Preparation of Ecofriendly Formulations Containing Biologically Active Monoterpenes with Their Fumigant and Residual Toxicities against Adults of Culex pipiens.
Authors: Badawy ME, Taktak NE, Awad OM, Elfiki SA, Abou El-Ela NE Abstract Different mixtures of monoterpenes (ketone, alcohol, and alkene) were loaded on paper discs and wax and their knockdown activities were evaluated against Culex pipiens adults. Some individual monoterpenes were also evaluated by residual toxicity technique. Citronella oil as a reference was also loaded separately or in combination with monoterpenes on paper discs and wax. The ketone monoterpenes mixture (camphor, menthone, carvone, and fenchone) on paper discs was the most active (KT50 = 17.20 min) followed by ketone monoterpenes with ...
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - November 29, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

Antimalarial Properties of Aqueous Crude Extracts of Gynostemma pentaphyllum and Moringa oleifera Leaves in Combination with Artesunate in Plasmodium berghei-Infected Mice.
Authors: Somsak V, Borkaew P, Klubsri C, Dondee K, Bootprom P, Saiphet B Abstract Due to the emergence and spread of malaria parasite with resistance to antimalarial drugs, discovery and development of new, safe, and affordable antimalarial are urgently needed. In this respect, medicinal plant extracts are targets to optimize antimalarial actions and restore efficacy of standard antimalarial drugs. The present study was aimed at determining the antimalarial activities of Gynostemma pentaphyllum and Moringa oleifera leaf extracts in combination with artesunate against Plasmodium berghei-infected mice. P. berghei ANK...
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - November 23, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

The Role of Anethum graveolens L. (Dill) in the Management of Diabetes.
Conclusion. The paper highlights the therapeutic effects of AG which would aid in supporting their safe use in the management of diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. PMID: 27829842 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine)
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - November 12, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

Health Care Seeking Behavior of Persons with Acute Chagas Disease in Rural Argentina: A Qualitative View.
Authors: Llovet I, Dinardi G, Canevari C, Torabi N Abstract Chagas disease (CD) is a tropical parasitic disease largely underdiagnosed and mostly asymptomatic affecting marginalized rural populations. Argentina regularly reports acute cases of CD, mostly young individuals under 14 years old. There is a void of knowledge of health care seeking behavior in subjects experiencing a CD acute condition. Early treatment of the acute case is crucial to limit subsequent development of disease. The article explores how the health outcome of persons with acute CD may be conditioned by their health care seeking behavior. The s...
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - November 12, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

Child Survival Strategies: Assessment of Knowledge and Practice of Rural Women of Reproductive Age in Cross River State, Nigeria.
Conclusion. Although respondents demonstrated adequate knowledge and practice of most of the strategies, there was evidence of gaps, including myths and misconceptions that could mar efforts towards reducing child morbidity and mortality in the state. PMID: 27807452 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine)
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - November 5, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

Electrocardiographic Study in Adult Homozygous Sickle Cell Disease Patients in Lagos, Nigeria.
This study sought to identify the pattern of electrocardiographic changes in steady state adult sickle cell anaemia. Methods. A case-control, cross-sectional study was conducted amongst sickle cell patients attending the sickle cell clinic of Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Ikeja, and HbAA controls. All consenting participants had haemoglobin electrophoresis done and were subjected to electrocardiography (ECG). The descriptive data were given as means ± standard deviation (SD). The differences were considered to be statistically significant when the p value obtained was
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - October 17, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

Pattern, Clinical Characteristics, and Outcome of Meningitis among HIV-Infected Adults Admitted in a Tertiary Hospital in North Western Tanzania: A Cross-Sectional Study.
Conclusion. Cryptococcal meningitis is the most prevalent laboratory-confirmed etiological agent among adult HIV-infected patients with suspected meningitis admitted to medical wards in Western Tanzania. Mortality rate in this population remains unacceptably high. Improving diagnostic capacity and early treatment may help to decrease the mortality rate. PMID: 27651801 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine)
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - September 23, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

Detection of Urinary Tract Pathology in Some Schistosoma haematobium Infected Nigerian Adults.
In conclusion, there is evidence that the development of bladder pathology may be associated with S. haematobium infection. PMID: 27635146 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine)
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - September 19, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

