Assessment Between Dental Caries Index and Body Mass Index among Adults
Conclusion: A correlation was observed between DMFT (missing teeth) and BMI. This can help to identify at-risk groups, plan progammes and treatment of overweight and obese individuals in primary health care. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - December 20, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

The Effects of Fluoride Treatment Time and Concentration on In Vitro Caries Lesion Demineralisation and Remineralisation
Maarafi, Ali J. / Hara, Anderson T. / Levon, John A. / Chu, Tien-Min G. / Eckert, George J. / Lippert, FrankPage 557 - 562Purpose: To investigate the possible interaction between fluoride treatment time and concentration on enamel caries lesion de-/remineralisation.Materials and Methods: The study design followed a three (fluoride concentration: 0, 275, 1250 ppm as sodium fluoride) x four (treatment time: 10, 30, 60, 120 s) factorial design. Caries lesions were created in bovine enamel and the extent of demineralisation determined using Vickers surface microhardness (VHN). Lesions were pH cycled (18 days) with the daily sc...
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - December 20, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Behaviour and Prevention of 5'Fluorouracil and Doxorubicin-induced Oral Mucositis in Immunocompetent Patients with Solid Tumors: A Randomised Trial
This study evaluated the efficacy of four methods to prevent chemotherapy-induced oral mucositis (OM) in patients with solid tumors (ST). In addition, the behaviour of OM was investigated in these oncological patients.Materials and Methods: Forty-eight patients, aged 27-84, were randomly allocated to different groups from the first day of chemotherapy (CT), in the following sequence: group 1: intensive oral care programme (IOCP); group 2: 0.12% chlorhexidine mouthrinse; group 3: 0.03% triclosan mouthrinse; group 4: low-level laser therapy (LLLT). Oral mucositis was evaluated on the 7th and 14th days by means of the Oral Mu...
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - December 20, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Salivary Adiponectin and Leptin Levels are Increased in Women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus and Gingival Inflammation
This study evaluated clinical and biochemical parameters in a possible association between GDM and gingival inflammation.Materials and Methods: A total of 87 pregnant women - 44 with GDM and 43 without (NGDM) - were included. Subgroups were created according to gingival inflammation. Plaque index (PI), bleeding on probing (BOP), and probing depth (PD) were recorded.Results: Age, anthropometric variables and baby weight (g) were all statistically significantly higher in the GDM group (p (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - December 20, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Methodological Proposal to Assess Gingival Thickness in Children
Conclusion: The GW and BS tests could be used for first-line diagnosis of thin gingiva; if the results are negative, probing should be implemented. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - December 20, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Qualitative and Quantitative Evaluation of Cytotoxicity of Five Different One-Step Self-Etching Adhesives
Conclusion: All adhesives tested showed different degrees of cytotoxicity, which statistically significantly increased with dose. Changes were seen related to time. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - December 20, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Practices, Attitudes, and Confidence of Nurses in the Performance of Oral Health Checkups for Elderly Patients in a Japanese Hospital
Conclusions: This is the first survey to investigate the practices, attitudes, and confidence of nurses in the performance of oral health checkups. These findings will contribute to the development of a training programme for nurses who perform oral health checkups in elderly patients. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - December 20, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Oral Health among Patients with Bipolar Disorder
Gurbuz Oflezer, Ozlem / Altinbas, Kursat / Delice, Mehtap / Oflezer, Ceyhan / Kurt, ErhanPage 509 - 516Purpose: To compare the oral health of patients with bipolar disorder (BD) with a control group of subjects.Materials and Methods: The study sample comprised 242 patients with BD and a mean age of 35.8 years. The control group comprised 187 subjects and a mean age of 37.3 years. Oral health was assessed through clinical examination by the Decayed, Missing, and Filled Teeth (DMFT) Index, the Community Periodontal Index (CPI), and the Simplified Oral Hygiene Index (OHI-S).Results: Patients with BD had higher caries prevalen...
