Pregnancy as a Period of Enhanced Risk for Non-Cavitated Caries Lesions
Rio, Rute / Sampaio-Maia, Benedita / Pereira, Maria Lurdes / Silva, M ário Jorge / Azevedo, ÁlvaroPage 387 - 393Purpose: To investigate if pregnancy represents a period of increased risk of non-cavitated dental caries related to changes in saliva and oral health behaviours.Materials and Methods: A non-randomised longitudinal study was performed with 27 pregnant women and 25 non-pregnant women, who were evaluated twice with the same time gap (24 weeks on average). At the first visit sociodemographic and oral health-related behaviours were assessed through a structured questionnaire. At the second visit changes...
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - April 27, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Dental Caries Profile and Associated Risk Factors Among Adolescent School Children in an Urban South-Indian City
Conclusion: The proportions of children with mild and moderate caries were high considering their age group. The risk factors associated with mild caries were different from those associated with moderate and extensive caries. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - April 27, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Dental Trauma Experience, Attitudes and Trauma Prevention in 11- to 13-Year-Old Lithuanian Schoolchildren
Conclusion: In this study, traumatic dental injuries were observed with 52% prevalence. A substantial discrepancy between self-reported and clinical findings was observed. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - April 27, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Oral Care and Quality Evaluation: A Multicentric Study on Periodontal Treatment
Graziani, Filippo / Minenna, Luigi / Karapets, Dimitra / Herrera, David / Nisi, Marco / Gennai, Stefano / Gabriele, Mario / Discepoli, Nicola / Petrini, Morena / Marhl, Ur ška / Perić, Marina / Adriaen, Laurence / Alonso, Bettina / Bouchard, Philippe / Cardaropoli, Daniele / Cavalcanti, Raffaele / Chackartchi, Tali / Franch-Chillida, Fernando / Gianserra, Rodolfo / Guerrero, Adrian / Landi, Luca / Masiero, Silvia / Mensi, Magda / Moratti, Paolo / Oreglia, Francesco / Rupe, Antonio / Sanchez, Ignazio / Sforza, Nicola / Capri, Diego / Zabalegui, Ion / Sanz, Mariano / Tonetti, Maurizio / Tomasi, CristianoPage 363 - 37...
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - April 27, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Prophylaxis of Acute Attacks with a Novel Short-term Protocol in Hereditary Angioedema Patients Requiring Periodontal Treatment
Conclusions: This study showed the clinical effectiveness of the reported prophylaxis protocol in preventing acute attacks in HAE patients requiring non-surgical periodontal treatment, with no complications up to 1 week after FMS. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - April 27, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Mapping the Product Range of Interdental Brushes: Sizes, Shapes, and Forces
Conclusions: The determination of the PHD is a reproducible instrument for most brushes currently on the market. In vitro, forces developed based on this classification are mostly moderate, thus unlikely to cause periodontal trauma. Given the discontinuous range and unclear labelling of available products, the development of a simplified classification system by usage of the PHD may benefit the practitioner and patient alike by contributing to improve oral hygiene behaviours. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - April 27, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Elution of Monomers from an Infiltrant Compared with Different Resin-Based Dental Materials
Meyer-Lueckel, Hendrik / Hartwig, Christian / B örner, Hans G / Lausch, JulianPage 337 - 341Purpose: Low-molecular weight residuals eluting from dental materials may contribute to local and systemic adverse effects. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to compare triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA)-based commercial infiltrant with different conventional resin-based materials regarding their release of monomers.Materials and Methods: Cylindrical blocks (n = 10) of either two sealants (Helioseal, Delton FS+), a composite (EcuSphere), an adhesive (Teco) and an infiltrant (Icon) were prepared. Additionally, ...