Health and Social Needs in Three Migrant Worker Communities around La Romana, Dominican Republic, and the Role of Volunteers: A Thematic Analysis and Evaluation.
Conclusion. Visiting volunteer groups could work in partnership with community organizations to address these barriers by providing short-term access to services, while developing local capacity in education, healthcare, and health promotion in the long-term. Future work should also carefully evaluate the impacts and contributions of such volunteer efforts. PMID: 27579046 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine)
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - September 2, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

Corrigendum to "The Effect of Aqueous Extract of Cinnamon on the Metabolome of Plasmodium falciparum Using (1)HNMR Spectroscopy".
Corrigendum to "The Effect of Aqueous Extract of Cinnamon on the Metabolome of Plasmodium falciparum Using (1)HNMR Spectroscopy". J Trop Med. 2016;2016:9275636 Authors: Parvaz S, Sadeghi S, Azadi M, Mohammadi M, Arjmand M, Vahabi F, Sadeghzadeh S, Zamani Z Abstract [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2016/3174841.]. PMID: 27433167 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine)
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - July 21, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

Atherogenic Risk Assessment among Persons Living in Rural Uganda.
Conclusion. A significant proportion of persons in this rural population are at risk of atherosclerosis. Key identified populations at risk should be considered for future intervention against cardiovascular related morbidity and mortality. The study however used parameters from unfasted samples that may have a bearing on observed results. PMID: 27418933 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine)
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - July 17, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

Perceptions of the Role of Short-Term Volunteerism in International Development: Views from Volunteers, Local Hosts, and Community Members.
Conclusion. Notable challenges were associated with short-term volunteering, including an overemphasis on the material benefits from volunteer groups expressed by community member respondents; misalignment of the desired and actual skill sets of volunteers; duplicate and uncoordinated volunteer efforts; and the perpetuation of stereotypes suggesting that international volunteers possess superior knowledge or skills. Addressing these challenges is critical to optimizing the conduct of short-term volunteerism. PMID: 27382372 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine)
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - July 8, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

High School Students Are a Target Group for Fight against Self-Medication with Antimalarial Drugs: A Pilot Study in University of Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo.
Conclusion. This paper highlights self-medication by a group who should be aware of malaria treatment protocols. The level of self-prescribing quinine is relatively high among students and is disturbing for a molecule reserved for severe disease in Congolese health care policy in management of malaria. PMID: 27340411 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine)
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - June 26, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

Magnitude of Neglected Tropical Diseases in Indonesia at Postmillennium Development Goals Era.
Authors: Wibawa T, Satoto TB Abstract The world will enter the postmillennium development goals 2015 era. The achievements of the millennium development goals (MDGs) as a global development target need to be evaluated. A sustainable new reasonable target is important for neglected tropical diseases (NTD) elimination in Indonesia. This review describes the NTD situation in Indonesia and highlights problems beneath the NTD transmission. Multidisciplinary approach is a promising strategy to help the marginalized people. PMID: 27190525 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine)
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - May 20, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

Molecular Characterization of Leptospira spp. in Environmental Samples from North-Eastern Malaysia Revealed a Pathogenic Strain, Leptospira alstonii.
This study demonstrates the presence of a clinically significant pathogenic L. alstonii in the environments which could pose health risks to the occupants and visitors. PMID: 27127522 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine)
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - April 30, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

The Impact of Leprosy on Marital Relationships and Sexual Health among Married Women in Eastern Nepal.
Conclusions. Further research is recommended to investigate the extent of this problem and ways to ameliorate the situation of the affected women. Education and counselling at diagnosis may help prevent many of the problems reported. PMID: 27047548 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine)
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - April 6, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

Quality Assessment of Artemether-Lumefantrine Samples and Artemether Injections Sold in the Cape Coast Metropolis.
Authors: Prah J, Ameyaw EO, Afoakwah R, Fiawoyife P, Oppong-Danquah E, Boampong JN Abstract Most prescribers and patients in Ghana now opt for the relatively expensive artemether/lumefantrine rather than artesunate-amodiaquine due to undesirable side effects in the treatment of uncomplicated malaria. The study sought to determine the existence of substandard and/or counterfeit artemether-lumefantrine tablets and suspension as well as artemether injection on the market in Cape Coast. Six brands of artemether-lumefantrine tablets, two brands of artemether-lumefantrine suspensions, and two brands of artemether injecti...
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - March 25, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

