Impact of lifestyle behaviors in early childhood on obesity and cardiometabolic risk in children: Results from the Spanish INMA birth cohort study
ConclusionsHigher adherence to a healthy lifestyle at age 4  years decreased risk of overweight, obesity and abdominal obesity at 7 years. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - December 2, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Rowaedh Ahmed Bawaked, S ílvia Fernández‐Barrés, Eva Maria Navarrete‐Muñoz, Sandra González‐Palacios, Mònica Guxens, Amaia Irizar, Aitana Lertxundi, Jordi Sunyer, Jesus Vioque, Helmut Schröder, Martine Vrijheid, Dora Romaguera Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Associations of nitric oxide with obesity and psychological traits among children and adolescents in Taiwan
ConclusionsOur results enrich the limited data and suggest that NO may be associated with obesity and psychopathology and should be a concern in the pathophysiology of childhood mental health and obesity. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - December 1, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Kuo ‐Hsuan Chung, Hung‐Yi Chiou, Jung‐Su Chang, Yi‐Hua Chen Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

More precise prevalence of overweight and obesity
Pediatric Obesity, EarlyView. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - November 24, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Seham Elmrayed, Nicole Gilbert, Tanis R. Fenton Tags: LETTER TO THE EDITOR Source Type: research

Residential mobility in early childhood and obesity at kindergarten age among children from the United States
ConclusionsOur study suggests that obesity and mobility in early life are associated, but not in the way we might expect. Residential mobility may fit into a broader picture of instability and, on its own, may not elevate a child's risk for obesity. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - November 20, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Kathryn L. Krupsky, Rebecca R. Andridge, Sarah E. Anderson Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

The influence of front ‐of‐pack portion size images on children's serving and intake of cereal
ConclusionThis study provides novel evidence of the influence portion ‐size depictions on food packaging have on children's eating behaviour. This offers possible avenues for intervention and policy change; however, more research is needed. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - November 20, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Lauren Sophie McGale, Tim Smits, Jason Christian Grovenor Halford, Joanne Alison Harrold, Emma Jane Boyland Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Associations between accelerometry measured physical activity and sedentary time and the metabolic syndrome: A meta ‐analysis of more than 6000 children and adolescents
ConclusionsPhysical activity of at least moderate intensity but not sedentary time is independently associated with the metabolic syndrome. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - November 10, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Markus Renninger, Bj ørge H. Hansen, Jostein Steene‐Johannessen, Susi Kriemler, Karsten Froberg, Kate Northstone, Luis Sardinha, Sigmund A. Anderssen, Lars B. Andersen, Ulf Ekelund, On behalf of the International Children's Accelerometry Data Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Total and trimester ‐specific gestational weight gain and infant anthropometric outcomes at birth and 6 months in low‐income Hispanic families
AbstractObjectiveTo describe total and trimester ‐specific gestational weight gain (GWG) among low‐income Hispanic women and determine whether these GWG exposures are associated with infant anthropometric outcomes at birth and 6 months.Study DesignData were from 448 mother ‐infant pairs enrolled in the Starting Early child obesity prevention trial. Prenatal weights were used to calculate total GWG and 2nd and 3rd trimester GWG rates (kg/week) and categorized as inadequate, adequate, and excessive according to the 2009 Institute of Medicine recommendations. Multivariable linear and modified Poisson regressions es...
Source: Pediatric Obesity - November 6, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Andrea L. Deierlein, Mary Jo Messito, Michelle Katzow, Lauren Thomas Berube, Cara D. Dolin, Rachel S. Gross Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Issue Information
No abstract is available for this article. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - November 6, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research