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - April 27, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Impact of Oral Care and Antisepsis on the Prevalence of Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia
Conclusion: Oral care protocol has statistically significantly reduced the risk of developing early VAP in ICU patients, thus demonstrating the importance of multidisciplinary teamwork for hospitalised patients. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - April 27, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Three-Month Effect of Silver Diamine Fluoride (SDF) in Salivary Levels of Streptococcus Mutans in Children. An Exploratory Trial
Conclusion: It was concluded that 30% SDF presents similar antimicrobial effects as 1% CHX over time. SDF might be used as an adjunctive therapy for controlling dental caries in children. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - April 27, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Comparison of Fluoride Release in Conventional Glass-Ionomer Cements with a New Mechanical Mixing Cement
Conclusions: A mechanical mixing was the material with the more constant fluoride release and after recharge showed the highest fluoride release which make it an important benefit for clinicians. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - April 27, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Effect of a Single Application of CPP-ACPF Varnish on the Prevention of Erosive Tooth Wear: An AAS, AFM and SMH Study
Gokkaya, Berna / Ozbek, Nil / Guler, Zeliha / Akman, Suleyman / Sarac, A. Sezai / Kargul, BetulPage 311 - 318Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the in vitro effect of casein phosphopeptide –amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) and fluoride-containing varnish on prevention enamel erosive tooth wear.Materials and Methods: A total of 28 enamel samples were prepared from human molars, divided into four groups: CPP-ACPF varnish, TCP-F varnish, NaF varnish, and deionised water. For the remineralisation process stimulated human pooled saliva was used. After treatment, all enamel samples were exposed to 10 ml...
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - April 27, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Is the Quality of Toothache-Related Information Published in Brazilian Websites Adequate to Assist People in Seeking Dental Treatment?
Lotto, Matheus / Aguirre, Patricia Estefania Ayala / Neto, Natalino Louren ço / Cruvinel, Agnes Fátima / Cruvinel, ThiagoPage 301 - 309Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the readability and the quality of toothache-related information found in Brazilian websites.Materials and Methods: Fifty-five websites retrieved from Google Search, Baidu, Yahoo! and Bing were evaluated by two independent examiners using the DISCERN questionnaire, the Journal of American Medical Association (JAMA) benchmark criteria and the Flesch Reading Ease adapted to Brazilian Portuguese (FRE-BP). Additionally, the websites w...
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - April 27, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

CaSR as a Therapeutic Target and Tool in Human Dental Pulp: A Concise Review and Novel Hypothesis
Conclusion: The local use of calcimimetics and calcium-based pulp capping materials could create an option for promoting the Ca2+ influx of hDPCs from the extracellular space via the CaSR. Such elevated Ca2+ concentrations could enhance the odontogenic/osteogenic differentiation and mineralisation of hDPCs and eventually improve the success rate of direct pulp capping treatments in patients suffering from accidental dental pulp exposure. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - April 27, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Self-Reported Oral Health Knowledge and Practices During Pregnancy and Their Social Determinants in Poland
Kobyli ńska, Angelika / Sochacki-Wójcicka, Nicole / Gozdowski, Dariusz / Olczak-Kowalczyk, DorotaPage 287 - 294Purpose: To determine the effects of sociodemographic and pregnancy-related factors on oral health attitudes during pregnancy, as well as the main predictors of proper oral practices.Materials and Methods: An electronic survey consisting of 47 (single or multiple-choice) questions was conducted in women up to 3 years after childbirth in 2017. Sociodemographic data, as well as information on the course of pregnancy and delivery, oral knowledge and basic behaviours during pregnancy were collected. The Chi-sq...
