Assessment of Etiology of Elephantiasis and Its Associated Risk Factors in Jeldu District, West Shoa, Ethiopia
J Trop Med. 2021 Apr 15;2021:5551637. doi: 10.1155/2021/5551637. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTElephantiasis is the main cause of tropical lymphoedema in Ethiopia. The aim of the current study was to assess the etiology of elephantiasis and its associated risk factors. Cross-sectional community-based study was carried out from March to May 2020 in seven purposively selected villages of Jeldu district. Identified suspected cases of elephantiasis in those villages were interviewed, clinically observed, and serologically examined using filariasis test strip kits at their respective houses during day time. A midnight blood sample w...
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - May 3, 2021 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Ararsa Negasa Mebrate Dufera Source Type: research

Thrombocytopenia as a Diagnostic Marker for Malaria in Patients with Acute Febrile Illness
This study aimed to determine the role of thrombocytopenia as a diagnostic marker for malaria in patients with acute febrile illness.METHOD: A cross-sectional health facility-based study was conducted on 423 consecutively selected acute febrile patients at Ataye District Hospital from February to May 2019 GC. A complete blood count and malaria microscopy were performed for each acute febrile patient. ROC curve analysis was performed to calculate sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of platelet count in predicting malaria. A P ≤ 0.05 was considered statistically significant.R...
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - May 3, 2021 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Angesom Gebreweld Yonas Erkihun Daniel Getacher Feleke Gebru Hailu Temesgen Fiseha Source Type: research

Assessment of Etiology of Elephantiasis and Its Associated Risk Factors in Jeldu District, West Shoa, Ethiopia
J Trop Med. 2021 Apr 15;2021:5551637. doi: 10.1155/2021/5551637. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTElephantiasis is the main cause of tropical lymphoedema in Ethiopia. The aim of the current study was to assess the etiology of elephantiasis and its associated risk factors. Cross-sectional community-based study was carried out from March to May 2020 in seven purposively selected villages of Jeldu district. Identified suspected cases of elephantiasis in those villages were interviewed, clinically observed, and serologically examined using filariasis test strip kits at their respective houses during day time. A midnight blood sample w...
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - May 3, 2021 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Ararsa Negasa Mebrate Dufera Source Type: research

Thrombocytopenia as a Diagnostic Marker for Malaria in Patients with Acute Febrile Illness
This study aimed to determine the role of thrombocytopenia as a diagnostic marker for malaria in patients with acute febrile illness.METHOD: A cross-sectional health facility-based study was conducted on 423 consecutively selected acute febrile patients at Ataye District Hospital from February to May 2019 GC. A complete blood count and malaria microscopy were performed for each acute febrile patient. ROC curve analysis was performed to calculate sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of platelet count in predicting malaria. A P ≤ 0.05 was considered statistically significant.R...
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - May 3, 2021 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Angesom Gebreweld Yonas Erkihun Daniel Getacher Feleke Gebru Hailu Temesgen Fiseha Source Type: research

Assessment of Etiology of Elephantiasis and Its Associated Risk Factors in Jeldu District, West Shoa, Ethiopia
J Trop Med. 2021 Apr 15;2021:5551637. doi: 10.1155/2021/5551637. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTElephantiasis is the main cause of tropical lymphoedema in Ethiopia. The aim of the current study was to assess the etiology of elephantiasis and its associated risk factors. Cross-sectional community-based study was carried out from March to May 2020 in seven purposively selected villages of Jeldu district. Identified suspected cases of elephantiasis in those villages were interviewed, clinically observed, and serologically examined using filariasis test strip kits at their respective houses during day time. A midnight blood sample w...
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - May 3, 2021 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Ararsa Negasa Mebrate Dufera Source Type: research

Thrombocytopenia as a Diagnostic Marker for Malaria in Patients with Acute Febrile Illness
This study aimed to determine the role of thrombocytopenia as a diagnostic marker for malaria in patients with acute febrile illness.METHOD: A cross-sectional health facility-based study was conducted on 423 consecutively selected acute febrile patients at Ataye District Hospital from February to May 2019 GC. A complete blood count and malaria microscopy were performed for each acute febrile patient. ROC curve analysis was performed to calculate sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of platelet count in predicting malaria. A P ≤ 0.05 was considered statistically significant.R...
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - May 3, 2021 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Angesom Gebreweld Yonas Erkihun Daniel Getacher Feleke Gebru Hailu Temesgen Fiseha Source Type: research