Effect of PM2.5 on macrosomia in China: A nationwide prospective cohort study
ConclusionsMaternal exposure to PM2.5 during pregnancy was associated with an increased risk of macrosomia in China. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - November 5, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Shi Chen, Shirui Wang, Tiantian Li, Huijuan Zhu, Siyu Liang, Ke Xu, Yuelun Zhang, Xianxian Yuan, Yingying Yang, Hui Pan, Xiaoming Shi Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Childhood hair cortisol concentration and early teen cardiometabolic outcomes
ConclusionsWe found that mid ‐childhood HCC was not associated with early adolescent adiposity or cardiometabolic biomarkers except for a slight increase in HOMA‐IR. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - November 5, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Joshua Petimar, Sheryl L. Rifas ‐Shiman, Marie‐France Hivert, Abby F. Fleisch, Henning Tiemeier, Emily Oken Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Early ‐life determinants of excess weight in children born heavy
SummaryInfants born heavy are vulnerable to later obesity, but it is unknown whether obesity ‐related risk factors present between conception and delivery predict their postnatal weight trajectory. We modelled the weight trajectories of infants born high birth weight (HBW, greater than or equal to 4000 g) and/or large for gestational age (LGA, greater than 90th percentile) using data fro m the Infant Feeding Practices Study II (N = 371). A high percentage of infants were both HBW and LGA, but the trajectories were modelled separately. Weight of infants born heavy begins high, gradually decreases, and then ...
Source: Pediatric Obesity - November 5, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Amy R. Goetz, Tiffany M. Rybak, James L. Peugh, Lori J. Stark Tags: SHORT COMMUNICATION Source Type: research

BMI growth trajectory from ages 2 to 6  years and its association with maternal obesity, diabetes during pregnancy, gestational weight gain, and breastfeeding
ConclusionChild's high and increasing BMI trajectory was strongly associated with maternal prepregnancy obesity and overweight, modestly associated with maternal T1D, T2D, and GDM requiring medication treatment and EGWG, and slightly associated with breastfeeding  ≤ 6 months. GDM not requiring medication treatment during pregnancy had little association. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - November 5, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Xinhui Wang, Mayra P. Martinez, Ting Chow, Anny H. Xiang Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Longitudinal trajectories of BMI z ‐score: an international comparison of 11,513 Australian, American and German/Austrian/Luxembourgian youth with type 1 diabetes
SummaryBackgroundBMI fluctuations during puberty are common. Data on individual change in BMI from childhood to young adulthood are limited in youth with type 1 diabetes.ObjectivesTo compare longitudinal trajectories of body mass index z score (BMIz) from childhood to adolescence across three registries spanning five countries.MethodsData sources: T1DX (USA), DPV (Germany/Austria/Luxembourg) and ADDN (Australia). The analysis included 11,513 youth with type 1 diabetes, duration>1 year, at least one BMI measure at baseline (age 8 ‐10 years) and>5 aggregated BMI measures by year of age during follow ‐up until age 1...
Source: Pediatric Obesity - November 5, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Helen Phelan, Nicole C. Foster, Anke Schwandt, Jennifer J. Couper, Steven Willi, Peter Kroschwald, Timothy W. Jones, Mengdi Wu, Claudia Steigleder ‐Schweiger, Maria E. Craig, David M. Maahs, Nicole Prinz, on behalf of the Australasian Diabet Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Methylphenidate in children with monogenic obesity due to LEPR or MC4R deficiency improves feeling of satiety and reduces BMI ‐SDS—A case series
ConclusionsThe observed decrease in BMI trajectories with MPH use for one year is clinically meaningful in this group of patients, since the natural course would have been associated with a pronounced increase in BMI, leading to comorbidities and complications over time. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - October 31, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Stephanie Brandt, Julia Schnurbein, Belinda Lennerz, Katja Kohlsdorf, Heike Vollbach, Christian Denzer, Harald Bode, Johannes Hebebrand, Martin Wabitsch Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Polycystic ovary syndrome in adolescent girls
AbstractPCOS is already a prevalent endocrinopathy in adolescent girls, and its prevalence is rising further since, in essence, it is the result of a mismatch between an energy ‐sparing (epi)genetic background and a (relatively) obesogenic environment. This mismatch results in an excess of fat storage in ectopic depots, notably in the liver and viscera (= hepato‐visceral, or central fat). There is still no FDA‐approved treatment for adolescent PCOS. The prime aim sho uld be a preferential loss of central fat, through lifestyle measures. Failure to sustain these measures is frequent, and the standard approach is to ad...
Source: Pediatric Obesity - October 30, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Lourdes Ib áñez, Francis Zegher Tags: SHORT COMMUNICATION Source Type: research