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - April 27, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Ergonomic Considerations in the Incidence of CTS in College of Dentistry, King Khalid University, Abha – Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Conclusions: A positive criteria for CTS, neck and shoulder pain is identified in our study as being due to long-term use of mobile devices. Further, combination tests like Phalen's with pressure provocation tests proved accurate in conforming CTS. Future research is needed to confirm the diagnostic utility of these independent and combined clinical tests in less prevalent settings, including general dental practitioners and occupational worksites.Trial registration: The current study is registered in King Khalid University, College of dentistry ethical committee SRC/REG/2016-17/107. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - April 27, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Aetiological Evaluation of Oligodontia in a Three-Generation Family
Conclusion: The present findings have provided evidence for a known variant in the WNT10A gene in a three-generation consanguineous family with isolated oligodontia, while the results confirmed that cases with homozygous mutation revealed clinical heterogeneity. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - April 27, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Gender-Specific Differences of Dental Emergency Patients and the Use of Antibiotics: A 4-Year Retrospective Study
Conclusion: Better public education on dental emergencies and constant updates for dentists about the use of antibiotics in dental emergency care is necessary to secure adequate medical supply for severe dental emergencies and to avoid an inappropriate use of antibiotics. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - April 27, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Oral Health and Hygiene and Association of Functional Ability: A Cross-Sectional Study Among Old Home Care Clients
Conclusion: Impaired functional ability is an important determinant of poor oral health and hygiene among old home care clients. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - April 27, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Oral Health Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviour of Parents and Caregivers of Preschool Children: Implications for Oral Health Promotion
Conclusion: Parents and caregivers of preschool children in this sample had reasonable oral health knowledge. However, despite generally positive attitudes towards preventive oral healthcare, confusion regarding dental attendance, supervised toothbrushing, fluoride use and sugar intake suggests that these items require particular emphasis in oral health promotion programmes aimed at improving early childhood oral health. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - April 27, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Differences Between the Oral Health of People Aged 50 and 70 Years – An Exploratory Cohort Study
Klotz, Anna-Luisa / Grill, Sabine Katharina / Hassel, Alexander Jochen / Rammelsberg, Peter / Ze nthöfer, AndreasPage 239 - 243Purpose: To assess the extent of differences between the oral health of people aged 50 and 70 years in a community-based setting.Materials and Methods: This research is part of the Interdisciplinary Study on Adult Development (ILSE). All participants lived in the city of Heidelberg, Germany. For the dental study, 194 participants born 1930 –1932 (n = 88) or 1950–1952 (n = 106) underwent a comprehensive dental examination. For each participant the number of teeth present, the num...
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - April 27, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Oral Health Among Swedish Patients with Substance Use Disorders – A Comparative, Cross-Sectional Study
This study explored the oral health of individuals with substance use disorders and examined the relationship between oral health and type and number of years of substance use disorder.Materials and Methods: This comparative cross-sectional study comprised patients with one of four groups of substance use disorders – alcohol, cannabis, central nervous system stimulants (CNSS), and opiates. All participants underwent a dental examination and were included in the study based on their clinical findings.Results: Of 95 participants, 79 (83%) were male and 37 (39%) were homeless. Statistically significant difference betwee...
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - April 27, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Dental Caries in 7-17-Year-Old Children in Moscow: A Clinical and a Questionnaire Study
Kuzmina, Irina / Ekstrand, Kim Rud / Qvist, Vibeke / Demuria, Liubov / Bakhshandeh, AzamPage 221 - 227Purpose: Sparse data is available concerning the distribution of decayed, extracted, filled/decayed, missing, filled tooth surfaces (defs/DMFS) and the impact of influencing risk factors in Moscow. We thus aimed to measure caries experience and to estimate its associations with relevant risk factors in schoolchildren.Materials and Methods: Data was obtained from 1004 schoolchildren aged 7-17. The clinical examination included the status of dental plaque, gingival bleeding and caries experience; defs/DMFS. The questionnaire...
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - April 27, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

The System of The Provision of Oral Healthcare in the Republic of Cyprus and the Effect of the Economic Crisis
Conclusions: The economic crisis brought about new difficulties and challenges for both the public and the private sectors of oral healthcare, and into the implementation of a new National Health System. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - April 27, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Associations Between Temperament and Dental Caries Status in Thai Children
Conclusion: Biological rhythmicity, approach/withdrawal and mood traits were related to caries in these young children. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - April 2, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Longitudinal Follow-up Survey of Effects of Oral Comprehensive Healthcare Measures on Early Childhood Caries
Cui, Ting / Xu, Quanchen / Wu, Yili / Yang, Xiaoxiao / Li, Ting / Sun, HuibinPage 197 - 203Purpose: To assess the effect of oral comprehensive healthcare on the prevalence of early childhood caries in urban areas of China.Materials and Methods: A total of 398 children aged 4 –5 years from six different kindergartens in Qingdao were recruited to participate in a 1-year single-blind randomised controlled clinical trial. They were randomly assigned into either an experimental group (187 children) or a control group (211 children). The experimental group received comprehe nsive oral healthcare including oral health exami...
