Spatial patterning of self-harm rates within urban areas
ConclusionProximity to the city centre was associated with lower rates of self-harm, but the usual operationalisations of urbanness, population density and greenspace, were not. Deprivation did not explain the spatial patterning, nor did ethnicity. While nationally self-harm rates are higher in urban and deprived areas, this cannot be extrapolated to mean that within cities the inner-city is the highest risk area nor that risk will be principally patterned according to deprivation. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - September 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Violent interpersonal trauma predicts aggressive thoughts and behaviors towards self and others: findings from the National Comorbidity Survey-Adolescent Supplement
ConclusionResults indicate that youth with a history of VIT may be at unique risk for experiencing aggression directed towards others and the self compared to those without this specific trauma history. This is important because trauma type is an easily assessed indicator of potentially elevated risk for these types of deleterious outcomes. Findings are situated in a research agenda aimed at continuing to refine our understanding of the link between interpersonal trauma and aggression. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - September 25, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Girls get by with a little help from their friends: gender differences in protective effects of social support for psychotic phenomena amongst poly-victimised adolescents
ConclusionsSocial support-focused interventions targeting psychotic phenomena amongst poly-victimised adolescents may be more effective for girls. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - September 25, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Violent interpersonal trauma predicts aggressive thoughts and behaviors towards self and others: findings from the National Comorbidity Survey-Adolescent Supplement
ConclusionResults indicate that youth with a history of VIT may be at unique risk for experiencing aggression directed towards others and the self compared to those without this specific trauma history. This is important because trauma type is an easily assessed indicator of potentially elevated risk for these types of deleterious outcomes. Findings are situated in a research agenda aimed at continuing to refine our understanding of the link between interpersonal trauma and aggression. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - September 25, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Girls get by with a little help from their friends: gender differences in protective effects of social support for psychotic phenomena amongst poly-victimised adolescents
ConclusionsSocial support-focused interventions targeting psychotic phenomena amongst poly-victimised adolescents may be more effective for girls. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - September 25, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Traumatic brain injury as an independent risk factor for problem gambling: a matched case-control study
ConclusionsWe found that a prior TBI was associated with an increased subsequent risk of problem gambling. Our findings support more awareness, screening, and treating problem gambling risks among TBI patients. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - September 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mild cognitive impairment and progression to dementia in people with diabetes, prediabetes and metabolic syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis
AbstractPurposeWe aimed to quantify the relative risk of progression from mild cognitive impairment (MCI) to dementia in people with and without diabetes, and with and without the MetS (MetS); and to identify potential modifiers of the risk of progression from MCI to dementia in people with diabetes or MetS.MethodsWe searched Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, PsycArticles and Web of Science from inception through to 20th March 2018. Where possible, the results from three or more studies were pooled in a meta-analysis, while other findings have been described narratively.ResultsWe included 15 articles reporting 12 studies (6865 pa...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - September 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The relationship between neighborhood-level socioeconomic characteristics and individual mental disorders in five cities in Latin America: multilevel models from the World Mental Health Surveys
ConclusionsThe associations of neighborhood-level migration, unemployment, and education with individual-level odds of mental disorders highlight the importance of community context for understanding the burden of mental disorders among residents of rapidly urbanizing global settings. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - September 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Associations of state-level rates of depression and fatal opioid overdose in the United States, 2011 –2015
ConclusionsAddressing depression in the provider –patient relationship may be important, as may be addressing the mental health provider shortage in the United States. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - September 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Historical trends in suicide risk for the residents of mainland China: APC modeling of the archived national suicide mortality rates during 1987 –2012
ConclusionsThe mega trends in the suicide risk at the population level are closely related to significant historical events in China. Suicide is anticipated to increase because of the growing risk for the young cohorts (particularly young females) as the country further develops. Study findings suggest the significance of national strategies for suicide prevention and control, including maintenance of social harmony and stability, provision of more opportunities for development, enhancement of social integration, and restriction of suicide facilitating factors. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 31, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The influence of undetermined deaths on suicides in Shanghai, China
ConclusionsThe number of suicides could be 23% higher than the reported cases. Suicides were more likely to be underreported in migrants than in the locals. Thus, it is important to improve suicide monitoring and the surveillance systems in China. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 30, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Bullying involvement, psychological distress, and short sleep duration among adolescents
ConclusionsThese results suggest that higher levels of bullying involvement place adolescents at risk of developing higher psychological distress which, in turn, can lead to short sleep duration. Longitudinal research is necessary to confirm the mediating role of psychological distress on the relationship between bullying involvement and short sleep duration among adolescents. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 30, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The price of admission: does moving to a low-poverty neighborhood increase discriminatory experiences and influence mental health?