Severe obesity is associated with liver disease severity in pediatric non ‐alcoholic fatty liver disease
DiscussionObesity severity is associated with liver disease severity. Patients with more severe obesity are more likely to have more advanced liver disease, a finding that can assist in risk stratification, as well as monitoring and treatment approaches. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - October 27, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Aradhna Seth, Sarah Orkin, Toshifumi Yodoshi, Chunyan Liu, Lin Fei, Jennifer Hardy, Andrew T. Trout, Ana ‐Catalina Arce Clachar, Kristin Bramlage, Stavra Xanthakos, Marialena Mouzaki Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Intergenerational changes in adiposity and fat distribution from 1982 to 2011 in male children and adolescents from Kolkata (India)
ConclusionsAdiposity has significantly changed over the past three decades. The results confirm that the measurements of skinfold thickness are a great tool to relatively easily and accurately assess body adiposity in countries such as India. Moreover, further analysis of these trends can help to identify possible negative changes as well as establish their causes in a particular population. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - October 27, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Łukasz Kryst, Magdalena Żegleń, Sukanta Das, Parasmani Dasgupta, Rana Saha, Rituparna Das Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Issue Information
No abstract is available for this article. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - October 23, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research

Circannual growth in Wisconsin children and adolescents: Identifying optimal periods of obesity prevention
Conclusions on circannual weight gain are hampered by infrequent body mass index (BMI) measurements, and guidance is limited on the optimal timeframe for paediatric weight interventions.ObjectivesThis study characterized circannual trends in BMI in Wisconsin children and adolescents and identified sociodemographic differences in excess weight gain.MethodsAn observational study was used to pool data from 2010 to 2015 to examine circannual BMI z ‐score trends for Marshfield Clinic patients age 3 to 17 years. Daily 0.20, 0.50, and 0.80 quantiles of BMI z‐score were estimated, stratified by gender, race, and age.Resul...
Source: Pediatric Obesity - October 8, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Jeffrey J. VanWormer, Burney A. Kieke, Lawrence P. Hanrahan, Jeremy J. Pomeroy, Alex Mundy, Dale A. Schoeller Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Bariatric surgery for Prader ‐Willi syndrome was ineffective in producing sustainable weight loss: Long term results for up to 10 years
ConclusionsBariatric surgery could not produce sustainable long ‐term weight loss or comorbidity resolution in PWS. This study suggests that bariatric surgery cannot be recommended to PWS patients as a standard treatment. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - September 12, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Shirley Yuk ‐Wah Liu, Simon Kin‐Hung Wong, Candice Chuen‐Hing Lam, Enders Kwok‐Wai Ng Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Sex ‐specific association of plasma nesfatin‐1 concentrations with obesity in children
SummaryBackgroundNesfatin ‐1, an anorexigenic peptide, has been associated with food intake and thermogenesis, with discordant findings in humans and scarce studies in children to date.ObjectivesThe aim of this study was to analyze the relationship of obesity with nesfatin ‐1 levels in two cohorts of children.MethodsPlasma nesfatin ‐1 concentrations were analyzed in 6‐ to 9‐year‐olds (n = 140) and 12‐ to 16‐year‐old children (n = 96), including children with obesity and their sex‐ and age‐matched normal‐weight counterparts. Anthropometric measurements were assessed. Cholesterol a...
Source: Pediatric Obesity - September 10, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Olaya Dios, Leticia Herrero, Teresa Gavela ‐Pérez, Leandro Soriano‐Guillén, Carmen Garcés Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Issue Information
No abstract is available for this article. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - September 5, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research