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - April 2, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Epidemiology of Dental Caries and Disease Prevention Among 12-Year-Olds in Slovenia Over Thirty Years (1987 –2017)
Vrbi č, Vito / Vrbič, Martina / Petersen, Poul ErikPage 185 - 196Purpose: The first large-scale epidemiological survey on dental caries in Slovenia was conducted in 1987 and repeated in 1993, 1998, 2003, 2008, 2013 and 2017, using the same methodology. The aim of the study was to examine the trend of caries in 12-year-olds in Slovenia during a 30-year time period. The changes over time in caries experience were compared with disease trends observed in other European countries.Study Populations and Methods: The WHO National Oral Health Pathfinder Survey was applied in all seven surveys (1987 –2017). The surveys were...
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - April 2, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Changing Levels of Dental Caries over 30 Years among Children in a Country of Central and Eastern Europe – The Case of Hungary
Conclusions: Hungary has not yet achieved the WHO goals for children aged 5 –6. While Hungary accomplished the WHO goal for oral health of 12-year-olds by the year 2000, it is seems unrealistic for the country to achieve the WHO goal for 12-year-olds by the year 2020. For better oral health of children, strong emphasis should be given to population-directed oral disease p revention, including the reduction of sugar consumption and implementing public health programmes for the effective use of fluoride. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - April 2, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Lack of Association Between the VEGFA Gene Rs699947 Polymorphism and Periodontal Disease
Conclusion: The results of this study suggest there is no association between the VEGFA gene rs699947 polymorphism and periodontal disease. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - April 2, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Could Poor Periodontal Status be a Warning Sign for Worse Pregnancy Outcome?
Nov ák, Tibor / Németh, Gábor / Kozinszky, Zoltan / Urbán, Edit / Gorzó, István / Radnai, MártaPage 165 - 170Purpose: The aim of the present study was to analyse the role of the main diagnostic signs of poor periodontal status, probing depth (PD) ≥4 mm and bleeding on probing (BOP) ≥50%, both simultaneously and individually in preterm birth (PB) and their effect on the birth weight (BW). Prematurity is a major health concern and it is the leading contributing factor to neonatal morbidity and mortality worldwide. Conflicting results exist on the relation between poor ma...
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - April 2, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Does Streptococcus Salivarius Strain M18 Assumption Make Black Stains Disappear in Children?
Conclusions: BSs formation in children could be prevented by administering S. salivarius M18. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - April 2, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Effect of Air-Particle-Abrasion Protocols on Surface Roughness and Early Biofilm Formation of Zirconia
Conclusion: In order to increase the fracture resistance of zirconia fixed partial dentures (FPDs), the air particle abrasion of zirconia with SiO2 (110 μm/3.5 bar), in the gingival area of connectors and pontics, should be avoided. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - April 2, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Do Different Pretreatments of Dentine Surface Affect the Bond Strength with a Self-adhesive Resin Cement?
de Oliveira Reis, Bruna / de Lima Godas, Andr é Gustavo / Suzuki, Thaís Yumi Umeda / Tozzi, Ticiane Cestari Fagundes / Briso, André Luiz Fraga / dos Santos, Paulo HenriquePage 145 - 152Purpose: To evaluate the microtensile bond strength of dentine/self-adhesive resin cement interface after several treatments on a dentine surface.Materials and Methods: Twenty-eight human molars were selected and divided into four groups: no treatment (control (C)); 2% chlorhexidine digluconate (CHX); 25% polyacrylic acid (PA); and 23 ppm dispersive solution of silver nanoparticle (SN). Prepolymerised TPH resin composite...
