Bullying victimization and obesogenic behaviour among adolescents aged 12 to 15  years from 54 low‐ and middle‐income countries
ConclusionIn this large representative sample of adolescents from low ‐ and middle‐income countries, bullying victimization was found to be associated with several, but not all, obesogenic behaviours. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - July 29, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Lee Smith, Louis Jacob, Jae Il Shin, Mark A Tully, Damiano Pizzol, Guillermo F. L ópez‐Sánchez, Trish Gorely, Lin Yang, Igor Grabovac, Ai Koyanagi Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Beyond sleep duration: Sleep timing as a risk factor for childhood obesity
SummaryBackgroundAmple evidence attests to the relationship between short sleep duration, sleep problems and childhood obesity. However, few studies have examined the association between sleep timing and obesity in children.ObjectivesTo investigate how sleep duration, problems and timing relate to obesity and obesogenic behaviours in children.MethodsEighty ‐five children (58.8% girls) with severe obesity and mean (SD) age of 12.1 (2.9) years, were matched by age and sex with peers with normal weight (n = 85,12.0 [2.8] years). Sleep and moderate‐to‐vigorous physical activity (MVPA) were measured via accelerometer for ...
Source: Pediatric Obesity - July 29, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Hanna F. Skj åkødegård, Yngvild S. Danielsen, Bente Frisk, Sigurd W. Hystad, Mathieu Roelants, Ståle Pallesen, Rachel P. K. Conlon, Denise E. Wilfley, Petur B. Juliusson Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Infant growth during the first year of life following a pregnancy lifestyle intervention in routine care —Findings from the cluster‐randomised GeliS trial
ConclusionsThe antenatal lifestyle intervention embedded in routine care did not substantially influence infant anthropometrics and is thus unlikely to impact future development. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - July 28, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Julia Hoffmann, Julia G ünther, Lynne Stecher, Monika Spies, Kristina Geyer, Roxana Raab, Dorothy Meyer, Kathrin Rauh, Hans Hauner Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Examining the interdependence of parent ‐child dyads: Effects on weight loss and maintenance
ConclusionsChild weight change may motivate parents to make environmental and behavioural changes that impact their own weight. Trial Registration:ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00759746. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - July 28, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Lauren A. Fowler, Anne Claire Grammer, Mary Katherine Ray, Katherine N. Balantekin, Richard I. Stein, Rachel P. Kolko Conlon, R. Robinson Welch, Michael G. Perri, Leonard H. Epstein, Denise E. Wilfley Tags: SHORT COMMUNICATION Source Type: research

Sex ‐based differences in screening and recognition of pre‐diabetes and type 2 diabetes in pediatric primary care
ConclusionsMale adolescents were less likely to undergo A1c ‐based T2D screening due to differential ordering practices. The source of this differential practice should be pursued to avoid under‐recognition of cardiometabolic risk in at‐risk male youth. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - July 26, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Mary Ellen Vajravelu, Joyce M. Lee, Sandra Amaral, Andrea Kelly Tags: SHORT COMMUNICATION Source Type: research

Impact of early rapid weight gain on odds for overweight at one year differs between breastfed and formula ‐fed infants
SummaryBackgroundEarly rapid weight gain (RWG) increases, whereas longer durations of breastfeeding decreases, odds for later obesity.ObjectivesTo determine the independent and interactive effects of early weight gain and diet on infant weight status trajectories and odds for overweight at 1  year.MethodsWe conducted secondary analysis on data from two longitudinal trials with repeated anthropometric measures. One trial consisted of predominantly or exclusively breastfed (BF,n = 97) infants, whereas the other consisted of exclusively formula ‐fed (FF,n = 113) infants. Weight ‐for‐length z‐score (WLZ) change ...
Source: Pediatric Obesity - July 23, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Jillian C. Trabulsi, Alissa D. Smethers, Jessica R. Eosso, Mia A. Papas, Virginia A. Stallings, Julie A. Mennella Tags: Special Issue Article Source Type: research