Monogenic leptin deficiency in early childhood obesity
ConclusionLeptin deficiency is considered a significant cause of monogenic obesity in Egyptian children with early ‐onset obesity as the diagnosis of these patients would be a perfect target for recombinant leptin therapy. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - September 4, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Gehan ElSaeed, Noha Mousa, Fatma El ‐Mougy, Mona Hafez, Seham Khodeera, Mohamed Alhelbawy, Engy Fouda, Suzan Elsheikh, Rasha ElKaffas, Sara Eldeeb, Marwa Elsharkawy Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Poor maternal anthropometric status before conception is associated with a deleterious infant growth during the first year of life: a longitudinal preconceptional cohort
ConclusionUnderweight and obesity before conception as well as GWG were associated with infant's growth. These results argue for preventive interventions starting as early as the preconception period to support child long ‐term health. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - August 29, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Gino Agbota, Nadine Fievet, Barbara Heude, Manfred Accrombessi, Urbain Ahouayito, Emmanuel Yovo, Djamirou Dossa, Latifou Dramane, Agn ès Gartner, Sem Ezinmègnon, Javier Yugueros Marcos, Laurence Vachot, Pierre Tissières, Achille Massougbod Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Association of breastfeeding and early exposure to sugar ‐sweetened beverages with obesity prevalence in offspring born to mothers with and without gestational diabetes mellitus
ConclusionsIn GDM offspring, EBF is only associated with lower obesity levels if later SSB intake is also low, whereas EBF is protective against obesity in non ‐GDM offspring regardless of high or low later SSBs intake. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - August 6, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Sarvenaz Vandyousefi, Shannon E. Whaley, Elizabeth M. Widen, Fiona M. Asigbee, Matthew J. Landry, Reem Ghaddar, Jaimie N. Davis Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Association of bullying victimization with overweight and obesity among adolescents from 41 low ‐ and middle‐income countries
ConclusionsEffective strategies to reduce bullying of children with overweight/obesity are needed in low ‐ and middle‐income countries. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - August 6, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Ai Koyanagi, Nicola Veronese, Davy Vancampfort, Andrew Stickley, Sarah E. Jackson, Hans Oh, Jae Il Shin, Josep Maria Haro, Brendon Stubbs, Lee Smith Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Body fat accrual trajectories for a sample of Asian ‐Canadian and Caucasian‐Canadian children and youth: A longitudinal DXA‐based study
ConclusionsBF% distance and velocity centiles can be used to identify when an individual veers from an average BF% accrual trajectory. In future, these curves may be used to investigate differences in fat mass and accrual across Canada. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - August 5, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Jennifer McConnell ‐Nzunga, Patti‐Jean Naylor, Heather M. Macdonald, Ryan E. Rhodes, Scott M. Hofer, Heather A. McKay Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Issue Information
No abstract is available for this article. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - August 5, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research