Assessment of Etiology of Elephantiasis and Its Associated Risk Factors in Jeldu District, West Shoa, Ethiopia
J Trop Med. 2021 Apr 15;2021:5551637. doi: 10.1155/2021/5551637. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTElephantiasis is the main cause of tropical lymphoedema in Ethiopia. The aim of the current study was to assess the etiology of elephantiasis and its associated risk factors. Cross-sectional community-based study was carried out from March to May 2020 in seven purposively selected villages of Jeldu district. Identified suspected cases of elephantiasis in those villages were interviewed, clinically observed, and serologically examined using filariasis test strip kits at their respective houses during day time. A midnight blood sample w...
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - May 3, 2021 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Ararsa Negasa Mebrate Dufera Source Type: research

Thrombocytopenia as a Diagnostic Marker for Malaria in Patients with Acute Febrile Illness
This study aimed to determine the role of thrombocytopenia as a diagnostic marker for malaria in patients with acute febrile illness.METHOD: A cross-sectional health facility-based study was conducted on 423 consecutively selected acute febrile patients at Ataye District Hospital from February to May 2019 GC. A complete blood count and malaria microscopy were performed for each acute febrile patient. ROC curve analysis was performed to calculate sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of platelet count in predicting malaria. A P ≤ 0.05 was considered statistically significant.R...
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - May 3, 2021 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Angesom Gebreweld Yonas Erkihun Daniel Getacher Feleke Gebru Hailu Temesgen Fiseha Source Type: research

Assessment of Etiology of Elephantiasis and Its Associated Risk Factors in Jeldu District, West Shoa, Ethiopia
J Trop Med. 2021 Apr 15;2021:5551637. doi: 10.1155/2021/5551637. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTElephantiasis is the main cause of tropical lymphoedema in Ethiopia. The aim of the current study was to assess the etiology of elephantiasis and its associated risk factors. Cross-sectional community-based study was carried out from March to May 2020 in seven purposively selected villages of Jeldu district. Identified suspected cases of elephantiasis in those villages were interviewed, clinically observed, and serologically examined using filariasis test strip kits at their respective houses during day time. A midnight blood sample w...
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - May 3, 2021 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Ararsa Negasa Mebrate Dufera Source Type: research

Thrombocytopenia as a Diagnostic Marker for Malaria in Patients with Acute Febrile Illness
This study aimed to determine the role of thrombocytopenia as a diagnostic marker for malaria in patients with acute febrile illness.METHOD: A cross-sectional health facility-based study was conducted on 423 consecutively selected acute febrile patients at Ataye District Hospital from February to May 2019 GC. A complete blood count and malaria microscopy were performed for each acute febrile patient. ROC curve analysis was performed to calculate sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of platelet count in predicting malaria. A P ≤ 0.05 was considered statistically significant.R...
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - May 3, 2021 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Angesom Gebreweld Yonas Erkihun Daniel Getacher Feleke Gebru Hailu Temesgen Fiseha Source Type: research

Assessment of Etiology of Elephantiasis and Its Associated Risk Factors in Jeldu District, West Shoa, Ethiopia
J Trop Med. 2021 Apr 15;2021:5551637. doi: 10.1155/2021/5551637. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTElephantiasis is the main cause of tropical lymphoedema in Ethiopia. The aim of the current study was to assess the etiology of elephantiasis and its associated risk factors. Cross-sectional community-based study was carried out from March to May 2020 in seven purposively selected villages of Jeldu district. Identified suspected cases of elephantiasis in those villages were interviewed, clinically observed, and serologically examined using filariasis test strip kits at their respective houses during day time. A midnight blood sample w...
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - May 3, 2021 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Ararsa Negasa Mebrate Dufera Source Type: research