The Effect of Aqueous Extract of Cinnamon on the Metabolome of Plasmodium falciparum Using (1)HNMR Spectroscopy.
Authors: Parvazi S, Sadeghi S, Azadi M, Mohammadi M, Arjmand M, Vahabi F, Sadeghzadeh S, Zamani Z Abstract Malaria is responsible for estimated 584,000 deaths in 2013. Researchers are working on new drugs and medicinal herbs due to drug resistance that is a major problem facing them; the search is on for new medicinal herbs. Cinnamon is the bark of a tree with reported antiparasitic effects. Metabonomics is the simultaneous study of all the metabolites in biological fluids, cells, and tissues detected by high throughput technology. It was decided to determine the mechanism of the effect of aqueous extract of cinnam...
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - February 25, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

Neonatal Tetanus Immunity in Nigeria: The Effect of HIV Infection on Serum Levels and Transplacental Transfer of Antibodies.
Conclusions. Maternal HIV infection is associated with impaired maternofoetal transfer of anti-tetanus antibodies and seronegativity among mothers and their newborns. Hence, this may hinder efforts to eliminate neonatal tetanus. PMID: 26904135 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine)
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - February 25, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

Antimicrobial Resistance of Enteric Salmonella in Bangui, Central African Republic.
Conclusion. S. Typhimurium is the predominant serovar of enteric S. enterica and is the most widely resistant. The search for resistance genes showed heterogeneity of the circulating strains. PMID: 26880999 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine)
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - February 19, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

Correlation of Clinicohaematological Parameters in Paediatric Dengue: A Retrospective Study.
Authors: Pai Jakribettu R, Boloor R, Thaliath A, Yesudasan George S, George T, Ponadka Rai M, Rafique Sheikh U, Avabratha KS, Baliga MS Abstract Dengue is one of the arthropod-borne (arbo) viral diseases transmitted by female mosquito Aedes aegypti. Dengue fever has a wide spectrum of clinical presentation ranging from flu-like illness to severe complicated stage of dengue hemorrhagic fever leading to mortality. This was a retrospective study conducted in a tertiary care hospital in Coastal Karnataka, South India, to know the correlation between the clinical presentation and haematological parameters in the paediat...
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - January 30, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

Parasitic Zoonoses in Humans and Their Dogs from a Rural Community of Tropical Mexico.
This study demonstrates the presence of the studied zoonotic agents in the area particularly T. gondii which suggest a common source of infection in dogs and humans and a high number of oocyts present in the environment. Preventive measures must be designed towards good prophylactic practices in domestic and backyard animals (T. canis and T. spiralis). Contaminated sources with T. gondii (food and water) should be further investigated in order to design effective control measures. PMID: 26770216 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine)
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - January 17, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

Genome-Wide Prediction of Vaccine Candidates for Leishmania major: An Integrated Approach.
Authors: Singh SP, Roopendra K, Mishra BN Abstract Despite the wealth of information regarding genetics of the causative parasite and experimental immunology of the cutaneous leishmaniasis, there is currently no licensed vaccine against it. In the current study, a two-level data mining strategy was employed, to screen the Leishmania major genome for promising vaccine candidates. First, we screened a set of 25 potential antigens from 8312 protein coding sequences, based on presence of signal peptides, GPI anchors, and consensus antigenicity predictions. Second, we conducted a comprehensive immunogenic analysis of th...
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - December 20, 2015 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

Leukogram Profile and Clinical Status in vivax and falciparum Malaria Patients from Colombia.
Authors: Tobón-Castaño A, Mesa-Echeverry E, Miranda-Arboleda AF Abstract Introduction. Hematological alterations are frequent in malaria patients; the relationship between alterations in white blood cell counts and clinical status in malaria is not well understood. In Colombia, with low endemicity and unstable transmission for malaria, with malaria vivax predominance, the hematologic profile in malaria patients is not well characterized. The aim of this study was to characterize the leukogram in malaria patients and to analyze its alterations in relation to the clinical status. Methods. 888 leukogram ...
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - December 17, 2015 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

Child Health in the Peruvian Amazon: Prevalence and Factors Associated with Referred Morbidity and Health Care Access in the City of IƱapari.
Conclusion. The main referred morbidities in Amazonian Peruvian children were diarrhea, respiratory symptoms, anemia, and vomiting. Incentives and improvements in the health and sanitation conditions would be important measures to improve the quality of life of the Amazonian child population. PMID: 26640493 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine)
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - December 11, 2015 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