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - December 20, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Drug-related Dysgeusia: A Systematic Review
Conclusion: The quality of evidence was low in most reviewed studies. More studies with standard methodology are needed in this field. However, physicians and dental practitioners must consider the probability of dysgeusia as an adverse side effect when prescribing certain medications. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - December 20, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Effects of Sealing Marginal Occlusal Defects of Composite Restorations with a Nanofiller-Reinforced Flowable Resin Composite: A Double-Blind, Randomised Clinical Trial with One-Year Follow-Up
Conclusions: Occlusal RC restorations that were sealed using either a resin-based sealant or a nanofilled flowable RC benefited from improved clinical status after 12 months. Use of the latter presented the better clinical performance of the two by providing a higher rate of total retention of sealing materials. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - December 20, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Patterns of Oral-Maxillofacial Trauma and Determinant Factors among Brazilian Victims of Physical Aggression: A 4-Year Study
Barbosa, Kevan Guilherme N óbrega / Bernardino, Ítalo de Macedo / Cavalcante, Gigliana Maria Sobral / Ferreira, Efigênia Ferreira e / Martins, Renata de Castro / d'Avila, SérgioPage 483 - 489Purpose: To determine the prevalence of oral-maxillofacial trauma among Brazilian victims of physical aggression and identify its associated factors from a medico-legal and forensic perspective.Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out involving the analysis of complete medico-legal and social reports of 3668 victims of physical aggression treated at a centre of legal medicine and forensi...
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - December 20, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Guest Editorial: Diabetes: why should the dental team bother?
Bruckmann, Corinna / Stavropoulos, AndreasPage 481 - 481 (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - December 20, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Pufa Index and Related Factors Among 36- to 71-month-old Children in Turkey: A Cross-Sectional Study
Conclusion: Healthcare providers' attention must be drawn to both untreated carious lesions and the high ECC proportion among preschool children. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - November 20, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Plaque Accumulation and Inflammation Adjacent to Restorations of Amorphous Calcium Phosphate-containing Composite in Early Childhood Caries
G ürlek, Ceren / Ertuğrul, Fahinur / Nile, Christopher / Lappin, David F. / Buduneli, NurcanPage 457 - 465Purpose: To evaluate the clinical, biochemical, and microbiological reactions to nanocomposite containing amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP) in comparison to a traditional composite restorative material in early childhood caries.Materials and Methods: Eighteen teeth were restored with the test material (ACP-containing resin) and 18 teeth were restored with the control material (traditional composite, TC) in fourteen paediatric patients using a split-mouth design. One caries- and restoration-free intact tooth in ea...
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - November 20, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Isolation and Characterisation of Probiotics for Antagonising the Cariogenic Bacterium Streptococcus mutans and Preventing Biofilm Formation
Conclusion: It can be inferred that the mechanism of reducing biofilm formation by these two LAB strains is associated with sucrose-dependent cell-cell adhesion and the gtfC level of glucosyltransferases in the biofilm. Therefore, it is suggested that L. pentosus 13-4 and L. crispatus BCRC 14618 may contribute to preventing dental caries, as they showed an inhibitory effect on the growth and biofilm formation of the cariogenic bacterium S. mutans in vitro. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - November 20, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Protection Against Discolouration by Two Over-the Counter Desensitising Products
Conclusion: Specifically, the application of the sodium monofluorophosphate was able to statistically significantly (p ≤ 0.05) reduce discolouration induced by the staining solutions tested only on the enamel-dentin complex, while distilled water and the stannous fluoride-based product were able to statistically significantly (p ≤ 0.05) reduce discolouration induced by the staining solutions tested in pure denti n samples. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - November 20, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Compomers Reinforced with Bioactive Glass and Hydroxyapatite Particles
Conclusions: Within the limits of this study, the addition of the BAG and HA into compomers improved the demineralisation resistance properties of enamel, depending on the amount of additive. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - November 20, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

The Effect of Radiotherapy for Treatment of Head and Neck Cancer on Oral Flora and Saliva
Conclusions: Therapeutic radiotherapy significantly reduced the quality and quantity of saliva in head and neck cancer patients. These reductions were associated with increased C. albicans counts. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - November 20, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Microhardness and SEM-EDX Analysis of Permanent Enamel Surface Adjacent to Fluoride-releasing Restorative Materials Under Severe Cariogenic Challenges
Conclusion: Because of the similarity between the demineralisation inhibitory activity of glass carbomer and RMGIC, glass carbomer may be preferred as a restorative material in paediatric dentistry. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - November 20, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Anti-plaque Efficacy of Herbal Mouthwashes Compared to Synthetic Mouthwashes in Patients Undergoing Orthodontic Treatment: A Randomised Controlled Trial
Conclusion: Compared to other mouthwashes, Salvadora persica miswak-based mouthwash showed a maximum reduction in the plaque scores among orthodontic patients. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - November 20, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Efficacy and Tolerability of Sodium Bicarbonate Toothpaste in Subjects with Gingivitis: A 6-Month Randomized Controlled Study
Akwagyiram, Ivy / Amini, Pejmon / Bosma, Mary-Lynn / Wang, Nan / Gallob, JohnPage 401 - 407Purpose: Sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) in toothpaste can enhance the removal of biofilms involved in the development of gingivitis. To examine this over an extended time period, this study compared the efficacy and tolerability of twice-daily brushing for 24 weeks with 67% or 0% NaHCO3-containing toothpastes in subjects with moderate gingivitis.Materials and Methods: 247 adults with bleeding after brushing and ≥ 20 gingival bleeding sites were randomized to twice-daily brushing with a 67% NaHCO3 or 0% NaHCO3 toothpaste. The primary ...