ConclusionsNeighborhood poverty mediated MTO treatment on adult mental health, suggesting that greater neighborhood poverty contributes to mental health problems. Yet housing discrimination-mental health findings were inconclusive. Effects of neighborhood poverty on health may be underestimated when failing to account for discrimination. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 30, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prevalence of emotional and behavioral problems and subthreshold psychiatric disorders in Austrian adolescents and the need for prevention
ConclusionsA significant proportion of Austrian adolescents are at risk for MHP. A non-responder analysis indicates that the observed prevalence may be even underestimated. These findings emphasize the urgent need for targeted prevention, especially for reducing anxiety and depressive symptoms and for adolescents in disadvantaged families. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Confidence and attitudes of pharmacy students towards suicidal crises: patient simulation using people with a lived experience
AbstractPurposeHealth care professionals, including pharmacists, have the potential to recognise and assist those at risk of suicide. The primary aim of this study was to assess the impact of utilising people with a lived experience of mental illness as simulated patients on final year pharmacy students ’ attitudes toward and confidence in caring for people at risk of suicide after first receiving Mental Health First Aid (MHFA) training.MethodsA parallel group repeated measures design was used. People with a lived experience of mental illness enacted patients experiencing a mental health crisis, including possible su...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 28, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The predictors of depression in a longitudinal cohort of community dwelling rural adults in Australia
ConclusionFinancial and employment-related difficulties appear to be important risk factors for depression, and targeting individuals experiencing such difficulties may be an effective means of reducing depression among certain sub-groups. Strategies to prevent depression in rural and remote Australia may benefit from a focus on interpersonal and community-level support, as the effects of this support are lasting and contribute to a reduced likelihood of depressive episodes in future years. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 28, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The effect of having a child with ADHD or ASD on family separation
ConclusionParents of children diagnosed with ADHD or ASD were more likely to separate than control parents. It is important to improve our knowledge about the particular characteristics of families at risk of separating to prevent distress for the families and their child. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 28, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Shared decision-making in mental health care using routine outcome monitoring: results of a cluster randomised-controlled trial
ConclusionExcept for patients with mood disorders, we found no difference between the arms for patient-reported DC. This might be explained by the less than optimal uptake of this generic intervention, which did not support patients directly. Regarding the positive influence of a higher level of applying SDM and ROM on less DC and better treatment outcomes, the results are encouraging for further investments in patient-oriented development and implementation of SDMR. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Excessive mortality and causes of death among patients with personality disorder with comorbid psychiatric disorders
ConclusionsWe found significant synergistic effects of PD and SUD on mortality risk. A personality assessment should be mandatory in all clinical settings to prevent premature death and detect SUD early. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Cluster analysis of psychiatric profile, its correlates, and using mental health services among the young people aged 15 –34: findings from the first phase of Iranian youth cohort in Ravansar
AbstractPurposes(1) Cluster analysis of psychiatric disorders and partitioning the youth; (2) determining socio-demographic correlates and parental histories for each one of the clusters; and (3) comparing clusters based on the extent and type of using psychotherapeutic services.MethodsThe current cross-sectional study is a part of the first phase of PERSIAN Youth Cohort. The sample of the study includes 2991 participants aged 15 –34 (27 ± 5.1 years, 55.6% female) from Ravansar district in western Iran. Enrollment and data collection for this phase were performed from October, 2014 to January, 2017. ...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 25, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Non-fatal self-harm in Scottish military veterans: a retrospective cohort study of 57,000 veterans and 173,000 matched non-veterans
AbstractPurposeAlthough suicide risk in veterans has been widely studied, there is little information on the risk of non-fatal self-harm in this population. We used data from the Scottish Veterans Health Study to conduct an epidemiological analysis of self-harm in veterans, in comparison with people who have never served.MethodsWe conducted a retrospective, 30-year cohort study of 56,205 veterans born 1945 –1985, and 172,741 people with no record of military service, and used Cox proportional hazard models to examine the association between veteran status and cumulative risk of non-fatal self-harm, overall and strati...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 25, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Pathways to mental health services for young people: a systematic review
ConclusionsExcept in psychosis, youths ’ pathways to mental healthcare remain understudied. Pathways to care research may need to be reconceptualised to account for the often transient and overlapping nature of youth mental health presentations, and the possibility that what constitutes optimal care may vary. Despite these complexities , additional research, using standardized methodology, can yield a greater understanding of the help-seeking behaviours of youths and those acting on their behalf; service responses to help-seeking; and the determinants of pathways. This understanding is critical to inform ongoing init...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Descriptive epidemiology of suicide attempts and suicide in the remote villages of French Guiana
ConclusionsThe suicide rate in remote areas in French Guiana was eight times higher than in France. The suicide of young people in remote areas in French Guiana and specifically in Amerindian villages must be better understood and prevented with contextualized and adapted care. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety and depression symptoms among adolescent earthquake victims: comorbidity and associated sleep-disturbing factors
ConclusionsMental health problems are prevalent with high comorbidity and are associated with sleep-related problems among adolescent survivors, even years after the occurrence of a major earthquake. Nightmares and difficulty initiating sleep are independently associated with PTSD. Insufficient sleep is independently associated with anxiety and depression. Sleep-related problems may be effective targets of preventive interventions, which may need to be optimised for gender and age. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Towards personalised positive psychiatry?
(Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A NEET distinction: youths not in employment, education or training follow different pathways to illness and care in psychosis
ConclusionsDespite being more narrowly defined, NEET status was thrice as prevalent in our sample as in the Canadian population. The NEET group followed a distinct trajectory of persistent symptoms and functional decline before presenting with a psychotic disorder. The systemic delays that NEET youths encountered indicate a need for better-targeted early identification efforts. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 9, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The study of effect moderation in youth suicide-prevention studies
ConclusionsWith a greater emphasis from the federal government and funding agencies on precision prevention, understanding which prevention programs work for specific subgroups is essential. Only a small percentage of the reviewed articles assessed moderation effects. This is a substantial research gap driven by sample size or other limitations which have impeded the identification of intervention effect heterogeneity. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 7, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Commentary on: Mendelson T & amp; Eaton WW. Recent advances in the prevention of mental disorders. SPPE (2018)
(Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 7, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mental health in Syrian children with a focus on post-traumatic stress: a cross-sectional study from Syrian schools
ConclusionsSyrian children are experiencing traumatic events and war-associated daily stresses that are hugely impacting psychological well-being. Our data offer guidance for mental health providers regarding risk factors and highlights the use of the school system to reach suffering children. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 6, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Views from an asylum: a retrospective case note analysis of a nineteenth century asylum
ConclusionsThese findings challenge the myth that asylum incarceration was a usual practice before the advent of community care. Most patients were discharged from psychiatric asylum hospital within a year of admission even before the advent of psychotropic medication. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 6, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Effectiveness of supported employment in non-trial routine implementation: systematic review and meta-analysis
ConclusionSE routine programs lose only little effectiveness compared to SE programs from RCTs but are much more successful in reintegrating participants into the competitive labor market than prevocational programs. Labor market conditions have to be taken into account when evaluating SE programs. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Measuring attitudes towards mental health using social media: investigating stigma and trivialisation
ConclusionsOur findings show that mental health stigma is common on social media. Trivialisation is also common, suggesting that while society may be more open to discussing mental health problems, care should be taken to ensure this is done appropriately. This study further demonstrates the potential for social media to be used to measure the general public ’s attitudes towards mental health conditions. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Patterns of concordances in mhGAP-IG screening and DSM-IV/ICD10 diagnoses by trained community service providers in Kenya: a pilot cross-sectional study
ConclusionBoth formal and informal mental health providers can be trained to successfully and accurately screen for mental health disorders using the mhGAP-IG symptoms. This suggests that community-based non-specialist providers may play a key role in decreasing the mental health treatment gap. Further policy implications are discussed. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - July 30, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Depression among the general adult population in Jiangsu Province of China: prevalence, associated factors and impacts
ConclusionsA low prevalence of depression was found in this population of China, though it is not clear the extent to which it reflects issues related to the measurement and/or other factors of the survey. Depression was found to be related to poorer health and poorer life functioning. Further research into the link between depression and access to mental health services in rural areas is necessary. Meanwhile, depression among chronic disease patients should be addressed in clinical settings, health plans and resources allocation. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - July 30, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Patterns and predictors of depressive symptoms among Jamaican fathers of newborns
ConclusionsWe interpret these findings in light of existing work on paternal depression, including the importance of social context and support. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - July 30, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Longitudinal association between social anxiety disorder and incident alcohol use disorder: results from two national samples of US adults
This study assessed the association between subclinical social fears and a 12-month diagnosis of Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) at baseline and the risk of incident Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) at follow-up, compared to those without subclinical social fears and a 12-month diagnosis of SAD. We performed an individual participant meta-analysis based on data from two national longitudinal surveys. Wave 1 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) was conducted in 2001 –2002 in a sample of 43,093 adults and Wave 2 was conducted in 2004–2005 in 34,653 of the original respondents. W...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - July 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Contribution of traumatic deployment experiences to the burden of mental health problems in Canadian Armed Forces personnel: exploration of population attributable fractions
ConclusionsMilitary deployments involving exposure to a dangerous environment or to the dead or injured will have substantial impacts on mental health in military personnel and others exposed to similar occupational trauma. Potential explanations for divergent findings in the literature on the extent to which deployment-related trauma contributes to the burden of mental disorders are discussed. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - July 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The role of parent and offspring sex on risk for externalizing psychopathology in offspring with parental alcohol use disorder: a national Swedish study
