidents involving people with schizophrenia increases the public belief in the dangerousness of people with psychosis but not the overall stigma. Further studies of the differential effects of violence reporting on public perceptions about people with psychosis and schizophrenia are warranted. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - October 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Clinical significance of assertive community treatment among adolescents
AbstractPurposeThe efficacy of assertive community treatment for children and adolescents is proven in the United States, but remains controversial in Europe. Moreover, most studies showing positive outcomes of assertive community treatment are limited to statistically significant differences and do not consider whether the treatment is also subjectively clinically meaningful for the patient. Using a naturalistic sample, the present study aims to assess statistical and clinical significance of an assertive community treatment unit for adolescents in Europe.MethodsLinear mixed-effects models and reliable change indices were...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - October 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The prevalence of mental disorders in Taiwanese prisons: a nationwide population-based study
AbstractPurposeIn Taiwan, few studies explored the morbidity of mental disorders among prisoners. The purpose of this study is conducted to estimate the prevalence of mental disorders in Taiwanese prisoners.MethodsBased on Nationwide population-based databank, 82,650 prisons were studied for mental disorders. Mental disorders were assessed with the International Classification of Diseases 9th revision Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM).ResultThe prevalence of mental disorders among prisoners was estimated 11.31%. Female prisons exhibited a higher prevalence than males (17.82% vs. 10.56%,p 
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - October 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Quality not quantity: loneliness subtypes, psychological trauma, and mental health in the US adult population
ConclusionsCurrent findings provide support for the presence of subtypes of loneliness and show that they have unique associations with mental health status. Recognition of these subtypes of loneliness revealed that the number of US adults aged 18 –70 experiencing loneliness was twice as high as what was estimated when loneliness was conceptualized as a unidimensional construct. The perceived quality, not the quantity, of interpersonal connections was associated with poor mental health. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - October 6, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Psychometric validation of the self-identification of having a mental illness (SELF-I) scale and the relationship with stigma and help-seeking among young people
This study validates a new scale for the self-identification of having a mental illness among a non-clinical, community cohort of young people in the UK.MethodsFollowing consultation with a group of young person experts with experience of mental health problems, we evaluated the psychometric properties of the self-identification of mental illness scale (SELF-I) among 423 young people aged 13 –24 years who are part of an ongoing prospective community cohort. We performed test retest reliability among a subset of 53 participants. Psychometric validation for the scale used measures of Cronbach’s alpha and Pea...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - October 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Perceived neighbourhood social cohesion and depressive symptom trajectories in older adults: a 12-year prospective cohort study
ConclusionsDepressive symptom trajectories by PSC appear to widen as adults reach old age. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - October 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Depression literacy and health-seeking attitudes in the Western Pacific region: a mixed-methods study
AbstractPurposeDepression literacy refers to the ability to recognize depression and make informed decisions about its treatment. To date, relatively little research has been done to examine depression literacy in the Western Pacific region. Given the pervasiveness of depression and the need to enhance mental health care in this region, it is important to gain a better understanding of depression literacy and health-seeking behaviors in this part of the world.MethodsThis mixed-methods study utilized a convergent parallel design to examine depression literacy and the associated health-seeking attitudes among urban adults fr...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - October 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Psychiatric diagnosis and other predictors of experienced and anticipated workplace discrimination and concealment of mental illness among mental health service users in England
ConclusionThis study suggests that psychiatric diagnosis is a predictor of experienced and anticipated workplace discrimination and the concealment of mental illness and that more support is needed for employees with common mental disorders and their employers to enable better workplace outcomes for this group. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - October 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Pathways to mental health services for young people: a systematic review
ConclusionsExcept in psychosis, youths ’ pathways to mental healthcare remain understudied. Pathways to care research may need to be reconceptualised to account for the often transient and overlapping nature of youth mental health presentations, and the possibility that what constitutes optimal care may vary. Despite these complexities , additional research, using standardized methodology, can yield a greater understanding of the help-seeking behaviours of youths and those acting on their behalf; service responses to help-seeking; and the determinants of pathways. This understanding is critical to inform ongoing init...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - October 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Depression among the general adult population in Jiangsu Province of China: prevalence, associated factors and impacts
ConclusionsA low prevalence of depression was found in this population of China, though it is not clear the extent to which it reflects issues related to the measurement and/or other factors of the survey. Depression was found to be related to poorer health and poorer life functioning. Further research into the link between depression and access to mental health services in rural areas is necessary. Meanwhile, depression among chronic disease patients should be addressed in clinical settings, health plans and resources allocation. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - October 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Interpersonal and institutional ethnic discrimination, and mental health in a random sample of Palestinian minority men smokers in Israel
ConclusionsInterpersonal and institutional forms of ethnic discrimination are independently associated with poorer mental health among Arab minority men current and former smokers in Israel. Future research is warranted into both forms of discrimination in the general Arab population in Israel, including women. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - October 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

‘Between a rock and a hard place’: family members’ experiences of supporting a relative with bipolar disorder
ConclusionsFamily members supporting a relative with bipolar disorder face significant challenges but show considerable resourcefulness in managing them. The findings underline the importance of input from healthcare professionals to help family members effectively support their relative and manage the challenges they face. Professional support should be strengths-based, and tailored to family members ’ needs. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - October 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Symptomatic and functional recovery in depression in later life
ConclusionThis study showed that depression in later life has long-term debilitating effects on functioning, enduring even after remission from depression. This implies that depression treatment in later life should aim broader than just symptomatic recovery, but also include functional recovery. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - October 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Inpatient use and area-level socio-environmental factors in people with psychosis
ConclusionAlthough a robust association exists between socio-environmental factors and psychosis risk, in this study we found no evidence that neighbourhood deprivation was linked to future inpatient admissions following the onset of psychosis. Future work on the influence of area-level socio-environmental factors on outcome should examine more nuanced outcomes, e.g. recovery, symptom trajectory, and should account for key methodological challenges, e.g. accounting for changes in address. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - October 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Intersections of discrimination due to unemployment and mental health problems: the role of double stigma for job- and help-seeking behaviors
ConclusionsMultiple discrimination may affect job search and help-seeking among unemployed individuals with mental health problems. Interventions to reduce public stigma and to improve coping with multiple discrimination for this group should be developed. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - October 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research