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - November 20, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

White Spot Lesion Remineralisation Agents in Primary Teeth: A Systematic Review
Conclusions: Clinicians are encouraged to discuss more high-quality studies in order to provide sufficient evidence and to confirm the clinical utility of remineralisation agents of WSL in primary teeth. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - November 20, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Editorial: Can we help smoking patients? How?
Buduneli, NurcanPage 389 - 390 (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - November 20, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Impact of Magnifying Loupes on Interexaminer Agreement in the Detection of Noncavitated Occlusal Carious Lesions
Conclusions: The use of magnifying loupes did not improve interexaminer agreement in ICDAS scores for noncavitated occlusal carious lesions. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - August 30, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Structure of the Bacterial Community in Different Stages of Early Childhood Caries
Ximenes, Marcos / Armas, Rafael Dutra de / Triches, Thaisa Cez ária / Cardoso, Mariane / Vieira, Ricardo de SouzaPage 369 - 373Purpose: To characterise in vivo the structure of bacterial communities in decayed and sound primary teeth.Materials and Methods: Samples of biofilms were collected from three groups of patients with complete and exclusively primary dentition (n = 45): G1: sound teeth (n = 15); G2: enamel lesion (n = 15); G3: dentin lesion (n = 15). DNA was extracted (CTAB 2%) from the biofilm, the partial 16S rRNA gene was amplified with Bacteria Universal Primers (BA338fGC - UN518r) and subjected to DGGE (...
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - August 30, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Early Childhood Caries Among a Population of Nursery-school Children from an Area with Suboptimal Fluoride Levels in Drinking Water
Conclusions: Currently, preventive and curative dental care for nursery-school-age children is unsatisfactory. The results obtained indicate the need for monitoring the oral health of young children. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - August 30, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Effects of Wi-Fi (2.45 GHz) and Lactic Acid Bacteria on Oral Pathogens and Caries Development in Rats
Çiftçi, Zülfikar Zahit / Kırzıoglu, Zuhal / Çiftçi, EsraPage 355 - 361Purpose: To evaluate the effects of Wi-Fi and lactic acid bacteria on salivary mutans streptococci and caries formation.Materials and Methods: Wistar rats and their offspring were equally divided into two main groups and seven subgroups. Experimental groups were exposed to Wi-Fi during pregnancy and lactation. Subgroups were divided according the administration of the beneficial bacteria L. plantarum 167.P6.5 and L. rhamnosus M17-10.2. In the 8-week experimental period after weaning at 21 days, Mutans streptococci count...
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - August 30, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Urinary Fluoride Excretion after a Single Application of Fluoride Varnish in Preschool Children
Conclusion: A single topical treatment with the investigated varnish did not significantly increase the urinary fluoride excretion compared with placebo in preschool children with parallel use of fluoride toothpaste. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - August 30, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Effectiveness of Vanish XT in Reducing the Development of White Spot Lesions: An In Vitro Study
Conclusion: Vanish XT is effective in preventing demineralization around orthodontic brackets. Its preventive efficacy is equivalent to that of Pro Seal. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - August 30, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Effectiveness of Clinpro XT in Reducing Dentin Permeability and its Resistance to Acid Challenges
Conclusion: The Clinpro XT is effective in reducing dentin permeability. This effect persists even after acid challenges. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - August 30, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

A Qualitative Study of Rapid HIV Testing and Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Competency in the Oral Health Setting: Practices and Attitudes of New York State Dental Directors
Conclusions: While potential facilitators such as test kit reimbursement and patient referral sources could enable LGBTQ and RHT training and uptake, actual implementation in the oral health setting will likely require additional trainings, more involved collaboration with primary care providers, and an overall cultural change amongst the dental profession. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - August 30, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Effect of Omega-3 Fatty Acids on Chronic Periodontitis Patients in Postmenopausal Women: A Randomised Controlled Clinical Study
Elgendy, Enas Ahmed / Kazem, Hazem HusseinPage 327 - 332Purpose: To investigate changes in periodontal parameters and superoxide dismutase activity after root surface debridement with and without omega-3 fatty acid (omega-3 FA) supplementation in postmenopausal women.Materials and Methods: Fifty postmenopausal women with chronic periodontitis were divided randomly into two groups. Group 1 (control group, n = 25) patients were provided with periodontal treatment in the form of scaling and root planing (SRP) plus soft gelatinous capsules containing only some olive oil, while group 2 (n = 25) received SRP along with systemic ...