Bardet ‐Biedl syndrome: Weight patterns and genetics in a rare obesity syndrome
ConclusionDespite normal birth weight, most individuals with BBS experience rapid weight gain in early childhood, with high rates of overweight/obesity sustained through adolescence. Children with LOF variants are disproportionally affected. Our findings support the need for earlier recognition and initiation of weight management therapies in BBS. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - July 22, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Jeremy Pomeroy, Anthony D. Krentz, Jesse G. Richardson, Richard L. Berg, Jeffrey J. VanWormer, Robert M. Haws Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Two ‐year outcomes of Whānau Pakari, a multi‐disciplinary assessment and intervention for children and adolescents with weight issues: A randomized clinical trial
ConclusionsThis trial was negative in terms of primary outcome at 24  months. However, high engagement led to sustained treatment effect, and there were multiple improvements in health measures. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - July 20, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Yvonne C. Anderson, Lisa E. Wynter, Niamh A. O'Sullivan, Cervant ée E. K. Wild, Cameron C. Grant, Tami L. Cave, José G. B. Derraik, Paul L. Hofman Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Effect of a high protein/low glycaemic index diet on insulin resistance in adolescents with overweight/obesity —A PREVIEW randomized clinical trial
SummaryBackgroundPubertal insulin resistance (IR) is associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus development in adolescents with overweight/obesity.ObjectivesThe PREVIEW study was a randomized parallel trial assessing the change in IR, analyzed by Homeostatic Model Assessment of IR (HOMA ‐IR), at 2 years after randomization to a high protein vs a moderate protein diet in adolescents with overweight/obesity. It was hypothesized that a high protein/low glycaemic index diet would be superior in reducing IR compared to a medium protein/medium GI diet, in insulin resistant adolescent s with overweight or...
Source: Pediatric Obesity - July 17, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Elke Dorenbos, Mathijs Drummen, Tanja Adam, Jesse Rijks, Bjorn Winkens, J. Alfredo Mart ínez, Santiago Navas‐Carretero, Gareth Stratton, Nils Swindell, Pauline Stouthart, Kelly Mackintosh, Melitta Mcnarry, Angelo Tremblay, Mikael Fogelholm Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Increased adiposity in children with obesity is associated with low red blood cell omega ‐3 fatty acid status and inadequate polyunsaturated fatty acid dietary intake
This study aimed to determine whether dietary long ‐chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) and LCPUFA status relate to body composition in children with obesity. Children (n = 63, 9.0 ± 0.2 year, BMI Z‐score 3.1 ± 0.2) were divided into tertiles of percentage body fat assessed by dual‐energy X‐ray absorptiometry. Diet was asses sed 3‐days food diaries. Fatty acid proportions in red blood cells (RBC) were measured by gas chromatography. Data stratified by sex and Tanner stages were compared with a MIXED model ANOVA. Associations between RBC fatty acid status and dietar...
Source: Pediatric Obesity - July 14, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Ivy L. Mak, Tamara R. Cohen, Catherine A. Vanstone, Hope A. Weiler Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Issue Information
Pediatric Obesity, Volume 15, Issue 8, August 2020. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - July 14, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research

Inter ‐individual differences in body mass index were not observed as a result of aerobic exercise in children and adolescents with overweight and obesity
ConclusionsInter ‐individual differences for BMI in kg · m−2 were not observed as a result of aerobic exercise in children and adolescents with overweight and obesity. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - July 13, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: George A. Kelley, Kristi S. Kelley, Russell R. Pate Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Significance of autoantibody seropositivity in children with obesity and non ‐alcoholic fatty liver disease
ConclusionsPositive ANA and ASMA are common in children with NAFLD; however, anti ‐LKM positivity is not. ANA positivity is associated with more severe steatosis. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - July 8, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Toshifumi Yodoshi, Sarah Orkin, Ana Catalina Arce ‐Clachar, Kristin Bramlage, Stavra A. Xanthakos, Marialena Mouzaki, Pamela L. Valentino Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Microbiome of the first stool and overweight at age 3  years: A prospective cohort study
ConclusionsThe microbiome of the first ‐pass meconium predicted subsequent overweight at the age of 3 years. The association between the gut microbiome and overweight appears to start already during pregnancy and at birth. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - July 7, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Katja Korpela, Marjo Renko, Petri V änni, Niko Paalanne, Jarmo Salo, Mysore V. Tejesvi, Pirjo Koivusaari, Marja Ojaniemi, Tytti Pokka, Tuula Kaukola, Anna M. Pirttilä, Terhi Tapiainen Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