Thrombocytopenia as a Diagnostic Marker for Malaria in Patients with Acute Febrile Illness
This study aimed to determine the role of thrombocytopenia as a diagnostic marker for malaria in patients with acute febrile illness.METHOD: A cross-sectional health facility-based study was conducted on 423 consecutively selected acute febrile patients at Ataye District Hospital from February to May 2019 GC. A complete blood count and malaria microscopy were performed for each acute febrile patient. ROC curve analysis was performed to calculate sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of platelet count in predicting malaria. A P ≤ 0.05 was considered statistically significant.R...
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - May 3, 2021 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Angesom Gebreweld Yonas Erkihun Daniel Getacher Feleke Gebru Hailu Temesgen Fiseha Source Type: research

Assessing the Filariasis Causing Parasites in Adult Mosquitoes and the Vector Mosquito Larval Breeding in Selected Medical Officer of Health Areas in Gampaha District, Sri Lanka
This study concludes possible lymphatic filariasis situation is in extremely very low level persistent (0.06%) where transmission cannot be sustained and is restricted only to isolated pockets in the study area. The zoonotic strains of filariasis causing subcutaneous dirofilariasis in humans by Dirofilaria repens is continuing to survive due to the presence of stray dogs that serve as reservoir hosts.PMID:33927771 | PMC:PMC8053054 | DOI:10.1155/2021/6643226 (Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine)
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - April 30, 2021 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: S A S Pilagolla L D Amarasinghe Source Type: research

Detection of < em > Leishmania donovani < /em > DNA within Field-Caught Phlebotomine Sand Flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in Three Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Endemic Foci of Kurunegala District, Sri Lanka
J Trop Med. 2021 Apr 9;2021:6650388. doi: 10.1155/2021/6650388. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTLeishmaniasis is a parasitic infection transmitted through the bite of female phlebotomine sand flies. Microscopy is the gold standard to detect parasites within the sand flies and for vector incrimination. However, molecular-based detection has become more popular nowadays in the identification of Leishmania parasites since it provides detection and species identification simultaneously with no need of laborious procedures. The entomological surveys were conducted monthly from May to October 2017 using standard entomological technique...
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - April 30, 2021 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Tharaka Wijerathna Nayana Gunathilaka Kithsiri Gunawardena Yoshito Fujii Deepa Gunasekara Source Type: research

Assessing the Filariasis Causing Parasites in Adult Mosquitoes and the Vector Mosquito Larval Breeding in Selected Medical Officer of Health Areas in Gampaha District, Sri Lanka
This study concludes possible lymphatic filariasis situation is in extremely very low level persistent (0.06%) where transmission cannot be sustained and is restricted only to isolated pockets in the study area. The zoonotic strains of filariasis causing subcutaneous dirofilariasis in humans by Dirofilaria repens is continuing to survive due to the presence of stray dogs that serve as reservoir hosts.PMID:33927771 | PMC:PMC8053054 | DOI:10.1155/2021/6643226 (Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine)
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - April 30, 2021 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: S A S Pilagolla L D Amarasinghe Source Type: research

Detection of < em > Leishmania donovani < /em > DNA within Field-Caught Phlebotomine Sand Flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in Three Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Endemic Foci of Kurunegala District, Sri Lanka
J Trop Med. 2021 Apr 9;2021:6650388. doi: 10.1155/2021/6650388. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTLeishmaniasis is a parasitic infection transmitted through the bite of female phlebotomine sand flies. Microscopy is the gold standard to detect parasites within the sand flies and for vector incrimination. However, molecular-based detection has become more popular nowadays in the identification of Leishmania parasites since it provides detection and species identification simultaneously with no need of laborious procedures. The entomological surveys were conducted monthly from May to October 2017 using standard entomological technique...
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - April 30, 2021 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Tharaka Wijerathna Nayana Gunathilaka Kithsiri Gunawardena Yoshito Fujii Deepa Gunasekara Source Type: research

