Prevalence of < em > Helicobacter pylori < /em > among Patients with Gastrointestinal Tract (GIT) Symptoms: A Retrospective Study at Selected Africa Air Rescue (AAR) Clinics in Kampala, Uganda, from 2015 to 2019
J Trop Med. 2021 Nov 8;2021:9935142. doi: 10.1155/2021/9935142. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection is extremely common worldwide, with almost half of the world's population infected. In Uganda, no study has been done on the trends of the prevalence of H. pylori infection in the affluent population. Therefore, this retrospective cross-sectional study aimed at determining the trend of H. pylori prevalence among affluent patients presenting with gastrointestinal (GIT) symptoms whose stool samples were tested at selected AAR clinics in Kampala area. Patients were tested for Helicobacter pyl...
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - November 18, 2021 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Edity Namyalo Luke Nyakarahuka Matthias Afayoa Joel Baziira Andrew Tamale G Collins Atuhaire Joseph M Kungu Source Type: research

Successful Outpatient Management of Children at a Secondary Care Hospital in Pakistan in a Dengue Fever Epidemic and Their Clinical Outcomes
CONCLUSION: The majority of children with confirmed DF who received outpatient treatment according to WHO 2009 guidelines were successfully managed. Additionally, confirmed DF with warning signs or SD were admitted and recovered. Regular follow-ups according to the guidelines are pertinent. Thrombocytopenia and high HCT were associated with disease progression.PMID:34764996 | PMC:PMC8577943 | DOI:10.1155/2021/3296448 (Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine)
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - November 12, 2021 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Ammara Farooq Brekhna Aurangzeb Taimur Khalil Sheikh Huma Bashir Maryam Ghuncha Tehmina Mustafa Source Type: research

Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Risk Factors on the Prevalence of Diarrhea among Under-Five Children in the Rural Community of Dangila District, Northwest Ethiopia
This study aimed to assess the association of water, sanitation, and hygiene on the prevalence of diarrhea among under-five children in the rural community of Ethiopia.METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among randomly selected 419 under-five children from October to December 2021 in Dangila district, Northwest Ethiopia. A structured questionnaire was used to collect sociodemographic, environmental, and behavioral data. Data were entered into Epi Info and analyzed using SPSS software. Descriptive analysis was used to calculate the prevalence of diarrhea. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression were used ...
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - November 8, 2021 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Bizuayehu Hailu Wu Ji-Guo Tadesse Hailu Source Type: research

House-Level Risk Factors for < em > Aedes aegypti < /em > Infestation in the Urban Center of Castilla la Nueva, Meta State, Colombia
J Trop Med. 2021 Oct 23;2021:8483236. doi: 10.1155/2021/8483236. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTAedes aegypti is the main vector of the dengue virus in Colombia. Some factors have been associated with its presence; however, in the local context, it has not been sufficiently evaluated. The present study seeks to identify the socioeconomic, environmental, and behavioral factors associated with the presence and abundance of A. aegypti in urban dwellings in the municipality of Castilla la Nueva. A cross-sectional cohort study was conducted in houses in the urban area of the municipality of Castilla la Nueva, where 307 houses were sa...
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - November 2, 2021 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Adolfo V ásquez-Trujillo Doris Cardona-Arango Angela M Segura-Cardona Daniel C Portela-C âmara Nildimar Alves-Hon ório Gabriel Parra-Henao Source Type: research

Vitamin D Deficiency in Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever and Dengue Shock Syndrome among Sri Lankan Children: A Case-Control Study
J Trop Med. 2021 Oct 14;2021:4173303. doi: 10.1155/2021/4173303. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTINTRODUCTION: Dengue fever is a vector-borne disease associated with a significant public health impact. The clinical picture ranges from undifferentiated fever to more severe forms such as dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) and dengue shock syndrome (DSS). Compared to healthy controls, we explored the likelihood of having vitamin D deficiency (VDD) among children with severe dengue infection.METHODS: This case-control study compared hospitalized children (2 months to 12 years) with DHF and DSS with radiologically confirmed plasma leak wi...
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - October 25, 2021 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Sharmila Dissanayake Sureshi Tennekoon Sharmila Gaffoor Guwani Liyanage Source Type: research

The Potential use of a Curcumin-Piperine Combination as an Antimalarial Agent: A Systematic Review
J Trop Med. 2021 Oct 11;2021:9135617. doi: 10.1155/2021/9135617. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTMalaria remains a significant global health problem, but the development of effective antimalarial drugs is challenging due to the parasite's complex life cycle and lack of knowledge about the critical specific stages. Medicinal plants have been investigated as adjuvant therapy for malaria, so this systematic review summarizes 46 primary articles published until December 2020 that discuss curcumin and piperine as antimalarial agents. The selected articles discussed their antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antiapoptosis properties, as...
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - October 21, 2021 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Shafia Khairani Nisa Fauziah Hesti Lina Wiraswati Ramdan Panigoro Endang Yuni Setyowati Afiat Berbudi Source Type: research

Evaluation of < em > Leea rubra < /em > Leaf Extract for Oxidative Damage Protection and Antitumor and Antimicrobial Potential
J Trop Med. 2021 Oct 6;2021:7239291. doi: 10.1155/2021/7239291. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: The leaves of Leea rubra contain an abundance of phenolic constituents and have medicinal uses as antipyretic and diaphoretic agents and are also used in the treatment of stomach ache, rheumatism, arthritis etc. In spite of the traditional uses, data on the scientific evaluation of the plant are not sufficient. So, the present study was designed to evaluate the protective role of the extract against oxidative damage to DNA and human erythrocytes as well as antitumor and antibacterial activities against some resistant bacter...
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - October 18, 2021 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Nibedita Das Sanowar Hossain Jaytirmoy Barmon Shahnaj Parvin Mahadi Hasan Masuma Akter Ekramul Islam Source Type: research

Impact of MenAfriVac on Meningococcal A Meningitis in Cameroon: A Retrospective Study Using Case-by-Case-Based Surveillance Data from 2009 to 2015
This study aimed at filling the gap in its unknown impact in Cameroon. A retrospective longitudinal study using biological monitoring data of case-by-case-based surveillance for meningitis was obtained from the National Reference Laboratories from 1 January 2009 to 20 September 2015. Immunization coverage data were obtained from Regional Public Health Delegations where immunizations took place. We compared the risks of vaccine serogroup occurrence before and after vaccinations and calculated the global impact using Halloran's formula. Annual cases of meningitis A decreased gradually from 92 in 2011 to 34 in 2012 and then t...
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - October 7, 2021 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Bouba Gake Bonaventure Babinne Graobe Bouba Abdouraman Crescence Satou Ngah Ahmadou Aissatou Nelly-Mich èle Gake Elise Claudine Seukap Elias Nchiwan Nukenine Alain G Etoundi Mballa Marie-Christine Fonkoua Jean-Pierre Lombart Source Type: research