The paediatric weight management office visit via telemedicine: pre ‐ to post‐COVID‐19 pandemic
AbstractTelemedicine is a powerful tool that erases many logistical barriers to care and may increase access. Due to the need for social distancing, the COVID ‐19 pandemic has temporarily reduced in‐person visits for clinical care. Providers, clinical staff and patients are pressed to acutely learn new skills and adapt clinical care through the use of telemedicine whilst administrators, policy makers and regulatory organizations make changes to existi ng policies to meet this national emergency. Our tertiary care, interdisciplinary paediatric weight management clinic began the use of telemedicine 5 years ago to ...
Source: Pediatric Obesity - July 6, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Valerie M. O'Hara, Starr V. Johnston, Nancy T. Browne Tags: REVIEW ARTICLE Source Type: research

Associations between human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) and eating behaviour in Hispanic infants at 1 and 6 months of age
ConclusionsWe found several HMOs that were both positively and negatively associated with infant food responsiveness, which is a measure of drive to eat. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - July 3, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Jasmine F. Plows, Paige K. Berger, Roshonda B. Jones, Chloe Yonemitsu, Ji H. Ryoo, Tanya L. Alderete, Lars Bode, Michael I. Goran Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Reference charts for body composition parameters by dual ‐energy X‐ray absorptiometry in European children and adolescents aged 6 to 18 years—Results from the Austrian LEAD (Lung, hEart, sociAl, boDy) cohort
ConclusionsThe present study provides reference charts for children and adolescents aged 6 to 18  years, for body composition parameters assessed by DXA. The charts enable comparison to a European general‐population cohort and indicate that reference populations should be chosen with caution. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - July 2, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Alina Ofenheimer, Robab Breyer ‐Kohansal, Sylvia Hartl, Otto C. Burghuber, Florian Krach, Andrea Schrott, Frits M. E. Franssen, Emiel F. M. Wouters, Marie‐Kathrin Breyer Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Contrasting impact of androgens on male and female adiposity, fat distribution and insulin resistance in childhood and adolescence (EarlyBird 75)
SummaryObjectivesTo investigate associations between androgens (testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate [DHEAS] and androstenedione), adiposity, fat distribution and insulin resistance (IR) during childhood and adolescence.MethodsThree hundred and seven children (170 [55.4%] boys; 137 [44.6%] girls) recruited at age 5 and studied annually until age 16: androgens (liquid chromatography tandem ‐mass spectrometry), anthropometry, body composition (dual‐energy x‐ray absorptiometry) and IR (homeostasis model assessment).ResultsEarly adiposity was associated with earlier detection of androstenedione in both sexes, an...
Source: Pediatric Obesity - July 2, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Jade Chynoweth, Joanne Hosking, Alison Jeffery, Jonathan Pinkney Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Increased dairy product consumption as part of a diet and exercise weight management program improves body composition in adolescent females with overweight and obesity —A randomized controlled trial
SummaryBackgroundExercise can improve body composition in adolescents and adults with overweight/obesity. Consumption of dairy foods, as part of a healthy lifestyle program, can also promote favourable body composition changes in adults with overweight/obesity. However, the few studies examining these combined effects on body composition in adolescents are inconclusive.ObjectiveTo determine whether increased dairy product consumption, as part of a lifestyle modification program featuring exercise training and dietary guidance promotes favourable body composition changes in adolescent females with overweight/obesity.Methods...
Source: Pediatric Obesity - June 29, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Melissa Calleja, Natalie Caetano Feitoza, Bareket Falk, Panagiota Klentrou, Wendy E. Ward, Philip J. Sullivan, Andrea R. Josse Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Childhood emotional and behavioral characteristics are associated with soda intake: A prospective study in Mexico City
ConclusionsParent ‐ and self‐reported emotional and behavioral difficulties in childhood were associated with soda consumption and changes in soda consumption over time. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - June 18, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Zeyuan Wang, Erica C. Jansen, Alison L. Miller, Karen E. Peterson, Martha M. T éllez‐Rojo, Deborah Watkins, Lourdes Schnaas, Maria Carmen Hernandez Chavez, Alejandra Cantoral Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Potential overfeeding among formula fed Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children participants and associated factors
SummaryBackgroundThe Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) provides enough formula to meet the known nutritional needs of infants up to 6 months of age whose mothers report not breastfeeding, but many mothers report WIC providing insufficient formula, indicating potential overfeeding.ObjectiveTo estimate the prevalence of potential overfeeding among formula ‐feeding WIC participants and identify associated factors.MethodsPotential overfeeding was identified among participants of the longitudinal Infant and Toddler Feeding Practices Study ‐2 (ITFPS‐2) receiving the fully formula...
Source: Pediatric Obesity - June 18, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Christopher E. Anderson, Catherine E. Martinez, Alison K. Ventura, Shannon E. Whaley Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Food insecurity is associated with increased weight loss attempts in children and adolescents
We examined cross ‐sectional data of children ages 8 to 15 years old from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Attempted weight loss was more common among children with very low food security (OR 1.50, 95% CI 1.09, 2.07). Children with a healthy weight with very low food security had increased od ds of attempting weight loss (OR 1.51, 95% CI 1.00, 2.26) but there was no association in children with overweight or obesity. Very low food security was also associated with unhealthy weight control practices (OR: 1.42, 95% CI: 1.04, 1.93). Physicians should counsel all children and adolescents on health...
Source: Pediatric Obesity - June 18, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Isabella V. Masler, Deepak Palakshappa, Asheley C. Skinner, Joseph A. Skelton, Callie L. Brown Tags: SHORT COMMUNICATION Source Type: research