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - April 2, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Preoperative Dental Examination Might Prevent Unnecessary Tooth Extractions During Dental Treatment of Patients with Disabilities Under General Anaesthesia – Results of a Retrospective Cross-Sectional Study
Schmalz, Gerhard / Farack, Mathias / Kottmann, Tanja / Schmidt, Jana / Krause, Felix / Ziebolz, DirkPage 139 - 144Purpose: The aim of this retrospective cross-sectional study was to detect dental health and dental treatment under general anaesthesia, as well as associations to selected parameters in a patient cohort with different disabilities.Material and Methods: Patients with disabilities, including mental, physical, combination of mental and physical as well as psychiatric disability, which received dental rehabilitation under general anaesthesia between 1 January 2002 and 31 December 2011 were included. Based on the a...
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - April 2, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Tooth Wear in a Sample of Community-Dwelling Elderly Greeks
Conclusions: The presence and the extent of severe wear in the sample of the examined elderly is high compared to elderly populations in other countries. Severe wear was more prevalent with advanced age and more extensive in the occlusal/incisal surfaces in males and those having less than 20 remaining teeth. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - April 2, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

School Achievement and Oral Health Behaviour Among Adolescents in Finland: A National Survey
Conclusion: School success is strongly associated with oral health behaviour among adolescents. Preventive treatment should be targeted especially at boys with poor school achievement and smoking behaviour. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - April 2, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Vitamin C and Its Role in Periodontal Diseases – The Past and the Present: A Narrative Review
Van der Velden, UbelePage 115 - 124In humans, ascorbic acid, better known as vitamin C, is a true vitamin because humans lack the ability to synthesise it. Vitamin C exhibits a number of enzymatic and non-enzymatic effects but all are accounted for by the ability of vitamin C to donate electrons and therefore acts as a reducing agent. It has a wide range of functions. For example, it acts as co-factor for a number of enzymes including those involved in collagen hydroxylation, prevents oxidative damage to DNA and intracellular proteins, and in plasma it increases endothelium-dependent vasodilatation, and reduces extracellul...
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - April 2, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Association of Vitamin D With Periodontal Disease: A Narrative Review
Conclusions: There is conflicting evidence regarding the effects of 25(OH)D on periodontal disease severity, progression and tooth loss, with some studies reporting beneficial effects of higher 25(OH)D serum concentrations on periodontal health and tooth retention, whereas others could not find such an association. Limited evidence also supports a positive association between 1,25(OH)2D3 and periodontal health as well as a trend towards better periodontal health with vitamin D supplementation. Finally, various vitamin D polymorphisms were associated with chronic and aggressive periodontitis, with different outcomes reporte...
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - April 2, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Efficacy of Licorice Lollipops in Reducing Dental Caries in a Paediatric Population: A Systematic Review
Conclusion: Licorice lollipops showed a promising effect in reducing caries by decreasing Streptococcus mutans counts in the saliva. Further research using randomised controlled clinical trial (RCT) designs with large sample size are recommended. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - April 2, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

'Dental Hierarchy of Needs' in the COVID-19 Era – or Why Treat When It Doesn't Hurt?