Current Status of Norovirus Infections in Children in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Authors: Munjita SM Abstract Noroviruses are a leading cause of acute sporadic gastroenteritis worldwide. In Sub-Saharan Africa, information regarding norovirus infections in children is scarce. A systematic review of studies performed between 1993 and June 2015 was conducted to establish the genotypic distribution and prevalence of norovirus infections in children (≤17) in Sub-Saharan Africa. Analysis of data from 19 studies involving 8,399 samples from children with symptomatic and nonsymptomatic gastroenteritis revealed prevalence of 12.6% (range 4.6% to 32.4%). The prevalence of norovirus infections was high...
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - December 11, 2015 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

Significant Decline of Malaria Incidence in Southwest of Iran (2001-2014).
Authors: Salmanzadeh S, Foroutan-Rad M, Khademvatan S, Moogahi S, Bigdeli S Abstract Iran is considered as one of the malaria endemic countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) and is at risk due to neighboring Afghanistan, Pakistan in the east, and Iraq to the west. Therefore the aim of the present investigation is the evaluation of the trend of malaria distribution during the past decade (2001-2014) in Khuzestan province, southwestern Iran. In this retrospective cross-sectional investigation, blood samples were taken from all malaria suspicious cases who were referred to health centers across Khuzestan p...
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - December 11, 2015 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

Association between Severe Dehydration in Rotavirus Diarrhea and Exclusive Breastfeeding among Infants at Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, Bandung, Indonesia.
Conclusions. In rotavirus diarrhea, there was no significant association between exclusive breastfeeding and severe dehydration. PMID: 26612990 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine)
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - November 29, 2015 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Health Workers in a Tertiary Hospital in Ile-Ife, Nigeria, towards Ebola Viral Disease.
This study assessed the preparedness of health workers in the control and management of EVD. Methods. A descriptive cross-sectional study. Consenting 400 health workers completed a semistructured questionnaire that assessed participants' general knowledge, emergency preparedness, and control and management of EVD. Data were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results. The mean age (SD) was 34.5 ± 8.62 years ranging from 20 to 59 years. Most participants were medical doctors (24.6%) and nurses (52.2%). The majority had practised
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - November 19, 2015 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

Antibiotic Resistance in Streptococcus pneumoniae after Azithromycin Distribution for Trachoma.
Authors: Ho DK, Sawicki C, Grassly N Abstract Trachoma is caused by Chlamydia trachomatis and is a leading cause of blindness worldwide. Mass distribution of azithromycin (AZM) is part of the strategy for the global elimination of blinding trachoma by 2020. Although resistance to AZM in C. trachomatis has not been reported, there have been concerns about resistance in other organisms when AZM is administered in community settings. We identified studies that measured pneumococcal prevalence and resistance to AZM following mass AZM provision reported up to 2013 in Medline and Web of Science databases. Potential sourc...
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - November 14, 2015 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

Mycological Pattern of Dermatomycoses in a Tertiary Care Hospital.
Conclusion. Our study reflects an increasing role of NDMs (thought to be normal laboratory or environmental contaminants) as a causative agent of dermatomycoses, replacing the dermatophytes. Clinician's awareness of the demographic profile of the population involved along with more studies on dermatomycoses can help in understanding the etiological profile in area, leading to prevention of disease occurrence and cosmetic disfigurement. PMID: 26491453 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine)
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - October 23, 2015 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

Clinical Presentation, Aetiology, and Outcomes of Meningitis in a Setting of High HIV and TB Prevalence.
In conclusion, the causes of meningitis in this study reflect the high prevalence of HIV and TB in our setting. Strategies to reduce morbidity and mortality due to meningitis should include improving diagnostic services to facilitate early detection and treatment of meningitis and timely initiation of antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected patients. PMID: 26491454 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine)
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - October 23, 2015 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