Cost comparison of five Australasian obesity prevention interventions for children aged from birth to two years
ConclusionsAn understanding of the costs associated with intervention delivery modes is important, alongside effectiveness. Telephone delivery may include unexpected costs associated with connection to intervention participants at convenient times. A SMS ‐based intervention had the lowest delivery cost in this study. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - June 18, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Vicki Brown, Eng J. Tan, Alison Hayes, Louise Baur, Karen Campbell, Rachael Taylor, Rebecca Byrne, Li Ming Wen, Kylie D. Hesketh, Marjory Moodie Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Identifying geographic differences in children's sugar ‐sweetened beverage and 100% fruit juice intake using health system data
ConclusionWe demonstrate how health system data could be used to characterize geographic variation in sugar ‐sweetened beverage and 100% fruit juice consumption. This approach could help target public health efforts and monitor the effects of community‐level interventions. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - June 17, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Deepak Palakshappa, Kristin Lenoir, Callie L. Brown, Joseph A. Skelton, Jason P. Block, Elsie M. Taveras, Kristina H. Lewis Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Associations of telomere length with two dietary quality indices after a lifestyle intervention in children with abdominal obesity: a randomized controlled trial
SummaryBackgroundDietary factors seem to influence telomere length. Moreover, associations between changes in adiposity indices and telomere length (TL) have been found in intervention studies.ObjectiveWe evaluated changes in two diet quality indices and their association with TL in children with abdominal obesity in a 12 ‐month lifestyle intervention.MethodsEighty ‐seven participants (7‐16 years old) were assigned to the intervention (moderate hypocaloric Mediterranean diet) or usual care group (standard paediatric recommendations) for a 2‐month intensive phase and a subsequent 10‐month follow‐up. Diet ...
Source: Pediatric Obesity - June 17, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Ana Ojeda ‐Rodríguez, Lydia Morell‐Azanza, Guillermo Zalba, Itziar Zazpe, Maria Cristina Azcona‐Sanjulian, Amelia Marti Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Socioeconomic inequalities and severe obesity —Sex differences in a nationwide study of 1.12 million Israeli adolescents
ConclusionsAdolescents with less rather than more advantaged residential SEP are at greater risk of severe obesity. Adolescent males, of all residential SEP groups had higher odds than females for all classes of obesity. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - June 17, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Orit Pinhas ‐Hamiel, Brian Reichman, Arnon Afek, Estela Derazne, Dorit Tzur, Uri Hamiel, Tarif Bader, Khitam Muhsen, Gilad Twig Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Examining associative conditioning with a positive peer context as a strategy to increase children's vegetable acceptance
ConclusionsFindings can inform future research aiming to increase vegetable preferences in community settings. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - June 16, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Sara Tauriello, Julie Bowker, Gregory Wilding, Leonard Epstein, Stephanie Anzman ‐Frasca Tags: Special Issue Article Source Type: research