Sex, puberty, and ethnicity have a strong influence on growth and metabolic comorbidities in children and adolescents with obesity: Report on 1300 patients (the Madrid Cohort)
SummaryBackgroundThe capacity to correctly assess insulin resistance and its role in further obesity ‐associated metabolic derangement in children is under debate, and its determinants remain largely unknown.ObjectiveWe investigated the association of the insulin secretion profile with other metabolic derangements and anthropometric features in children and adolescents with obesity, exploring the role of ethnicity.Patients and MethodsGrowth and metabolic features, including fasting insulin levels and insulin secretory profile in an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), were analyzed according to ethnicity in 1300 patients ...
Source: Pediatric Obesity - August 2, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Gabriel Á. Martos‐Moreno, Julián Martínez‐Villanueva, Rocío González‐Leal, Julie A. Chowen, Jesús Argente Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Frequency of school ‐based intervention needed to improve weight outcomes of Mexican‐American adolescents with overweight or obesity: a randomized controlled trial
SummaryBackgroundEfficacious school ‐based interventions among ethnic minority youth are often intensive and difficult to disseminate.ObjectiveThis parallel, open ‐label‐randomized controlled trial aimed to compare changes in adolescent‐standardized body mass index (zBMI) from a school‐based obesity intervention given 0, 1, 3, or 5 days a week.MethodsMexican ‐American youth (n = 243) with overweight or obesity were recruited from a Houston school district and randomized to receive an obesity intervention with established efficacy 0 (control), 1, 3, or 5 d/wk (respectively, equating to 0, 40, 120, or 200 min of ...
Source: Pediatric Obesity - August 1, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Katherine R. Arlinghaus, Daniel P. O'Connor, Craig A. Johnston Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Serial cross ‐sectional study for the association between urinary bisphenol A and paediatric obesity: Recent updates using NHANES 2003‐2014
ConclusionsThe associations between paediatric obesity and urinary BPA concentrations differed across the years of survey and creatinine adjustments. Further studies are required to assess these discrepancies. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - July 30, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Yusuke Okubo, Atsuhiko Handa, Thomas Belin Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Consumption of ultra ‐processed foods and its association with added sugar content in the diets of US children, NHANES 2009‐2014
SummaryBackgroundThere is cumulative recognition that increases in the dietary share of ultra ‐processed foods result in deterioration of the nutritional quality of the overall diet and adverse health outcomes.ObjectiveThe purpose of this study was to assess the consumption of ultra ‐processed foods and to examine its association with added sugar content in the diet of US children aged 2 to 19 years.MethodsWe classified all food items according to the NOVA food classification system and looked at the consumption of ultra ‐processed foods, measured as percentage of total energy intake. We assessed dietary added sugar ...
Source: Pediatric Obesity - July 30, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Daniela Neri, Euridice Martinez ‐Steele, Carlos Augusto Monteiro, Renata Bertazzi Levy Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Unintentional error in formula preparation and its simulated impact on infant weight and adiposity
ConclusionsInaccurate measurement of infant formula powder and overdispensing, which is highly prevalent, specifically, may contribute to rapid weight gain and increased adiposity in formula ‐fed infants. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - July 26, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Abby D. Altazan, L. Anne Gilmore, Juen Guo, David M. Rosenberg, Danielle Toupo, Aaron Gowins, Jeffrey H. Burton, Robbie A. Beyl, Carson C. Chow, Kevin D. Hall, Leanne M. Redman Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Assessing dinner meals offered at home among preschoolers from low ‐income families with the Remote Food Photography Method
ConclusionsOpportunities exist to improve preschoolers' adherence to the DGAs and CACFP standards by enhancing the quality of dinner meals offered to them. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - July 25, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Traci A. Bekelman, Laura L. Bellows, Morgan L. McCloskey, Corby K. Martin, Susan L. Johnson Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Changes in the prevalence of overweight, obesity, and severe obesity between 2010 and 2017 in preschoolers: A population ‐based study
SummaryWe evaluated changes in overweight, obesity, and severe obesity in a population of 4 ‐ to 6‐year‐olds from 2010 to 2017. Anthropometric data were collected during children's preschool immunization visits in Edmonton and Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Body mass index (BMI), BMIz scores, and weight status categories were based on the World Health Organization criteria. Across 8 years, we examined population ‐level data from 161 114 children in which the prevalence of overweight (17.8%‐15.7%;P
Source: Pediatric Obesity - July 18, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Geoff D.C. Ball, Anamaria Savu, Padma Kaul Tags: SHORT COMMUNICATION Source Type: research

Issue Information
No abstract is available for this article. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - July 17, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research

Maternal blood pressure mediates the association between maternal obesity and infant weight gain in early postpartum
SummaryBackgroundIt is unknown to what extent higher maternal blood pressure (BP) in early postpartum impacts the relationship between higher maternal weight status and greater infant weight gain in early postpartum.ObjectiveTo evaluate the mediating role of higher maternal BP at 1 month postpartum on the association between higher maternal weight status at 1 month postpartum and greater infant weight gain over 6 months postpartum.MethodsParticipants were 169 Hispanic mother ‐infant pairs. Maternal body mass index (BMI) and BP were assessed at 1 month postpartum. Infant weight was measured at 1 and 6 months postpartum to...
Source: Pediatric Obesity - July 11, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Paige K. Berger, Jasmine F. Plows, Roshonda B. Jones, Norman K. Pollock, Tanya L. Alderete, Ji Hoon Ryoo, Michael I. Goran Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