Assessing the Filariasis Causing Parasites in Adult Mosquitoes and the Vector Mosquito Larval Breeding in Selected Medical Officer of Health Areas in Gampaha District, Sri Lanka
This study concludes possible lymphatic filariasis situation is in extremely very low level persistent (0.06%) where transmission cannot be sustained and is restricted only to isolated pockets in the study area. The zoonotic strains of filariasis causing subcutaneous dirofilariasis in humans by Dirofilaria repens is continuing to survive due to the presence of stray dogs that serve as reservoir hosts.PMID:33927771 | PMC:PMC8053054 | DOI:10.1155/2021/6643226 (Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine)
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - April 30, 2021 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: S A S Pilagolla L D Amarasinghe Source Type: research

Detection of < em > Leishmania donovani < /em > DNA within Field-Caught Phlebotomine Sand Flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in Three Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Endemic Foci of Kurunegala District, Sri Lanka
J Trop Med. 2021 Apr 9;2021:6650388. doi: 10.1155/2021/6650388. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTLeishmaniasis is a parasitic infection transmitted through the bite of female phlebotomine sand flies. Microscopy is the gold standard to detect parasites within the sand flies and for vector incrimination. However, molecular-based detection has become more popular nowadays in the identification of Leishmania parasites since it provides detection and species identification simultaneously with no need of laborious procedures. The entomological surveys were conducted monthly from May to October 2017 using standard entomological technique...
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - April 30, 2021 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Tharaka Wijerathna Nayana Gunathilaka Kithsiri Gunawardena Yoshito Fujii Deepa Gunasekara Source Type: research

Factors Affecting Social Support Status of People Living with HIV/AIDS at Selected Hospitals of North Shewa Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia
CONCLUSION: The burden of poor social support is increasingly affecting the lives of PLHIV. Poor social support in PLHIV is more magnified by poor adherence, having psychological distress, and perceived stigma.PMID:33884002 | PMC:PMC8041550 | DOI:10.1155/2021/6695298 (Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine)
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - April 22, 2021 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Elyas Admasu Basha Behailu Tariku Derseh Abate Dargie Wubetu Nigus Alemnew Engidaw Kefyalew Dagne Gizachew Source Type: research

Field Deployment of a Mobile Biosafety Laboratory Reveals the Co-Circulation of Dengue Viruses Serotype 1 and Serotype 2 in Louga City, Senegal, 2017
J Trop Med. 2021 Mar 31;2021:8817987. doi: 10.1155/2021/8817987. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTDengue virus (DENV) is the most prevalent arboviral threat worldwide. This virus belonging to genus Flavivirus, Flaviviridae family, is responsible for a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations, ranging from asymptomatic or mild febrile illness (dengue fever) to life-threatening infections (severe dengue). Many sporadic cases and outbreaks have occurred in Senegal since 1970. Nevertheless, this article describes a field investigation of suspected dengue cases, between 05 September 2017 and 17 December 2017 made possible by the deploy...
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - April 19, 2021 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Idrissa Dieng Maryam Diarra Moussa Mo ïse Diagne Martin Faye Marie Henriette Dior Ndione Yamar Ba Mamadou Diop El Hadji Ndiaye Paolo Marinho de Andrade Zanotto Boly Diop Mamadou Ndiaye Abdoulaye Bousso Ndongo Dia Mawlouth Diallo Aliou Barry Gamou Fall Ch Source Type: research

Tuberculosis among Migrant Populations in Sicily: A Field Report
CONCLUSIONS: TB screening is critical to early diagnosis and treatment.PMID:33859702 | PMC:PMC8024091 | DOI:10.1155/2021/7856347 (Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine)
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - April 16, 2021 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Tullio Prestileo Giuseppe Pipitone Adriana Sanfilippo Antonio Ficalora Giuseppe Natoli Salvatore Corrao None Team I Ta C A Immigrant Take Care Advocacy Team Source Type: research

< em > In Vitro < /em > Antiplasmodial, Heme Polymerization, and Cytotoxicity of Hydroxyxanthone Derivatives
In conclusion, among 5-hydroxyxanthone derivatives tested, the 1,6,8-trihydroxyxantone showed the best antiplasmodial activity and has heme polymerization inhibition activity and high selectivity.PMID:33859703 | PMC:PMC8026324 | DOI:10.1155/2021/8866681 (Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine)
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - April 16, 2021 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Mistika Zakiah Rul Afiyah Syarif Mustofa Mustofa Jumina Jumina Nela Fatmasari Eti Nurwening Sholikhah Source Type: research