Does eating in the absence of hunger extend to healthy snacks in children?
SummaryObjectivesTo assess if eating in the absence of hunger (EAH) extends to healthier snacks and examine the relationship between the home food environment and EAH in children with normal weight (NW) or overweight/obesity (OB) who are at low risk (LR) or high risk (HR) for obesity based on maternal obesity.MethodsEAH was assessed after lunch and dinner when children received either low energy dense fruit snacks or high energy dense sweet/savoury snacks. The availability of obesogenic foods in the home was assessed by the Home Food Inventory.ResultsData showed significant main effects of risk group (P=.0003) and snack type (P
Source: Pediatric Obesity - June 16, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tanja V. E. Kral, Rene é H. Moore, Jesse Chittams, Lauren O'Malley, Elizabeth Jones, Ryan J. Quinn, Jennifer O. Fisher Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Associations of parents' use of food as reward with children's eating behaviour and BMI in a population ‐based cohort
ConclusionsA vicious cycle may appear in which children who display food approach behaviour are rewarded with food by their parents, which in turn might contribute to the development of unhealthy eating habits (emotional eating, fussiness). These findings warrant further research, to facilitate evidence ‐based recommendations for parents. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - June 16, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Pauline W. Jansen, Ivonne P. M. Derks, Yuchan Mou, Elisabeth H. M. van Rijen, Romy Gaillard, Nadia Micali, Trudy Voortman, Manon H. J. Hillegers Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Maternal body mass index and risks of neonatal mortality and offspring overweight and obesity: Findings from 0.5 million samples in 61 low ‐ and middle‐income countries
ConclusionsOur results suggest that maternal overweight and obesity increased the risks of neonatal mortality, and offspring overweight and obesity in LMICs. Maternal weight control should be considered as the highest priority goal for preventing offspring's adverse health outcomes in LMICs. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - June 15, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Han Wu, Fangchao Liu, Min Zhao, Yajun Liang, Bo Xi Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Maternal parenting styles and ecological momentary assessment of maternal feeding practices and child food intake across middle childhood to early adolescence
DiscussionResults highlight the importance of maternal parenting styles in relation to child food intake and instrumental feeding. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - June 15, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tyler B. Mason, Kathryn E. Smith, Genevieve F. Dunton Tags: Special Issue Article Source Type: research

Ethnicity, socioeconomic status and the nutritional status of Chinese children and adolescents: Findings from three consecutive national surveys between 2005 and 2014
ConclusionsA rapid nutritional transition has occurred from 2005 to 2014 with shifts from thinness to overweight and obesity in both Han and ethnic minority children and adolescents, reflecting local GDP per capita. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - June 15, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Yanhui Dong, Yinghua Ma, Peijin Hu, Bin Dong, Zhiyong Zou, Yide Yang, Rongbin Xu, Zhenghe Wang, Zhaogeng Yang, Bo Wen, Monique Tan, Feng J. He, Yi Song, Jun Ma, Susan M. Sawyer, George C. Patton Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Understanding, comparing and learning from the four EPOCH early childhood obesity prevention interventions: A multi ‐methods study
ConclusionsThe combination of frameworks, methodologies and interviews used in this study is a major step towards understanding complex early obesity prevention interventions. Future work will link systematic intervention deconstruction with quantitative models to identify which intervention components are most effective and for whom. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - June 15, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Anna Lene Seidler, Kylie E. Hunter, Brittany J. Johnson, Mahalakshmi Ekambareshwar, Sarah Taki, Chelsea E. Mauch, Seema Mihrshahi, Lisa Askie, Karen J. Campbell, Lynne Daniels, Rachael W. Taylor, Li M. Wen, Rebecca Byrne, Julie Lawrence, Rob Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Observed restrictive feeding practices among low ‐income mothers of pre‐adolescents
ConclusionsLaboratory ‐based feeding protocols can objectively assess nuances in restrictive feeding practices. Further research is needed to understand how specific approaches to restriction affect children's eating behaviours and weight. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - June 14, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Katherine W. Bauer, Heidi M. Weeks, Kinari Shah, Elizabeth Ludwig ‐Borycz, Hurley Riley, Julie C. Lumeng, Alison L. Miller Tags: Special Issue Article Source Type: research

In memory of Valerio Nobili — Mr NASH
Pediatric Obesity, Volume 15, Issue 7, July 2020. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - June 9, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Angelo Pietrobelli, Alberto Villani Tags: COMMENTARY Source Type: research

Issue Information
Pediatric Obesity, Volume 15, Issue 7, July 2020. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - June 9, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research