The influence of preschoolers' emotional and behavioural problems on obesity treatment outcomes: Secondary findings from a randomized controlled trial
ConclusionsChild behaviours at baseline influenced treatment results. Child emotional and behavioural problems improved post treatment. The results suggest that obesity treatment may help in reducing emotional distress among preschoolers. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - July 9, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Elodie Eiffener, Karin Eli, Anna Ek, Pernilla Sandvik, Maria Somaraki, Stef Kremers, Ester Sleddens, Paulina Nowicka Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Brown adipose tissue estimated with the magnetic resonance imaging fat fraction is associated with glucose metabolism in adolescents
ConclusionsThe association between sBAT FF and 2h glucose, observed independently of sex, age, adiposity, and SAT FF, indicates a role for BAT in glucose metabolism, which potentially could influence the risk of developing diabetes. The lacking association with sBAT might be due to FF being a superior biomarker for BAT and/or to methodological limitations in the quantification. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - July 9, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Elin Lundstr öm, Joy Ljungberg, Jonathan Andersson, Hannes Manell, Robin Strand, Anders Forslund, Peter Bergsten, Daniel Weghuber, Katharina Mörwald, Fanni Zsoldos, Kurt Widhalm, Matthias Meissnitzer, Håkan Ahlström, Joel Kullberg Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Gestational diabetes exposure and adiposity outcomes in childhood and adolescence: An analysis of effect modification by breastfeeding, diet quality, and physical activity in the EPOCH study
SummaryBackgroundIntrauterine exposure to gestational diabetes (GDM) is associated with increased adiposity; however, not all offspring exposed to GDM exhibit excess adiposity.ObjectivesExamine whether optimal diet and activity behaviours in infancy, childhood, and adolescence modify the association between GDM exposure and adiposity.MethodsIn 564 offspring (84 exposed to GDM), we assessed breastfeeding (maternal recall), dietary intake (food frequency questionnaire), physical activity (3 ‐day recall), and adiposity (BMI, waist‐to‐height ratio, visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissue, and subscapular‐to‐triceps ...
Source: Pediatric Obesity - July 5, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Katherine A. Sauder, Traci A. Bekelman, Kylie K. Harrall, Deborah H. Glueck, Dana Dabelea Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