Tuberculosis among Migrant Populations in Sicily: A Field Report
CONCLUSIONS: TB screening is critical to early diagnosis and treatment.PMID:33859702 | PMC:PMC8024091 | DOI:10.1155/2021/7856347 (Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine)
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - April 16, 2021 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Tullio Prestileo Giuseppe Pipitone Adriana Sanfilippo Antonio Ficalora Giuseppe Natoli Salvatore Corrao None Team I Ta C A Immigrant Take Care Advocacy Team Source Type: research

< em > In Vitro < /em > Antiplasmodial, Heme Polymerization, and Cytotoxicity of Hydroxyxanthone Derivatives
In conclusion, among 5-hydroxyxanthone derivatives tested, the 1,6,8-trihydroxyxantone showed the best antiplasmodial activity and has heme polymerization inhibition activity and high selectivity.PMID:33859703 | PMC:PMC8026324 | DOI:10.1155/2021/8866681 (Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine)
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - April 16, 2021 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Mistika Zakiah Rul Afiyah Syarif Mustofa Mustofa Jumina Jumina Nela Fatmasari Eti Nurwening Sholikhah Source Type: research

Tuberculosis among Migrant Populations in Sicily: A Field Report
CONCLUSIONS: TB screening is critical to early diagnosis and treatment.PMID:33859702 | PMC:PMC8024091 | DOI:10.1155/2021/7856347 (Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine)
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - April 16, 2021 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Tullio Prestileo Giuseppe Pipitone Adriana Sanfilippo Antonio Ficalora Giuseppe Natoli Salvatore Corrao None Team I Ta C A Immigrant Take Care Advocacy Team Source Type: research

< em > In Vitro < /em > Antiplasmodial, Heme Polymerization, and Cytotoxicity of Hydroxyxanthone Derivatives
In conclusion, among 5-hydroxyxanthone derivatives tested, the 1,6,8-trihydroxyxantone showed the best antiplasmodial activity and has heme polymerization inhibition activity and high selectivity.PMID:33859703 | PMC:PMC8026324 | DOI:10.1155/2021/8866681 (Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine)
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - April 16, 2021 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Mistika Zakiah Rul Afiyah Syarif Mustofa Mustofa Jumina Jumina Nela Fatmasari Eti Nurwening Sholikhah Source Type: research

Evaluation of Hematocrit in Adults with Dengue by a Laboratory Information System
This study aimed to evaluate the Hct value obtained from the LIS automated analyzer. We prospectively enrolled 163 hospitalized adults with dengue, for whom 1,141 real-time complete blood count (CBC) results were obtained via a hematology analyzer and updated in the LIS database. The median (interquartile range (IQR)) duration of analytic turnaround times (TATs) was 40.0 (30.0-53.0) minutes. Linear regression analysis indicated a significant relationship between Hgb and Hct with a coefficient of determination (Pearson's R 2) of 0.92 at red blood cell distribution width (RDW) ≤18, but Pearson's R 2 decreased to 0.78 at R...
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - April 15, 2021 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Duangjai Sahassananda Vipa Thanachartwet Putza Chonsawat Benjamaporn Wongphan Supat Chamnanchanunt Manoon Surabotsophon Varunee Desakorn Source Type: research

Prevalence of Malaria among Adults in Ethiopia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Conclusion. The current systematic review and meta-analysis showed that the pooled prevalence of malaria among adults was found to be greater than the general population and nearly equal to pregnant women. Therefore, the current prevention and control measures, which are related to both vectors and parasites, should be strengthened.PMID:33747096 | PMC:PMC7952180 | DOI:10.1155/2021/8863002 (Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine)
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - March 22, 2021 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Fasil Adugna Kendie Tamirat Hailegebriel W/Kiros Endalkachew Nibret Semegn Melaku Wale Ferede Source Type: research