Executive function phenotypes in pediatric obesity
ConclusionsChildren with obesity and EF impairment demonstrate a dysregulated behavioral phenotype ranging from internalizing to externalizing behavioral and weight ‐related symptoms. This phenotype framework may be clinically beneficial for utilizing screening/assessment results to develop, tailor, and/or match treatment approaches in pediatric obesity. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - June 7, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Marissa Gowey, David Redden, Crystal Lim, David Janicke, Gareth Dutton Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Paediatric obesity and brain functioning: The role of physical activity —A novel and important expert opinion of the European Childhood Obesity Group
SummaryWhile most of the time unconsidered, child and adolescent obesity has been also associated with impaired brain health and function that can definitely affect their social interaction and integration, and then well ‐being and mental health. The European Childhood Obesity Group recently gathered experts in the field who discussed the main available and reliable evidence regarding the role of physical activity on brain health and cognitive functioning in children and adolescents with obesity and who propose he re their main conclusions and recommendations. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - May 27, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Irene Esteban ‐Cornejo, John Reilly, Francisco Ortega, Pawel Matusik, Artur Mazur, Eva Erhardt, Anders Forslund, Elpis Athina Vlachopapadopoulou, Margherita Caroli, Emma Boyland, Daniel Weghuber, David Thivel Tags: SHORT COMMUNICATION Source Type: research

In memory of Valerio Nobili —Mr NASH
Pediatric Obesity, EarlyView. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - May 26, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Angelo Pietrobelli, Alberto Villani Tags: COMMENTARY Source Type: research

Adversity exposure and obesogenic food consumption in young children: The transgenerational role of emotion dysregulation
ConclusionsAmong young children with caregivers high in emotion dysregulation, cumulative lifetime adversity was linked to an increase in obesogenic food consumption through child emotion dysregulation. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - May 21, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Lindsay Huffhines, Stephanie Gusler, Yo Jackson Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Serum polyunsaturated fatty acids in infancy are associated with body composition in adolescence
AbstractBackgroundPolyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) have been related to the development of adiposity. N ‐3 PUFA appears to be protective against obesity risk, while n‐6 PUFA may be associated with greater adiposity. However, most studies have been conducted among adults. The role of PUFA in infancy is unknown.ObjectiveTo examine associations of serum PUFA at age 1 year with age ‐ and sex‐adjusted body mass index Z score (BMIZ) change through age 16 years and body composition at 16 years.MethodsWe quantified serum PUFA in 636 Chilean infants aged 1 year. We measured BMIZ at ages 1, 5, 10 and 16 &thin...
Source: Pediatric Obesity - May 19, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Kerry Flannagan, Sheila Gahagan, Arun Das, Raquel Burrows, Betsy Lozoff, Eduardo Villamor Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Fathers' food parenting: A scoping review of the literature from 1990 to 2019
ConclusionTo better inform family interventions to prevent childhood obesity, future food parenting research with fathers should recognize the diversity of family structures and utilize prospective, theory ‐based, designs. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - May 16, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Kirsten K. Davison, Jess Haines, Evelin A. Garcia, Sabrina Douglas, Brent McBride Tags: REVIEW ARTICLE Source Type: research

The increasing prevalence and adverse impact of morbid obesity in paediatric acute pancreatitis
SummaryObjectiveMorbid obesity is proinflammatory has been associated with adverse clinical outcomes in acute pancreatitis (AP) among adults. Obesity is increasingly prevalent in children and hence, we sought to evaluate the impact of morbid obesity on the clinical outcomes of AP using a large paediatric population ‐based cohort.MethodsWe analysed the US Kids' Inpatient Database between years 2003 and 2016 to include all patients (age ≤ 21 years) with a primary diagnosis of AP using specific ICD‐9‐CM and ICD‐10‐CM codes. We compared clinical outcomes between children without obesity (controls) an...
Source: Pediatric Obesity - May 14, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Aravind Thavamani, Krishna K. Umapathi, Aparna Roy, Somashekar G. Krishna Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Dynamic prediction model to identify young children at high risk of future overweight: Development and internal validation in a cohort study
ConclusionsA dynamic prediction model for overweight was developed with a good predictive ability using easily obtainable predictor information. External validation is needed to confirm that the model has potential for use in practice. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - May 13, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Marieke Welten, Alet H. Wijga, Marleen Hamoen, Ulrike Gehring, Gerard H. Koppelman, Jos W.R. Twisk, Hein Raat, Martijn W. Heymans, Marlou L.A. Kroon Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