Prevalence of Intestinal Protozoa among Saudi Patients with Chronic Renal Failure: A Case-Control Study.
Authors: Hawash YA, Dorgham LSh, Amir el-AM, Sharaf OF Abstract It has been hypothesized that chronic renal failure (CRF) predisposes patients to infection with intestinal protozoa. We tested this hypothesis with a matched case-control study to determine the prevalence of these protozoa and their diarrhea associated symptoms among 50 patients with CRF (cases) from Taif, western Saudi Arabia. Fifty diarrheal patients without CRF were recruited in the study as controls. Participants were interviewed by a structured questionnaire and stool samples were collected. Samples were thoroughly examined with microscopy and th...
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - October 23, 2015 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

Amodiaquine and Ciprofloxacin Combination in Plasmodiasis Therapy.
Conclusions. Appropriate Amodiaquine and Ciprofloxacin combination will be effective for the treatment of malaria and better than either Amodiaquine or Ciprofloxacin singly at their recommended dosage levels. PMID: 26491456 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine)
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - October 23, 2015 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

Newer Classification System for Fissured Tongue: An Epidemiological Approach.
Conclusion. Fissured tongue has been found to be associated with certain systemic disease and further researches are required to know positive correlation. If a correlation exists, such disorders could be diagnosed earlier by identifying fissured tongue at an earlier age. PMID: 26457087 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine)
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - October 16, 2015 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

Short-Course Induction Treatment with Intrathecal Amphotericin B Lipid Emulsion for HIV Infected Patients with Cryptococcal Meningitis.
Authors: Alvarez-Uria G, Midde M, Pakam R, Yalla PS, Naik PK, Reddy R Abstract Cryptococcal meningitis (CM) is a common cause of death among HIV infected patients in developing countries, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. In this observational HIV cohort study in a resource-limited setting in India, we compared the standard two-week intravenous amphotericin B deoxycholate (AmBd) (Regimen I) with one week of intravenous AmBd along with daily therapeutic lumbar punctures and intrathecal AmB lipid emulsion (Regimen II) during the intensive phase of CM treatment. 78 patients received Regimen I and 45 patients received ...
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - October 11, 2015 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

Cytokine Profiles and Cell Proliferation Responses to Truncated ORF2 Protein in Iranian Patients Recovered from Hepatitis E Infection.
Conclusion. The truncated ORF2 protein can effectively induce significant cellular immune responsesand can be introduced as a potential vaccine candidate. However, further studies are required to evaluate this protein in vivo. PMID: 26451149 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine)
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - October 11, 2015 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

Prevalence and Pattern of Soil-Transmitted Helminthic Infection among Primary School Children in a Rural Community in Imo State, Nigeria.
Conclusion. The high prevalence rate of soil-transmitted helminthic infection amongst the study population is worrisome. There is need for organized and routine deworming among school children in the community. PMID: 26435717 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine)
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - October 8, 2015 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

Determinants of Adherence with Malaria Chemoprophylactic Drugs Used in a Traveler's Health Clinic.
Conclusion. Adherence with malaria chemoprophylaxis could be affected by many factors such as nationality, education, and organized travel. PMID: 26379712 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine)
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - September 18, 2015 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

Clinicoradiological Profile of Lower Lung Field Tuberculosis Cases among Young Adult and Elderly People in a Teaching Hospital of Madhya Pradesh, India.
Conclusion. Lower lung field tuberculosis is not an uncommon entity. It is more common in diabetes, HIV positive, end stage renal disease, and corticosteroid treated patients. Clinical and radiological features are different from upper lobe tuberculosis patients. PMID: 26379713 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine)
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - September 18, 2015 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

Protective Effect of Aqueous Crude Extract of Neem (Azadirachta indica) Leaves on Plasmodium berghei-Induced Renal Damage in Mice.
In this study, we investigated the protective effect of aqueous crude extract of Azadirachta indica (neem) leaves on renal injury induced by Plasmodium berghei ANKA infection in mice. ICR mice were injected intraperitoneally with 1 × 10(7) parasitized erythrocytes of PbANKA, and neem extracts (500, 1,000, and 2,000 mg/kg) were given orally for 4 consecutive days. Plasma blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine levels were subsequently measured. Malaria-induced renal injury was evidenced as marked increases of BUN and creatinine levels. However, the oral administration of neem leaf extract to PbANKA infected mi...
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - September 18, 2015 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

End Stage Renal Disease: Seroprevalence of Hepatitises B and C along with Associated Aetiology and Risk Factors in Children.
Conclusion. This study asserts the need for carrying out further work to confirm these findings and expand our recommendations. It is imperative to reliably determine the burden of HBV and HCV disease and to determine the aetiology of their spread especially in children with ESRD. PMID: 26346273 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine)
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - September 11, 2015 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