The cross ‐sectional and prospective associations between sleep characteristics and adiposity in toddlers: Results from the GET UP! Study
ConclusionAlthough sleep duration is an important factor associated with obesity in toddlerhood, the potential effects of different types of sleep duration may vary. While longer total sleep duration may protect children from increasing adiposity, longer nap duration seems to be risk factor. As evidence in this age group is scarce, more research is needed to confirm this finding. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - July 3, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Zhiguang Zhang, Jo ão R. Pereira, Eduarda Sousa‐Sá, Anthony D. Okely, Xiaoqi Feng, Rute Santos Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Effects of the Girls on the Move randomized trial on adiposity and aerobic performance (secondary outcomes) in low ‐income adolescent girls
ConclusionsAlthough the intervention positively impacted % body fat and aerobic performance in underrepresented girls, more research is necessary to determine optimal implementation for yielding greater effects. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - July 3, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Karin A. Pfeiffer, Lorraine B. Robbins, Jiying Ling, Dhruv B. Sharma, Danielle M. Dalimonte ‐Merckling, Vicki R. Voskuil, Niko Kaciroti, Kenneth Resnicow Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Relationships of maternal body mass index and plasma biomarkers with childhood body mass index and adiposity at 6  years: The Children of SCOPE study
ConclusionIn this contemporary large prospective cohort study with extensive maternal/childhood phenotyping and a high prevalence of maternal overweight/obesity, we found independent relationships of maternal early pregnancy BMI with childhood BMI and adiposity; similar associations were observed with PlGF, which may imply a role for placenta function in the developmental programming of childhood obesity risk. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - June 24, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Kathryn V. Dalrymple, John M.D. Thompson, Shahina Begum, Keith M. Godfrey, Lucilla Poston, Paul T. Seed, Lesley M.E. McCowan, Clare Wall, Andrew Shelling, Robyn North, Wayne S. Cutfield, Edwin A. Mitchell, on behalf of the SCOPE Consortium Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Sleep duration and bedtime in preschool ‐age children with obesity: Relation to BMI and diet following a weight management intervention
ConclusionsMore comprehensive sleep intervention incorporated into weight ‐management intervention may be necessary to promote positive changes for preschoolers with obesity. A focus on earlier bedtime and longer sleep duration appears to be important given associations between sleep duration and bedtime with BMIz and dietary intake. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - June 19, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Stacey L. Simon, Amy R. Goetz, Maxene Meier, John Brinton, Cynthia Zion, Lori J. Stark Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Prenatal predictors of objectively measured appetite regulation in low ‐income toddlers and preschool‐age children
ConclusionsAmong low ‐income girls, but not boys, indicators of adverse prenatal conditions were associated with poor objectively measured appetite regulation during early childhood. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - June 18, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Janne Boone ‐Heinonen, Heidi M. Weeks, Julie Sturza, Alison L. Miller, Julie C. Lumeng, Katherine W. Bauer Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and eGFR levels could be linked by the PNPLA3 I148M polymorphism in children with obesity
ConclusionsChildren with obesity andPNPLA3 MM genotype show lower eGFR levels compared with other genotypes, with a major effect of this polymorphism in the presence of NAFLD. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - June 11, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Pierluigi Marzuillo, Anna Di Sessa, Stefano Guarino, Daniela Capalbo, Giuseppina Rosaria Umano, Marcella Pedull à, Angela La Manna, Grazia Cirillo, Emanuele Miraglia del Giudice Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Maternal nicotine dependence is associated with longitudinal increases in child obesogenic eating behaviors
ConclusionsMaternal nicotine dependence may be a transdiagnostic risk factor that identifies children at risk for reward ‐driven, obesogenic eating behavior. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - June 11, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Jenna R. Cummings, Ashley N. Gearhardt, Alison L. Miller, Luke W. Hyde, Julie C. Lumeng Tags: SHORT COMMUNICATION Source Type: research

Towards a simple marker of hepato ‐visceral adiposity and insulin resistance: The Z‐score change from weight‐at‐birth to BMI‐in‐childhood
SummaryBackgroundInsulin resistance and hepato ‐visceral (central) fat excess are thought to contribute to an earlier timing of adrenarche/pubarche and puberty/menarche; this earlier timing in turn relates often to a mismatch between prenatal and postnatal weight gain, which can be estimated by calculating the Z‐score change from birth weigh t (BW) to body mass index (BMI) in childhood.MethodsWe tested the hypothesis that this calculation may serve as a proxy of insulin resistance and hepato ‐visceral adiposity in prepuberty by reappraising a cohort of children (mean age, 8.5 years), born appropriate‐ (AGA, n&...
Source: Pediatric Obesity - June 11, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Francis Zegher, Rita Malpique, Cristina Garcia ‐Beltran, Lourdes Ibáñez Tags: SHORT COMMUNICATION Source Type: research

The effect of influencer marketing of food and a “protective” advertising disclosure on children's food intake
SummaryBackgroundChildren are active on social media and consequently are exposed to new and subtle forms of food marketing.ObjectivesTo examine whether exposure to a YouTube video featuring influencer marketing of an unhealthy snack affects children's ad libitum snack intake and whether inclusion of an advertising disclosure moderates this effect.MethodsIn a randomized between ‐subjects design, 151 children (aged 9‐11 y; mean, 10.32 y ± 0.6) were exposed to influencer marketing of a non‐food product (n = 51), or an unhealthy snack with (n = 50) or without (n = 50) an advertising disclosure. Participants' ad l...
Source: Pediatric Obesity - June 6, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Anna Elizabeth Coates, Charlotte Alice Hardman, Jason Christian Grovenor Halford, Paul Christiansen, Emma Jane Boyland Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Issue Information
No abstract is available for this article. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - June 3, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research