Berlin-Broner, Yuli / Levin, LiranPage 95 - 95 (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - April 1, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Association Between Body Mass Index and Dental Caries in a Turkish Subpopulation of Adults: A Cross-Sectional Study
This study was conducted on a total of 394 patients. DMFT index was used to define the number of teeth with decays, teeth with fillings, and missing teeth. The body weight and height of the study participants were measured with a digital scale and height rod. BMI was calculated by dividing the body weight by the square root of the height. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Bonferroni tests were used to compare three or more groups and to compare two groups, respectively. The statistical significance level was evaluated at p (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - February 12, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Periodontitis as a Preterm Birth Risk Factor in Caucasian Women: A Cohort Study
Conclusion: In this study, periodontitis stage II, grade B, was not statistically associated with preterm birth. Pregnancy is a short period of time in order to evaluate long-term oral systemic infections. Adverse pregnancy outcomes are more difficult to occur. Thus, since pregnancy timing average cannot be changed, the stages of periodontal disease (initial, moderate, advanced) could be another factor to study. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - February 12, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Influence of Chlorhexidine Gluconate on the Immediate Bond Strength of a Universal Adhesive System on Dentine Subjected to Different Bonding Protocols: An In Vitro Pilot Study
Conclusion: The preapplication of 2% chlorhexidine gluconate did not reduce the immediate bond strength of the Single Bond Universal adhesive system under different bonding protocols. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - February 12, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Plaque Inhibitory Effect of Hyaluronan-Containing Mouthwash in a 4-Day Non-Brushing Model
Conclusions: CHX revealed the best plaque inhibition closely followed by HA. Early gingival inflammatory changes were found similar for CHX and HA. Furthermore, HA was well accepted with better perceptions than CHX and DW. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - February 12, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Erosive/Abrasive Enamel Wear While Using a Combination of Anti-Erosive Toothbrush/-Paste
K örner, Philipp / Inauen, Deborah S / Attin, Thomas / Wegehaupt, Florian JPage 53 - 59Purpose: To investigate dental enamel wear caused by erosion and abrasion while using a combination of anti-erosive toothbrush/-paste.Materials and Methods: A total of 60 enamel specimens from bovine incisors were randomly assigned into five groups of 12 specimens each (G1 –5, n = 12): (G1) control group (no treatment), (G2) standard medium toothbrush Paro M43 and standard toothpaste Elmex Caries Protection, (G3) standard medium toothbrush Paro M43 and anti-erosive toothpaste Elmex Protection Erosion, (G4) anti-erosive toothbr...
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - February 12, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Comparison of Cytotoxicity of Four Different Adhesive Materials Before and After Polymerisation
Cangul, Suzan / Adiguzel, Ozkan / Tekin, SametPage 43 - 51Introduction: The aim of this study was to make a quantitative comparison of the cytotoxic potentials of four different polymerised and unpolymerised self-etching adhesives which were newly used clinically.Materials and Methods: Cytotoxic effects of both polymerised and unpolymerised forms of all test adhesives were evaluated against L929 cell line using the MTT test. The activity for unpolymerised adhesives was assessed in different doses and incubation times manner. On the other hand, cytotoxicity of the polymerised adhesives prepared at different extraction times...
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - February 12, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Prevalence of Obesity in Elementary School Children and its Association with Dental Caries
Conclusions: This study confirms the high prevalence of obesity in primary school children. It also shows the scarce association between carious lesions and obesity. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - February 12, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Awareness of the Effect of Diabetes on Oral Health among a Population in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Conclusion: This study reported adequate knowledge of the sample with respect to diabetes-related oral health. An important finding of this study was that the majority of the study participants did not receive information leading to diabetes-related oral health awareness or knowledge from anyone, which implies that health professionals and health media do not play the requisite role in dissemination of this important aspect of public health. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - February 12, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Assessment of Oral Conditions in Individuals Treated with Methadone: A Research Report
Lombardo, Giorgio / Lugoboni, Fabio / Signoriello, Annarita / Liboni, Pietro / Fiorino, Antonino / Nocini, Pier FrancescoPage 19 - 26Purpose: Oral health is essential in everyone's daily life, and becomes particularly important for those individuals who have been previously drug addicted. The aim of this study was to assess oral health in patients almost at the end of a methadone-detoxification process due to heroin dependency, identifying their treatment needs.Materials and Methods: Seventeen patients, aged between 22 and 51 years, were admitted to the University Hospital of Verona after at least 6 months of being drug-fr...
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - February 12, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Association Between Periodontitis and Nosocomial Pneumonia: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Observational Studies
Conclusions: The evidence demonstrates a positive association between periodontitis and nosocomial pneumonia. Individuals with periodontitis admitted to the ICU were more likely to present nosocomial pneumonia than individuals without periodontitis. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - February 12, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Is Bleaching Effective in Managing Post-orthodontic White-spot Lesions? A Systematic Review
Conclusions: The findings from the present systematic review could not support or refute bleaching as an effective method for management of post-orthodontic WSLs. Because most of the studies in this field are in vitro and solid scientific evidence of low risk of bias is scare, further prospective in vivo studies are necessary. (Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry)
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - February 12, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research