ConclusionsOffspring of parents with AUD are  at increased risk for externalizing psychopathology. Maternal and paternal AUD differentially affected sons’ vs. daughters’ risks for AUD, drug abuse, and criminal behavior. The transmission of psychopathology within the externalizing spectrum appears to have sex-specific elements. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - July 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prevalence rates, reporting, and psychosocial correlates of stalking victimization: results from a three-sample cross-sectional study
ConclusionsBehavioral approaches to epidemiological and criminal justice stalking victimization are recommended. Victimization under reporting to healthcare and legal professionals were observed. Further research and prevention programming is needed to capitalize on data concerning personality and coping skills, sexual diversity, and trauma-related psychiatric symptoms. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - July 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Time course of panic disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder onsets
AbstractPurposePosttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) often co-occurs with panic disorder (PD), with some etiological models positing a causal role of panic reactivity in PTSD onset; however, data addressing the temporal ordering of these conditions are lacking. The aim of this study was to examine the bi-directional associations between PD and PTSD in a nationally representative, epidemiologic sample of trauma-exposed adults.MethodsParticipants were community-dwelling adults (62.6% women;Mage = 48.9, SD 16.3) with lifetime DSM-IV PTSD criterion A trauma exposure drawn from the 2001/2 National Epidemiologic Sur...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - July 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The impact of economic recessions on depression and individual and social well-being: the case of Spain (2006 –2013)
ConclusionsEconomic crises are associated with a significant increase in depressive symptoms. Furthermore, financial crises seem to have a corrosive impact on mental health by reducing the mediating effects of positive beliefs regarding the good nature of society. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Correction to: Impact of socioeconomic position and distance on mental health care utilization: a nationwide Danish follow-up study
In the original publication of this article, Table  3 was published incorrectly. The corrected table is shown below. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - July 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Psychiatric diagnosis and other predictors of experienced and anticipated workplace discrimination and concealment of mental illness among mental health service users in England
ConclusionThis study suggests that psychiatric diagnosis is a predictor of experienced and anticipated workplace discrimination and the concealment of mental illness and that more support is needed for employees with common mental disorders and their employers to enable better workplace outcomes for this group. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - July 9, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

‘Between a rock and a hard place’: family members’ experiences of supporting a relative with bipolar disorder
ConclusionsFamily members supporting a relative with bipolar disorder face significant challenges but show considerable resourcefulness in managing them. The findings underline the importance of input from healthcare professionals to help family members effectively support their relative and manage the challenges they face. Professional support should be strengths-based, and tailored to family members ’ needs. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - July 9, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Which mental disorders are associated with the greatest impairment in functioning?
ConclusionsOur results highlight the value of complementary measures of functional impairment. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - June 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Social networks and symptomatic and functional outcomes in schizophrenia: a systematic review and meta-analysis
ConclusionPsychosocial interventions which support individuals to build and maintain social networks may improve outcomes in schizophrenia. The review findings are cross-sectional and thus causal direction cannot be inferred. Further research is required to examine temporal associations between network characteristics and outcomes in schizophrenia and to test theoretical models relating to explanatory or mediating mechanisms. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - June 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Fiscal crises and personal troubles: the great recession in Ireland and family processes
ConclusionsRecession and economic pressure had a significant effect on child psychological adjustment, but only a minority of this effect was indirect via the mental health of parents and parent/child relationship. The family stress model only offers a partial account of the mechanisms through which economic hardship impacts on families and children. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - June 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Correction to: Depression literacy and health-seeking attitudes in the Western Pacific region: a mixed-methods study
In the original publication of this article, Acknowledgements Section was not included. The Acknowledgements are given below. The original article has been corrected. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - June 25, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Do trauma type, stressful life events, and social support explain women veterans ’ high prevalence of PTSD?
ConclusionsNumber of trauma types, type of trauma, and social factors may together help explain women veterans ’ higher PTSD prevalence compared to women civilians, but do not fully account for differences between men and women veterans. Results highlight a need to explore additional explanatory factors and evaluate associations with longitudinal data. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - June 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Community pharmacists ’ experiences and people at risk of suicide in Canada and Australia: a thematic analysis
ConclusionsCommunity pharmacists are caring for patients at risk of suicide frequently, and often with patients seeking the help of pharmacists directly. Pharmacists engage in activities and actions that would be considered outside of the traditional dispensing roles and provide support and intervention to people at risk of suicide through collaboration and other mechanisms. Further research to determine appropriate education and training and postvention supports is required. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - June 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research