Voluntary Counseling and Testing for HIV in Rural Area of Democratic Republic of the Congo: Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice Survey among Service Users.
Conclusions. Preventive information for AIDS should be recommended in the population living in rural zone. PMID: 26347477 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine)
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - September 11, 2015 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

Physiological Age Structure and Leishmania spp. Detection in Phlebotomus (Larroussius) orientalis (Parrot, 1936) (Diptera: Psychodidae) at an Endemic Focus of Visceral Leishmaniasis in Northern Ethiopia.
This study was designed to determine the physiological age structure and the occurrence of Leishmania infection in the vector of VL in Tahtay Adiyabo district, northern Ethiopia. Sand flies were collected using CDC light traps from peridomestic and agricultural fields between May 2011 and April 2012 and P. orientalis females were dissected for age determination and detection of Leishmania promastigotes. Sand flies were also analyzed for L. donovani detection using molecular methods. Of 1,282 P. orientalis examined for abdominal stages and age characterization, 66.2%, 28.2%, 4.1%, and 1.6% were unfed, freshly fed, half-grav...
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - August 22, 2015 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

Perceptions about Eclampsia, Birth Preparedness, and Complications Readiness among Antenatal Clients Attending a Specialist Hospital in Kano, Nigeria.
Conclusion and Recommendations. Health workers should emphasize the practicability of birth preparedness and complications readiness during ANC and in the communities, routinely review plans, and support clients meet-up challenging areas. The importance of girl-child education to at least secondary school should be buttressed. PMID: 26257792 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine)
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - August 12, 2015 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

Adherence to Artemisinin-Based Combination Therapy for the Treatment of Uncomplicated Malaria: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
Authors: Yakasai AM, Hamza M, Dalhat MM, Bello M, Gadanya MA, Yaqub ZM, Ibrahim DA, Hassan-Hanga F Abstract Adherence to artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) is not clearly defined. This meta-analysis determines the prevalence and predictors of adherence to ACT. Twenty-five studies and six substudies met the inclusion criteria. The prevalence of ACT adherence in the public sector was significantly higher compared to retail sector (76% and 45%, resp., P
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - July 13, 2015 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

A prospective study of tuberculosis drug susceptibility in sabah, malaysia, and an algorithm for management of isoniazid resistance.
Conclusions. Current community rates of MDR-TB in Sabah are low. However, INH-resistance poses challenges, and NTM is an important differential diagnosis in this setting, where smear microscopy is the usual diagnostic modality. To address INH-R management issues in our setting, we propose an algorithm for the treatment of isoniazid-resistant PTB. PMID: 25838829 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine)
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - April 4, 2015 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

Health-seeking behaviors and self-care practices of people with filarial lymphoedema in Nepal: a qualitative study.
Conclusions. Lymphoedema in the limbs and hydrocele were found to be major health problems. The traditional health care providers were the first contact of care for the majority of respondents. Only a few patients had been practicing standard foot care practices. PMID: 25694785 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine)
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - February 21, 2015 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

Patterns of brucellosis infection symptoms in azerbaijan: a latent class cluster analysis.
Authors: Ismayilova R, Nasirova E, Hanou C, Rivard RG, Bautista CT Abstract Brucellosis infection is a multisystem disease, with a broad spectrum of symptoms. We investigated the existence of clusters of infected patients according to their clinical presentation. Using national surveillance data from the Electronic-Integrated Disease Surveillance System, we applied a latent class cluster (LCC) analysis on symptoms to determine clusters of brucellosis cases. A total of 454 cases reported between July 2011 and July 2013 were analyzed. LCC identified a two-cluster model and the Vuong-Lo-Mendell-Rubin likelihood ratio ...
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - January 16, 2015 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research

Elevated dengue virus nonstructural protein 1 serum levels and altered toll-like receptor 4 expression, nitric oxide, and tumor necrosis factor alpha production in dengue hemorrhagic Fever patients.
Conclusions/Significance. During DV infection in humans, some innate immune parameters change, depending on the NS1 serum levels, and phase and severity of the disease which may contribute to development of different clinical outcomes. PMID: 25580138 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine)
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - January 16, 2015 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research