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - August 30, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Short-term and Long-lasting Effects of Hypo-Cariogenic Dietary Advice and Oral Care on Oral Flora: a Randomised Clinical Trial
Barone, Antonella / Giannoni, Mario / Ortu, Eleonora / Monaco, Annalisa / Pietropaoli, DavidePage 315 - 325Purpose: To investigate the short- and long-term effects of different combinations of dietary instructions on cariogenic food intake and salivary cariogenic bacteria (Streptococcus mutans [SM] and Lactobacillus [LB]).Materials and Methods: In this randomised 2-arm parallel study, 75 6-year-old subjects were assigned to repeated (group A; 19M/19F) or isolated (group B; 17M/20F) verbal and/or written dietary advice (VWDA), with foods classified by cariogenic potential. Both groups underwent a baseline salivary test for ...
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - August 30, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Caries Preventive Effects of High-fluoride vs Standard-fluoride Toothpastes - A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
Singh, Abhinav / Purohit, Bharathi M.Page 307 - 314Purpose: To determine the efficacy of high-fluoride toothpastes ( ≥ 2500 ppm) as compared to standard fluoride toothpastes (≤ 1500 ppm) in preventing dental caries.Materials and Methods: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and cluster-randomised trials comparing high-fluoride dentifrices ( ≥ 2500 ppm) with lower-concentration fluoride dentifrices (≤ 1500 ppm) with a follow-up period of at least 6 months were included. A random effects model was used to assess the mean differences in caries increment between the two types of dentifrices used. A fixed effects mod...
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - August 30, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Editorial: Prevention and Treatment of Caries - Simply Two Sides of a Coin
Meyer-Lueckel, Hendrik / Wilson, NairnPage 305 - 306 (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - August 30, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Determination and Comparison of Dermatoglyphic Patterns and Salivary Streptococcus mutans Counts and Its Correlation with Dental Caries among 3- to 6-year-old Children
Conclusion: There was a strong correlation between dermatoglyphic patterns (especially ulnar loops, whorls and total ridge count), dental caries and S. mutans level. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - July 19, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

C-Reactive Protein Levels and Periodontal Diseases During Pregnancy in Malaysian Women
Conclusions: Plasma CRP levels in pregnant women with diseased periodontium were statistically significantly reduced after nonsurgical periodontal therapy. However, no association between CRP levels and adverse pregnancy outcome was observed. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - July 19, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Association of Oral-Health Related Quality of Life and General Health Assessment in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis
Conclusion: Within their limits, the present findings indicate that: a) moderate OHRQoL as assessed by GOHAI may contribute to high severity impairment of health in RA patients, and b) the GOHAI questionnaire may represent a more adequate tool than OHIP-14 for assessing OHRQoL in patients suffering from RA. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - July 19, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Relationship Between Mothers' Knowledge and Attitude Towards the Importance of Oral Health and Dental Status of their Young Children
Conclusion: Attempts at improving the knowledge and attitude in parents have a substantial impact on improving the oral health of next generation. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - July 19, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Impact of Health Locus of Control on Oral Health Status among a Cohort of IT Professionals
Conclusion: This study highlighted that people with a positive attitude regulate their health behaviour and maintain good oral hygiene. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - July 19, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Clinical Outcomes of Lithium Disilicate Single Crowns after a Mean Duration of 3 Years - A Retrospective Study
Conclusion: IPS e.max Press crowns exhibited satisfactory clinical performance with high survival rate. No dentinal sensitivity was recorded. Plaque retention and gingival recession were similar to contralateral control teeth. Poor periodontal health was related to the subgingival crown margins. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - July 19, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Oral Health-Related Quality of Life Among a Portuguese Sample of Institutionalised Alcoholic Patients under Rehabilitation Therapy
Conclusion: This population of alcohol-dependent patients undergoing an addiction rehabilitation programme presented a high prevalence of negative oral health impacts, but not a high extent or severity. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - July 19, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Oral Health Status of Stroke Patients Related to Residual Symptoms: A Case-Control Epidemiological Study in Hungary
K árolyházy, Katalin / Arányi, Zsuzsanna / Hermann, Péter / Vastagh, Ildikó / Márton, KrisztinaPage 233 - 239Purpose: Stroke is a leading cause of death in developed countries. Recently, its connection with oral health has been a focus of the medical literature. The aim of this study was therefore to statistically examine the oral health of subjects who previously suffered from stroke and provide a guide for the dental treatment of these patients.Materials and Methods: Stroke patients at least one year after the stroke episode and age- and sex-matched healthy controls were examined...