The reciprocal relationship between body mass index categories and physical fitness: A 4 ‐year prospective cohort study of 20 000 Chinese children
This study aims to investigate the longitudinal reciprocal relationship between BMI categories and physical fitness.MethodsThis is a population ‐based 4‐year cohort study in 48 elementary schools. Children aged 6 to 9 years at recruitment were included. BMI categories and physical fitness including handgrip strength, core muscle endurance, flexibility, and cardiorespiratory fitness were measured using standard equipment and protocol.ResultsAmong 26  392 eligible participants, 19 504 (73.9%) were successfully followed for 3 years. Baseline obesity prevalence was 5.9%. After 3 years, th...
Source: Pediatric Obesity - May 12, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Frederick K. Ho, Hung ‐Kwan So, Rosa S. Wong, Keith T. S. Tung, Lobo H. T. Louie, Joanna Tung, Sheena Mirpuri, Bik Chow, Wilfred H. S. Wong, Albert Lee, Patrick Ip Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Phenotypes of controlling feeding behaviours in mothers of toddlers: A mixed methods study
ConclusionsTwo controlling feeding phenotypes emerged among mothers of toddlers, which were associated with participant characteristics including BMI, but did not map onto classical child feeding instruments. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - May 7, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Megan H. Pesch, Megan M. Julian, Sharon L. Lo, Yue Wu, Alison L. Miller, Danielle Appugliese, Julie C. Lumeng Tags: Special Issue article Source Type: research

Bedtime, body mass index and obesity risk in preschool ‐aged children
ConclusionsTiming of bedtime appears inconsistently related to obesity in young children, possibly via influencing overall sleep duration. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - May 6, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Melyssa Roy, Jillian J. Haszard, Jennifer S. Savage, Kimberly Yolton, Dean W. Beebe, Yingying Xu, Barbara Galland, Ian M. Paul, Jodi A. Mindell, Seema Mihrshahi, Li Ming Wen, Barry Taylor, Rosalina Richards, Lisa Te Morenga, Rachael W. Taylo Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Delayed meal timing after exercise is associated with reduced appetite and energy intake in adolescents with obesity
SummaryBackgroundWhile the beneficial effects of exercise on appetite might depend on its timing during the day or relative to a meal, this remains poorly explored in youth.ObjectivesTo examine the importance of meal timing (+30 vs +90  minutes) after performing exercise on energy intake, appetite and food reward in adolescents with obesity.MethodsEighteen adolescents with obesity randomly completed three conditions: (a) lunch (12:00pm) set 30  minutes after a rest session (11:00am); (b) lunch (12:00pm) set 30  minutes after an exercise session (11:00am)(MEAL ‐30); (c) lunch (01:00pm) set 90  ...
Source: Pediatric Obesity - May 6, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Alicia Fillon, Kristine Beaulieu, Maud Miguet, M élina Bailly, Graham Finlayson, Valérie Julian, Julie Masurier, Bruno Pereira, Martine Duclos, Yves Boirie, David Thivel Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Effect of a responsive parenting intervention on child emotional overeating is mediated by reduced maternal use of food to soothe: The INSIGHT RCT
SummaryBackgroundChild emotional overeating is a risk factor for obesity that is learned in the home environment. Parents' use of food to soothe child distress may contribute to the development of children's emotional overeating.ObjectivesTo examine the effect of a responsive parenting (RP) intervention on mother ‐reported child emotional overeating, and explore whether effects are mediated by mother‐reported use of food to soothe child distress.MethodsThe sample included primiparous mother ‐infant dyads randomized to a RP intervention (n = 105) or home safety control group (n = 102). Nurses delivered RP guidance in ...
Source: Pediatric Obesity - May 5, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Holly A. Harris, Stephanie Anzman ‐Frasca, Michele E. Marini, Ian M. Paul, Leann L. Birch, Jennifer S. Savage Tags: SPECIAL ISSUE ARTICLE Source Type: research

Associations of childcare type, age at start, and intensity with body mass index trajectories from 10 to 42  years of age in the 1970 British Cohort Study
ConclusionsChildren who start childcare earlier and/or attend more frequently may have greater long ‐term obesity risk. (Source: Pediatric Obesity)
Source: Pediatric Obesity - May 5, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Silvia Costa, David Bann, Sara E. Benjamin ‐Neelon, Jean Adams, William Johnson Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research