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - July 19, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Cowden Syndrome Associated with Severe Periodontal Disease: A Short Literature Review and a Case Report
Conclusion: Early diagnosis is crucial in patients affected by CS. The dentist may be the first to notice any atypical changes in the oral cavity and refer the patient for further examinations. Moreover, the mucosal and skin changes have a tendency to appear prior to the malignancies associated with the syndrome. This highlights the responsibility of the dentist in the early diagnosis of this progressive pathological syndrome. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - July 19, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Association Between the Severity of Malocclusion, Assessed by Occlusal Indices, and Oral Health Related Quality of Life: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Sun, Ling / Wong, Hai Ming / McGrath, Colman P.J.Page 211 - 223Purpose: To assess whether different levels of malocclusion have different effects on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and which domains of OHRQoL could be affected.Materials and Methods: Nine electronic databases were searched. To make studies comparable, studies using the Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ) to measure OHRQoL, and the Dental Aesthetic Index, Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need, and Index of Complexity, Outcome and Need to measure malocclusion were selected for systematic review. Meta-analysis was performed to calculate the we...
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - July 19, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Editorial: Branding Periodontal Health - Supporting a Healthy Lifestyle
Chackartchi, TaliPage 209 - 209 (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - July 19, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Evaluation of the Fluoride Releasing and Recharging Abilities of Various Fissure Sealants
Khudanov, Bakhtinur Oybutaevich / Abdullaev, Jakhongir Ravshanovich / Bottenberg, Peter / Schulte, Andreas GerhardPage 195 - 202Purpose: To evaluate the fluoride release from different fissure sealants sold mainly in non-Western countries via a curve-fitting method, and to investigate the ability of these materials to be recharged with fluoride.Materials and Methods: Four different fissure sealants which the manufacturers claim to release F- were tested; glass-ionomer cement Argecem (AC), the composite resins Fisskhim (FK), Fissulight (FL), Helioseal F (HF). Helioseal (HS), a composite resin not declared to release F, was ...
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - May 7, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Artificial Mucin-based Saliva Preparations - Physicochemical and Tribological Properties
Conclusion: Among the tested compositions, saliva substitutes based only on mucin were found to have parameters similar to human whole saliva. Mucin saliva preparations may have wide applicability for patients with e.g. xerostomia or patients using a metal prosthesis. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - May 7, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Antibacterial Effect and Substantivity of Toothpaste Slurries In Vivo
Arweiler, Nicole Birgit / Grelle, Friederike / Sculean, Anton / Heumann, Christian / Auschill, Thorsten M.Page 175 - 181Purpose: This double-blind, clinical, cross-over study evaluated the antibacterial effect of three toothpastes (ASF, HTP and STP) and a chlorhexidine mouthrinse (0.2%; CHX; positive control) after a single application on established biofilm over a period of 24 h (substantivity).Materials and Methods: Twenty-four subjects refrained from all oral hygiene measures for a period of 72 h. After 48 h, a baseline biofilm sample was taken and vitality of the biofilm flora was examined (baseline, VF0). Then they ri...
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - May 7, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Effect of Paneer and Cheese Consumption on Salivary Acidogenicity and Calcium Concentration: A Comparative Study
Somaraj, Vinej / Shenoy, Rekha P. / Panchmal, Ganesh Shenoy / Jodalli, Praveen S. / Sonde, Laxminarayan / Nagaraj, KundapurPage 169 - 174Purpose: To assess and compare the salivary pH reversal phenomenon and calcium concentration in subjects consuming paneer and cheese after an acidogenic challenge and also to compare the salivary pH measurements using pH strips and a portable pen-type pH meter.Material and Methods: Sixty caries free undergraduate students were randomly selected and divided into two group: 1. paneer; 2. cheese. After determining the resting salivary pH using pH strips and a pen-type pH meter, participants ...
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - May 7, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research